The Merchant of Venice
This is an alphabetical listing of all the glossary items that appear in this play. We have left in repeated instances, so that is it possible to see how often a particular item appears in a play.
Alphabetical headword definitions for The Merchant of Venice
abode (n.)delay, procrastination
Abram (n.)in the BIble, an earlier name of Abraham
abridge (v.)deprive, debar, dispossess
abroad (adv.)away from home, out of the house
accomplish (v.)equip, provide, furnish
account, accompt (v.)reckon, judge, consider
accouter, accoutre (v.)attire, equip, array
acquit (v.)pay back, requite, settle the score with
act (n.)activity, action, performance
act (n.)activity, action, performance
address (v.)prepare, make ready, poise to act
ado (n.)fuss, business, to-do
advantage (n.)benefit, gain, advancement, profit
advantage (n.)interest, bonus, addition
adventure (v.)venture, dare, chance, risk
advice (n.)consideration, reflection, deliberation
advise, avise (v.)warn, counsel, caution
advised, avised (adj.)judicious, wise, prudent
advisedly (adv.)deliberately, intentionally, with full awareness
Aeson (n.)[pron: 'eeson] father of Jason and half-brother of Pelion; magically restored to youth by Medea
afeard (adj.)afraid, frightened, scared
afeard (adj.)afraid, frightened, scared
afeard (adj.)afraid, frightened, scared
affection (n.)emotion, feeling
affection (n.)emotion, feeling
affection (n.)emotion, feeling
affection (n.)fancy, inclination, desire
ague (n.)fever, sickness, shaking [as caused by a fever]
alablaster (n.)alabaster [fine white material derived from limestone]
Alcides (n.)[pron: al'siydeez] original name of Hercules, after his grandfather Alceus
Alcides (n.)[pron: al'siydeez] original name of Hercules, after his grandfather Alceus
aleven (adj.)eleven
allay (v.)subside, abate, diminish, quell
allay (v.)subside, abate, diminish, quell
allow (v.)bestow, legally assign
aloof (adv.)a short distance away, to one side
an if (conj.)if
an if (conj.)if
and, an (conj.)if, even if
and, an (conj.)as if
and, an (conj.)if, whether
and, an (conj.)if, whether
Andrew (n.)the Saint Andrew; name of a Spanish galleon captured at Cadiz in 1596
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presently
apparel (n.)clothes, clothing, dress
apparent (adj.)plainly visible, conspicuous, evident, obvious
appropriation (n.)special attribute, particular feature
approve (v.)prove, confirm, corroborate, substantiate
Arabia (n.)region of SW Asia, thought of as a desert area
argosy (n.)large merchant ship
argosy (n.)large merchant ship
argosy (n.)large merchant ship
argosy (n.)large merchant ship
Argus (n.)hundred-eyed guard of Io, a heifer; Hermes killed him to rescue Io, and Hera then transferred his many eyes to the peacock’s tail
Ash Wednesdayin Christian tradition, the first day of Lent
aspect (n.)[of a human face] look, appearance, expression
aspect (n.)[of a human face] look, appearance, expression
assume (v.)acquire, adopt, take on
assure (v.)guarantee, make safe against risks
assured (adj.)certain, definite, sure
attempt (v.)tempt, persuade, win over
attend (v.)serve at court, wait on royalty
attend (v.)accompany, follow closely, go with
attend (v.)accompany, follow closely, go with
attend (v.)listen [to], pay attention [to]
attend (v.)serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
aught (n.)anything, [with negative word] nothing
aught (n.)anything, [with negative word] nothing
aught (n.)anything, [with negative word] nothing
aught (n.)anything, [with negative word] nothing
aught (n.)anything, [with negative word] nothing
aweary, a-weary (adj.)weary, tired
bait (v.)tempt, entice, lure
balance (n.)scales
bancrout, bankrout, bankerout (n./adj./v.)bankrupt
bane (v.)poison, kill, put down
bank (n.)coast, shore
bar (n.)objection, impediment
bar (n.)obstruction, barrier, obstacle
bar (n.)obstruction, barrier, obstacle
Barbary (n.)Barbary coast of N Africa, famous for its horses
bark, barque (n.)ship, vessel
Barrabas (n.)in the Bible, a robber released instead of Christ at the Passover
base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthy
base (adj.)non-precious, worthless, of low value
bastard (adj.)illegitimate, spurious, unauthorized
bate (v.)lose weight, diminish in size
bate (v.)abate, modify, lessen
bated (adj.)abated, lowered, diminished
bear down (v.)overwhelm, put down, overcome
become (v.)be fitting, befit, be appropriate to
become (v.)put a good front on, give a pleasing appearance to
become (v.)grace, honour, dignify
become (v.)grace, honour, dignify
beefs (n.)fat cattle, oxen
before (adv.)ahead, in advance
before (adv.)ahead, in advance
beget (v.), past form begotproduce, engender, give rise to
beggar (v.)reduce to beggary, impoverish, make destitute
beholding (adj.)beholden, obliged, indebted
bechance (v.)happen to, befall
bereave (v.)take away [from], deprive, deny, rob
beshrew, 'shrew (v.)curse, devil take, evil befall
beshrew, 'shrew (v.)curse, devil take, evil befall
besmear (v.)defile, sully, tarnish
bespeak (v.), past forms bespake, bespokeask for, order, request
best-conditioned (adj.)best-natured, of finest character
bestow (v.)stow away, dispose of
bethink (v.), past form bethoughtcall to mind, think about, consider, reflect
bethink (v.), past form bethoughtcall to mind, think about, consider, reflect
betimes (adv.)at once, forthwith, right now
Black Monday[in MV II.v.24] confusion of the day after Easter Sunday with Ash Wednesday
blame, toto be blamed, blameworthy
bleared (adj.)blear-eyed, tear-dimmed
blent (adj.)blended, mixed, applied [as of painting]
blessed, blest (adj.)capable of blessing, full of happiness
blood (n.)passion, feeling, strong emotion [especially sexual]
blood (n.)spirit, vigour, mettle
blood (n.)blood relationship, kinship
bloody (adj.)blood-thirsty, warlike, ferocious
bond (n.)deed, contract, pledge
bond (n.)deed, contract, pledge
bondman (n.)bondsman, serf, slave
bonnet (n.)hat, cap
bootless (adj.)useless, worthless, fruitless, unavailing
