Richard III
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Enter Richard Duke of Gloster, solus.Enter Richard, Duke of Gloucester, alone R3 I.i.1
RICHARD 
NOw is the Winter of our Discontent,Now is the winter of our discontent R3 I.i.1
Made glorious Summer by this Son of Yorke:Made glorious summer by this sun of York, R3 I.i.2
And all the clouds that lowr'd vpon our houseAnd all the clouds that loured upon our houselour, lower (v.)
old form: lowr'd
frown, scowl, look dark and threatening
R3 I.i.3
In the deepe bosome of the Ocean buried.In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.bosom (n.)
old form: bosome
depths
R3 I.i.4
Now are our browes bound with Victorious Wreathes,Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths,brow (n.)
old form: browes
forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
R3 I.i.5
Our bruised armes hung vp for Monuments;Our bruised arms hung up for monuments,monument (n.)memory, memorial, remembranceR3 I.i.6
Our sterne Alarums chang'd to merry Meetings;Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings,alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.)call to arms, call to battle, signal to begin fightingR3 I.i.7
Our dreadfull Marches, to delightfull Measures.Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.dreadful (adj.)
old form: dreadfull
inspiring dread, causing fear, daunting
R3 I.i.8
measure (n.)slow stately dance, graceful movement
Grim-visag'd Warre, hath smooth'd his wrinkled Front:Grim-visaged war hath smoothed his wrinkled front,wrinkled (adj.)frowning, furrowedR3 I.i.9
grim-visaged (adj.)
old form: Grim-visag'd
with a stern face
front (n.)forehead, face
And now, in stead of mounting Barbed Steeds,And now, instead of mounting barbed steedsbarbed (adj.)armoured with barbs, protectively coveredR3 I.i.10
To fright the Soules of fearfull Aduersaries,To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyR3 I.i.11
fearful (adj.)
old form: fearfull
causing fear, awe-inspiring, terrifying, alarming
He capers nimbly in a Ladies Chamber,He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber R3 I.i.12
To the lasciuious pleasing of a Lute.To the lascivious pleasing of a lute. R3 I.i.13
But I, that am not shap'd for sportiue trickes,But I, that am not shaped for sportive trickssportive (adj.)
old form: sportiue
amorous, wanton, sexual
R3 I.i.14
Nor made to court an amorous Looking-glasse:Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass; R3 I.i.15
I, that am Rudely stampt, and want loues Maiesty,I, that am rudely stamped, and want love's majestywant (v.)lack, need, be withoutR3 I.i.16
stamped (adj.)
old form: stampt
marked [as with a stamp], imprinted
rudely (adv.)roughly, clumsily, imperfectly
To strut before a wonton ambling Nymph:To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;ambling (adj.)walking in an affected way, pretentiously strollingR3 I.i.17
nymph (n.)beauty, damsel, siren
wanton (adj.)
old form: wonton
lascivious, lewd, obscene
I, that am curtail'd of this faire Proportion,I, that am curtailed of this fair proportion,curtail (v.)
old form: curtail'd
cut short, diminish
R3 I.i.18
proportion (n.)bodily shape, physical form
Cheated of Feature by dissembling Nature,Cheated of feature by dissembling Nature,dissembling (adj.)deceitful, hypocritical, falseR3 I.i.19
nature (n.)natural order, ungoverned state, way of the world [often personified]
feature (n.)physical appearance, bodily shape, looks
Deform'd, vn-finish'd, sent before my timeDeformed, unfinished, sent before my time R3 I.i.20
Into this breathing World, scarse halfe made vp,Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,breathing (adj.)living, active, livelyR3 I.i.21
made up, made-up (adj.)
old form: vp
finished off, put together
scarce (adv.)
old form: scarse
scarcely, hardly, barely, only just
And that so lamely and vnfashionable,And that so lamely and unfashionablelamely (adv.)imperfectly, defectively; also, haltingly, in a lame mannerR3 I.i.22
That dogges barke at me, as I halt by them.That dogs bark at me as I halt by them – halt (v.)limp, proceed lamelyR3 I.i.23
Why I (in this weake piping time of Peace)Why I, in this weak piping time of peace,piping (adj.)shrill-toned, high-pitched [either: of pipes; or: of women and children's voices]R3 I.i.24
Haue no delight to passe away the time,Have no delight to pass away the time, R3 I.i.25
Vnlesse to see my Shadow in the Sunne,Unless to spy my shadow in the sun R3 I.i.26
And descant on mine owne Deformity.And descant on mine own deformity.descant (v.)develop a theme about, comment, make remarksR3 I.i.27
And therefore, since I cannot proue a Louer,And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover R3 I.i.28
To entertaine these faire well spoken dayes,To entertain these fair well-spoken days,well-spoken (adj.)
