Love's Labour's Lost
Act I
scene III
Act II
scene I
Act III
scene I
Act V
scene III
mainCont width actsCont width
mainCont left actsCont left
mainCont right actsCont right
selAct left selAct right
  absolutní levá pozice
  acts cont padding (l/r) 3%

First folio
Modern text

Definitions

Key line

Enter Ferdinand King of Nauarre, Berowne, Longauill, Enter Ferdinand, King of Navarre, Berowne, Longaville, LLL I.i.1.1
and Dumane.and Dumaine LLL I.i.1.2
Ferdinand.KING 
LEt Fame, that all hunt after in their liues,Let fame, that all hunt after in their lives, LLL I.i.1
Liue registred vpon our brazen Tombes,Live registered upon our brazen tombs,brazen (adj.)everlasting, imperishable, impenetrableLLL I.i.2
And then grace vs in the disgrace of death:And then grace us in the disgrace of death;disgrace (n.)disfigurement, marringLLL I.i.3
when spight of cormorant deuouring Time,When, spite of cormorant devouring Time,cormorant (adj.)greedy, insatiable, all-devouringLLL I.i.4
Th'endeuour of this present breath may buy:The endeavour of this present breath may buybreath (n.)utterance, speech, voiceLLL I.i.5
That honour which shall bate his sythes keene edge,That honour which shall bate his scythe's keen edge,bate (v.)abate, modify, lessenLLL I.i.6
And make vs heyres of all eternitie.And make us heirs of all eternity. LLL I.i.7
Therefore braue Conquerours, for so you are,Therefore, brave conquerors – for so you are, LLL I.i.8
That warre against your owne affections,That war against your own affectionsaffection (n.)desire, passion, lustful feelingLLL I.i.9
And the huge Armie of the worlds desires.And the huge army of the world's desires – LLL I.i.10
Our late edict shall strongly stand in force,Our late edict shall strongly stand in force:late (adj.)recent, not long pastLLL I.i.11
Nauar shall be the wonder of the world.Navarre shall be the wonder of the world; LLL I.i.12
Our Court shall be a little Achademe,Our court shall be a little academe,academe (n.)
old form: Achademe
academy, place of learning
LLL I.i.13
Still and contemplatiue in liuing Art.Still and contemplative in living art.still (adj.)quiet, calm, subduedLLL I.i.14
art (n.)knowledge, learning, scholarship, science
You three, Berowne, Dumaine, and Longauill,You three, Berowne, Dumaine, and Longaville, LLL I.i.15
Haue sworne for three yeeres terme, to liue with me:Have sworn for three years' term to live with me, LLL I.i.16
My fellow Schollers, and to keepe those statutesMy fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes LLL I.i.17
That are recorded in this scedule heere.That are recorded in this schedule here.schedule (n.)
old form: scedule
inventory, list, itemization
LLL I.i.18
Your oathes are past, and now subscribe your names:Your oaths are passed; and now subscribe your names, LLL I.i.19
That his owne hand may strike his honour downe,That his own hand may strike his honour down LLL I.i.20
That violates the smallest branch heerein:That violates the smallest branch herein.branch (n.)division, section, part [of an argument]LLL I.i.21
If you are arm'd to doe, as sworne to do,If you are armed to do as sworn to do,armed (adj.)
old form: arm'd
provided, ready, prepared [for]
LLL I.i.22
Subscribe to your deepe oathes, and keepe it to.Subscribe to your deep oaths, and keep it too.subscribe to (v.)sign, endorse, put one's name toLLL I.i.23
Longauill. LONGAVILLE 
I am resolu'd, 'tis but a three yeeres fast:I am resolved. 'Tis but a three years' fast. LLL I.i.24
The minde shall banquet, though the body pine,The mind shall banquet though the body pine. LLL I.i.25
Fat paunches haue leane pates: and dainty bits,Fat paunches have lean pates, and dainty bitspate (n.)head, skullLLL I.i.26
bit (n.)morsel, scrap, titbit
Make rich the ribs, but bankerout the wits.Make rich the ribs but bankrupt quite the wits.wits, also five witsfaculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)LLL I.i.27
bancrout, bankrout, bankerout (n./adj./v.)bankrupt
He signsmortified (adj.)dead to earthly pleasures, insensible to worldly desiresLLL I.i.28.1
Dumane. DUMAINE 
My louing Lord, Dumane is mortified,My loving lord, Dumaine is mortified.mortified (adj.)dead to earthly pleasures, insensible to worldly desiresLLL I.i.28
The grosser manner of these worlds delights,The grosser manner of these world's delightsgross (adj.)