bosom (adj.)intimate, confidential, close
bosom (n.)heart, inner person
bottom (n.)[nautical: keel, hull] ship, vessel
bounty (n.)great generosity, gracious liberality, munificence
branch (n.)division, section, part [of an argument]
brassy (adj.)hard as brass, unfeeling, impenetrable
brave (adj.)fine, excellent, splendid, impressive
brave (adj.)audacious, daring, bold
brave (adj.)audacious, daring, bold
break (v.)break one's promise, not keep one's word
break (v.)break one's promise, not keep one's word
break (v.)fail to keep, default on
break up (v.)break, open [a seal]
breath (n.)utterance, speech, voice
breath (n.)utterance, speech, voice
breathing (adj.)verbal, word-of-mouth
breed (n.)sort, kind, type
brow (n.)appearance, aspect, countenance
brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
Brutus, MarcusMarcus Junius Brutus; 1st-c BC Roman politician, involved in the assassination of Julius Caesar
burgher (n.)citizen, inhabitant, denizen
burial (n.)grave, tomb, burial chamber
but (adv.)just
caper (v.)dance with joy, leap with delight
carrion (adj.)loathsome, vile, disgusting, corrupting
carrion (adj.)loathsome, vile, disgusting, corrupting
carrion (adj.)lean as carrion, skeleton-like; or: putrefying
carrion (adj.)lean as carrion, skeleton-like; or: putrefying
carrion (n.)carcass, wretch, worthless beast
casement (n.)window [on hinges and able to be opened]
cast away (v.)destroy, ruin
casualty (n.)mischance, misfortune, disaster
cater-cousins (n.)good friends, people on the best of terms
Cato the Younger[pron: 'kaytoh] 1st-c BC Roman politician, and opponent of Caesar
cerecloth (n.)waxed winding-sheet, shroud
ceremony (n.)sacred token, special symbol
certain (adj.)steady, settled, fixed
certify (v.)inform, assure, demonstrate to
circumstance (n.)circumlocution, verbiage, unnecessary detail
civil (adj.)of civil law
civility (n.)civilized conduct, courteous behaviour, good manners
clear (adj.)pure, spotless, faultless
clime (n.)land, region, realm
close (adj.)secretive, tight-lipped, uncommunicative
cold (adj.)ineffective, unattended to, coldly received
Colchos (n.)Colchis, ancient region at the eastern end of the Black Sea; in mythology, home of the Golden Fleece
colt (n.)foolish youth, callow ass
come about (v.)change direction, veer round
come near (v.)enter, come in/into
coming-in, comings-in (n.)income, revenue, yield
commandment, commandement (n.)command, instruction, order
commandment, commandement (n.)command, instruction, order
commend (n.)commendation, support, praise
commend (v.)present, introduce, bring [for favourable acceptance]
commend (v.)praise, admire, extol
commend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regards
commend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regards
commodity (n.)supply, quantity, stock, consignment
commodity (n.)asset, advantage, benefit
competency (n.)sufficiency without excess, modest means
complexion (n.)natural trait, disposition, temperament, nature
complexion (n.)appearance, look, colouring
compromise (v.)reach agreement, come to terms
conceit (n.)notion, idea, thought
conceit (n.)view, opinion, judgement
conceit (n.)understanding, intelligence, apprehension
condition (n.)disposition, temper, mood, character
condition (n.)disposition, temper, mood, character
condition (n.)contract, covenant, agreement
confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruin
confusion (n.)disturbance, distraction, agitation [of the mind]
confusions, trymalapropism for ‘try conclusions’ [= see what happens]
constant (adj.)settled, resolved, decided
constitution (n.)disposition, temperament, mood
contain (v.)retain, keep in one's possession
contend (v.)compete, vie, rival
content (adj.)agreeable, willing, ready
content (adj.)agreeable, willing, ready
content (adj.)agreeable, willing, ready
content (adj.)contented, patient, accepting, undisturbed
continent (n.)embodiment, summation, digest
continuance (n.)maintaining, keeping up, carrying on
contrary (adj.)wrong, incorrect, erroneous
contrive (v.)scheme, plot, conspire
conveniency (n.)convenience, opportunity, advantage
conveniently (adv.)fittingly, suitably, appropriately
cope, cope with (v.)give in recompense for
costly (adj.)bountiful, lavish, rich
couch (v.)lie, sleep, go to bed
counterfeit (n.)likeness, portrait, image
county (n.)[title of rank] count
course (n.)course of action, way of proceeding
course (n.)habit, custom, practise, normal procedure
course (n.)habit, custom, practise, normal procedure
courtesy, cur'sy, curtsy (n.)courteous service, polite behaviour, good manners
courtesy, cur'sy, curtsy (n.)courteous service, polite behaviour, good manners
cover (v.)put on one's hat [after it has been removed to show respect]
cover (v.)lay the table
cozen (v.)cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
crave (v.)need, demand, require
cream (v.)form a frothy layer on the surface
Cressid, Cressidafickle daughter of Calchas, a priest of Troy; beloved by Troilus, a Trojan prince, she deserted him for Diomed; character in Troilus and Cressida
crisped (adj.)stiffly curled
cross (v.)prevent, thwart, forestall
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
cuckold (n.)[mocking name] man with an unfaithful wife
Cupid (n.)[pron: 'kyoopid] Roman god of love, son of Venus and Mercury; a winged, blindfolded boy with curved bow and arrows
Cupid (n.)[pron: 'kyoopid] Roman god of love, son of Venus and Mercury; a winged, blindfolded boy with curved bow and arrows
cur (n.)dog, mastiff, watch-dog [without a contemptuous sense]
cureless (adj.)incurable, fatal, without remedy
current (n.)practice, course, way of behaviour
currish (adj.)mean-spirited, snarling, quarrelsome
currish (adj.)mean-spirited, snarling, quarrelsome
curtsy, curtsey (v.)bow low, do reverence, pay respect
dam (n.)mother
danger (n.)damage, harm, mischief
danger, in one'swithin one's power, at one's mercy
Daniel (n.)in the Bible, influential Babylonian administrator and visionary
Dardanian (adj.)poetic name for someone or something to do with Troy
