Richard II
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Enter Marshall, and Aumerle.Enter the Lord Marshal and the Duke of Aumerle R2 I.iii.1
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
My L. Aumerle, is Harry Herford arm'd.My Lord Aumerle, is Harry Hereford armed? R2 I.iii.1
Aum. AUMERLE 
Yea, at all points, and longs to enter in.Yea, at all points, and longs to enter in.points, all / at allin every part, in all respects, completelyR2 I.iii.2
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
The Duke of Norfolke, sprightfully and bold,The Duke of Norfolk, sprightfully and bold,sprightfully, spritefully (adv.)spiritedly, in a lively mannerR2 I.iii.3
Stayes but the summons of the Appealants Trumpet.Stays but the summons of the appellant's trumpet.appellant (n.)
old form: Appealants
accuser [of treason], challenger, denouncer
R2 I.iii.4
Au. AUMERLE 
Why then the Champions, are prepar'd, and stayWhy then, the champions are prepared, and staystay for (v.)wait for, awaitR2 I.iii.5
For nothing but his Maiesties approach. For nothing but his majesty's approach. R2 I.iii.6
Flourish. Enter King, The trumpets sound and the King enters with his R2 I.iii.7.1
Gaunt, Bushy, Bagot, Greene, & others: nobles, including Gaunt, and Bushy, Bagot, and  R2 I.iii.7.2
Then Mowbray in Armor, Green. When they are set, enter Mowbray, Duke ofset (adj.)formally seated, arranged in a position of stateR2 I.iii.7.3
and Harrold.Norfolk, in arms, defendant; and a Herald R2 I.iii.7.4
Rich. KING RICHARD 
Marshall, demand of yonder ChampionMarshal, demand of yonder champion R2 I.iii.7
The cause of his arriuall heere in Armes,The cause of his arrival here in arms. R2 I.iii.8
Aske him his name, and orderly proceedAsk him his name, and orderly proceedorderly (adv.)according to the rules, properly, in the prescribed wayR2 I.iii.9
To sweare him in the iustice of his cause.To swear him in the justice of his cause. R2 I.iii.10
Mar. LORD MARSHAL  
(to Mowbray) R2 I.iii.11
In Gods name, and the Kings, say who yu art,In God's name and the King's, say who thou art R2 I.iii.11
And why thou com'st thus knightly clad in Armes?And why thou comest thus knightly-clad in arms, R2 I.iii.12
Against what man thou com'st, and what's thy quarrell,Against what man thou comest, and what thy quarrel.quarrel (n.)
old form: quarrell
cause of complaint, reason for hostility, difference, claim
R2 I.iii.13
Speake truly on thy knighthood, and thine oath,Speak truly on thy knighthood and thy oath, R2 I.iii.14
As so defend thee heauen, and thy valour.As so defend thee heaven and thy valour! R2 I.iii.15
Mow. MOWBRAY 
My name is Tho. Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,My name is Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, R2 I.iii.16
Who hither comes engaged by my oathWho hither come engaged by my oath, –  R2 I.iii.17
(Which heauen defend a knight should violate)Which God defend a knight should violate! – defend (v.)forbid, prohibitR2 I.iii.18
Both to defend my loyalty and truth, Both to defend my loyalty and truth R2 I.iii.19
To God, my King, and his succeeding issue,To God, my King, and my succeeding issueissue (n.)child(ren), offspring, family, descendantR2 I.iii.20
Against the Duke of Herford, that appeales me:Against the Duke of Hereford that appeals me;appeal (v.)
old form: appeales
accuse, denounce, impeach
R2 I.iii.21
And by the grace of God, and this mine arme,And by the grace of God and this mine arm R2 I.iii.22
To proue him (in defending of my selfe)To prove him, in defending of myself, R2 I.iii.23
A Traitor to my God, my King, and me,A traitor to my God, my King, and me. R2 I.iii.24
And as I truly fight, defend me heauen.And as I truly fight, defend me heaven! R2 I.iii.25
Tucket. Enter Hereford, The trumpets sound. Enter Bolingbroke, Duke of R2 I.iii.26.1
and Harold.Hereford, appellant, in armour; and a Herald R2 I.iii.26.2
Rich. KING RICHARD 
Marshall: Aske yonder Knight in Armes,Marshal, ask yonder knight in arms R2 I.iii.26
Both who he is, and why he commeth hither,Both who he is, and why he cometh hither R2 I.iii.27
Thus placed in habiliments of warre:Thus plated in habiliments of war;habiliment, abiliment (n.)(usually plural) clothes, dress, attire, outfitR2 I.iii.28
plated (adj.)wearing plate armour, armour-protected
And formerly according to our LawAnd formally, according to our law, R2 I.iii.29
Depose him in the iustice of his cause.Depose him in the justice of his cause.depose (v.)swear, take an oath [from]R2 I.iii.30
Mar. LORD MARSHAL  
(to Bolingbroke) R2 I.iii.31
What is thy name? and wherfore comst yu hitherWhat is thy name? And wherefore comest thou hither R2 I.iii.31
Before King Richard in his Royall Lists?Before King Richard in his royal lists?list (n.)(usually plural) combat arena at a tournamentR2 I.iii.32
Against whom com'st thou? and what's thy quarrell?Against whom comest thou? And what's thy quarrel?quarrel (n.)
