The Merry Wives of Windsor
This is an alphabetical listing of all the glossary items that appear in this play. We have left in repeated instances, so that is it possible to see how often a particular item appears in a play.
Alphabetical headword definitions for The Merry Wives of Windsor
about (adv.)in the process of planning, up to
about (adv.)about your business, into action
about (adv.)round, in circumference
above (adv.)upstairs; [in stage directions] in the gallery or upper stage
absolute (adj.)perfect, complete, incomparable
abstract (n.)list, register, inventory
abuse (n.)deception, hoax, fraud
abuse (v.)misuse, maltreat, treat badly, wrong
abuse (v.)misuse, maltreat, treat badly, wrong
accidence (n.)inflections of Latin grammar
accoutrement (n.)formal embellishment, special trappings
acquit (adj.)rid, free, relieved
act (v.)commit adultery, be promiscuous
Actaeon (n.)[pron: ak'tayon] cuckold; hunter who saw Artemis (goddess of chastity) bathing naked; she changed him into a stag, who was killed by his own hounds
Actaeon (n.)[pron: ak'tayon] cuckold; hunter who saw Artemis (goddess of chastity) bathing naked; she changed him into a stag, who was killed by his own hounds
action (n.)performance, exercises, acts
action (n.)movement, demeanour, gesture
addition (n.)title, name
address (v.)direct, apply, turn
adhere (v.)agree, suit, fit the circumstances
admirable (adj.)wondrous, marvellous, extraordinary
admittance (n.)entry into society, social presence, admissibility
admittance (n.)fashion, acceptance, vogue
advance (v.)display, present, promote
advantage (n.)benefit, gain, advancement, profit
advantage (n.)right moment, favourable opportunity
adversary (n.)intentional substitute for ‘emissary’
advise, avise (v.)warn, counsel, caution
advise, avise (v.)inform, be aware, apprise
afar off (adv.)indirectly, in a roundabout way
afeard (adj.)afraid, frightened, scared
affect (v.)love, like, be fond of
affected (adj.)disposed, inclined, minded
affecting (adj.)affected, full of mannerism
affection (n.)love, devotion
affection (v.)have affection for, love
afterward (adv.)afterwards
aggravate (v.)add weight to, magnify, increase
aim, cry[archery] show applause, shout approval [of]
alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.)alarm, agitation, excited feeling
Allhallowmas (n.)in Christian tradition, All Saints' Day, 1 November
alligant (adj.)malapropism for ‘elegant’ or ‘eloquent’
allicholy, allycholly (adj./n.)malapropism for ‘melancholy’
allow (v.)acknowledge, grant, admit
altogether (adv.)entirely, wholly, exclusively
Amaimon, Amamon (n.)[pron: a'miymon, a'mamon] in Christian tradition, the name of a devil
amaze (v.)alarm, dismay, scare
amaze (v.)confuse, perplex, bewilder
amazed (adj.)dumbfounded, stunned, thunderstruck, overwhelmed
amazed (adj.)dumbfounded, stunned, thunderstruck, overwhelmed
ameer (n.)[jocular address] emir [hereditary Arab ruler]
amiable (adj.)amorous, loving, tender
angel (n.)gold coin [with the angel Michael depicted], value between a third and half of a pound
angel (n.)gold coin [with the angel Michael depicted], value between a third and half of a pound
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
answer (v.)satisfy, discharge, requite
answer (v.)return, respond to, requite
anthropophaginian (n.)man-eater, cannibal
apparel (n.)clothes, clothing, dress
apparel (n.)clothes, clothing, dress
apply (v.)conform, bend, adapt
appoint (v.)agree, arrange, make an appointment
appoint (v.)grant, provide, assign
appoint (v.)direct, order, instruct
apprehend (v.)seize, arrest, lay hold of
aqua-vitae (n.)spirits, alcohol, strong drink, brandy
argument (n.)proof, evidence, demonstration
armigero (n.)esquire [entitled to bear heraldic arms]
arras (n.)tapestry hanging
arrest (v.)impound, confiscate, appropriate
art (n.)knowledge, learning, scholarship, science
article (n.)character, nature, designation
aspire (v.)ascend, rise up, climb [to]
assay (v.)make advances to, accost, address proposals to
atonement (n.)reconciliation, appeasement, harmony
attempt (v.)tempt, persuade, win over
attend (v.)see to, look after, apply oneself to
attend (v.)await, wait for, expect
attend (v.)serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
authentic (adj.)respectable, entitled to esteem
avaunt (int.)begone, go away, be off
avouch (v.)declare, assert, affirm
baille (v.)give
balm (n.)aromatic plant, fragrant herb
Banbury (n.)Oxfordshire town, known for its rich milk cheese about an inch thick
bar (n.)objection, impediment
Barbason (n.)[pron: 'bahrbason] in Christian tradition, the name of a devil
barrow (n.)barrowful, cartload
base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthy
base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthy
base (adj.)low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rank
baseness (n.)cowardice, degenerateness, degradation
beam (n.)wooden roller in a loom
beating (adj.)battering, thumping, blow-by-blow
become (v.)bear, handle, present
become (v.)put a good front on, give a pleasing appearance to
become (v.)be fitting, befit, be appropriate to
become (v.)be fitting, befit, be appropriate to
become (v.)be fitting, befit, be appropriate to
beguile (v.)cheat, deceive, trick
beguile (v.)cheat, deceive, trick
beholding (adj.)beholden, obliged, indebted
belike (adv.)probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems
bell-wether (n.)leading sheep of a flock [wearing a bell]; cuckold [of a ram, because horned]
bestow (v.)accommodate, lodge, quarter
bestow (v.)stow away, dispose of
bethink (v.), past form bethoughtdevise, plan, think up
betray (v.)deceive, seduce, mislead
betray (v.)give up, expose, lay open [especially: to punishment]
bilbo (n.)sword [from Bilbao, noted for its flexibility]
bilbo (n.)sword [from Bilbao, noted for its flexibility]
bill (n.)bill of exchange, money order
birding (n.)hunting small birds
birding (n.)hunting small birds
birding (n.)hunting small birds
blast (v.)blight, wither, destroy
blazon (n.)armorial bearing, banner showing a coat-of-arms
bloody (adj.)in the blood, in the veins
board (v.)accost, address, approach, tackle
bodykins (int.)[God's] dear body
Bohemian-Tartar (n.)barbarian, savage beast
bold, be / makepresume, venture, take the liberty
bolt (n.)[short and thick, crossbow] arrow
book (n.)Bible, prayer-book
bound (adj.)obliged, indebted, under an obligation
brabble (n.)quibbling, nit-picking, noisy disputing
Brainford (n.)Brentford, not far from Kew Gardens, London
Brainford (n.)Brentford, not far from Kew Gardens, London
break (v.)interrupt, break in on, cut in on
break (v.)break one's promise, not keep one's word
break (v.)crack, split, beat
breathe (v.)speak, utter, talk
breed-bate (n.)trouble-maker, one who makes mischief
breech (v.)flog, whip on the behind
brewage (n.)[drink] brew, concoction, mixture
brew-house (n.)outhouse used for brewing liquor
bribed (adj.)stolen, thieved, poached
brief (n.)summary, short account
bring (v.)accompany, conduct, escort
brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
buck (n.)laundry, quantity of soiled clothes
buck-basket (n.)basket for dirty laundry
buck-basket (n.)basket for dirty laundry
buck-basket (n.)basket for dirty laundry
buck-basket (n.)basket for dirty laundry
bucking (n.)washing, laundry
Bucklersbury (n.)East End street with aromatic herb shops, near Mansion House, London
buck-washing (n.)process of washing very dirty clothing in an alkaline mix [buck]