dark (adj.)sad, melancholic, gloomy
day (n.)appointed day, fixed date
day (n.)appointed day, fixed date
dear (adj.)of great worth, valuable, precious
death (n.)skull, memento mori
death's-head (n.)skull, memento mori
deface (v.)[heraldry] efface, obliterate, blot out
defect (n.)malapropism for ‘effect’
defy (v.)reject, despise, disdain, renounce
degree (n.)rank, station, standing
deliberate (adj.)calculating, carefully considering
deliver (v.)hand over, convey, commit to the keeping [of someone]
deliver (v.)free, release, liberate
demurely (adv.)gently, in a subdued way; or: solemnly
deny (v.)disallow, forbid, refuse permission [for]
deny (v.)refuse, rebuff, reject
desert, desart (n.)deserving, due recompense, right
desire (v.)request, wish, ask [for]
determination (n.)mind, decision, resolution
determine (v.)make a decision [about], reach a conclusion [about]
device (n.)plan, scheme, intention
Diana, Dian (n.)Roman goddess associated with the Moon, chastity, and hunting
Diana, Dian (n.)Roman goddess associated with the Moon, chastity, and hunting
Dido (n.)[pron: 'diydoh] Queen of Carthage who fell in love with Aeneas when he was shipwrecked on her shores; commanded by Jupiter, Aeneas left without seeing Dido again, and she killed herself on a funeral pyre
difference (n.)quarrel, disagreement, dispute
digest, disgest (v.)endure, brook, put up with
dimension (n.)(plural) parts of the body, organs
direction (n.)instruction, guidance, counsel
directly (adv.)plainly, clearly, evidently
directly (adv.)exactly, rightly, entirely
disabling (n.)disparagement, detraction, belittling
discourse (n.)conversation, talk, chat
discover (v.)reveal, show, make known
discovery (n.)disclosure, admission, revelation
disgrace (v.)insult, dishonour, deny respect [to]
discharge (v.)pay, reimburse, settle with
dispatch, despatch (v.)deal with promptly, settle, get [something] done quickly
divers (adj.)different, various, several
divine (n.)clergyman, priest, parson
doit (n.)[small Dutch coin = half an English farthing] trivial sum, worthless amount, trifle
double (adj.)worth twice the value of the standard coin
doubletman's close-fitting jacket with short skirt
dram (n.)tiny amount, small quantity
draw (v.)take up, receive, collect
draw (v.)draw up, draft, frame
dread (v.)fear, anticipate in fear, be anxious about
drudge (n.)slave, serf, lackey
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
ducat (n.)gold (sometimes silver) coin used in several European countries
due (n.)debt, liability, amount owing
dull (adj.)dead, lifeless, sluggish, inactive
dull-eyedlacking insight, easily deceived
dwell (v.)exist, continue, persist
eaning (adj.)lambing
eanling (n.)new-born lamb
egal, egall (adj.)equal, matched, equivalent
eke, eke out (v.)add to, increase, supplement
election (n.)choice, preference
election (n.)choice, preference
embraced (adj.)cherished, joyfully accepted
enact (v.)decree, ordain, enter in the records
engage (v.)pledge, give the guarantee of
enow (adv.)enough
enow (adv.)enough
enrobe (v.)dress in a robe, put a gown on
entertain (v.)maintain, keep up, practise
entirely (adv.)sincerely, heartily
envious (adj.)malicious, spiteful, vindictive, full of enmity
envy (n.)malice, ill-will, enmity
envy (n.)malice, ill-will, enmity
equal (adj.)precise, exact, just
Erebus (n.)'darkness', son of Chaos, the place where Shades passed on their way to Hades
ergo (adv.)therefore
estate (n.)high rank, standing, status
estate (n.)state, situation, circumstances
estate (n.)state, situation, circumstances
estate (n.)state, situation, circumstances
estate (n.)state, situation, circumstances
estimation (n.)esteem, respect, reputation
estimation (n.)estimated amount, reckoning
exaction (n.)exacting, enforcement
exceeding (adv.)exceedingly, extremely, very
exceeding (adv.)exceedingly, extremely, very
excess (n.)usury, interest
exclaim on / upon (v.)accuse, blame, denounce [loudly]
excrement (n.)outgrowth [of hair]
execute (v.)carry out, fulfil, perform
exhibit (v.)malapropism for ‘inhibit’; or: manifest, demonstrate
exchange (n.)transformation, altered appearance
expect (v.)await, wait for
eye (n.)sight, view, presence
faint (adj.)inadequate, lacking, in short supply
fall (v.)drop, descend, let fall
false (adj.)sham, spurious, not genuine, artificial
false (adj.)disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful
false (adv.)unfaithfully, disloyally, inconstantly,
fancy (n.)love, amorousness, infatuation
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fare ... well (int.)goodbye [to an individual]
fashion (v.)arrange, contrive, manage
Fates (n.)trio of goddesses who control human destiny: Atropos (‘the inflexible’) cuts the thread of life allotted and spun by Lachesis (‘the distributor’) and Clotho (‘the spinner’)
father (n.)old man, venerable sir
fear (v.)frighten, scare, terrify, daunt
fear (v.)fear for, worry about, be anxious about
fee (v.)purchase, procure, secure
fell (adj.)cruel, fierce, savage
fellow (n.)companion, associate
fetch (v.)take, perform, make
field (n.)field of battle, battleground, field of combat
fife (n.)fife-player
fill up (v.)satisfy, fulfil, meet
fill-horse (n.)draught-horse, horse which goes between shafts
flat (n.)shoal, sandbank
flat (n.)shoal, sandbank
fledge (adj.)grown large enough for flight, ready to fly
fleet (v.)[of souls] leave, pass away, fly off
fleet (v.)turn, pass, change
flight (n.)[of arrows] power of flight, size and weight
flood (n.)sea, deep, waves, rushing water
flood (n.)sea, deep, waves, rushing water
fond (adj.)foolish, stupid, mad
fond (adj.)foolish, trifling, frivolous
fool (adj.)foolish, silly
fool (adj.)foolish, silly
foot (v.)kick, boot
footing (n.)footfall, footsteps, strides
foppery (n.)folly, foolishness, stupidity
forbear (v.)control oneself, have patience [for]
force (n.)[of weather] violence, turbulence, stress
force, ofnecessarily, of necessity, whether one will or not
force, ofnecessarily, of necessity, whether one will or not
fore-spurrer (n.)one who has ridden ahead