old form: quarrell
cause of complaint, reason for hostility, difference, claim
R2 I.iii.33
Speake like a true Knight, so defend thee heauen.Speak like a true knight, so defend thee heaven! R2 I.iii.34
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Harry of Herford, Lancaster, and Derbie,Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby R2 I.iii.35
Am I: who ready heere do stand in Armes,Am I, who ready here do stand in arms R2 I.iii.36
To proue by heauens grace, and my bodies valour,To prove by God's grace and my body's valour R2 I.iii.37
In Lists, on Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolke,In lists on Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, R2 I.iii.38
That he's a Traitor foule, and dangerous,That he is a traitor foul and dangerous R2 I.iii.39
To God of heauen, King Richard, and to me,To God of heaven, King Richard, and to me; R2 I.iii.40
And as I truly fight, defend me heauen.And as I truly fight, defend me heaven! R2 I.iii.41
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
On paine of death, no person be so bold,On pain of death, no person be so bold R2 I.iii.42
Or daring hardie as to touch the Listes,Or daring-hardy as to touch the listsdaring-hardy (adj.)
old form: daring hardie
foolhardy, rashly bold
R2 I.iii.43
Except the Marshall, and such OfficersExcept the Marshal and such officers R2 I.iii.44
Appointed to direct these faire designes.Appointed to direct these fair designs.design (n.)
old form: designes
undertaking, purpose, enterprise
R2 I.iii.45
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Lord Marshall, let me kisse my Soueraigns hand,Lord Marshal, let me kiss my sovereign's hand R2 I.iii.46
And bow my knee before his Maiestie:And bow my knee before his majesty; R2 I.iii.47
For Mowbray and my selfe are like two men,For Mowbray and myself are like two men R2 I.iii.48
That vow a long and weary pilgrimage,That vow a long and weary pilgrimage. R2 I.iii.49
Then let vs take a ceremonious leaueThen let us take a ceremonious leave R2 I.iii.50
And louing farwell of our seuerall friends.And loving farewell of our several friends.several (adj.)
old form: seuerall
various, sundry, respective, individual
R2 I.iii.51
Mar. LORD MARSHAL  
(to King Richard) R2 I.iii.52
The Appealant in all duty greets your Highnes,The appellant in all duty greets your highness R2 I.iii.52
And craues to kisse your hand, and take his leaue.And craves to kiss your hand, and take his leave.crave (v.)
old form: craues
beg, entreat, request
R2 I.iii.53
Rich. KING RICHARD 
We will descend, and fold him in our armes.We will descend and fold him in our arms. R2 I.iii.54
He leaves his throne R2 I.iii.55
Cosin of Herford, as thy cause is iust,Cousin of Hereford, as thy cause is right, R2 I.iii.55
So be thy fortune in this Royall fight:So be thy fortune in this royal fight! R2 I.iii.56
Farewell, my blood, which if to day thou shead,Farewell, my blood – which if today thou shed, R2 I.iii.57
Lament we may, but not reuenge thee dead.Lament we may, but not revenge thee dead. R2 I.iii.58
Bull. BOLINGBROKE 
Oh let no noble eye prophane a teareO, let no noble eye profane a tear R2 I.iii.59
For me, if I be gor'd with Mowbrayes speare:For me, if I be gored with Mowbray's spear! R2 I.iii.60
As confident, as is the Falcons flightAs confident as is the falcon's flight R2 I.iii.61
Against a bird, do I with Mowbray fight.Against a bird, do I with Mowbray fight. R2 I.iii.62
(To Lord Marshal) R2 I.iii.63
My louing Lord, I take my leaue of you,My loving lord, I take my leave of you; R2 I.iii.63
(To Aumerle) R2 I.iii.64
Of you (my Noble Cosin) Lord Aumerle;Of you, my noble cousin, Lord Aumerle; R2 I.iii.64
Not sicke, although I haue to do with death,Not sick, although I have to do with death, R2 I.iii.65
But lustie, yong, and cheerely drawing breath.But lusty, young, and cheerly drawing breath.cheerly (adv.)
old form: cheerely
cheerfully, brightly, animatedly
R2 I.iii.66
lusty (adj.)
old form: lustie
vigorous, strong, robust, eager
Loe, as at English Feasts, so I regreeteLo, as at English feasts, so I regreetregreet (v.)
old form: regreete
greet again, salute upon returning
R2 I.iii.67
The daintiest last, to make the end most sweet.The daintiest last, to make the end most sweet. R2 I.iii.68
(To John of Gaunt) R2 I.iii.69
Oh thou the earthy author of my blood,O thou, the earthly author of my blood, R2 I.iii.69
Whose youthfull spirit in me regenerate,Whose youthful spirit in me regenerateregenerate (adj.)reborn, formed anewR2 I.iii.70
Doth with a two-fold rigor lift mee vpDoth with a two-fold vigour lift me up R2 I.iii.71
To reach at victory aboue my head,To reach at victory above my head,reach at (v.)reach out for, strive to attainR2 I.iii.72
Adde proofe vnto mine Armour with thy prayres,Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers,proof (n.)