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully (n./adj.)[especially as a warm form of address] fine fellow, good friend
bully rook (n.)merry comrade, good mate, old rogue
bully rook (n.)merry comrade, good mate, old rogue
burn (v.)waste, fritter away
burnt (adj.)mulled, heated
burnt (adj.)mulled, heated
buttons, in one's[unclear meaning] very plain, easy to see
by and by (adv.)immediately, straightaway, directly
Cain-coloured, cane-coloured (adj.)reddish-yellow
canary, canaries (n.)malapropism, probably for 'quandary'
canary, canaries (n.)variety of sweet wine from the Canary Islands
caper (v.)be lively, show high spirits
career (n.)racecourse, horse-racing track
careless (adj.)carefree, unconcerned, untroubled
carriage (n.)burden, load
carrier (n.)messenger, courier, go-between
carrion (n.)carcass, wretch, worthless beast
carry (v.)take, lead, conduct
carry (v.)take, lead, conduct
carry it (away)[from a falconry term ‘to fly away with the game’] win the day, have the advantage, succeed
carve (v.)be a generous hostess; or: speak in a charmingly affected way
case (n.)state, plight, situation, circumstance
casement (n.)window [on hinges and able to be opened]
cashier (v.)rob, fleece, relieve of money
cashier (v.)discharge, dismiss [from service]
Castalion (n.)[unclear meaning] Castilian [Spanish]; Castalian [sacred spring on Mt Parnassus]
Cataian, Cathayan (n.)[from Cathay = China] scoundrel, rogue, villain
cat-a-mountain, cat o'mountain (adj./n.)mountain-cat, wildcat, panther
cavaliero (adj.)gallant, valiant, honourable
cavaliero (adj.)gallant, valiant, honourable
cavaliero (adj.)gallant, valiant, honourable
civility (n.)civilized conduct, courteous behaviour, good manners
clap on (v.)activate promptly, put on smartly
clapper-claw (v.)beat up, thrash, scratch
clear (adj.)innocent, blameless, free from fault, not guilty
clerkly (adj.)scholarly, erudite, full of learning
closet (n.)private chamber, study, own room
coach-fellow (n.)[one of a team of horses drawing a coach] companion, mate, partner in crime
coat (n.)coat-of-arms
coat (n.)coat-of-arms
cock and pie, byby God and the service book
cog (v.)flatter, fawn, sweet-talk
cog (v.)flatter, fawn, sweet-talk
cogging (adj.)deceiving, cheating, double-crossing
Colebrook (n.)Colnbrook, near Windsor, W of London
colour (n.)good ground, convincing reason, excuse
colours (n.)battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners
combat (n.)duel, trial by duel
come cut and long tail[whether a horse or dog has its tail docked or not] whatever happens, come what may
come near (v.)enter, come in/into
come near (v.)enter, come in/into
come off (v.)pay up, settle up
come to (v.)achieve, attain, arrive at
comfort (n.)encouragement, support, hope
command, at / uponat one's disposal, at one's pleasure
commend (v.)praise, admire, extol
commend (v.)present, introduce, bring [for favourable acceptance]
commend (v.)present, introduce, bring [for favourable acceptance]
commend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regards
commend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regards
companion (n.)rogue, rascal, fellow
compass (n.)circlet, encircling band
compass (v.)accomplish, fulfil, achieve, bring about
compass (v.)bend into a circle, make to curve round
complexion (n.)appearance, look, colouring
complexion (n.)appearance, look, colouring
compliment, complement (n.)show, display, exhibition
compromise (n.)settlement, solution, amicable arrangement
conceal (v.)malapropism for ‘reveal’
conceited (adj.)ingenious, clever, well-devised
conceive (v.)understand, comprehend, follow
conclusion (n.)outcome, upshot, final result
confidence (n.)malapropism for ‘conference’
confident (adj.)trusting, complacent, self-assured
conjure (v.)put a spell on, charm, bewitch
construction (n.)interpretation, reading, explanation
construe (v.)explain, expound
content (adj.)satisfied, calm, easy in mind
content (adj.)agreeable, willing, ready
content (n.)acceptance, acquiescence
content (n.)contentment, peace of mind
contented (adj.)calm, easy in mind, restrained
contract (v.)betrothe, engage
contrary (adj.)different, at a distance apart
convenient (adj.)fitting, suitable, appropriate
conversation (n.)way of life, behaviour, manners, conduct
convey (v.)carry off, make away with, take by force
convey (v.)conceal, hide, secrete
cony-catch (v.)take to cheating, become a trickster
cony-catching (adj.)cheating, swindling
Coram (n.)malapropism for ‘quorum’ [part of a legal formula for installing the number of justices needed to constitute a bench]
cornuto (n.)beast with horns; cuckold
costard (n.)[jocular: large kind of apple] head
Cotsall, Cotsole (n.)Cotswold Hills; hill range mainly in Gloucestershire
couch (v.)conceal, hide, lie hidden
couch (v.)conceal, hide, lie hidden
couch (v.)conceal, hide, lie hidden
counsel (n.)secrecy, confidence, privacy
countenance (n.)position, standing, authority
counterfeit (v.)copy, imitate, simulate
Counter-gate (n.)[gate of the Counter] debtor's prisons in London
country (n.)district, region, quarter
course over (v.)run an eye over, check out, go through
courtlike (adj.)courtly, elegant, well-mannered
cowl-staff (n.)thick shoulder-pole used for carrying a heavy container
coxcomb (n.)fool's cap [with a crest like a cock's crest]
coxcomb (n.)head
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
cozenage (n.)cheating, trickery, deception
cozener (n.)cheat, deceiver, fraud
cozen-german (n.)German confidence trickster; or: first cousin
cozening (adj.)cheating, deceiving, fraudulent
craft (n.)cunning, deceit, guile
crave (v.)beg, entreat, request
crest (n.)heraldic device placed above the shield and helmet in a coat-of-arms
cross (v.)prevent, thwart, forestall
cross (v.)prevent, thwart, forestall
crotchet (n.)strange notion, perverse idea, whimsical fancy
cry (v.)speak loudly, shout out, proclaim
cry out (v.)[hunting] call like a hound
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
cuckold (v.)[mocking name] dishonour a man by making his wife unfaithful
cuckoldy (adj.)cuckolded
cuckoldy (adj.)cuckolded
Cupid (n.)[pron: 'kyoopid] Roman god of love, son of Venus and Mercury; a winged, blindfolded boy with curved bow and arrows
Cupid (n.)[pron: 'kyoopid] Roman god of love, son of Venus and Mercury; a winged, blindfolded boy with curved bow and arrows
curtal (adj.)with a docked tail; common, household
custom (n.)habit, usual practice, customary usage
daubery, daubry (n.)trickery, pretence, deceitful show
dead (adj.)condemned to death, to be put to death
deal with (v.)make use of, resort to
decay (n.)destruction, downfall, ending
deceit (n.)deception, stratagem, trick
decipher (v.)make known to, indicate to
decrease (v.)malapropism for ‘increase’
deep (n.)depths, middle
defy (v.)reject, despise, disdain, renounce
degree (n.)rank, station, standing
dejected (adj.)cast down, abased, humbled
delay (n.)set of delaying tactics, procrastination
demand (n.)condition, request, claim
denote (v.)mark out, single out, distinguish
desperate (adj.)despairing, hopeless, without hope
despite of, in (prep.)in spite of
detect (v.)expose, unmask, uncover
detection (n.)exposure, revelation, evidence of unfaithfulness
determination (n.)mind, decision, resolution
detest (v.)malapropism for ‘protest’
device (n.)plot, stratagem, trick
device (n.)plot, stratagem, trick
diable... larrondevil ... thief
difference (n.)distinction, discrimination, contrast [between]