forfeiture (n.)forfeit, penalty
forfeiture (n.)forfeit, penalty
forfeiture (n.)forfeit, penalty
forfeiture (n.)forfeit, penalty
forfeiture (n.)forfeit, penalty
form (n.)image, likeness, shape
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forsworeswear falsely, perjure [oneself], break one's word
fortune (n.)lucky chance, good luck
Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blind
Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blind
Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blind
frame (v.)fashion, make, form, create
fraught (adj.)filled, laden, packed
fret (v.)chafe, be vexed, worry
frutify (v.)malapropism for ‘certify’
fulsome (adj.)randy, lustful, lascivious
furnish (v.)provide, supply, possess
furnish (v.)provide, supply, possess
furnish (v.)provide, supply, possess
furnish (v.)provide, supply, possess
furnish (v.)provide for, prepare, make ready
gaberdine (n.)cloak, cape, loose upper garment
gage (v.)pledge, bind, commit
gaping (adj.)with mouth open [as on a dish prepared for eating]
garnish (n.)outfit, adornment, trimming
garnish (v.)provide with a good supply [of words]
gear (n.)business, affair, matter
gear (n.)business, affair, matter
geld (v.), past forms gelded, geltcastrate, spay
gentle (adj.)well-born, honourable, noble
gentle (adj.)well-born, honourable, noble
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
gentle (adj.)peaceful, calm, free from violence
gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kind
gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kind
gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kind
gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kind
gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kind
gentle (n.)[polite intimate address] dear one
get (v.)beget, conceive, breed
giddy (adj.)swaying, quaking, dizzying
gild (v.), past forms gilt, gildedsupply with money, enrich
good (adj.)rich, wealthy, substantial
goodly (adj.)good-looking, handsome, attractive, comely
goodly (adj.)[in exclamations] good
Goodwins (n.)Goodwin Sands; treacherous sands for shipping off the Kent coast
gossip (n.)friend, neighbour
grace (n.)procedure, attitude, affectation
gracious (adj.)delightful, lovely, charming
gramercy, gramercies (int.)great thanks
grandam (n.)grandmother
grandsire (n.)grandfather
gratify (v.)reward, repay, show gratitude for
gratis (adv.)for nothing, without payment
gratis (adv.)for nothing, without payment
gratis (adv.)for nothing, without payment
graved (adj.)graven, carved, engraved
gross (adj.)bad, inferior, poor
gross (n.)overall total, whole amount
grossly (adv.)materially, physically, with substance
grossly (adv.)coarsely, indelicately, indecently
grossness (n.)flagrant nature, obviousness, enormity
grow to (v.)be an integral part of, become one with
guard (n.)protection, keeping, custody
guarded (adj.)ornamented, trimmed, tricked out
gudgeon (n.)type of fish used as a bait; credulity, gullibility
guiled (adj.)treacherous, deceiving, full of guile
habit (n.)behaviour, bearing, demeanour
habit (n.)dress, clothing, costume
Hagar (n.)[pron: 'haygahr] in the Bible, bondwoman to Sarah, whose child was Ishmael, a 'wild-ass of a man'
hallowing, hallooing, halloing, holloaing (n.)shouting, hallooing, crying out
halter (n.)rope with a noose [for hanging]
haste (v.)hurry, speed up, accelerate
hazard (n.)[gambling] chance, fortune; throw [of dice]
hazard (n.)[gambling] chance, fortune; throw [of dice]
hazard (v.)expose to risk, take one's chance [of]
hazard (v.)expose to risk, take one's chance [of]
hazard, come / go toplay dice, gamble
head (n.)surface, surge, swell
hearsed (v.)coffined, placed in a hearse
heaviness (n.)sadness, grief, sorrow
heavy (adj.)sorrowful, sad, gloomy
Hercules (n.)[Roman form of Heracles] proverbial for his mythical physical strength and miraculous achievements
Hercules (n.)[Roman form of Heracles] proverbial for his mythical physical strength and miraculous achievements
hie (v.)hasten, hurry, speed
hie (v.)hasten, hurry, speed
high-day (adj.)befitting a holiday
hip, on / upon the[wrestling] at a disadvantage, in an unfavourable position
hip, on / upon the[wrestling] at a disadvantage, in an unfavourable position
honest (adj.)chaste, pure, virtuous
hood (n.)[unclear meaning] head-covering, bonnet, mask
hot (adj.)hot-tempered, angry, passionate
hour (n.)[time of] appointment, engagement, meeting
hovel-post (n.)door-post of a hovel
humour (n.)fancy, whim, inclination, caprice
humour (n.)fancy, whim, inclination, caprice
husbandry (n.)thrift, good economy, careful management
Hyrcan, Hyrcania (n.)[pron: 'herkan, her'kaynia] ancient region of Asia Minor, in modern Iran
chance (n.)fortune, lot, destiny
charge (n.)expense, cost, outlay
charge (v.)entreat, exhort, enjoin
Charybdis (n.)[pron: ka'ribdis] mythological whirlpool in the Straits of Messina which swallowed ships whole
chaste (adj.)celibate, single, unmarried
cheer (n.)face, look, expression
cheer thou / you?, howhow are you feeling
cherubin (n.)cherub, angel; or: cherubim, angels
choir, quire (v.)sing in a choir, sing in chorus
choose, cannothave no alternative, cannot do otherwise
ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourable
ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evil
imagined (adj.)all imaginable, as much as can be conceived
immured (adj.)walled up, enclosed, confined
impeach (v.)discredit, disparage, call into question
impeach (v.)discredit, disparage, call into question
impertinent (adj.)malapropism for ‘pertinent’
importunity (n.)persistent solicitation, troublesome persistence
imposition (n.)order, charge, command
imposition (n.)order, charge, command
incarnation (n.)malapropism for ‘incarnate’
Indian (adj.)dark-complexioned, dark-haired
Indies (n.)the East Indies, thought of as a region of great wealth
inexecrable (adj.)inexorable, unmoveable, relentless; or: execrable, accursed, damnable
infection (n.)malapropism for ‘affection’
infold (v.)enfold, wrap up, conceal
inscroll (v.)enter on a scroll, inscribe