old form: grosse
coarse, vulgar, unrefined
LLL I.i.29
He throwes vpon the grosse worlds baser slaues:He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves.base (adj.)low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rankLLL I.i.30
To loue, to wealth, to pompe, I pine and die,To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die, LLL I.i.31
With all these liuing in Philosophie.With all these living in philosophy. LLL I.i.32
He signs LLL I.i.33.1
Berowne. BEROWNE 
I can but say their protestation ouer,I can but say their protestation over.protestation (n.)solemn declaration, affirmationLLL I.i.33
So much, deare Liege, I haue already sworne,So much, dear liege, I have already sworn,liege (n.)lord, sovereignLLL I.i.34
That is, to liue and study heere three yeeres.That is, to live and study here three years. LLL I.i.35
But there are other strict obseruances:But there are other strict observances: LLL I.i.36
As not to see a woman in that terme,As not to see a woman in that term – LLL I.i.37
Which I hope well is not enrolled there.Which I hope well is not enrolled there;enrol (v.)record, register, legally enterLLL I.i.38
And one day in a weeke to touch no foode:And one day in a week to touch no food, LLL I.i.39
And but one meale on euery day beside:And but one meal on every day beside – LLL I.i.40
The which I hope is not enrolled there.The which I hope is not enrolled there; LLL I.i.41
And then to sleepe but three houres in the night,And then to sleep but three hours in the night, LLL I.i.42
And not be seene to winke of all the day.And not be seen to wink of all the day,wink (v.)
old form: winke
sleep, doze, nod off
LLL I.i.43
When I was wont to thinke no harme all night,When I was wont to think no harm all night,wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit ofLLL I.i.44
And make a darke night too of halfe the day:And make a dark night too of half the day – LLL I.i.45
Which I hope well is not enrolled there.Which I hope well is not enrolled there. LLL I.i.46
O, these are barren taskes, too hard to keepe,O, these are barren tasks, too hard to keep, LLL I.i.47
Not to see Ladies, study, fast, not sleepe.Not to see ladies, study, fast, not sleep. LLL I.i.48
Ferd. KING 
Your oath is past, to passe away from these.Your oath is passed, to pass away from these. LLL I.i.49
Berow. BEROWNE 
Let me say no my Liedge, and if you please,Let me say no, my liege, an if you please.an if (conj.)ifLLL I.i.50
I onely swore to study with your grace,I only swore to study with your grace, LLL I.i.51
And stay heere in your Court for three yeeres space.And stay here in your court for three years' space. LLL I.i.52
Longa. LONGAVILLE 
You swore to that Berowne, and to the rest.You swore to that, Berowne, and to the rest. LLL I.i.53
Berow. BEROWNE 
By yea and nay sir, than I swore in iest.By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in jest. LLL I.i.54
What is the end of study, let me know?What is the end of study, let me know? LLL I.i.55
Fer. KING 
Why that to know which else wee should not know.Why, that to know which else we should not know. LLL I.i.56
Ber. BEROWNE 
Things hid & bard (you meane) frõ cõmon sense.Things hid and barred, you mean, from common sense?sense (n.)perception, awareness, discernment, appreciationLLL I.i.57
common (adj.)average, usual, general, ordinary
Ferd. KING 
I, that is studies god-like recompence.Ay, that is study's god-like recompense. LLL I.i.58
Bero. BEROWNE 
Come on then, I will sweare to studie so,Com'on then, I will swear to study so, LLL I.i.59
To know the thing I am forbid to know:To know the thing I am forbid to know: LLL I.i.60
As thus, to study where I well may dine,As thus – to study where I well may dine,study (v.)