diffused (adj.)disorderly, mixed-up, jumbled
discourse (n.)conversation, talk, chat
discourse (v.)talk, chat, converse
discover (v.)reveal, show, make known
discuss (v.)disclose, make known, declare
discuss (v.)disclose, make known, declare
dishonest (adj.)indecent, unchaste, immodest, lewd
dishonest (adj.)indecent, unchaste, immodest, lewd
dishonesty (n.)unchasteness, lewdness, immorality
dispatch, despatch (v.)deal with promptly, settle, get [something] done quickly
dispatch, despatch (v.)deal with promptly, settle, get [something] done quickly
dispatch, despatch (v.)deal with promptly, settle, get [something] done quickly
dispense with (v.)have done with, do away with, forgo
disposition (n.)natural temperament, normal state of mind
disposition (n.)natural temperament, normal state of mind
dissembling (adj.)deceitful, hypocritical, false
dissolutely (adv.)malapropism for ‘resolutely’
dissolution (n.)melting, liquefaction, dissolving
dissolve (v.)separate, part, break up
dissolved (adj.)malapropism for ‘resolved’
distance (n.)[fencing] regulation space to be kept between contestants
distance (n.)[fencing] regulation space to be kept between contestants
distemper (n.)bad temper, cross mood
distemper (n.)bad temper, cross mood
distemper (n.)bad temper, cross mood
distract (v.)[unclear meaning] perplex, bewilder
distraction (n.)perturbation, agitation, frenzied state
divers (adj.)different, various, several
divinity (n.)divination, divine power, supernatural presence
divulge (v.)proclaim, reveal, make publicly known
dole, happy man be hisdestiny, fate, lot
doom (n.)final destiny, deciding fate, death and destruction
doubletman's close-fitting jacket with short skirt
doubletman's close-fitting jacket with short skirt
doubt (v.)suspect, have suspicions about, fear
doubt, out ofwithout doubt, unquestionably, indubitably
doubtful (adj.)fearful, worried, apprehensive
down (int.)nonsense word using in song
draff (n.)pig-swill, refuse, garbage
draw (v.)draw liquor [from barrels]
drawer (n.)one who draws drink from a cask, tapster, barman
dress (v.)prepare, make ready
drumble (v.)dawdle, loiter, move sluggishly
dry nurse (n.)housekeeper
dwell (v.)exist, continue, persist
dwell on / uponpreserve, maintain, pay attention to
egress and regress[legal] right of leaving and return, freedom to come and go
eke (adv.)[archaism] also, moreover, too
eke (adv.)[archaism] also, moreover, too
eld (n.)men of old, people from former times
elder (n.)elder tree
element (n.)sphere of knowledge, proper comprehension
embassy (n.)message [especially via an ambassador]
embattle (v.)deploy, draw up, marshal
encompass (v.)outwit, catch out, get round
encounter (n.)liaison, intercourse, amorous affair
engross (v.)get together, collect, gather, seize
enlarge (v.)release, set at large, discharge
ensconce, insconce (v.)protect, conceal, shelter
ensconce, insconce (v.)protect, conceal, shelter
entertain (v.)occupy, engage, fill up
entertain (v.)consider, treat, think of
entertain (v.)hire, employ, maintain, take into service
entertain (v.)hire, employ, maintain, take into service
entertainment (n.)[mistaken use] guest, resident
entertainment (n.)hospitality, provision for needs
Ephesian (n.)good mate, old drinking companion
Epicurean (adj.)sensual, lecherous, pleasure-seeking
equipage (n.)[unclear meaning] small parts, instalments
erection (n.)malapropism for ‘direction’
eringo (n.)candied sweetmeat from the sea holly [eryngium] believed to be an aphrodisiac
eschew (v.)avoid, escape, prevent
Ethiop, Ethiope (adj./n.)Ethiopian, African, person with a dark countenance
Europa (n.)[pron: yu'rohpa] daughter of Agenor; abducted by Jove in the shape of a bull, who then swam with her on his back to Crete
even, e'en (adv.)quite, fully, simply
evitate (v.)avoid, avert, get away from
exhibit (v.)submit for inspection, produce for consideration, propose
expense (n.)extravagance, expenditure, spending
expense (n.)extravagance, expenditure, spending
experiment (n.)investigation, inquiry, exploration
expressure (n.)expression., picture, image
extremity (n.)ridiculous behaviour, embarrassing conduct
extremity (n.)ridiculous behaviour, embarrassing conduct
eyas-musket (n.)young male sparrow-hawk
fain (adj.)obliged, forced, compelled
fain (adv.)gladly, willingly
fall (n.)mistake, fault, lapse
fallow (adj.)fawn-coloured, pale brown
false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidious
false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidious
false (adj.)disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful
familiar (adj.)close to a family, domestic
familiar (adj.)friendly, congenial, welcoming
fantasy (n.)imagination, inventiveness, mental creativity
fantasy (n.)ardent desire, amorous fancy
fap (adj.)drunk
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
farthingale (n.)long skirt extended at the back by a framework of hoops
fartuous (adj.)malapropism for ‘virtuous’
fault (n.)failing, weakness
fault (n.)sin, offence, crime
fault (n.)mistake, error, blunder
fe, fe...Fie, fie, fie, fie, faith, it's very hot. I'm going to watch the great business at court'
fee (v.)purchase, procure, secure
fee simple, inin complete possession
fellow (n.)keeper, warden, forester
fence (n.)fencing ability, skill at swordplay
fico (n.)fig
fidelity, by myupon my word of honour, in truth
fight (n.)screen raised for protecting the crew during a sea-battle
figure (n.)astrological diagram, horoscope
figure (n.)fancy, imagining, phantasm
find out (v.)inquire into, follow up
fine (n.)[legal] agreement to transfer land possession
fine-baited (adj.)full of attractive temptations, enticingly baited
finely (adv.)nicely, delicately, subtly
finely (adv.)nicely, delicately, subtly
fit (v.)suit, befit, be suitable [for]
fixture (n.)way of placing, setting down
flare (v.)blow in the air, stream loosely
foin (v.)[fencing] thrust, lunge
folly (n.)wantonness, lewdness
folly (n.)wantonness, lewdness
foot (v.)pace, walk about
foot, onin employment, taking place, under way
foppery (n.)foolish prank, hoax, deceit
for all (conj.)although
forbear (v.)stop, cease, desist
forbear (v.)control oneself, have patience [for]
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forsooth (adv.)in truth, certainly, truly, indeed
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forsworeswear falsely, perjure [oneself], break one's word
fortune (n.)good fortune, success
Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blind
foul (adj.)dirty, miry, muddy
frailty (n.)moral weakness, shortcoming, liability to give in to temptation
frampold (adj.)disagreeable, bad-tempered, moody
Francisco (n.)Frenchman
fret (v.)decay, fester, ferment
friend (n.)well-wisher, favourer
friend (n.)lover, sweetheart, suitor
frieze (n.)type of rough woollen cloth
fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrify
froth (v.)make beer foam up [so that not so much is sold]
fullam, fulham (n.)type of loaded dice
fury (n.)impetuous way, fierce passion
gait (n.)manner of walking, bearing, movement
gait (n.)manner of walking, bearing, movement
Galen (n.)[pron: 'gaylen] Greek physician, 2nd-c
Galen (n.)[pron: 'gaylen] Greek physician, 2nd-c
gall (v.)chafe, rub, make sore
gallant (n.)fine gentleman, man of fashion
gallant (n.)fine gentleman, man of fashion
Gallia (n.)old name for France [Gaul]
gallimaufry (n.)complete mixture, whole assembly, every sort
gar (n.)French pronunciation of ‘God’