old form: proofe
tested strength, proven power of resistance, impenetrability
R2 I.iii.73
And with thy blessings steele my Lances point,And with thy blessings steel my lance's point R2 I.iii.74
That it may enter Mowbrayes waxen Coate,That it may enter Mowbray's waxen coatcoat (n.)
old form: Coate
coat-of-mail, surcoat
R2 I.iii.75
And furnish new the name of Iohn a Gaunt,And furbish new the name of John o' Gaunt, R2 I.iii.76
Euen in the lusty hauiour of his sonne.Even in the lusty haviour of his son!lusty (adj.)vigorous, strong, robust, eagerR2 I.iii.77
haviour (n.)
old form: hauiour
behaviour, manner, demeanour
Gaunt. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Heauen in thy good cause make thee prosp'rousGod in thy good cause make thee prosperous! R2 I.iii.78
Be swift like lightning in the execution,Be swift like lightning in the execution, R2 I.iii.79
And let thy blowes doubly redoubled,And let thy blows, doubly redoubled, R2 I.iii.80
Fall like amazing thunder on the CaskeFall like amazing thunder on the casqueamazing (adj.)dreadful, terrifying, stupefyingR2 I.iii.81
casque, caske (n.)helmet
Of thy amaz'd pernicious enemy.Of thy adverse pernicious enemy! R2 I.iii.82
Rouze vp thy youthfull blood, be valiant, and liue.Rouse up thy youthful blood, be valiant, and live. R2 I.iii.83
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Mine innocence, and S. George to thriue.Mine innocence and Saint George to thrive!thrive (v.)
old form: thriue
be successful, have good fortune
R2 I.iii.84
George, Saintin Christian tradition, the patron saint of England, 3rd-c
Mow. MOWBRAY 
How euer heauen or fortune cast my lot,However God or fortune cast my lot R2 I.iii.85
There liues, or dies, true to Kings Richards Throne,There lives or dies true to King Richard's throne R2 I.iii.86
A loyall, iust, and vpright Gentleman:A loyal, just, and upright gentleman. R2 I.iii.87
Neuer did Captiue with a freer heart,Never did captive with a freer heartfree (adj.)freely given, willing, unconstrainedR2 I.iii.88
Cast off his chaines of bondage, and embraceCast off his chains of bondage and embraceembrace (v.)welcome, joyfully acceptR2 I.iii.89
His golden vncontroul'd enfranchisement,His golden uncontrolled enfranchisementenfranchisement (n.)freedom, liberation, releaseR2 I.iii.90
More then my dancing soule doth celebrateMore than my dancing soul doth celebrate R2 I.iii.91
This Feast of Battell, with mine AduersarieThis feast of battle with mine adversary. R2 I.iii.92
Most mighty Liege, and my companion Peeres,Most mighty liege, and my companion peers,liege (n.)lord, sovereignR2 I.iii.93
Take from my mouth, the wish of happy yeares,Take from my mouth the wish of happy years. R2 I.iii.94
As gentle, and as iocond, as to iest,As gentle and as jocund as to jestjest (v.)
old form: iest
amuse oneself, go to an entertainment
R2 I.iii.95
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
Go I to fight: Truth, hath a quiet brest.Go I to fight. Truth hath a quiet breast. R2 I.iii.96
Rich. KING RICHARD 
Farewell, my Lord, securely I espyFarewell, my lord. Securely I espysecurely (adv.)confidently, without misgiving, fearlesslyR2 I.iii.97
Vertue with Valour, couched in thine eye:Virtue with valour couched in thine eye.couch (v.)conceal, hide, lie hiddenR2 I.iii.98
Order the triall Marshall, and begin.Order the trial, Marshal, and begin. R2 I.iii.99
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
Harrie of Herford, Lancaster, and Derby,Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby, R2 I.iii.100
Receiue thy Launce, and heauen defend thy right.Receive thy lance; and God defend the right. R2 I.iii.101
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Strong as a towre in hope, I cry Amen.Strong as a tower in hope, I cry ‘ Amen!’ R2 I.iii.102
Mar. LORD MARSHAL  
(to an officer) R2 I.iii.103
Go beare this Lance to Thomas D. of Norfolke.Go bear this lance to Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. R2 I.iii.103
1. Har. FIRST HERALD 
Harry of Herford, Lancaster, and Derbie,Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby R2 I.iii.104
Stands heere for God, his Soueraigne, and himselfe,Stands here for God, his sovereign, and himself, R2 I.iii.105
On paine to be found false, and recreant,On pain to be found false and recreant,recreant (adj.)cowardly, faint-hearted, cravenR2 I.iii.106
false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidious
To proue the Duke of Norfolke, Thomas Mowbray,To prove the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray, R2 I.iii.107
A Traitor to his God, his King, and him,A traitor to his God, his king, and him, R2 I.iii.108
And dares him to set forwards to the fight.And dares him to set forward to the fight. R2 I.iii.109