old form: Studie
deliberate, meditate, reflect [on]
LLL I.i.61
When I to fast expressely am forbid.When I to feast expressly am forbid; LLL I.i.62
Or studie where to meet some Mistresse fine,Or study where to meet some mistress fine, LLL I.i.63
When Mistresses from common sense are hid.When mistresses from common sense are hid; LLL I.i.64
Or hauing sworne too hard a keeping oath,Or, having sworn too hard-a-keeping oath,hard-a-keeping (adj.)too hard to keepLLL I.i.65
Studie to breake it, and not breake my troth.Study to break it and not break my troth.troth (n.)truth, good faithLLL I.i.66
If studies gaine be thus, and this be so,If study's gain be thus, and this be so, LLL I.i.67
Studie knowes that which yet it doth not know,Study knows that which yet it doth not know. LLL I.i.68
Sweare me to this, and I will nere say no.Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say no. LLL I.i.69
Ferd. KING 
These be the stops that hinder studie quite,These be the stops that hinder study quite,stop (n.)obstruction, obstacle, hindranceLLL I.i.70
And traine our intellects to vaine delight.And train our intellects to vain delight.train (v.)
old form: traine
lure, entice, decoy
LLL I.i.71
Ber. BEROWNE 
Why? all delights are vaine, and that most vaineWhy, all delights are vain, but that most vain LLL I.i.72
Which with paine purchas'd, doth inherit paine,Which, with pain purchased, doth inherit pain:inherit (v.)receive, obtain, come into possession [of]LLL I.i.73
As painefully to poare vpon a Booke,As painfully to pore upon a bookpainfully (adv.)
old form: painefully
diligently, taking great pains
LLL I.i.74
To seeke the light of truth, while truth the whileTo seek the light of truth, while truth the while LLL I.i.75
Doth falsely blinde the eye-sight of his looke:Doth falsely blind the eyesight of his look.falsely (adv.)treacherously, deceitfully, dishonestlyLLL I.i.76
Light seeeking light, doth light of light beguile:Light seeking light doth light of light beguile;beguile (v.)deprive by deception, cheat out ofLLL I.i.77
So ere you finde where light in darkenesse lies,So, ere you find where light in darkness lies, LLL I.i.78
Your light growes darke by losing of your eyes.Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes. LLL I.i.79
Studie me how to please the eye indeede,Study me how to please the eye indeed LLL I.i.80
By fixing it vpon a fairer eye,By fixing it upon a fairer eye, LLL I.i.81
Who dazling so, that eye shall be his heed,Who dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed,heed (n.)that which one heeds; or: guardianLLL I.i.82
And giue him light that it was blinded by.And give him light that it was blinded by. LLL I.i.83
Studie is like the heauens glorious Sunne,Study is like the heaven's glorious sun, LLL I.i.84
That will not be deepe search'd with sawcy lookes:That will not be deep-searched with saucy looks.saucy (adj.)
old form: sawcy
insolent, impudent, presumptuous, defiant
LLL I.i.85
Small haue continuall plodders euer wonne,Small have continual plodders ever won, LLL I.i.86
Saue base authoritie from others Bookes.Save base authority from others' books.base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLLL I.i.87
These earthly Godfathers of heauens lights,These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights, LLL I.i.88
That giue a name to euery fixed Starre,That give a name to every fixed star, LLL I.i.89
Haue no more profit of their shining nights,Have no more profit of their shining nightsshining (adj.)brightly lit, illuminatedLLL I.i.90
Then those that walke and wot not what they are.Than those that walk and wot not what they are.wot (v.)learn, know, be toldLLL I.i.91
Too much to know, is to know nought but fame:Too much to know is to know naught but fame, LLL I.i.92
And euery Godfather can giue a name.And every godfather can give a name. LLL I.i.93
Fer. KING 
How well hee's read, to reason against reading.How well he's read, to reason against reading. LLL I.i.94
Dum. DUMAINE 
Proceeded well, to stop all good proceeding.Proceeded well, to stop all good proceeding. LLL I.i.95
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
Hee weedes the corne, and still lets grow the weeding.He weeds the corn, and still lets grow the weeding. LLL I.i.96
Ber. BEROWNE 
The Spring is neare when greene geesse are a breeding.The spring is near when green geese are a-breeding. LLL I.i.97
Dum. DUMAINE 
How followes that?How follows that? LLL I.i.98.1
Ber. BEROWNE 
Fit in his place and time.Fit in his place and time.fit (adj.)suited, fitting, appropriateLLL I.i.98.2
Dum. DUMAINE 
In reason nothing.In reason nothing. LLL I.i.99.1
Ber. BEROWNE 
Something then in rime.Something then in rhyme. LLL I.i.99.2
Ferd. KING 
Berowne is like an enuious sneaping Frost,Berowne is like an envious sneaping frostenvious (adj.)