gar (n.)French pronunciation of ‘God’
gar (n.)French pronunciation of ‘God’
gar (n.)French pronunciation of ‘God’
gar (n.)French pronunciation of ‘God’
Gaul (n.)[unclear usage by the Host] someone from Wales; usually at the time, someone from France
gelding (n.)castrated horse; horse that is placid in temperament
geminy (n.)pair, couple, brace
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (n.)(plural) gentlemen
gentlewoman (n.)woman of good breeding, well-born lady
gentry (n.)social rank, breeding, level in society
get (v.)beget, conceive, breed
giantess (n.)she-giant
gibe (n.)scoff, taunt, jeer
gibe (n.)scoff, taunt, jeer
gift (n.)quality, accomplishment, talent
gin (n.)snare, trap
ging (n.)gang, company, whole household
give (v.)display, show, bear arms of
glance (v.)miss the mark, be ineffective
glover (n.)glove-maker, leather-worker
go to (v.)accord with, correspond to, match
Golias, Goliath (n.)[pron: go'liyas] in the Bible, Goliath; a giant, seen as a model of strength
good lifecomfortable position, respectable way of life
goodman (adj.)[title for a person under the rank of gentleman] mister, master
goodwife (n.)mistress of a house, Mrs
good-year / goodyear, what the[expression of impatience] what the deuce
gossip (n.)friend, neighbour
Got (n.)Welsh pronunciation of 'God'
Got (n.)Welsh pronunciation of 'God'
gourd (n.)type of loaded dice
grace (n.)personal duty, sense of propriety
grandsire (n.)grandfather
grate (n.)prison bars, grating, cage
grate on / upon (v.)pester, harass, make heavy demands on
gratis (adv.)for nothing, without payment
grievously (adv.)seriously, greatly
gripe (v.)clutch, grasp, seize
groat (n.)fourpenny piece
gross (adj.)plain, striking, evident, obvious
gross (adj.)plain, striking, evident, obvious
gross (adj.)coarse, vulgar, unrefined
grossly (adv.)openly, blatantly, brazenly
grossness (n.)flagrant nature, obviousness, enormity
habit (n.)dress, clothing, costume
hack (v.)[unclear meaning] be promiscuous, go whoring
hack (v.)[unclear meaning] be promiscuous, go whoring
hair (n.)character, nature, kind
hair / hair's breadth, to ain every little detail, in full, exactly
hang together (v.)keep in one piece, carry on existing
hard (adj.)unpleasant, harsh, cruel
hard (adv.)close, near
hard (adv.)close, near
hard (adv.)close, near
harvest-home (n.)gathering-in, moment of success
hatch (n.)(plural) movable deck planks
have with youI'll join you, I'll be with you
have with youI'll join you, I'll be with you
having (n.)fortune, estate, means
haviour (n.)behaviour, manner, demeanour
hawthorn-bud (n.)young dandy, budding courtier
heartlings (n.)dear heart
heavy (adj.)sorrowful, sad, gloomy
Hector (n.)son of Priam, married to Andromache; the bravest Trojan, who led out their army to battle
Hector (n.)son of Priam, married to Andromache; the bravest Trojan, who led out their army to battle
hedge (v.)evade, be devious, prevaricate
heels, out atpenniless, destitute, in desperate straights
Hercules (n.)[Roman form of Heracles] proverbial for his mythical physical strength and miraculous achievements
Herod of Jewryout-and-out villain
hick (v.)hiccup [from drinking]
higher (adv.)further, longer
hind (n.)servant, domestic, worker
Hippocrates (n.)[pron: hi'pokrateez] Greek physician, 4th-c BC
hodge-pudding (n.)stuffing made of many ingredients
hold (v.)stand firm, continue, carry on
hold (v.)apply, be apt, remain valid
hold it outkeep it up
hold up (v.)continue, keep going, carry on
holiday time (n.)best time, prime
honest (adj.)chaste, pure, virtuous
honest (adj.)chaste, pure, virtuous
honest (adj.)chaste, pure, virtuous
honest (adj.)chaste, pure, virtuous
honesty (n.)virtue, chastity
honesty (n.)virtue, chastity
honesty (n.)virtue, chastity
honesty (n.)honour, integrity, uprightness
honour (n.)noble rank, position of dignity, title of renown
hope (n.)likelihood, possibility
horn-mad (adj.)[as of horned beasts] furious, enraged, raving mad
horn-mad (adj.)[as of horned beasts] furious, enraged, raving mad
hose (n.)[pair of] breeches
hose (n.)[pair of] breeches
hot (adj.)lecherous, lustful, hot-blooded
hot-blooded (adj.)lecherous, passionate, lustful
hue and cry (n.)general pursuit [of a felon]
humidity (n.)bundle of fluids
humour (n.)sentiment, turn of phrase, manner of expression
humour (n.)sentiment, turn of phrase, manner of expression
humour (n.)sentiment, turn of phrase, manner of expression
humour (n.)sentiment, turn of phrase, manner of expression
humour (n.)sentiment, turn of phrase, manner of expression
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)style, method, way, fashion
humour (n.)fancy, whim, inclination, caprice
humour (n.)fancy, whim, inclination, caprice
humour (n.)fancy, whim, inclination, caprice
humour (v.)like the mood of, find enjoyable, indulge
humoured (adj.)expressing a particular disposition; lying, treacherous
humour-letter (n.)letter displaying a particular sentiment
Hungarian (adj.)[pun on ‘hungry’] beggarly, thievish
husband (v.)make the most of, thrive well with
chafe (v.)fret, rage, seethe
chair (n.)place of authority
chalice (n.)small goblet, tiny tankard
chance (v.)happen [to], transpire, come about
charactery (n.)writing, letters, expression
charge (n.)command, order, injunction, instruction
charge (n.)task, responsibility, duty
charge (v.)cause expense, burden with a cost
chariness (n.)careful preservation, strict uprightness
charm (n.)magic spell, enchantment
cheater (n.)deceiver, sharper, gamester; also: officer who looks after estates forfeited to the crown
check (n.)reprimand, reproof, rebuke
cheer (n.)entertainment, fare, food and drink
chiding (n.)telling-off, scolding, rebuke
chimney (n.)fireplace, hearth
choler (n.)anger, rage, wrath
choler (n.)anger, rage, wrath
idle (adj.)bored, jaded, wearied
idle-headed (adj.)ignorant, foolish, superstitious
ill (adj.)evil, wicked, immoral
ill (adj.)poor, inadequate, miserable
ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourable
ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourable
ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourable
ill (adj.)annoyed, cross, vexed
ill (adv.)badly, adversely, unfavourably
ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evil
ill-favoured (adj.)ugly, unattractive, unsightly
ill-favoured (adj.)ugly, unattractive, unsightly
ill-favouredly (adv.)badly, unpleasingly, offensively
image (n.)embodiment, instance, form
imagination (n.)delusion, fancy, imagining
importune (v.)urge, press
improvident (adj.)shortsighted, lacking foresight, careless
infection (n.)malapropism for ‘affection’
inherit (v.)receive, obtain, come into possession [of]
instalment (n.)stall, seat where someone is installed
instance (n.)sign, evidence, proof
instant, at anat the same time, simultaneously
intelligence (n.)information, news, communication
intelligence (n.)information, news, communication
intend (v.)[translation of French ‘entendre’] understand
intend (v.)plan, arrange, organize
intent (n.)intention, purpose, aim
intolerable (adj.)excessive, exorbitant, exceedingly great
invention (n.)inventiveness, imagination, creative faculty
issue (n.)outcome, result, consequence(s)
issue (n.)outcome, result, consequence(s)
issue (n.)outcome, result, consequence(s)
Jack (n.)Jack-in-office, ill-mannered fellow, lout, knave
Jack (n.)Jack-in-office, ill-mannered fellow, lout, knave
Jack-a-Lent (n.)[jocular; male figure used as an Aunt Sally during Lent] puppet, poppet, doll