2. Har. SECOND HERALD 
Here standeth Tho: Mowbray Duke of NorfolkHere standeth Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, R2 I.iii.110
On paine to be found false and recreant,On pain to be found false and recreant, R2 I.iii.111
Both to defend himselfe, and to approueBoth to defend himself and to approve R2 I.iii.112
Henry of Herford, Lancaster, and Derby,Henry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby R2 I.iii.113
To God, his Soueraigne, and to him disloyall:To God, his sovereign, and to him disloyal, R2 I.iii.114
Couragiously, and with a free desireCourageously and with a free desire R2 I.iii.115
Attending but the signall to begin. Attending but the signal to begin.attend (v.)await, wait for, expectR2 I.iii.116
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
Sound Trumpets, and set forward Combatants:Sound, trumpets; and set forward, combatants! R2 I.iii.117

A charge sounded. King Richard throws his warderwarder (n.)staff, truncheon, batonR2 I.iii.118.1

into the lists R2 I.iii.118.2
Stay, the King hath throwne his Warder downe.Stay! The King hath thrown his warder down. R2 I.iii.118
Rich.KING RICHARD 
Let them lay by their Helmets & their Speares,Let them lay by their helmets and their spears R2 I.iii.119
And both returne backe to their Chaires againe:And both return back to their chairs again. R2 I.iii.120

(To his cousellors) R2 I.iii.121
Withdraw with vs, and let the Trumpets sound,Withdraw with us, and let the trumpets sound R2 I.iii.121
While we returne these Dukes what we decree.While we return these dukes what we decree.return (v.)
old form: returne
answer, report, say in reply [to]
R2 I.iii.122
A long Flourish.A long flourish. King Richard consults his nobles, then R2 I.iii.123.1
addresses the combatants R2 I.iii.123.2
Draw neere Draw near, R2 I.iii.123
and list / What with our Councell we haue done.And list what with our council we have done.list (v.)listen to, pay attention toR2 I.iii.124
For that our kingdomes earth should not be soyldFor that our kingdom's earth should not be soiled R2 I.iii.125
With that deere blood which it hath fostered,With that dear blood which it hath fostered, R2 I.iii.126
And for our eyes do hate the dire aspectAnd for our eyes do hate the dire aspectaspect (n.)[of objects] sight, appearanceR2 I.iii.127
Of ciuill wounds plowgh'd vp with neighbors swords,Of civil wounds ploughed up with neighbours' sword,civil (adj.)
old form: ciuill
of civil war
R2 I.iii.128
And for we think the eagle-winged pride R2 I.iii.129
Of sky-aspiring and ambitious thoughts R2 I.iii.130
With rival-hating envy set on you R2 I.iii.131
To wake our peace, which in our country's cradlewake (v.)urge, arouse; or: trouble, disturbR2 I.iii.132
Draws the sweet infant-breath of gentle sleep,gentle (adj.)peaceful, calm, free from violenceR2 I.iii.133
Which so rouz'd vp with boystrous vntun'd drummes, Which so roused up with boisterous untuned drums,untuned (adj.)
old form: vntun'd
out-of-tune, disordered, disturbed
R2 I.iii.134
boisterous (adj.)
old form: boystrous
violent, fierce, savage
With harsh resounding Trumpets dreadfull bray, With harsh-resounding trumpets' dreadful bray, R2 I.iii.135
And grating shocke of wrathfull yron Armes,And grating shock of wrathful iron arms, R2 I.iii.136
Might from our quiet Confines fright faire peace,Might from our quiet confines fright fair peacefright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyR2 I.iii.137
confine (n.)territory, region, domain
And make vs wade euen in our kindreds blood:And make us wade even in our kindred's blood: R2 I.iii.138
Therefore, we banish you our Territories.Therefore we banish you our territories. R2 I.iii.139
You Cosin Herford, vpon paine of death,You, cousin Hereford, upon pain of life R2 I.iii.140
Till twice fiue Summers haue enrich'd our fields,Till twice five summers have enriched our fields R2 I.iii.141
Shall not regreet our faire dominions,Shall not regreet our fair dominions,regreet (v.)greet again, salute upon returningR2 I.iii.142
But treade the stranger pathes of banishment.But tread the stranger paths of banishment.stranger (adj.)foreign, alienR2 I.iii.143
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Your will be done: This must my comfort be,Your will be done. This must my comfort be: R2 I.iii.144
That Sun that warmes you heere, shall shine on me:That sun that warms you here shall shine on me, R2 I.iii.145
And those his golden beames to you heere lent,And those his golden beams to you here lentlend (v.)give, grant, bestow [on]R2 I.iii.146
Shall point on me, and gild my banishment.Shall point on me, and gild my banishment. R2 I.iii.147
Rich. KING RICHARD 
Norfolke: for thee remaines a heauier dombe,Norfolk, for thee remains a heavier doom,heavy (adj.)