old form: enuious
malicious, spiteful, vindictive, full of enmity
LLL I.i.100
sneaping (adj.)nipping, biting, sharp
That bites the first borne infants of the Spring.That bites the first-born infants of the spring. LLL I.i.101
Ber. BEROWNE 
Wel, say I am, why should proud Summer boast,Well, say I am! Why should proud summer boast LLL I.i.102
Before the Birds haue any cause to sing?Before the birds have any cause to sing? LLL I.i.103
Why should I ioy in any abortiue birth?Why should I joy in an abortive birth?abortive (adj.)
old form: abortiue
monstrous, defective, unnatural
LLL I.i.104
At Christmas I no more desire a Rose,At Christmas I no more desire a roseChristmas (n.)in Christian tradition, the feast of the birth of Christ, 25 DecemberLLL I.i.105
Then wish a Snow in Mayes new fangled showes:Than wish a snow in May's new-fangled shows, LLL I.i.106
But like of each thing that in season growes.But like of each thing that in season grows.like of (v.)admire, enjoy, derive pleasure fromLLL I.i.107
So you to studie now it is too late,So you, to study now it is too late, LLL I.i.108
That were to clymbe ore the house to vnlocke the gate.Climb o'er the house to unlock the little gate. LLL I.i.109
Fer. KING 
Well, sit you out: go home Berowne: adue.Well, sit you out. Go home, Berowne. Adieu! LLL I.i.110
Ber. BEROWNE 
No my good Lord, I haue sworn to stay with you.No, my good lord, I have sworn to stay with you. LLL I.i.111
And though I haue for barbarisme spoke more,And though I have for barbarism spoke morebarbarism (n.)
old form: barbarisme
lack of culture, uncivilized ignorance
LLL I.i.112
Then for that Angell knowledge you can say,Than for that angel knowledge you can say, LLL I.i.113
Yet confident Ile keepe what I haue sworne,Yet, confident, I'll keep what I have sworn, LLL I.i.114
And bide the pennance of each three yeares day.And bide the penance of each three years' day. LLL I.i.115
Giue me the paper, let me reade the same,Give me the paper, let me read the same, LLL I.i.116
And to the strictest decrees Ile write my name.And to the strictest decrees I'll write my name. LLL I.i.117
Fer. KING 
How well this yeelding rescues thee from shame.How well this yielding rescues thee from shame!yielding (n.)
old form: yeelding
consent, compliance, agreement
LLL I.i.118
Ber.BEROWNE  
(reading) LLL I.i.119
Item. That no woman shall come withinItem: that no woman shall come within LLL I.i.119
a mile of my Court. Hath this bin proclaimed?a mile of my court – hath this been proclaimed? LLL I.i.120
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
Foure dayes agoe.Four days ago. LLL I.i.121
Ber. BEROWNE 
Let's see the penaltie. On paine of loosing herLet's see the penalty – on pain of losing her LLL I.i.122
tongue. Who deuis'd this penaltie?tongue. Who devised this penalty? LLL I.i.123
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
Marry that did I.Marry, that did I.marry (int.)[exclamation] by MaryLLL I.i.124
Ber. BEROWNE 
Sweete Lord, and why?Sweet lord, and why? LLL I.i.125
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
To fright them hence with that dread penaltie,To fright them hence with that dread penalty.fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyLLL I.i.126
dread (adj.)frightening, terrifying, fearful
BEROWNE 
A dangerous law against gentilitie.A dangerous law against gentility!gentility (n.)