insculp (v.)carve, engrave
intent (n.)intention, purpose, aim
intermission (n.)respite, pause, rest
interrogatory (n.)interrogation, questioning, inquisition
issue (n.)outcome, result, consequence(s)
issue (n.)child(ren), offspring, family, descendant
iwis (adv.)[archaism] assuredly, certainly, truly
Jack (n.)Jack-in-office, ill-mannered fellow, lout, knave
Jacob (n.)in the Bible, a Hebrew patriarch, the younger son of Isaac
Jacob (n.)in the Bible, a Hebrew patriarch, the younger son of Isaac
Janus (n.)[pron: 'jaynus] Roman god who guards gates and doors; shown with two faces, one at the back of his head
Jason (n.)son of Aeson, King of Iolcos; sent with the Argonauts to find the Golden Fleece, which he obtained with Medea's assistance
jump (v.)agree, coincide, tally
just (adj.)accurate, exact, precise
keep (v.)lodge, live, dwell
key (n.)tone, voice, style of expression
kind (adj.)showing natural feeling, acting by nature
kind (adj.)friendly, agreeable, pleasant
kind (n.)nature, close natural relationship
knap (v.)bite into, nibble at, peck at
knave (n.)servant, menial, lackey
knave (n.)scoundrel, rascal, rogue
Laban (n.)[pron: 'layban] in the Bible, uncle of Jacob
lading (n.)cargo, freight, merchandise
leave (v.)part with, lose, forsake
leave (v.)part with, lose, forsake
level at (v.)guess correctly, rightly anticipate
liberal (adj.)overgenerous, licentious
liberal (adj.)overgenerous, licentious
lie (v.)sleep, go to bed
light (v.)alight, descend, fall, come to rest
like (adj.)same, similar, alike, equal
like (adj.)same, similar, alike, equal
like (adv.)likely, probable / probably
like (adv.)likely, probable / probably
likely (adj.)promising, hopeful; or: seemly, good-looking
lineament (n.)line, feature, characteristic, attribute
liver (n.)part of the body thought to be at the seat of the passions [especially sexual desire]
liver (n.)part of the body thought to be at the seat of the passions [especially sexual desire]
livery (n.)uniform, costume, special clothing
livery (n.)uniform, costume, special clothing
livery (n.)uniform, costume, special clothing
livery (n.)badge, token, recognizable image
living (n.)possessions, means of support, livelihood
living (n.)possessions, means of support, livelihood
lodged (adj.)deep-rooted, inveterate, ingrained
loose (v.)revoke, cancel
losing (adj.)involving some degree of loss
love (n.)very dear friend
lover (n.)companion, comrade, dear friend
low (adj.)humble, lowly, inferior
magnifico (n.)Venetian leader
main (n.)open sea, ocean
main floodhigh tide
make goodjustify, vindicate, confirm
manage (n.)management, direction, administration
mantle (v.)cover with a coating, form a scum
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
marry (int.)[exclamation] by Mary
Mars (n.)Roman god of war
mart (n.)market
martlet (n.)house-martin [which often builds its nest in churches]
master (v.)own, possess, have at one's disposal
match (n.)bargain, contract, agreement
matter (n.)significance, import, meaning
mean (adj.)average, moderate, middling
mean (n.)middle, midway
measure (n.)pattern of movement, regular course, routine
measure (v.)pass through, travel over, traverse
Medea (n.)[pron: me'deea] daughter of Aeetes, King of Colchis, who assisted Jason in obtaining the Golden Fleece
meet (adj.)fit, suitable, right, proper
meet (adj.)fit, suitable, right, proper
meet (adj.)fit, suitable, right, proper
mere (adj.)complete, total, absolute, utter
merely (adv.)completely, totally, entirely
merchant-marring (adj.)capable of damaging a merchant-ship
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.)it seems / seemed to me
miscarry (v.)come to harm, be lost, be destroyed
miscarry (v.)come to harm, be lost, be destroyed
miscarry (v.)come to harm, perish, meet death
misconster (v.)misconstrue, misinterpret, take wrongly
mislike (v.)dislike, be displeased with
mitigate (v.)moderate, reduce the severity of
mo, moe (adj.)more [in number]
moan (n.)grief, lamentation, sorrow, complaint
modesty (n.)moderation, restraint, discipline
moiety (n.)share, portion, part
morrow (n.)morning
motion (n.)inner movement, inward prompting, natural impulse, imagining
muddy (adj.)made of clay, resembling mud
music (n.)musicians, players
music (n.)musicians, players
mutton (n.)sheep
mutual (adj.)common, general, omnipresent
naughty (adj.)wicked, evil, vile
naughty (adj.)wicked, evil, vile
naughty (adj.)wicked, evil, vile
neat (n.)ox, cow, cattle
needs (adv.)of necessity, necessarily
Nestor (n.)Greek leader in the siege of Troy, reputed for his age and wisdom
nice (adj.)fine, precise, particular, subtle
nominate (v.)name, specify, designate [as]
notary (n.)clerk authorized to draw up contracts
note (n.)bill, invoice, account
obliged (adj.)contracted, bound by marriage
occasion (n.)circumstance, opportunity
occasion (n.)need, want, requirement
offend (v.)harm, hurt, pain
office (n.)task, service, duty, responsibility
office (n.)task, service, duty, responsibility
office (n.)role, position, place, function
office (n.)role, position, place, function
oft (adv.)often
oft (adv.)often
oft, many a time andvery often, with great frequency
old (adj.)plenty of, abundant, more than enough
ope (v.)open
ope (v.)open
opinion (n.)public opinion, popular judgement
opinion (n.)public opinion, popular judgement
oppose (v.)place in opposition, set up as resistance
opposed (adj.)opposite, facing
orb (n.)sphere, planet, star, heavenly body
ostent (n.)display, show, manifestation
ostent (n.)display, show, manifestation
out (adv.)fallen out, in a state of unfriendliness
outbrave (v.)surpass in bravery, outdo in daring
outdwell (v.)stay beyond
out-night (v.)outdo in making references to the night
outswear (v.)outdo in swearing
outward (adj.)external, surface, superficial
overlook (v.)bewitch, subject to magic
overname (v.)name in succession, read through the list of
overpeer (v.)look down on, look out over, overlook
overstare (v.)outstare, face down
overtrip (v.)skip over, pass lightly over
overweathered (adj.)weather-worn, storm-damaged