old form: heauier
grave, serious, weighty
R2 I.iii.148
doom (n.)
old form: dombe
judgement, sentence, decision
Which I with some vnwillingnesse pronounce,Which I with some unwillingness pronounce. R2 I.iii.149
The slye slow houres shall not determinateThe sly slow hours shall not determinatesly (adj.)
old form: slye
stealthy, furtive, quietly moving
R2 I.iii.150
determinate (v.)bring to an end, terminate, limit
The datelesse limit of thy deere exile:The dateless limit of thy dear exile.limit (n.)prescribed time, fixed periodR2 I.iii.151
dear (adj.)
old form: deere
dire, grievous, hard
dateless (adj.)
old form: datelesse
everlasting, eternal, endless
The hopelesse word, of Neuer to returne,The hopeless word of ‘ never to return ’ R2 I.iii.152
Breath I against thee, vpon paine of life.Breathe I against thee upon pain of life. R2 I.iii.153
Mow. MOWBRAY 
A heauy sentence, my most Soueraigne Liege,A heavy sentence, my most sovereign liege, R2 I.iii.154
And all vnlook'd for from your Highnesse mouth:And all unlooked-for from your highness' mouth. R2 I.iii.155
A deerer merit, not so deepe a maime,A dearer merit, not so deep a maimmerit (n.)reward, just desertR2 I.iii.156
As to be cast forth in the common ayreAs to be cast forth in the common air R2 I.iii.157
Haue I deserued at your Highnesse hands.Have I deserved at your highness' hands. R2 I.iii.158
The Language I haue learn'd these forty yearesThe language I have learnt these forty years, R2 I.iii.159
(My natiue English) now I must forgo,My native English, now I must forgo, R2 I.iii.160
And now my tongues vse is to me no more,And now my tongue's use is to me no more R2 I.iii.161
Then an vnstringed Vyall, or a Harpe,Than an unstringed viol or a harp,viol (n.)
old form: Vyall
type of stringed instrument played with a bow
R2 I.iii.162
Or like a cunning Instrument cas'd vp,Or like a cunning instrument cased up – cunning (adj.)skilfully made, ingeniousR2 I.iii.163
Or being open, put into his handsOr being open, put into his hands R2 I.iii.164
That knowes no touch to tune the harmony.That knows no touch to tune the harmony.touch (n.)fingering, handling, skill in playingR2 I.iii.165
Within my mouth you haue engaol'd my tongue,Within my mouth you have engaoled my tongue,engaol (v.)
old form: engaol'd
put in gaol, lock up
R2 I.iii.166
Doubly percullist with my teeth and lippes,Doubly portcullised with my teeth and lips,portcullis (v.)
old form: percullist
furnish with a portcullis, fortify
R2 I.iii.167
And dull, vnfeeling, barren ignorance,And dull unfeeling barren ignorance R2 I.iii.168
Is made my Gaoler to attend on me:Is made my gaoler to attend on me.attend (v.)serve, follow, wait [on/upon]R2 I.iii.169
I am too old to fawne vpon a Nurse,I am too old to fawn upon a nurse, R2 I.iii.170
Too farre in yeeres to be a pupill now:Too far in years to be a pupil now.years (n.)
old form: yeeres
age
R2 I.iii.171
What is thy sentence then, but speechlesse death,What is thy sentence then but speechless death, R2 I.iii.172
Which robs my tongue from breathing natiue breath?Which robs my tongue from breathing native breath? R2 I.iii.173
Rich, KING RICHARD 
It boots thee not to be compassionate,It boots thee not to be compassionate.boot (v.)help, serve, benefit, be useful [to]R2 I.iii.174
compassionate (adj.)full of lamentation, piteously appealing
After our sentence, plaining comes too late.After our sentence plaining comes too late.plaining (n.)complaining, moaning, lamentingR2 I.iii.175
Mow. MOWBRAY 
Then thus I turne me from my countries lightThen thus I turn me from my country's light, R2 I.iii.176
To dwell in solemne shades of endlesse night.To dwell in solemn shades of endless night. R2 I.iii.177
Ric. KING RICHARD  
(to Bolingbroke and Mowbray) R2 I.iii.178
Returne againe, and take an oath with thee,Return again, and take an oath with thee. R2 I.iii.178
Lay on our Royall sword, your banisht hands;Lay on our royal sword your banished hands. R2 I.iii.179
Sweare by the duty that you owe to heauenSwear by the duty that you owe to God –  R2 I.iii.180
(Our part therein we banish with your selues)Our part therein we banish with yourselves –  R2 I.iii.181
To keepe the Oath that we administer:To keep the oath that we administer: R2 I.iii.182
You ueuer shall (so helpe you Truth, and Heauen)You never shall, so help you truth and God, R2 I.iii.183
Embrace each others loue in banishment,Embrace each other's love in banishment, R2 I.iii.184
Nor euer looke vpon each others face,Nor never look upon each other's face, R2 I.iii.185
Nor euer write, regreete, or reconcileNor never write, regreet, nor reconcileregreet (v.)