Jack-a-Lent (n.)[jocular; male figure used as an Aunt Sally during Lent] puppet, poppet, doll
jackanapes, jackanape, jack'nape (n.)upstart, buffoon, monkey
jackanapes, jackanape, jack'nape (n.)upstart, buffoon, monkey
jackanapes, jackanape, jack'nape (n.)upstart, buffoon, monkey
jack-dog (n./adj.)mongrel, currish, mutt-like
jack-dog (n./adj.)mongrel, currish, mutt-like
jay (n.)[bird of bright plumage] showy woman, whore
jerkin (n.)male upper garment, close-fitting jacket [often made of leather]
Job (n.)[pron: johb] in the Bible, a patriarch, seen as a symbol of destitution and patience
John (n.)Little John, companion of Robin Hood
jointure (n.)marriage settlement, part of a husband's estate due to his widow
Jove (n.)[pron: johv] alternative name for Jupiter, the Roman supreme god
judge (v.)establish, determine, decide upon
Jupiter, Jove (n.)Roman supreme god; associated with the heavens and the weather, especially thunder and lightning; husband of Juno
just (adv.)exactly, precisely
keep on (v.)go ahead, go on, carry on
keep your waykeep going, don't stop
keisar (n.)kaiser, emperor
ken (v.)know, be acquainted with
kerchief (n.)cloth head-covering, scarf
kerchief (n.)cloth head-covering, scarf
kibe (n.)chilblain, inflamed heel
kidney (n.)constitution, nature, type
kiln-hole (n.)fire-hole of a kiln, oven
kissing-comfit (n.)perfumed sweetmeat for sweetening the breath
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
knave (n.)servant, menial, lackey
knit, knit up (v.)tie, fasten [by means of a knot]
knot (n.)company, band, assembly
knot (n.)company, band, assembly
la (int.)indeed
la (int.)indeed
la (int.)indeed
la (int.)indeed
la (int.)indeed
la (int.)indeed
landed (adj.)possessed of land, having property
lard (v.)mix in, intermix, intermingle
large, atat length, in full, thoroughly
late-walking (n.)going out with whores late at night
latten (adj.)made of thin brass, tin-plate
laundry (n.)laundress
lay (v.)put forward, present, use
lay (v.)set up, arrange, devise
league (n.)compact, alliance, treaty, bond of friendship
leave (v.)abandon, forsake, relinquish
Leda (n.)[pron: 'leeda] daughter of Thestius; loved by Jove, who turned himself into a swan to seduce her
leer (n.)glance, look, eye
legend (n.)probably a malapropism for ‘legion’
leman (n.)lover, paramour, sweetheart
lewdster (n.)debaucher, profligate, lascivious individual
lie (v.)live, dwell, reside, lodge
lief, had asshould like just as much
lief, had asshould like just as much
like (adv.)likely, probable / probably
liking (n.)bodily shape, good condition
lime (v.)mix wine with lime [to add to its sparkle]
line (n.)conduct, way of behaving, course of action
linger (v.)stay on [in town], wait around
liquor (v.)grease, oil
list (v.)wish, like, please
look (v.)find, seek, look for
look (v.)take care, see, be sure
look after (v.)follow with the eye, look with favour on
look against (v.)look at directly
lose (v.)waste, throw away, give unprofitably
loves, of allfor love's sake
lubberly (n.)clumsy, loutish, oafish
luce (n.)[heraldry] pike [type of fish]
Lucifer (n.)in the Bible, the name of a principal devil; or, the Devil
Lucifer (n.)in the Bible, the name of a principal devil; or, the Devil
lurch (v.)rob, cheat
luxury (n.)lust, lechery, lasciviousness
mad (adj.)wild, uncontrollable, excitable, high-spirited
Machiavel (n.)[pron: 'machiavel] master of intrigue, political schemer; Machiavelli was a 16th-c Italian political theorist
Maidenhead (n.)town near Windsor, Berkshire
make (v.)give, provide
make (v.)do, perform, carry out
make (v.)do, have to do
make onejoin in the action, take part
malcontent (n.)discontented individual, trouble-maker
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry trap with you[unclear meaning] insulting or contemptuous exclamation
matter (n.)reason, cause, ground
matter (n.)affair(s), business, real issue
matter (n.)pus, discharge, fluid [from a wound]
matter (n.)means, capacity, wherewithal
mean (v.)intend, purpose, mean to act
measure (n.)slow stately dance, graceful movement
measure (v.)check that the length of two weapons is the same [before beginning a duel]
measuring (n.)task of checking measurement
meat (n.)food, nourishment
meddle or makeinterfere, butt in
meed (n.)reward, prize, recompense
meet (adj.)fit, suitable, right, proper
meet (v.)come together for love
mechanical (adj.)common, servile, menial
Mephostophilus (n.)[mefi'stofolus] in Christian tradition, the name of a devil
mere (adj.)complete, total, absolute, utter
messenger (n.)malapropism for ‘message’
metheglin (n.)[mi'theglin] strong spiced Welsh mead
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
middle earth (n.)earth, seen as midway between heaven and hell
Michaelmas (n.)in Christian tradition, St Michael's Day, 29 September
milch-kine (n.)dairy-milk cows
mill-sixpence (n.)sixpence made in a coin-making mill
mince (v.)walk like a lady, walk with delicate short steps
mind (n.)intention, purpose, intent
minister (n.)messenger, agent, servant
mirth (n.)merry-making, pleasure-seeking
mirth (n.)joke, diversion, sport
misdoubt (v.)distrust, suspect, have misgivings about
misgive (v.)make one feel uneasy, cause one to be apprehensive
mischief (n.)catastrophe, calamity, misfortune
miss (v.)fail to meet, let down
misuse (v.)disgrace, deride, abuse
mock (v.)make fun of, ridicule
mock (v.)deceive, delude, mislead
montant (n.)[fencing] upward thrust
morrow (n.)morning
morrow (n.)morning
morrow (n.)morning
morrow (n.)morning
motion (n.)bowel movement
motion (n.)urging, prompting, encouragement
motion (n.)proposal, proposition, suggestion, offer
motion (n.)proposal, proposition, suggestion, offer
moved (adj.)upset, agitated, distressed
mummy (n.)dead flesh, pulp
muse (v.)grumble, moan
mussel-shell (n.)empty-head, gaping idiot [with mouth open like a mussel-shell]
mutually (adv.)all together, jointly
mynheer (n.)[variant reading] [Dutch] gentleman
nayword, nay-word (n.)password, watchword
nayword, nay-word (n.)password, watchword
niggardly (adv.)sparingly, grudgingly, slightly
night, atat nightfall, this evening
nightly (adv.)at night, during the night
note (n.)characteristic, trait, distinctive feature
notify (v.)notice, take note, observe
nouns (n.)[in emphatic expressions] wounds
no-verb (n.)word of warning; or: non-existing word
nuthook, nut-hook (n.)constable, beadle, officer
obey (v.)respond to, be affected by
obligation (n.)bond, agreement, legal document
obsequious (adj.)devoted, compliant, ready to please
observance (n.)proper attention, attentiveness, heed
'Od[in emphatic expressions] shortened form of 'God'
'Od[in emphatic expressions] shortened form of 'God'
'Od[in emphatic expressions] shortened form of 'God'
'Od[in emphatic expressions] shortened form of 'God'
odds (n. plural)quarrel, disagreement, strife
oeillade (n.)[pron: 'iliad, uh'yahd] ] amorous glance, look of love, ogle
offer (v.)attempt, start, try, make a move
offer (v.)attempt, start, try, make a move
office (n.)service, sympathy, kindness
office (n.)service, sympathy, kindness
office (n.)task, service, duty, responsibility
office (n.)task, service, duty, responsibility
old (adj.)plenty of, abundant, more than enough
once (adv.)some time, at a convenient point
open (adj.)public, exposed to general view
open (v.)[hunting] bark at finding a scent
operation (n.)plan, active thought, working idea
order (n.)order of knighthood
oui...Yes, put it in my bag. Hurry up.