old form: well spoken
refined, courteous, eloquent
R3 I.i.29
entertain (v.)
old form: entertaine
while away, pass away
I am determined to proue a Villaine,I am determined to prove a villaindetermine (v.)resolve, decide, settle [on]R3 I.i.30
And hate the idle pleasures of these dayes.And hate the idle pleasures of these days.idle (adj.)frivolous, capricious, wantonR3 I.i.31
Plots haue I laide, Inductions dangerous,Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous,induction (n.)opening scene [of a play], initial step, preparationR3 I.i.32
By drunken Prophesies, Libels, and Dreames,By drunken prophecies, libels, and dreams,libel (n.)defamatory poster, slanderous leafletR3 I.i.33
To set my Brother Clarence and the KingTo set my brother Clarence and the King R3 I.i.34
In deadly hate, the one against the other:In deadly hate the one against the other; R3 I.i.35
And if King Edward be as true and iust,And if King Edward be as true and just R3 I.i.36
As I am Subtle, False, and Treacherous,As I am subtle, false, and treacherous,false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousR3 I.i.37
This day should Clarence closely be mew'd vp:This day should Clarence closely be mewed upclosely (adv.)in strict confinement, securelyR3 I.i.38
mew up (v.)
old form: mew'd vp
coop up, confine, shut up
About a Prophesie, which sayes that G,About a prophecy which says that G R3 I.i.39
Of Edwards heyres the murtherer shall be.Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be. R3 I.i.40
Diue thoughts downe to my soule, here Clarence comes.Dive, thoughts, down to my soul – here Clarence comes! R3 I.i.41
Enter Clarence, and Brakenbury, guarded.Enter Clarence, guarded, and Brakenbury, Lieutenant R3 I.i.42.1
of the Tower R3 I.i.42.2
Brother, good day: What meanes this armed guardBrother, good day. What means this armed guard R3 I.i.42
That waites vpon your Grace?That waits upon your grace?wait on / upon (v.)
old form: waites vpon
accompany, attend
R3 I.i.43.1
Cla. CLARENCE 
His Maiesty His majesty, R3 I.i.43.2
tendring my persons safety, / Hath appointed Tendering my person's safety, hath appointedtender (v.)
old form: tendring
feel concern for, hold dear, care for
R3 I.i.44
this Conduct, to conuey me to th' TowerThis conduct to convey me to the Tower.conduct (n.)escort, attendant, guideR3 I.i.45
Rich. RICHARD 
Vpon what cause?Upon what cause? R3 I.i.46.1
Cla. CLARENCE 
Because my name is George.Because my name is George. R3 I.i.46.2
Rich. RICHARD 
Alacke my Lord, that fault is none of yours:Alack, my lord, that fault is none of yours, R3 I.i.47
He should for that commit your Godfathers.He should for that commit your godfathers. R3 I.i.48
O belike, his Maiesty hath some intent,O, belike his majesty hath some intentbelike (adv.)probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seemsR3 I.i.49
intent (n.)intention, purpose, aim
That you should be new Christned in the Tower,That you shall be new-christened in the Tower. R3 I.i.50
But what's the matter Clarence, may I know?But what's the matter, Clarence, may I know? R3 I.i.51
Cla. CLARENCE 
Yea Richard, when I know: but I protestYea, Richard, when I know; for I protest R3 I.i.52
As yet I do not: But as I can learne,As yet I do not. But, as I can learn, R3 I.i.53
He hearkens after Prophesies and Dreames,He hearkens after prophecies and dreams, R3 I.i.54
And from the Crosse-row pluckes the letter G:And from the cross-row plucks the letter G,cross-row (n.)
old form: Crosse-row
alphabet
R3 I.i.55
And sayes, a Wizard told him, that by G,And says a wizard told him that by G R3 I.i.56
His issue disinherited should be.His issue disinherited should be.issue (n.)child(ren), offspring, family, descendantR3 I.i.57
And for my name of George begins with G,And, for my name of George begins with G, R3 I.i.58
It followes in his thought, that I am he.It follows in his thought that I am he. R3 I.i.59
These (as I learne) and such like toyes as these,These, as I learn, and such-like toys as thesetoy (n.)