pack (v.)take [oneself] off, be off, depart
pageant (n.)show, scene, spectacle, tableau
pain (n.)effort, endeavour, exertion, labour
parcel (n.)small group, company, party
part (n.)action, conduct, behaviour
part (n.)quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
part (v.)divide, share, split up
part (v.)depart [from], leave, quit
parti-coloured (adj.)variegated, diverse, multi-coloured
passion (n.)passionate outburst, emotional passage
paten (n.)dish on which the bread is placed during the Mass; shining circle
patch (n.)fool, clown; rogue, knave
pawn (v.)stake, pledge, risk
peep (v.)peer through half-closed eyes
peevish (adj.)fretful, irritable, ill-tempered
peise (v.)weigh down, burden, load
pennyworth, penn'orth (n.)amount, quantity, sum
penthouse, pent-house (n.)covered way, sloping porch, overhanging roof
perchance (adv.)perhaps, maybe
persuade (v.)plead, entreat
Phoebus (n.)[pron: 'feebus] Latin name for Apollo as the sun-god; also called Phoebus Apollo
picture (n.)appearance, countenance, visible form
piece (v.)prolong, extend, drag out
pied (adj.)of different colours, multi-coloured
pierce (v.)move, touch, get through to
pill (v.)[of bark] peel, strip
place (n.)position, post, office, rank
plea (n.)claim, argument, issue
plea (n.)claim, argument, issue
port (n.)style of living, way of life
port (n.)station, position, dignity
Portia (n.)[pron: 'pawrsha] wife of Brutus, daughter of Cato the Younger
portly (adj.)stately, majestic, dignified
possess (v.)notify, inform, acquaint
possess (v.)notify, inform, acquaint
post (n.)express messenger, courier
post (n.)express messenger, courier
posy (n.)short piece of poetry [often inscribed inside a ring]
power (n.)(usually plural) god, deity, divinity
power (n.)faculty, function, ability
power (n.)authority, government
power (n.)authority, government
power (n.)authority, government
praise (n.)praiseworthiness, merit, virtue
prating (adj.)prattling, chattering, blathering
prefer (v.)promote, advance, recommend
preferment (n.)advancement, promotion
presage (v.)predict, forecast
presage (v.)signify, indicate
presence (n.)appearance, bearing, demeanour
presently (adv.)after a short time, soon, before long
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at once
prest (adj.)engaged, made ready, hired
pretty (adj.)clever, ingenious, artful
prevent (v.)forestall, anticipate
privyprivate, particular, exclusive
prodigal (adj.)wastefully lavish, foolishly extravagant
prodigal (adj.)wastefully lavish, foolishly extravagant
prodigal (n.)waster, squanderer, spendthrift
prodigal (n.)waster, squanderer, spendthrift
profit (n.)progress, proficiency, improvement
prolixity (n.)long-windedness, tedious exposition
pronounce (v.)deliver, speak, declare
proper (adj.)good-looking, handsome, comely
proportion (n.)weighing up, appropriate measuring
publican (n.)tax-collector
purchase (v.)acquire, obtain, win
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
purpose (v.)intend, plan
purpose (v.)intend, plan
Pythagoras (n.)[pron: piy'thagoras] Greek philosopher and mathematician, 6th-c BC
quaint (adj.)artful, cunning
quaintly (adv.)elaborately, artistically, with skill
qualify (v.)moderate, weaken, diminish
quality (n.)nature, disposition, character
quality (n.)nature, disposition, character
quarrel (v.)quibble, dispute, equivocate
question (n.)debating, discussion, investigation
question (n.)questioning, interrogation, examination
question (n.)argument, contention, dispute
question (v.)dispute, quarrel [over], call in question
questionless (adv.)unquestionably, undoubtedly, most certainly
quicken (v.)revive, rejuvenate, give life [to]
quit (v.)remit, release from
race (n.)herd, host, company
rack (n.)machine of torture which stretches the limbs
rack (v.)stretch, strain, extend
rage (n.)folly, rashness, mad jest
rail (v.)rant, rave, be abusive [about]
rail (v.)rant, rave, be abusive [about]
rank (adj.)lascivious, lustful, lewd
rare (adj.)marvellous, splendid, excellent
rare (adj.)marvellous, splendid, excellent
rate (n.)mode of life, style of living
rate (v.)reckon, estimate, appraise
rate (v.)berate, reproach, rebuke, scold
raw (adj.)unrefined, unskilled, unpolished
reason (n.)power of reason, judgement, common-sense [often opposed to ‘passion’]
reason (n.)reasonable view, sensible judgement, right opinion
reason (v.)talk, speak, converse
redoubted (adj.)feared, dreaded, revered
reed (adj.)reedy, squeaking
regreet (n.)fresh greeting, return of salutation
remembrance (n.)love-token, keepsake, memento
remorse (n.)pity, compassion, tenderness
rend (v.)tear apart, lay waste, devastate
render (v.)give up, surrender, yield
repair (v.)restore, renew, revive
reproach (n.)malapropism for ‘approach’
requite (v.), past forms requit, requitedreward, repay, recompense
respect (n.)consideration, factor, circumstance
respect (n.)attention, heed, deliberation
respective (adj.)careful, attentive, considerate
reverence, dopay homage, worship, show respect [to]
reverend (adj.)revered, worthy, respected
Rhenish (n.)Rhineland wine
Rhenish (n.)Rhineland wine
rheum (n.)spit, spittle, saliva
Rialto (n.)[pron: ree'altoh] commercial exchange in Venice, NE Italy; also, bridge spanning the Grand Canal
Rialto (n.)[pron: ree'altoh] commercial exchange in Venice, NE Italy; also, bridge spanning the Grand Canal
rib (v.)enclose [as if with ribs]
ripe (adj.)matured, ready for action
riping (n.)ripening, coming to readiness
road (n.)pathway, route, course
road (n.)harbour, anchorage, roadstead
road (n.)harbour, anchorage, roadstead
round (adj.)heavy, substantial
round hosebreeches puffed out at the hips
royal merchantmerchant prince
royal merchantmerchant prince
rude (adj.)violent, harsh, unkind
rude (adj.)cacophonous, raucous, barbarous
ruin (n.)[metaphor for] destitute, case of hardship
rule (n.)proper discipline, good management
sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemn
sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemn
sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemn
sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemn
sand-blind (adj.)half-blind, dim-sighted
sand-blind (adj.)half-blind, dim-sighted
savage (adj.)fierce, ferocious, wild
scant (v.)neglect, stint, withhold
scant (v.)give out sparingly, curtail, withhold [from]
scant (v.)limit, restrict, constrain
scape, 'scape (n.)escape
scape, 'scape (v.)escape, avoid
scape, 'scape (v.)escape, avoid
scarce (adv.)scarcely, hardly, barely, only just
scarfed (adj.)[unclear meaning] fully decked out; under full sail; [of the hull] well-jointed
scimitar (n.)short curved sword with a single edge, from the East
scorn (v.)mock, jeer, express disdain [at]
scrubbed (adj.)short, undersized, stubby
scrubbed (adj.)short, undersized, stubby
scruple (n.)tiny amount, last ounce
scuse (n.)excuse
Scylla (n.)[pron: 'sila] rock (or sea-monster) in the Straits of Messina, opposite to Charybdis
seal (v.)mark by seal, put one's name to, agree
seal (v.)mark by seal, put one's name to, agree
seal under (v.)become security for, set one's seal to
season (n.)opportunity, favourable moment
season (v.)gratify, delight, tease
seat (n.)estate
seeming (adj.)apparent, convincing in appearance
seize, seize upon (v.)[legal] take possession of, take hold of
self (adj.)same, selfsame, identical, exact
semblance (n.)likeness, image, depiction
sensible (adj.)evident, perceptible by the senses, affecting the senses
sensible (adj.)evident, perceptible by the senses, affecting the senses
sentence (n.)maxim, wise saying, precept
serve (v.)be a servant, serve God
serve in (v.)supply, provide, deal out
servitor (n.)servant
set forth (v.)praise, commend, extol
set up one's rest (n.)[in primero] venture one's final stake, stake all
several (adj.)separate, different, distinct
severed (adj.)parted, opened
shadow (n.)image, likeness, portrait, semblance
shadow (n.)image, likeness, portrait, semblance
shadowed (adj.)shaded, darkened; also [heraldry]: faintly drawn
shaft (n.)[long and slender] arrow
shift (n.)expedient, measure, arrangement [especially as 'make shift' = contrive]
show (n.)appearance, exhibition, display
show (n.)appearance, exhibition, display
shrewd (adj.)ominous, telling; or: bitter, vexatious
shrive (v.)hear confession, grant absolution, forgive
schedule (n.)inventory, list, itemization
Sibyl, Sybilla (n.)priestess inspired by Apollo, her prophecies being written on leaves; Apollo granted her as many years of life as she could hold grains of sand in her hand
signify (v.)report, make known, declare
signify (v.)report, make known, declare
signify (v.)report, make known, declare
simple (adj.)basic, minimal, small
simple (adj.)common, ordinary, average, humble
simplicity (n.)naivety, foolishness, artlessness
single (adj.)individual, particular
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
sirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]
skipping (adj.)frivolous, flighty, frolicsome
slightly (adv.)easily, with little effort
slip (n.)seedling, sprig, shoot, cutting
slubber (v.)be careless with, rush through
smack (v.)have a taste, like the flavour
smug (adj.)neat, spruce, trim
snaky (adj.)twisting, winding, sinuous; also: deceitful
sober (adj.)sedate, staid, demure, grave
sober (adj.)sedate, staid, demure, grave
soft (adj.)weak, faint, soft-hearted
soft (int.)[used as a command] not so fast, wait a moment, be quiet
soft (int.)[used as a command] not so fast, wait a moment, be quiet
solely (adv.)wholly, entirely, altogether
Solyman (n.)Suleiman, 16th-c sultan who fought against Persia
something (adv.)a little, to some extent
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
something (adv.)somewhat, rather
sometimes (adv.)formerly, once, at one time, previously
sonties (n.)saints
sooth (n.)truth [in exclamations, emphasizing an assertion]
sooth (n.)truth [in exclamations, emphasizing an assertion]
Sophy (n.)[pron: 'sohfee] shah of Persia, possibly Abbas the Great, 16th-c
sore (adj.)serious, grievous, grave
sort (n.)kind, variety, type
sort (n.)way, manner
sort (v.)choose, find, arrange
speak of (v.)organize, order, sort out
speed (v.)deal with, bring to an end, defeat
speed (v.)fare, manage, get on
spirit (n.)intuition, perception, discernment
spoil (n.)plundering, pillaging, despoiling
sport (n.)sexual recreation, intercourse, amorous dalliance
sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainment
spurn (v.)kick, strike, stamp [on], dash
spurn (v.)kick, strike, stamp [on], dash
squander (v.)scatter, disperse, dissipate
stamp (n.)impression, mark, imprint
stand (n.)stop, pause, standing still
stand (v.)be, appear
start (n.)advantage, edge, upper hand
state (n.)estate, property, wealth, means
stay (v.)dissuade, stop, prevent
stay (v.)wait (for), await
stay (v.)wait (for), await
stay (v.)put up with, endure, abide
stay (v.)linger, tarry, delay
stay for (v.)wait for, await
stead (v.)help, assist, benefit
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
still (adv.)ever, now [as before]
still (adv.)ever, now [as before]
stockish (adj.)blockish, wooden, stupid
stomach (n.)wish, inclination, desire
stomach (n.)appetite, desire [for food]
stop (n.)full-stop, period, full point
stop (v.)staunch, close up, prevent from bleeding
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
strain (v.)constrain, force, press
strand, strond (n.)shore, land, region
strange (adj.)remarkable, startling, abnormal, unnatural
strange (adj.)aloof, distant, reserved
strange (adj.)special, particular, very great
stranger (n.)foreigner, alien, outsider
stranger (n.)foreigner, alien, outsider
stratagem (n.)deed of violence, bloody act
strumpet (n.)harlot, prostitute, whore
stubborn (adj.)resistant, hostile, antagonistic
studied (adj.)prepared, equipped, fitted
stuff (n.)substance, composition, quality, essence
substance (n.)real thing, genuine article
substitute (n.)subordinate, deputy, underling
suffer (v.)allow, permit, let
sufferance (n.)endurance, forbearance, patience
sufferance (n.)endurance, forbearance, patience