old form: gentilitie
good manners, polite behaviour
LLL I.i.127
Item, If any man be seene to talke with a woman within theItem: if any man be seen to talk with a woman within the LLL I.i.128
tearme of three yeares, hee shall indure such publique shame asterm of three years, he shall endure such public shame as LLL I.i.129
the rest of the Court shall possibly deuise.the rest of the court can possibly devise. LLL I.i.130
This Article my Liedge your selfe must breake,This article, my liege, yourself must break; LLL I.i.131
For well you know here comes in EmbassieFor well you know here comes in embassyembassy (n.)
old form: Embassie
ambassadorial role, function as ambassador
LLL I.i.132
The French Kings daughter, with your selfe to speake:The French King's daughter with yourself to speak – LLL I.i.133
A Maide of grace and compleate maiestie,A maid of grace and complete majesty – LLL I.i.134
About surrender vp of Aquitaine:About surrender up of AquitaineAquitaine (n.)[pron: akwi'ten] region of SW France; acquired by England in 1152LLL I.i.135
To her decrepit, sicke, and bed-rid Father.To her decrepit, sick, and bedrid father.bedrid, bed-rid, bedred (adj.)bed-ridden, confined to bed through infirmityLLL I.i.136
Therefore this Article is made in vaine,Therefore this article is made in vain, LLL I.i.137
Or vainly comes th'admired Princesse hither.Or vainly comes th' admired Princess hither. LLL I.i.138
Fer. KING 
What say you Lords? Why, this was quite forgot.What say you, lords? Why, this was quite forgot. LLL I.i.139
Ber. BEROWNE 
So Studie euermore is ouershot,So study evermore is overshot.overshoot (v.)
old form: ouershot
[miss a target by shooting too high] go astray in aim, wide of the mark
LLL I.i.140
While it doth study to haue what it would,While it doth study to have what it would, LLL I.i.141
It doth forget to doe the thing it should:It doth forget to do the thing it should; LLL I.i.142
And when it hath the thing it hunteth most,And when it hath the thing it hunteth most, LLL I.i.143
'Tis won as townes with fire, so won, so lost.'Tis won as towns with fire – so won, so lost. LLL I.i.144
Fer. KING 
We must of force dispence with this Decree,We must of force dispense with this decree.force, ofnecessarily, of necessity, whether one will or notLLL I.i.145
dispense with (v.)
old form: dispence
gain exemption from, set aside, dissolve
She must lye here on meere necessitie.She must lie here on mere necessity.mere (adj.)
old form: meere
complete, total, absolute, utter
LLL I.i.146
lie (v.)
old form: lye
live, dwell, reside, lodge
Ber. BEROWNE 
Necessity will make vs all forsworneNecessity will make us all forswornforswear (v), past forms forsworn, forswore
old form: forsworne
swear falsely, perjure [oneself], break one's word
LLL I.i.147
Three thousand times within this three yeeres space:Three thousand times within this three years' space; LLL I.i.148
For euery man with his affects is borne,For every man with his affects is born,affect (n.)desire, passion, appetiteLLL I.i.149
Not by might mastred, but by speciall grace.Not by might mastered, but by special grace.special (adj.)
old form: speciall
particular, specific, distinctive
LLL I.i.150
grace (n.)means of salvation, divine favour
If I breake faith, this word shall breake for me,If I break faith, this word shall speak for me: LLL I.i.151
I am forsworne on meere necessitie.I am forsworn on mere ‘ necessity.’ LLL I.i.152
So to the Lawes at large I write my name,So to the laws at large I write my name,large, atin general, as a wholeLLL I.i.153
And he that breakes them in the least degree,And he that breaks them in the least degree LLL I.i.154
Stands in attainder of eternall shame.Stands in attainder of eternal shame.attainder (n.)accusation, allegation, denunciationLLL I.i.155
Suggestions are to others as to me:Suggestions are to other as to me,suggestion (n.)temptation, instigation, prompting towards evilLLL I.i.156
But I beleeue although I seeme so loth,But I believe, although I seem so loath, LLL I.i.157
I am the last that will last keepe his oth.I am the last that will last keep his oath. LLL I.i.158
He signs LLL I.i.159.1
But is there no quicke recreation granted?But is there no quick recreation granted?quick (adj.)
old form: quicke
lively, animated, vivacious
LLL I.i.159
Fer. KING 
I that there is, our Court you know is hantedAy, that there is. Our court, you know, is hauntedhaunt (v.)