old form: toyes
fancy, fantastic thought
R3 I.i.60
Hath moou'd his Highnesse to commit me now.Have moved his highness to commit me now. R3 I.i.61
Rich. RICHARD 
Why this it is, when men are rul'd by Women:Why this it is when men are ruled by women; R3 I.i.62
'Tis not the King that sends you to the Tower,'Tis not the King that sends you to the Tower. R3 I.i.63
My Lady Grey his Wife, Clarence 'tis shee.My Lady Grey his wife, Clarence, 'tis she R3 I.i.64
That tempts him to this harsh Extremity.That tempers him to this extremity.temper (v.)mould, shape, work, bring [to a particular character]R3 I.i.65
Was it not shee, and that good man of Worship,Was it not she, and that good man of worship,worship (n.)honour, distinction, reputeR3 I.i.66
Anthony Woodeulle her Brother there,Anthony Woodville, her brother there, R3 I.i.67
That made him send Lord Hastings to the Tower?That made him send Lord Hastings to the Tower, R3 I.i.68
From whence this present day he is deliuered?From whence this present day he is delivered? R3 I.i.69
We are not safe Clarence, we are not safe.We are not safe, Clarence, we are not safe. R3 I.i.70
Cla. CLARENCE 
By heauen, I thinke there is no man secureBy heaven, I think there is no man secure R3 I.i.71
But the Queenes Kindred, and night-walking Heralds,But the Queen's kindred, and night-walking heraldsnight-walking (adj.)secret, going about by nightR3 I.i.72
herald (n.)messenger, carrier, emissary
That trudge betwixt the King, and Mistris Shore.That trudge betwixt the King and Mistress Shore. R3 I.i.73
Heard you not what an humble SuppliantHeard you not what an humble suppliant R3 I.i.74
Lord Hastings was, for her deliuery?Lord Hastings was for his delivery? R3 I.i.75
Rich. RICHARD 
Humbly complaining to her Deitie,Humbly complaining to her deity R3 I.i.76
Got my Lord Chamberlaine his libertie.Got my Lord Chamberlain his liberty. R3 I.i.77
Ile tell you what, I thinke it is our way,I'll tell you what, I think it is our way,way (n.)best path, course of actionR3 I.i.78
If we will keepe in fauour with the King,If we will keep in favour with the King, R3 I.i.79
To be her men, and weare her Liuery.To be her men and wear her livery.man (n.)servant, attendant, lackeyR3 I.i.80
livery (n.)
old form: Liuery
uniform, costume, special clothing
The iealous ore-worne Widdow, and her selfe,The jealous o'erworn widow and herself,overworn (adj.)
old form: ore-worne
faded, worn out, worse for wear
R3 I.i.81
jealous (adj.)
old form: iealous
suspicious, mistrustful, wary, watchful
Since that our Brother dub'd them Gentlewomen,Since that our brother dubbed them gentlewomen,dub (v.)
old form: dub'd
invest with the status of, style
R3 I.i.82
Are mighty Gossips in our Monarchy.Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.gossip (n.)tattler, chatterer, idle talkerR3 I.i.83
Bra. BRAKENBURY 
I beseech your Graces both to pardon me,I beseech your graces both to pardon me. R3 I.i.84
His Maiesty hath straightly giuen in charge,His majesty hath straitly given in chargestraitly (adv.)
old form: straightly
strictly, firmly, stringently
R3 I.i.85
give in charge
old form: giuen
give orders, command, direct
That no man shall haue priuate Conferenee.That no man shall have private conference, R3 I.i.86
(Of what degree soeuer) with your Brother.Of what degree soever, with his brother. R3 I.i.87
Rich. RICHARD 
Euen so, and please your Worship Brakenbury,Even so? An't please your worship, Brakenbury, R3 I.i.88
You may partake of any thing we say:You may partake of anything we say. R3 I.i.89
We speake no Treason man; We say the KingWe speak no treason, man; we say the King R3 I.i.90
Is wise and vertuous, and his Noble QueeneIs wise and virtuous, and his noble Queen R3 I.i.91
Well strooke in yeares, faire, and not iealious.Well struck in years, fair, and not jealous;struck (adj.)