ouph, oaf (n.)elf, elfen child, changeling
ouph, oaf (n.)elf, elfen child, changeling
overflow (v.)pour out, overflow with
overlook (v.)bewitch, subject to magic
overreaching (n.)deception, exaggeration, fabrication
overthrown (adj.)ruined, disgraced, brought into disrepute
ox (n.)fool, dupe
oyes, oyez (n.)hear ye [town crier's ‘Oyez’]
pack (n.)gang, group, circle, confederacy
pack (v.)take [oneself] off, be off, depart
Pandarus (n.)[pron: 'pandarus] Trojan prince, killed by Diomedes; Cressida's uncle and go-between
pander, pandar (n.)pimp, procurer, go-between
panderly (adj.)pimping, procuring, go-between
parcel (n.)part, piece, portion, bit
park (n.)hunting ground
park-ward (n.)direction of Windsor Great Park
part (n.)quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
part (n.)quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
pasan (n.)peasant
pass (n.)bout, exchange, round [in fencing]
pass (v.)surpass, go beyond, outdo
pass (v.)surpass, go beyond, outdo
pass (v.)surpass, go beyond, outdo
pass (v.)experience, feel
pass (v.)use, show, employ
pass (v.)pass muster, stand up well
passant (adj.)[heraldry] walking, with three paws on the ground and one raised
pate (n.)head, skull
pauca (adj.)[pron: 'powka] few [words]
pauca...few words
pawn (n.)pledge, surety, forfeit
pawn (n.)pledge, surety, forfeit
pay (v.)beat, make suffer
peace (v.)be still, keep silent, be calm
peaking (adj.)sneaking, skulking, lurking
peck (n.)circular vessel capable of holding a peck [quarter bushel] of goods
peer out (v.)peep out, show oneself
peevish (adj.)silly, foolish; or: headstrong, impulsive
Pelion (n.)[pron: 'peelion] mountain in Thessaly, N Greece; gods revenged themselves on rebellious Titans by burying them under Mt Pelion
pendent (adj.)downhanging, drooping, dangling
pensioner (n.)gentleman of the royal bodyguard
people (n.)household, servants
peradventure (adv.)perhaps, maybe, very likely
peradventure (adv.)perhaps, maybe, very likely
perforce (adv.)of necessity, with no choice in the matter
period (n.)point of completion, fitting conclusion, consummation
period (n.)point of completion, fitting conclusion, consummation
perpend (v.)consider, ponder, reflect
persuade (v.)urge, entreat, beseech
pheazar (n.)[unclear meaning] vizier, person of great stature
phlegmatic (adj.)malapropism for ‘choleric’ [= angry]
Phrygia (n.)[pron: 'frijia] central plateau area of Asia Minor where Troy was situated
physic (n.)medicine, healing, treatment
picked-hatch, pickt-hatch (n.)spiked half-door; house of disrepute, brothel
pickpurse, pick-purse (n.)pickpocket, purse-stealer
piece (n.)cannon, piece of artillery, fire-arm
piece out (v.)augment, increase, supplement
pin (n.)trifle, triviality, insignificant amount
pinch (v.)take, squeeze, press
pinioned (adj.)bound, tied up, secured
pinnace (n.)small speedy boat with a single mast
pipe-wine (n.)wine drawn directly from the cask [pipe]
pittie-ward (n.)direction of Windsor Little Park
place (n.)position, post, office, rank
place (n.)position, post, office, rank
playing day (n.)school holiday, day off
pleasure (v.)please, gratify, give pleasure to
plessed (adj.)Welsh pronunciation of 'blessed'
plummet (n.)weighted line used for measuring the depth of water
point-blank (adv.)straight, with a direct aim
polecat (n.)[slang] prostitute, courtesan, whore
polecat (n.)[slang] prostitute, courtesan, whore
politic (adj.)cunning, full of intrigue, wily
portly (adj.)stately, majestic, dignified
possess (v.)fill, imbue
posset (n.)restorative hot drink, made of milk, liquor, and other ingredients
posset (n.)restorative hot drink, made of milk, liquor, and other ingredients
possibility (n.)(plural) financial prospects
possitable (adj.)Welsh version of 'positively'
potato (n.)sweet potato, yam [regarded as an aphrodisiac]
pottle, pottle-pot (n.)drinking vessel containing two quarts
pottle, pottle-pot (n.)drinking vessel containing two quarts
power (n.)faculty, function, ability
prate (v.)prattle, chatter, blather
prate (v.)prattle, chatter, blather
precise (adj.)scrupulously pure, strictly observed, unstained
precisian (n.)strict adviser, spiritual mentor
predominate (v.)[astrology] be in the ascendancy, exert a controlling influence
preparation (n.)forewarning, prior ceremony
preparation (n.)accomplishment, capacity, achievement
preposterously (adv.)out of the normal course of events, unnaturally, perversely
present (v.)act, represent, play the part of
presently (adv.)after a short time, soon, before long
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
press (n.)clothes-press, cupboard, wardrobe
press (n.)clothes-press, cupboard, wardrobe
prevent (v.)take steps to thwart, avoid by prompt action
pribbles and prabblesvain chatter and silly quarrelling
pribbles and prabblesvain chatter and silly quarrelling
primero (n.)type of gambling card game
Prodigal (n.)in the Bible, a son who foolishly wastes his share of his father's estate
profess (v.)undertake, pledge
property (n.)(plural) stage requisites, accessories, props
property (n.)means to an end, commercial asset
proportion (n.)weighing up, appropriate measuring
prosper (v.)make prosperous, give success to
protest (v.)declare love
protest (v.)declare, say, swear
proudest (n./adj.)eminent, notable, grand
prove (v.)test, try out, make trial [of]
provocation (n.)erotic stimulation, inciting lustful thoughts
pudding (n.)stuffing
puffed (adj.)increased, extended, stuffed
pullet-sperm (n.)[contemptuous] poultry-seed, egg
pumpion (n.)pumpkin
punk (n.)harlot, strumpet, whore
punto (n.)[fencing] thrust with the sword-point
purpose (n.)outcome, result, end
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
putting down (n.)suppression, restraint, repression
Qu'ai-je...what have I forgotten?
quaint (adv.)elaborately, elegantly, finely
quality (n.)accomplishment, capacity, ability
quality (n.)nature, disposition, character
quarrel at (v.)object to; or: start quarrelling at
quarter (v.)add a coat-of-arms to a [quarter of] a shield
quean (n.)bawd, jade, hussy
question (v.)discuss the matter, talk things over
quick (adj.)living, vital, full of life
quittance (n.)document certifying a release from debt, receipt of discharge
quoth a, quotha (int.)did he say?, indeed!