old form: hanted
frequent, visit habitually
LLL I.i.160
With a refined trauailer of Spaine,With a refined traveller of Spain; LLL I.i.161
A man in all the worlds new fashion planted,A man in all the world's new fashion planted, LLL I.i.162
That hath a mint of phrases in his braine:That hath a mint of phrases in his brain; LLL I.i.163
One, who the musicke of his owne vaine tongue,One who the music of his own vain tongue LLL I.i.164
Doth rauish like inchanting harmonie:Doth ravish like enchanting harmony;ravish (v.)
old form: rauish
entrance, enrapture, carry away with joy
LLL I.i.165
A man of complements whom right and wrongA man of compliments, whom right and wrongcompliment, complement (n.)
old form: complements
example of good manners, instance of proper behaviour
LLL I.i.166
Haue chose as vmpire of their mutinie.Have chose as umpire of their mutiny.mutiny (n.)
old form: mutinie
riot, civil disturbance, state of discord
LLL I.i.167
This childe of fancie that Armado hight,This child of fancy, that Armado hight,hight (v.)[archaism] is calledLLL I.i.168
fancy (n.)
old form: fancie
fancifulness, flamboyance, showiness
For interim to our studies shall relate,For interim to our studies shall relateinterim (n.)interval, break, interludeLLL I.i.169
In high-borne words the worth of many a Knight:In high-born words the worth of many a knighthigh-born (adj.)
old form: high-borne
noble, lofty, grand
LLL I.i.170
From tawnie Spaine lost in the worlds debate.From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate.debate (n.)quarrel, wrangling, strifeLLL I.i.171
How you delight my Lords, I know not I,How you delight, my lords, I know not, I, LLL I.i.172
But I protest I loue to heare him lie,But I protest I love to hear him lie, LLL I.i.173
And I will vse him for my Minstrelsie.And I will use him for my minstrelsy.minstrelsy (n.)
old form: Minstrelsie
court singer
LLL I.i.174
Bero. BEROWNE 
Armado is a most illustrious wight,Armado is a most illustrious wight,wight (n.)[archaism] person, human beingLLL I.i.175
A man of fire, new words, fashions owne Knight.A man of fire-new words, fashion's own knight.fire-new (adj.)
old form: fire, new
fresh from the fire, brand-new, freshly minted
LLL I.i.176
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
Costard the swaine and he, shall be our sport,Costard the swain and he shall be our sport,sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainmentLLL I.i.177
swain (n.)
old form: swaine
[contemptuous] rustic, yokel, fellow
And so to studie, three yeeres is but short.And so to study three years is but short. LLL I.i.178
Enter a Constable with Costard with a Letter.Enter Dull with a letter, LLL I.i.179.1
and Costard LLL I.i.179.2
Const. DULL 
Which is the Dukes owne person.Which is the Duke's own person? LLL I.i.179
Ber. BEROWNE 
This fellow, What would'st?This, fellow. What wouldst? LLL I.i.180
Con. DULL 
I my selfe reprehend his owne person, for I am hisI myself reprehend his own person, for I am hisreprehend (v.)malapropism for ‘represent’LLL I.i.181
graces Tharborough: But I would see his own person in grace's farborough. But I would see his own person infarborough (n.)
old form: Tharborough
malapropism for ‘thirdborough’ [= parish officer]
LLL I.i.182
flesh and blood.flesh and blood. LLL I.i.183
Ber. BEROWNE 
This is he.This is he. LLL I.i.184
Con. DULL 
Signeor Arme, Arme commends you: Ther'sSigneour Arm-, Arm-, commends you. There'scommend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regardsLLL I.i.185
villanie abroad, this letter will tell you more.villainy abroad. This letter will tell you more.abroad (adv.)around, about, on the moveLLL I.i.186
Clow. COSTARD 
Sir the Contempts thereof are as touching mee.Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me.touch (v.)affect, concern, regard, relate toLLL I.i.187
contempts (n.)malapropism for ‘contents’
Fer. KING 
A letter from the magnificent Armado.A letter from the magnificent Armado.magnificent (adj.)grand, stately, majesticLLL I.i.188
Ber. BEROWNE 
How low soeuer the matter, I hope in God forHow low soever the matter, I hope in God for LLL I.i.189
high words.high words. LLL I.i.190
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
A high hope for a low heauen, God grant vsA high hope for a low heaven. God grant us LLL I.i.191
patience. patience! LLL I.i.192
Ber. BEROWNE 
To heare, or forbeare hearing.To hear, or forbear hearing?forbear (v.)