old form: regreete
greet again, salute upon returning
R2 I.iii.186
This lowring tempest of your home-bred hate,This lowering tempest of your home-bred hate, R2 I.iii.187
Nor euer by aduised purpose meete,Nor never by advised purpose meetpurpose (n.)intention, aim, planR2 I.iii.188
advised, avised (adj.)
old form: aduised
calculated, premeditated, intentional
To plot, contriue, or complot any ill,To plot, contrive, or complot any illill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilR2 I.iii.189
contrive (v.)
old form: contriue
scheme, plot, conspire
complot (v.)plot together, collude
'Gainst Vs, our State, our Subiects, or our Land.'Gainst us, our state, our subjects, or our land. R2 I.iii.190
Bull. BOLINGBROKE 
I sweare.I swear. R2 I.iii.191
Mow. MOWBRAY 
And I, to keepe all this.And I, to keep all this. R2 I.iii.192
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Norfolke, so fare, as to mine enemie,Norfolk, so far as to mine enemy: R2 I.iii.193
By this time (had the King permitted vs)By this time, had the King permitted us, R2 I.iii.194
One of our soules had wandred in the ayre,One of our souls had wandered in the air, R2 I.iii.195
Banish'd this fraile sepulchre of our flesh,Banished this frail sepulchre of our flesh, R2 I.iii.196
As now our flesh is banish'd from this Land.As now our flesh is banished from this land. R2 I.iii.197
Confesse thy Treasons, ere thou flye this Realme,Confess thy treasons ere thou fly the realm. R2 I.iii.198
Since thou hast farre to go, beare not alongSince thou hast far to go, bear not along R2 I.iii.199
The clogging burthen of a guilty soule.The clogging burden of a guilty soul.clogging (adj.)oppressive, encumbering, hamperingR2 I.iii.200
Mow. MOWBRAY 
No Bullingbroke: If euer I were Traitor,No, Bolingbroke, if ever I were traitor R2 I.iii.201
My name be blotted from the booke of Life,My name be blotted from the book of life, R2 I.iii.202
And I from heauen banish'd, as from hence:And I from heaven banished as from hence! R2 I.iii.203
But what thou art, heauen, thou, and I do know,But what thou art, God, thou, and I do know, R2 I.iii.204
And all too soone (I feare) the King shall rue.And all too soon, I fear, the King shall rue. R2 I.iii.205
Farewell (my Liege) now no way can I stray,Farewell, my liege. Now no way can I stray; R2 I.iii.206
Saue backe to England, all the worlds my way. Save back to England, all the world's my way. R2 I.iii.207
Exit.Exit R2 I.iii.207
Rich. KING RICHARD  
(to John of Gaunt) R2 I.iii.208.1
Vncle, euen in the glasses of thine eyesUncle, even in the glasses of thine eyesglass (n.)mirror, looking-glassR2 I.iii.208
glass (n.)eye-ball
I see thy greeued heart: thy sad aspect,I see thy grieved heart. Thy sad aspectsad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyR2 I.iii.209
aspect (n.)[of a human face] look, appearance, expression
Hath from the number of his banish'd yearesHath from the number of his banished years R2 I.iii.210
Pluck'd foure away: Six frozen Winters spent,Plucked four away. (To Bolingbroke) Six frozen winters spent, R2 I.iii.211
Returne with welcome home, from banishment.Return with welcome home from banishment. R2 I.iii.212
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
How long a time lyes in one little word:How long a time lies in one little word! R2 I.iii.213
Foure lagging Winters, and foure wanton springsFour lagging winters and four wanton springswanton (adj.)luxuriant, flourishing, lush, profuse in growthR2 I.iii.214
lagging (adj.)lingering, dragging, drawn-out
End in a word, such is the breath of Kings.End in a word – such is the breath of kings. R2 I.iii.215
Gaunt. JOHN OF GAUNT 
I thanke my Liege, that in regard of meI thank my liege that in regard of me R2 I.iii.216
He shortens foure yeares of my sonnes exile:He shortens four years of my son's exile. R2 I.iii.217
But little vantage shall I reape thereby.But little vantage shall I reap thereby;vantage (n.)advantage, benefit, advancement, profitR2 I.iii.218
For ere the sixe yeares that he hath to spendFor ere the six years that he hath to spend R2 I.iii.219
Can change their Moones, and bring their times about,Can change their moons, and bring their times about,time (n.)seasonal cycleR2 I.iii.220
bring about (v.)complete, bring the end to [a period of time]
My oyle-dride Lampe, and time-bewasted lightMy oil-dried lamp and time-bewasted lightbewasted (adj.)wasted awayR2 I.iii.221
Shall be extinct with age, and endlesse night:Shall be extinct with age and endless night.extinct (adj.)extinguished, put out, quenchedR2 I.iii.222
My inch of Taper, will be burnt, and done,My inch of taper will be burnt and done, R2 I.iii.223
And blindfold death, not let me see my sonne.And blindfold death not let me see my son. R2 I.iii.224
Rich. KING RICHARD 
Why Vncle, thou hast many yeeres to Iiue.Why, uncle, thou hast many years to live. R2 I.iii.225
Gaunt. JOHN OF GAUNT 
But not a minute (King) that thou canst giue;But not a minute, King, that thou canst give. R2 I.iii.226
Shorten my dayes thou canst with sudden sorow,Shorten my days thou canst with sullen sorrow,sullen (adj.)gloomy, dismal, melancholy, mournfulR2 I.iii.227
And plucke nights from me, but not lend a morrow:And pluck nights from me, but not lend a morrow.morrow (n.)morningR2 I.iii.228
Thou canst helpe time to furrow me with age,Thou canst help time to furrow me with age, R2 I.iii.229
But stop no wrinkle in his pilgrimage:But stop no wrinkle in his pilgrimage.pilgrimage (n.)journey, passage, voyageR2 I.iii.230
Thy word is currant with him, for my death,Thy word is current with him for my death,current (adj.)