old form: strooke
marked, provided, beset
R3 I.i.92
We say, that Shores Wife hath a pretty Foot,We say that Shore's wife hath a pretty foot, R3 I.i.93
A cherry Lip, a bonny Eye, a passing pleasing tongue:A cherry lip, a bonny eye, a passing pleasing tongue; R3 I.i.94
And that the Queenes Kindred are made gentle Folkes.And that the Queen's kindred are made gentlefolks. R3 I.i.95
How say you sir? can you deny all this?How say you sir? Can you deny all this? R3 I.i.96
Bra. BRAKENBURY 
With this (my Lord) my selfe haue nought to doo.With this, my lord, myself have naught to do.naught, nought (n.)
old form: nought
nothing
R3 I.i.97
Rich. RICHARD 
Naught to do with Mistris Shore?Naught to do with Mistress Shore? I tell thee, fellow, R3 I.i.98
I tell thee Fellow, he that doth naught with her / (Excepting one) He that doth naught with her, excepting one,naught, nought (n.)wickedness, immorality, sinfulnessR3 I.i.99
were best to do it secretly alone.Were best he do it secretly, alone. R3 I.i.100
Bra. BRAKENBURY 
What one, my Lord?What one, my lord? R3 I.i.101
Rich. RICHARD 
Her Husband Knaue, would'st thou betray me?Her husband, knave. Wouldst thou betray me?knave (n.)
old form: Knaue
servant, menial, lackey
R3 I.i.102
Bra. BRAKENBURY 
I do beseech your Grace / To pardon me, and withall I beseech your grace to pardon me, and withal R3 I.i.103
forbeare / Your Conference with the Noble Duke.Forbear your conference with the noble Duke.forbear (v.)
old form: forbeare
stop, cease, desist
R3 I.i.104
Cla. CLARENCE 
We know thy charge Brakenbury, and wil obey.We know thy charge, Brakenbury, and will obey.charge (n.)commission, responsibility, official dutyR3 I.i.105
Rich. RICHARD 
We are the Queenes abiects, and must obey.We are the Queen's abjects, and must obey.abject (n.)
old form: abiects
servile subject, low-placed reject
R3 I.i.106
Brother farewell, I will vnto the King,Brother, farewell. I will unto the King; R3 I.i.107
And whatsoe're you will imploy me in,And whatsoe'er you will employ me in, R3 I.i.108
Were it to call King Edwards Widdow, Sister,Were it to call King Edward's widow sister, R3 I.i.109
I will performe it to infranchise you.I will perform it to enfranchise you.enfranchise (v.)
old form: infranchise
set free, liberate
R3 I.i.110
Meane time, this deepe disgrace in Brotherhood,Meantime, this deep disgrace in brotherhood R3 I.i.111
Touches me deeper then you can imagine.Touches me deeper than you can imagine.touch (v.)wound, hurt, injureR3 I.i.112
Cla. CLARENCE 
I know it pleaseth neither of vs well.I know it pleaseth neither of us well. R3 I.i.113
Rich. RICHARD 
Well, your imprisonment shall not be long,Well, your imprisonment shall not be long: R3 I.i.114
I will deliuer you, or else lye for you:I will deliver you, or else lie for you.deliver (v.)
old form: deliuer
free, release, liberate
R3 I.i.115
lie (v.)
old form: lye
lie in prison, take the place [of]
Meane time, haue patience.Meantime, have patience. R3 I.i.116.1
Cla. CLARENCE 
I must perforce: Farewell. I must perforce. Farewell.perforce (adv.)of necessity, with no choice in the matterR3 I.i.116.2
Exit Clar.Exeunt Clarence with Brakenbury and guard R3 I.i.116
Rich RICHARD 
Go treade the path that thou shalt ne're return:Go, tread the path that thou shalt ne'er return. R3 I.i.117
Simple plaine Clarence, I do loue thee so,Simple plain Clarence, I do love thee so R3 I.i.118
That I will shortly send thy Soule to Heauen,That I will shortly send thy soul to heaven, R3 I.i.119
If Heauen will take the present at our hands.If heaven will take the present at our hands. R3 I.i.120
But who comes heere? the new deliuered Hastings?But who comes here? The new-delivered Hastings?new-delivered (adj.)
old form: new deliuered
lately freed, freshly released
R3 I.i.121
Enter Lord Hastings.Enter Lord Hastings R3 I.i.122
Hast. HASTINGS 
Good time of day vnto my gracious Lord.Good time of day unto my gracious lord. R3 I.i.122
Rich. RICHARD 
As much vnto my good Lord Chamberlaine:As much unto my good Lord Chamberlain. R3 I.i.123
Well are you welcome to this open Ayre,Well are you welcome to the open air. R3 I.i.124
How hath your Lordship brook'd imprisonment?How hath your lordship brooked imprisonment?brook (v.)