rabble (n.)crowd, pack, mob
rag (n.)worthless wretch, good-for-nothing creature, beggar
ragged (adj.)broken, jagged, fragmented
rail (v.)rant, rave, be abusive [about]
raise (v.)rouse, stir up, call to arms
raise up (v.)stimulate, stir up, excite
rank (adj.)numerous, frequent, abundant
rank (adj.)foul-smelling, stinking
ranting (adj.)boisterous, jovial, noisily convivial
rapier (n.)light sharp-pointed sword used for thrusting
rapier (n.)light sharp-pointed sword used for thrusting
rapier (n.)light sharp-pointed sword used for thrusting
Ratolorum (n.)malapropism for ‘rotulorum’ [= of the rolls]
Readins (n.)['redinz] Reading; former county town of Berkshire
reason (n.)reasonable treatment, justified course of action
reason (n.)reasonable treatment, justified course of action
reasonable (adj.)moderate, not excessive, fair-minded
received (adj.)definite, absolute, positive
recompense (n.)payment for services, reward
recourse (n.)opportunity of going, means of access
recovery (n.)[legal] procedure for transferring property into full ownership
red-lattice (adj.)[sign of a] tavern, ale-house
reek (n.)foggy vapour, steam, fume, smoke
region (n.)rank, sphere, social standing
register (n.)record, catalogue, inventory
rein (n.)(plural) loins, kidneys
relent (v.)yield, give way, give up
remedy, nono question, no alternative
remembrance (n.)memory, bringing to mind, recollection
remembrance (n.)memory, bringing to mind, recollection
remembrance (v.)mistake for ‘remember’
remorse (n.)pity, regret, sorrow
reputation (n.)honour, esteem, integrity
require (v.)request, ask, beg
requital (n.)recompense, reward, repayment
respect (n.)consideration, factor, circumstance
respect (n.)esteem, status, honour
rest (n.)interval, space, pause
rest (v.)remain, stay, stand
rest (v.)remain, stay, stand
retort (v.)repay, pay back, recompense
reverend (adj.)revered, worthy, respected
reverse (n.)[fencing] back-handed stroke
revolt (n.)rebellion, act of disobedience
revolted (adj.)faithless, disloyal, inconstant
rheumatic (adj.)likely to cause rheumatism
riband (n.)ribbon
ride (v.), past forms rid, riddencontrol, dominate, tyrannize
RIngwood (n.)one of Actaeon's dogs; traditional name of an English hound
ronyon (n.)[term of abuse for a woman] mangy creature
rotten (adj.)diseased, infected, liver-rotten
round (n.)circlet, ring, crown
run (v.)pass, spread, bring, cause to flow
rushling (adj.)rustling, swishing
rut-time (n.)mating season, time for sex
sack (n.)[type of] white wine
sack (n.)[type of] white wine
sack (n.)[type of] white wine
sack (n.)[type of] white wine
Sackerson (n.)famous bear from the bear-baiting ring at Paris Garden, London
sadness, in / in goodin earnest, seriously
sadness, in / in goodin earnest, seriously
salt (adj.)salt-water, sea
salt (n.)vigour, liveliness, spirit
salt-butter (adj.)cheap-living, mean, avaricious
Satan (n.)in Christian tradition, the Devil
sauce (v.)make things hot for, charge extortionately
sawpit (n.)pit used for sawing wood
scald, scall, scauld (adj.)contemptible, vile, scabby
scape, 'scape (v.)escape, avoid
scape, 'scape (v.)escape, avoid
scape, 'scape (v.)escape, avoid
Scarlet (n.)Will Scarlet, companion of Robin Hood
scene (n.)play, drama, performance
scurvy (adj.)contemptible, despicable, wretched
scurvy (adj.)contemptible, despicable, wretched
scut (n.)short tail [as of a deer]
sea-coal (adj.)mined coal of high quality brought by sea
season, of the[of male deer] in the rutting season, on heat
secure (adj.)over-confident, unsuspecting, too self-confident
secure (adj.)over-confident, unsuspecting, too self-confident
secure (adj.)over-confident, unsuspecting, too self-confident
securely (adv.)confidently, without misgiving, fearlessly
seeming (adj.)apparent, convincing in appearance
semblance (n.)appearance, outward show
serve (v.)suffice, be enough, do [for]
several (adj.)separate, different, distinct
several (adj.)separate, different, distinct
shade (n.)shadow, phantom, spirit
shaft (n.)[long and slender] arrow
shelvy (adj.)gently shelving, sloping; or: made of sandbanks
she-Mercury (n.)woman messenger
shent (v.)[from earlier verb ‘shend’] blamed, rebuked, reproached
shift (v.)provide, look out, take care
shilling (n.)coin valued at twelve old pence or one twentieth of a pound
shilling (n.)coin valued at twelve old pence or one twentieth of a pound
ship-tire (n.)fashionable head-dress shaped like a ship
shore (n.)bank, edge
shovel-board (n.)wide coin used as a counter in the game of shovel-board
shrewd (adj.)malicious, nasty, vicious
shuffle (v.)spirit, smuggle, remove secretly
shuffle (v.)behave evasively, act shiftily
sick (adj.)longing, pining, avid
simple (adj.)unmixed, without addition, plain
simple (n.)medicinal herb, medicine
simple though I stand hereas sure as I stand here; or: though who am I to say so
simple-time (n.)summer-time [when aromatic herbs used as medicines (simples) were available]
simply (adv.)as is, without dowry
sing (v.)anticipate trouble, see storm-clouds brewing
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
sit (v.)lodge, live, stay
skirt (n.)one of four pieces of cloth forming the lower part of a long coat
skirted (adj.)wearing a long coat
slack (v.)put off, neglect, postpone
slice (v.)cut, shorten
'slid (int.)[oath] God's eyelid
slight (v.)throw contemptuously, slide scornfully
sluttery (n.)sluttishness, squalor, filthiness
small (adj.)high-pitched, fluting, thin
smite (v.), past forms smote, smitstrike, hit (often, with great force)
smock (n.)woman's undergarment, shift, slip, chemise
society (n.)companionship, fellowship, association
softly-sprighted (adj.)mild-tempered, gentle-spirited
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
sometime (adv.)formerly, at one time, once
sometime (adv.)sometimes, now and then
sooth (n.)truth [in exclamations, emphasizing an assertion]
sort (n.)way, manner
sort (n.)way, manner
sot (n.)blockhead, idiot, dolt
sound (adv.)soundly, heartily, vigorously
sound (v.)find out, ascertain, sound out
speak holidayspeak entertainingly; or: talk in a refined way
speciously (adv.)malapropism for ‘specially’
speciously (adv.)malapropism for ‘specially’
speed (v.)meet with success, prosper, flourish
speed (v.)meet with success, prosper, flourish
speed (v.)meet with success, prosper, flourish
speed (v.)fare, manage, get on
spigot (v.)wooden peg, tap [in a barrel]
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
sport (n.)subject of sport
sprag (adj.)pronunciation of ‘sprack’: smart, active, alert
stale (n.)dupe, sap, laughing-stock
stamp (n.)coin, impression [of the monarch's head] made on a coin
stand (n.)[hunting] standing-place, hiding-place
stand (v.)dwell on, waste time with, rely upon
stand (v.)continue, remain, wait, stay put
stand (v.)continue, remain, wait, stay put
stand (v.)make a stand, be resolute [on a point]
stand on (v.)insist on, demand, call for
stand under (v.)suffer, endure, bear the weight of
stand upon (v.)make an issue of, insist upon, bother about
Star-chamber (n.)supreme court of justice
staring (n.)insulting stare, glaring, gawping
start (n.)advantage, edge, upper hand
start (v.)jump, recoil, flinch
state (n.)estate, property, wealth, means
stay (v.)wait (for), await
still (adj.)quiet, calm, subdued
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)ever, now [as before]
stoccado, stoccata (n.)[fencing] thrust, lunge
stock (n.)[fencing] thrust with the dagger-point
stone (n.)testicle
stop (v.)stopper, fasten, shut
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
strain (n.)quality, character, disposition
strain (n.)quality, character, disposition
style (n.)mode of address, formal title
submission (n.)compliance, deference, obedience
substance (n.)real thing, genuine article
substance (n.)property, wealth, possessions, treasure
subtle, subtile (adj.)crafty, cunning, wily
suddenly (adv.)immediately, at once, without delay
sue (v.)beg, plead, beseech
sufferance (n.)distress, suffering, hardship
suggest (v.)tempt, prompt, incite
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)wooing, courtship
suit (n.)wooing, courtship
suit (n.)wooing, courtship
supposed (adj.)pretended, false, counterfeit
sure (adj.)safe, secure, free from danger
sure (adj.)betrothed, joined, bound
surprise (n.)taking by surprise, catching unawares
swing (v.)beat, thrash, wallop
swort (n.)pronunciation of ‘sword’ or ‘sort’ [= outcome]
sympathy (n.)accord, agreement, harmony
table (n.)dinner table, dinner party
take (v.)catch out, take by surprise
take (v.)bewitch, take possession of, take into one's power
take itaffirm, swear, take an oath
take on (v.)behave, act; or: rage, rant
taking (n.)state, fright, agitation
tall (adj.)brave, valiant, bold
tall (adj.)brave, valiant, bold
tall (adj.)brave, valiant, bold
tallow (n.)fat
tap (v.)work as a tapster
taper (n.)candle
tapster (n.)inn waiter, drawer of ale
tarry (v.)await, expect, anticipate
task of (v.)occupy, engage, make demands on
tattling (adj.)gossiping, tale-telling, rumour-mongering
tattling (n.)prattle, chatter, idle talk
tender (n.)proposal of marriage, offer of betrothal
term (n.)names, labels
tester, testril (n.)sixpenny piece
theme (n.)subject, subject-matter, topic of discourse
thickskin, thick-skin (n.)brutishly built, dullard, blockhead
throughly (adv.)thoroughly, fully, completely
thrummed (adj.)fringed with loose threads
tightly (adv.)soundly, properly, thoroughly
time, in goodwhat a question!, how dare you!