old form: currant
[as of a coin] authentic, genuine, valid
R2 I.iii.231
But dead, thy kingdome cannot buy my breath.But dead, thy kingdom cannot buy my breath. R2 I.iii.232
Ric. KING RICHARD 
Thy sonne is banish'd vpon good aduice,Thy son is banished upon good advice R2 I.iii.233
Whereto thy tongue a party-verdict gaue,Whereto thy tongue a party-verdict gave.party-verdict (n.)share in a joint decisionR2 I.iii.234
Why at our Iustice seem'st thou then to lowre?Why at our justice seemest thou then to lour?lour, lower (v.)
old form: lowre
frown, scowl, look dark and threatening
R2 I.iii.235
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Things sweet to tast, proue in digestion sowre:Things sweet to taste prove in digestion sour. R2 I.iii.236
You vrg'd me as a Iudge, but I had ratherYou urged me as a judge, but I had rather R2 I.iii.237
You would haue bid me argue like a Father.You would have bid me argue like a father. R2 I.iii.238
O, had it been a stranger, not my child, R2 I.iii.239
To smooth his fault I should have been more mild.smooth (v.)gloss over, make less noticeable, camouflageR2 I.iii.240
A partial slander sought I to avoid,partial (adj.)of partiality, alleging biasR2 I.iii.241
slander (n.)dishonour, disgrace, disrepute
And in the sentence my own life destroyed. R2 I.iii.242
Alas, I look'd when some of you should say,Alas, I looked when some of you should saylook (v.)expect, anticipate, hope, await the timeR2 I.iii.243
I was too strict to make mine owne away:I was too strict, to make mine own away. R2 I.iii.244
But you gaue leaue to my vnwilling tong,But you gave leave to my unwilling tongue R2 I.iii.245
Against my will, to do my selfe this wrong.Against my will to do myself this wrong. R2 I.iii.246
Rich, KING RICHARD 
Cosine farewell: and Vncle bid him so:Cousin, farewell – and, uncle, bid him so. R2 I.iii.247
Six yeares we banish him, and he shall go. Six years we banish him, and he shall go. R2 I.iii.248
Exit. Flourish.Flourish. Exit King Richard with his train R2 I.iii.248
Au. AUMERLE 
Cosine farewell: what presence must not knowCousin, farewell! What presence must not know, R2 I.iii.249
From where you do remaine, let paper show.From where you do remain let paper show. R2 I.iii.250
Mar. LORD MARSHAL 
My Lord, no leaue take I, for I will rideMy lord, no leave take I; for I will ride R2 I.iii.251
As farre as land will let me, by your side.As far as land will let me by your side. R2 I.iii.252
Gaunt. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Oh to what purpose dost thou hord thy words,O, to what purpose dost thou hoard thy words,purpose (n.)intention, aim, planR2 I.iii.253
That thou teturnst no greeting to thy friends?That thou returnest no greeting to thy friends? R2 I.iii.254
Bnll. BOLINGBROKE 
I haue too few to take my leaue of you,I have too few to take my leave of you, R2 I.iii.255
When the tongues office should be prodigall,When the tongue's office should be prodigaloffice (n.)task, service, duty, responsibilityR2 I.iii.256
prodigal (adj.)
old form: prodigall
effusive, lavish, generous
To breath th' abundant dolour of the heart.To breathe the abundant dolour of the heart. R2 I.iii.257
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Thy greefe is but thy absence for a time.Thy grief is but thy absence for a time. R2 I.iii.258
Bull. BOLINGBROKE 
Ioy absent, greefe is present for that time.Joy absent, grief is present for that time. R2 I.iii.259
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
What is sixe Winters, they are quickely gone?What is six winters? They are quickly gone. R2 I.iii.260
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
To men in ioy, but greefe makes one houre ten.To men in joy; but grief makes one hour ten. R2 I.iii.261
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Call it a trauell that thou tak'st for pleasure.Call it a travel that thou takest for pleasure.travail, travel (n.)