old form: brook'd
endure, tolerate, put up with
R3 I.i.125
Hast. HASTINGS 
With patience (Noble Lord) as prisoners must:With patience, noble lord, as prisoners must; R3 I.i.126
But I shall liue (my Lord) to giue them thankesBut I shall live, my lord, to give them thanks R3 I.i.127
That were the cause of my imprisonment.That were the cause of my imprisonment. R3 I.i.128
Rich. RICHARD 
No doubt, no doubt, and so shall Clarence too,No doubt, no doubt; and so shall Clarence too, R3 I.i.129
For they that were your Enemies, are his,For they that were your enemies are his, R3 I.i.130
And haue preuail'd as much on him, as you,And have prevailed as much on him as you. R3 I.i.131
Hast. HASTINGS 
More pitty, that the Eagles should be mew'd,More pity that the eagles should be mewed,mew (v.)
old form: mew'd
coop up, confine, shut up
R3 I.i.132
Whiles Kites and Buzards play at liberty.While kites and buzzards prey at liberty. R3 I.i.133
Rich. RICHARD 
What newes abroad?What news abroad? R3 I.i.134
Hast. HASTINGS 
No newes so bad abroad, as this at home:No news so bad abroad as this at home: R3 I.i.135
The King is sickly, weake, and melancholly,The King is sickly, weak, and melancholy, R3 I.i.136
And his Physitians feare him mightily.And his physicians fear him mightily. R3 I.i.137
Rich. RICHARD 
Now by S. Iohn, that Newes is bad indeed.Now, by Saint John, that news is bad indeed! R3 I.i.138
O he hath kept an euill Diet long,O, he hath kept an evil diet longdiet (n.)way of living, course of lifeR3 I.i.139
And ouer-much consum'd his Royall Person:And over-much consumed his royal person. R3 I.i.140
'Tis very greeuous to be thought vpon.'Tis very grievous to be thought upon. R3 I.i.141
Where is he, in his bed?Where is he? In his bed? R3 I.i.142
Hast. HASTINGS 
He is.He is. R3 I.i.143
Rich. RICHARD 
Go you before, and I will follow you.Go you before, and I will follow you.before (adv.)ahead, in advanceR3 I.i.144
Exit Hastings. Exit Hastings R3 I.i.144
He cannot liue I hope, and must not dye,He cannot live, I hope, and must not die R3 I.i.145
Till George be pack'd with post-horse vp to Heauen.Till George be packed with post-horse up to heaven.post-horse (n.)pony-express, express speedR3 I.i.146
Ile in to vrge his hatred more to Clarence,I'll in, to urge his hatred more to Clarence R3 I.i.147
With Lyes well steel'd with weighty Arguments,With lies well steeled with weighty arguments; R3 I.i.148
And if I faile not in my deepe intent,And, if I fail not in my deep intent,intent (n.)intention, purpose, aimR3 I.i.149
Clarence hath not another day to liue:Clarence hath not another day to live; R3 I.i.150
Which done, God take King Edward to his mercy,Which done, God take King Edward to His mercy R3 I.i.151
And leaue the world for me to bussle in.And leave the world for me to bustle in! R3 I.i.152
For then, Ile marry Warwickes yongest daughter.For then I'll marry Warwick's youngest daughter. R3 I.i.153
What though I kill'd her Husband, and her Father,What though I killed her husband and her father? R3 I.i.154
The readiest way to make the Wench amends,The readiest way to make the wench amendswench (n.)girl, lassR3 I.i.155
Is to become her Husband, and her Father:Is to become her husband and her father, R3 I.i.156
The which will I, not all so much for loue,The which will I – not all so much for love R3 I.i.157
As for another secret close intent,As for another secret close intentclose (adj.)secret, concealed, hiddenR3 I.i.158
intent (n.)intention, purpose, aim
By marrying her, which I must reach vnto.By marrying her which I must reach unto. R3 I.i.159
But yet I run before my horse to Market:But yet I run before my horse to market: R3 I.i.160
Clarence still breathes, Edward stillliues and raignes,Clarence still breathes; Edward still lives and reigns; R3 I.i.161
When they are gone, then must I count my gaines. When they are gone, then must I count my gains. R3 I.i.162
ExitExit R3 I.i.162
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