tire (n.)head-dress, ornament for the head, raiment
tire-valiant (n.)fine head-dress
title (n.)name, label, designation
to (prep.)for
toast (n.)piece of hot toast, sop
token (n.)signal, indication
tonight (adv.)last night, this past night
torture (v.)torment, afflict, plague
toy (n.)flimsy being, insubstantial thing
toy (n.)whim, caprice, trifling matter
trail (n.)[hunting] scent, track
translate (v.)transform, change, alter
traverse (v.)[fencing] pierce, stab, run through
trial-fire (n.)testing fire, ordeal by fire
tricking (n.)costumes, ornamentation, decking out, costumery
troth, by myby my truth [exclamation emphasizing an assertion]
troth, good troth (n.)exclamations, emphasizing an assertion - truly, indeed
troth, good troth (n.)exclamations, emphasizing an assertion - truly, indeed
trow (v.)(I) wonder, (I) ask you
trow (v.)(I) wonder, (I) ask you
truckle-bed (n.)low-lying bed on castors, trundle-bed
true (adj.)honest, upright, law-abiding
trust mebelieve me
trust mebelieve me
trust mebelieve me
trust mebelieve me
try (v.)put to the test, test the goodness [of]
tuft (n.)bunch, cluster
tun (n.)barrel, large cask
turn (v.)direct, point, refer
turn (v.)bring, put
turn away (v.)send away, dismiss from service
turn away (v.)send away, dismiss from service
turtle (n.)turtle-dove, lover
turtle (n.)turtle-dove, lover
twenty, and[ballad catch phrase, used as an intensifer] and many more
umpire (n.)arbitrator, mediator, adjudicator
uncomeliness (n.)unseemly behaviour, improper conduct
unconfinable (adj.)limitless, boundless, infinite
understand (v.)come to an understanding, arrive at agreement
undertake (v.)approach, make overtures to, commit to deal with
undone (adj.)ruined, destroyed, brought down
undone (adj.)ruined, destroyed, brought down
undone (adj.)ruined, destroyed, brought down
unduteous (adj.)undutiful, unfilial, disloyal
unfold (v.)relate, recount, narrate
unfool (v.)make less of a fool, remove the name of fool from
unkennel (v.)reveal, bring to light, expose
unseasoned (adj.)unseasonable, inopportune, badly timed
unweighed (adj.)hasty, thoughtless, ill-judged
unwholesome (adj.)harmful, damaging, noxious
urchin (n.)spirit in hedgehog form, goblin
urinal (n.)medical vessel for holding urine
urinal (n.)medical vessel for holding urine
urinal (n.)medical vessel for holding urine
use (v.)be accustomed, make a habit [of]
use (v.)treat, deal with, manage
use (v.)treat, deal with, manage
vagram (adj.)Welsh pronunciation of ‘fragrant’ or: malapropism for ‘vagrant’
vantage (n.)right moment, suitable opportunity
varld (n.)French pronunciation of 'world'
varlet (n.)knave, rogue, rascal, ruffian
varlet (n.)knave, rogue, rascal, ruffian
varletto (n.)[mock-Italian] varlet, rascal, rogue
veney (n.)[fencing] bout, turn
vengeance offie on, a plague on
very (adj.)true, real, genuine
via, fia (int.)come / go on, hurry up
videlicet (adv.)[pron: vi'deliset] namely
villain (n.)scoundrel, rogue, rascal
villainy (n.)shaming practice, discrediting activity
vizament (n.)malapropism for ‘advisement’ [consideration]
vizard (n.)mask, visor
vizarded (adj.)masked, visored, disguised
vlouting-stock, -stog (n.)dialect form of ‘flouting-stock’ [= laughing-stock, object of derision]
vlouting-stock, -stog (n.)dialect form of ‘flouting-stock’ [= laughing-stock, object of derision]
voice (n.)vote, official support
voice (n.)support, approval, good word
voice (n.)authoritative opinion, judgement
vouchsafe (v.)allow, permit, grant
wag (v.)go off, depart, go on one's way
wag (v.)go off, depart, go on one's way
wag (v.)go off, depart, go on one's way
wag (v.)go off, depart, go on one's way
wait on / upon (v.)depend on, be subject to
wait on / upon (v.)accompany, attend
wait on / upon (v.)accompany, attend
walk (n.)area of a forest under the supervision of a forester
walk (v.)exercise, take out walking
walk in (v.)come in, enter
want (v.)lack, need, be without
want (v.)lack, need, be without
want (v.)lack, need, be without
wanton (n.)libertine, seducer
wantonness (n.)lust, lasciviousness, promiscuity
wantonness (n.)lust, lasciviousness, promiscuity
ward (n.)guard, protection, defence
warrant (n.)licence, sanction, authorization
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warrener (n.)keeper of a rabbit warren
waste (n.)[legal] damage to property by a tenant
watch (v.)keep in view, catch in the act
ways, go thy / yourget along, be off
wear (v.)pass, waste, run out
welkin (n.)sky, firmament, heavens
well-a-day (int.)exclamation of grief, sorrow, upset, etc
well-favoured (adj.)good-looking, attractive in appearance
well-willer (n.)well-wisher, one who offers good will
what thoughwhat of it, never mind
whelm (v.)overwhelm, drown, sink
whether (pron.)which of the two
whiting-time (n.)whitening time, time for clothes-bleaching
whitster (n.)linen-bleacher, whitener of clothing
wholesome (adj.)sound, firm, in good condition
wide (adj.)distant, removed, moving astray [from]
wight (n.)[archaism] person, human being
wight (n.)[archaism] person, human being
wild (adj.)erratic, irregular, unruly
will (n.)intent, purpose, design
will (n.)desire, wish, liking, inclination
will (n.)desire, wish, liking, inclination
wink (v.)shut one's eyes
wise woman, wisewoman (n.)fortune-teller, witch, sorceress
wise woman, wisewoman (n.)fortune-teller, witch, sorceress
wit (n.)mental sharpness, acumen, quickness, ingenuity
wit (n.)mental sharpness, acumen, quickness, ingenuity
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wittol (n.)compliant cuckold, man who accepts his wife's infidelity
wittolly (adj.)cuckoldy; also: half-witted
wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit of
woodman (n.)hunter, huntsman
word (n.)word of God
word, at ain a word, once and for all, in short
word, at awithout more ado, at once, forthwith
wort (n.)[pun on Evans' pronunciation of ‘word’] cabbage
worthy (adj.)of worth, of value, deserving
wot (v.)learn, know, be told
wrangle (v.)dispute, contest, argue over
write (v.)sign, designate, call
wrong (n.)dishonour, discredit, harm
wrong (n.)wrong course of action
wrong (v.)discredit, dishonour, injure, disgrace
wrong (v.)put in the wrong, do injustice to, injure
yea and no, byby yes and no [emphatic assertion, replacing a real oath]
yea and no, byby yes and no [emphatic assertion, replacing a real oath]
yearn (v.)grieve, make mourn, move with pity
yellowness (n.)jealousy
yet, as yet (adv.)still
yoke (n.)pair, couple, brace
yoke (n.)horn, antler
SHAKESPEARE'S WORDS © 2018 DAVID CRYSTAL & BEN CRYSTAL