old form: trauell
journeying, travel [often overlapping with sense 1]
R2 I.iii.262
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
My heart will sigh, when I miscall it so,My heart will sigh when I miscall it so,miscall (v.)misname, call by a wrong nameR2 I.iii.263
Which findes it an inforced Pilgrimage.Which finds it an enforced pilgrimage.pilgrimage (n.)journey, passage, voyageR2 I.iii.264
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
The sullen passage of thy weary steppesThe sullen passage of thy weary stepssullen (adj.)gloomy, dismal, melancholy, mournfulR2 I.iii.265
Esteeme a soyle, wherein thou art to setEsteem as foil wherein thou art to setfoil (n.)setting, background which sets something off to advantage [as dull metal sets off a gem]R2 I.iii.266
The precious Iewell of thy home returne. The precious jewel of thy home return. R2 I.iii.267
BOLINGBROKE 
Nay, rather every tedious stride I make R2 I.iii.268
Will but remember me what a deal of worldremember (v.)remind, bring to someone's mindR2 I.iii.269
deal (n.)amount, quantity
I wander from the jewels that I love. R2 I.iii.270
Must I not serve a long apprenticehoodapprenticehood (n.)apprenticeshipR2 I.iii.271
To foreign passages, and in the end,passage (n.)journey, travelling, wanderingR2 I.iii.272
Having my freedom, boast of nothing else R2 I.iii.273
But that I was a journeyman to grief?journeyman (n.)employed craftsman, contracted artisanR2 I.iii.274
JOHN OF GAUNT 
All places that the eye of heaven visits R2 I.iii.275
Are to a wise man ports and happy havens. R2 I.iii.276
Teach thy necessity to reason thus: R2 I.iii.277
There is no virtue like necessity. R2 I.iii.278
Think not the King did banish thee, R2 I.iii.279
But thou the King. Woe doth the heavier sit R2 I.iii.280
Where it perceives it is but faintly borne.faintly (adv.)weakly, feebly, faintheartedlyR2 I.iii.281
Go, say I sent thee forth to purchase honour,purchase (v.)acquire, obtain, winR2 I.iii.282
And not the King exiled thee; or suppose R2 I.iii.283
Devouring pestilence hangs in our airpestilence (n.)plague, epidemic, fatal diseaseR2 I.iii.284
And thou art flying to a fresher clime. R2 I.iii.285
Look what thy soul holds dear, imagine it R2 I.iii.286

To lie that way thou goest, not whence thou comest. R2 I.iii.287

Suppose the singing birds musicians, R2 I.iii.288

The grass whereon thou treadest the presence strewed,presence (n.)royal reception chamberR2 I.iii.289

The flowers fair ladies, and thy steps no more R2 I.iii.290

Than a delightful measure or a dance;measure (n.)slow stately dance, graceful movementR2 I.iii.291

For gnarling sorrow hath less power to bitegnarling (adj.)snarling, growlingR2 I.iii.292

The man that mocks at it and sets it light.set (v.)value, rate, esteemR2 I.iii.293
Bul. BOLINGBROKE 
Oh who can hold a fire in his handO, who can hold a fire in his hand R2 I.iii.294
By thinking on the frostie Caucasus?By thinking on the frosty Caucasus, R2 I.iii.295
Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite,Or cloy the hungry edge of appetiteedge (n.)ardour, keen desireR2 I.iii.296
cloy (v.)satiate, gorge, satisfy
by bare imagination of a Feast?By bare imagination of a feast, R2 I.iii.297
Or Wallow naked in December snowOr wallow naked in December snow R2 I.iii.298
by thinking on fantasticke summers heate?By thinking on fantastic summer's heat?fantastic (adj.)
old form: fantasticke
imagined, existing only in the mind
R2 I.iii.299
Oh no, the apprehension of the goodO no, the apprehension of the goodapprehension (n.)conception, grasping by the mind, awarenessR2 I.iii.300
Giues but the greater feeling to the worse:Gives but the greater feeling to the worse. R2 I.iii.301
Fell sorrowes tooth, doth euer ranckle moreFell sorrow's tooth doth never rankle morerankle (v.)
old form: ranckle
cause a festering wound
R2 I.iii.302
fell (adj.)cruel, fierce, savage
Then when it bites, but lanceth not the sore.Than when he bites, but lanceth not the sore. R2 I.iii.303
Gau. JOHN OF GAUNT 
Come, come (my son) Ile bring thee on thy wayCome, come, my son, I'll bring thee on thy way.bring (v.)accompany, conduct, escortR2 I.iii.304
Had I thy youth, and cause, I would not stay.Had I thy youth and cause I would not stay. R2 I.iii.305
Bul.BOLINGBROKE 
Then Englands ground farewell: sweet soil adieu,Then, England's ground, farewell! Sweet soil, adieu, R2 I.iii.306
My Mother, and my Nurse, which beares me yet:My mother and my nurse that bears me yet! R2 I.iii.307
Where ere I wander, boast of this I can,Where'er I wander, boast of this I can: R2 I.iii.308
hough banish'd, yet a true-borne Englishman.Though banished, yet a trueborn Englishman! R2 I.iii.309
Exeunt R2 I.iii.309
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