sufficient (adj.)able, capable, competent
suit (n.)clothing, dress, garb
suit (n.)clothing, dress, garb
suit (n.)wooing, courtship
suit (n.)wooing, courtship
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petition
suit (v.)dress, clothe, equip
suited (adj.)dressed up, set out, adapted
sunder (v.)separate, split up, part
sup (v.)have supper
superfluityexcess, indulgence, immoderate living
supposition (n.)doubt, uncertainty, question
surety (n.)person undertaking a legal responsibility in relation to another, guarantor
surety (n.)person undertaking a legal responsibility in relation to another, guarantor
surfeit (v.)feed to excess, overindulge, glut
surfeit (v.)become sick through having too much
surgeon (n.)doctor, physician
sway (n.)power, dominion, rule
sway (v.)control, rule, direct, govern
sway (v.)control, rule, direct, govern
swelling (adj.)magnificent, grand, resplendant
table (n.)[palmistry] area between various lines on the palm
tainted (adj.)infected, diseased
tainted (adj.)corrupted, dishonourable, depraved
tall (adj.)large, fine, grand
tarry (v.)stay, remain, linger
tarry (v.)stay, remain, linger
tarry (v.)stay, remain, linger
tarry (v.)stay, remain, linger
Tartar (n.)someone from Tartary, C Asia; known for pitilessness; also, a stereotype of dark complexion
temper (n.)frame of mind, temperament, disposition
temporal (adj.)secular, civil, worldly
tenor, tenour (n.)meaning, purpose, intention
term (n.)respect, consideration, form
Thisbe (n.)[pron: 'thizbee] lover of Pyramus
thrift (n.)profit, advantage, gain
thrift (n.)profit, advantage, gain
throstle (n.)thrush
throughfare (n.)thoroughfare
throughly (adv.)thoroughly, fully, completely
time (n.)age, years
tonight (adv.)last night, this past night
touch (n.)fingering, handling, skill in playing
touch (n.)fingering, handling, skill in playing
touch (v.)affect, move, stir
trade (v.)cross, come and go
trafficker (n.)trading ship, merchant vessel
traject (n.)ferry
tricksy (adj.)full of tricks, cleverly playful
trifle (v.)waste, squander, spend idly
Tripolis (n.)[pron: 'tripolis] Tripoli; seaport capital in N Africa (modern Libya)
Tripolis (n.)[pron: 'tripolis] Tripoli; seaport capital in N Africa (modern Libya)
Tripolis (n.)[pron: 'tripolis] Tripoli; seaport capital in N Africa (modern Libya)
Troilus (n.)[pron: 'troylus] youngest son of Priam and Hecuba; killed by Achilles; lover of Cressida
troth, by myby my truth [exclamation emphasizing an assertion]
Troy (n.)ancient city of W Turkey, besieged for 10 years during the Trojan Wars; also called Ilium, Ilion
Troy (n.)ancient city of W Turkey, besieged for 10 years during the Trojan Wars; also called Ilium, Ilion
true (adj.)constant, faithful in love
true (adj.)loyal, firm, faithful in allegiance
try (v.)refine, purify
turn (v.)change, transform, alter
tyranny (n.)cruelty, barbarity, unmerciful violence
unbated (adj.)unabated, undiminished, fresh
unburden, unburthen (v.)reveal, disclose; or: unload
uncapable (adj.)incapable, unable [to do something]
undone (adj.)ruined, destroyed, brought down
unforfeited (adj.)unviolated, unbroken
unfurnished (adj.)unfinished, defective
unchecked (adj.)uncontradicted, undisputed
unthrift (adj.)unthrifty, spendthrift, prodigal
unthrifty (adj.)prodigal, profligate, wasteful
untread (v.)retrace, go back upon
urge (v.)press, insist on, state emphatically
urge (v.)bring forward, advocate, represent
usance (n.)interest on a loan
usance (n.)interest on a loan
usance (n.)interest on a loan
use (n.)usual practice, habit, custom
use (n.)trust, possession, tenure
vail (v.)lower, bow down, cast down [as in submission]
vantage (n.)right moment, suitable opportunity
variable (adj.)varied, diverse, different
varnished (adj.)embellished, decked out, adorned
vasty (adj.)vast, immense, spacious
vendible (adj.)marriageable
venture (n.)cargo, consignment, goods
venture (n.)cargo, consignment, goods
venture (n.)deal, enterprise, business, expedition
venture (n.)deal, enterprise, business, expedition
Venus (n.)Roman goddess of beauty and love
very (adj.)[intensifying] thorough-going, absolute
vesture (n.)garment, clothing, garb, costume
via, fia (int.)come / go on, hurry up
viand (n.)(usually plural) food, victuals, foodstuff
vile, vild (adj.)degrading, ignominious, worthless
vilely, vildly (adv.)shamefully, wretchedly, meanly
vinegar (adj.)sour, bitter, crabby
virtue (n.)power, capability, efficacy, property
visage (n.)face, countenance
visage (n.)face, countenance
visit (v.)punish, deal with
voice (n.)authoritative opinion, judgement
voice (n.)authoritative opinion, judgement
void (v.)empty, clear out, discharge
waft (v.)beckon, wave [at], signal
wag (v.)move, stir, rouse
wand (n.)rod, staff
want (v.)lack, need, be without
wanton (adj.)unrestrained, undisciplined, boisterous, uncontrolled
wanton (adj.)casual, gentle
want-wit (adj.)senseless, stupid, ridiculous
warrant (v.)assure, promise, guarantee, confirm
warranty (n.)authorization, permission, sanction
waste (v.)pass, spend, while away
water (n.)tears
watch (v.)keep the watch, keep guard, be on the look-out
wealth (n.)well-being, welfare, prosperity
weather, in thein an exposed situation, open to the elements
well to live (adj.)well-to-do, well-off, prosperous
wench (n.)girl, lass
wether (n.)sheep, ram
wild (n.)wilderness, waste land
wild (n.)wilderness, waste land
wind (n.)breath
wind (v.)insinuate, pursue a devious course
wit (n.)reasoning, thinking, deliberation
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
wit-snapper (n.)wisecracker, smart aleck
wonder (v.)marvel [at], be astonished [at]
wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit of
wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit of
wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit of
wrack (n.)wreck, loss, shipwreck
wrack (v.)wreck, shipwreck, lose at sea
wrest (v.)distort, twist, strain
wroth (n.)misfortune, grief, ruin
wry-necked (n.)having a crooked neck [of the player]
younger (n.)younger son
SHAKESPEARE'S WORDS © 2018 DAVID CRYSTAL & BEN CRYSTAL