old form: forbeare
stop, cease, desist
LLL I.i.193
Lon. LONGAVILLE 
To heare meekely sir, and to laugh moderately,To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh moderately; LLL I.i.194
or to forbeare both.or to forbear both. LLL I.i.195
Ber. BEROWNE 
Well sir, be it as the stile shall giue vs cause toWell, sir, be it as the style shall give us cause to LLL I.i.196
clime in the merrinesse.climb in the merriness. LLL I.i.197
Clo. COSTARD 
The matter is to me sir, as concerning Iaquenetta.The matter is to me, sir, as concerning Jaquenetta.matter (n.)affair(s), business, real issueLLL I.i.198
The manner of it is, I was taken with theThe manner of it is, I was taken with the LLL I.i.199
manner.manner.manner (n.)[legal] act, work, deedLLL I.i.200
Ber. BEROWNE 
In what manner?In what manner? LLL I.i.201
Clo. COSTARD 
In manner and forme following sir all thoseIn manner and form following, sir – all thoseform (n.)
old form: forme
way of behaving, behaviour, code of conduct
LLL I.i.202
three. I was seene with her in the Mannor house, sittingthree: I was seen with her in the ' manor '-house, sitting LLL I.i.203
with her vpon the Forme, and taken following herwith her upon the ‘ form,’ and taken ‘ following ’ herform (n.)
old form: forme
bench
LLL I.i.204
into the Parke: which put to gether, is in manner andinto the park; which, put together, is ‘ in manner and LLL I.i.205
forme following. Now sir for the manner; It is theform following.’ Now, sir, for the ‘ manner ’ – it is the LLL I.i.206
manner of a man to speake to a woman, for the formemanner of a man to speak to a woman. For the ‘ form ’ LLL I.i.207
in some forme. – in some form. LLL I.i.208
Ber. BEROWNE 
For the following sir.For the ‘ following,’ sir? LLL I.i.209
Clo. COSTARD 
As it shall follow in my correction, and GodAs it shall follow in my correction – and Godcorrection (n.)punishment, retribution, rebukeLLL I.i.210
defend the right.defend the right! LLL I.i.211
Fer. KING 
Will you heare this Letter with attention?Will you hear this letter with attention? LLL I.i.212
Ber. BEROWNE 
As we would heare an Oracle.As we would hear an oracle. LLL I.i.213
Clo. COSTARD 
Such is the simplicitie of man to harken afterSuch is the simplicity of man to hearken afterhearken after (v.)
old form: harken
hanker for, be attracted to
LLL I.i.214
the flesh.the flesh. LLL I.i.215
Ferdinand.KING  
(reading) LLL I.i.216.1
GReat Deputie, the Welkins Vicegerent, and Great deputy, the welkin's vicegerent, andvicegerent (n.)deputy, second-in-commandLLL I.i.216
welkin (n.)sky, firmament, heavens
sole dominator of Nauar, my soules earths God, and sole dominator of Navarre, my soul's earth's god, anddominator (n.)ruler, lord, sovereignLLL I.i.217
bodies fostring patrone:body's fostering patron –  LLL I.i.218
Cost. COSTARD 
Not a word of Costard yet.Not a word of Costard yet. LLL I.i.219
Ferd. KING 
So it is.So it is – LLL I.i.220
Cost. COSTARD 
It may be so: but if he say it is so, he is inIt may be so; but if he say it is so, he is, in LLL I.i.221
telling true: but so.telling true – but so.so (adv.)average, middling, so-soLLL I.i.222
Ferd. KING 
Peace,Peace! LLL I.i.223
Clow. COSTARD 
Be to me, and euery man that dares not fight.Be to me and every man that dares not fight. LLL I.i.224
Ferd. KING 
No words,No words! LLL I.i.225
Clow. COSTARD 
Of other mens secrets I beseech you.Of other men's secrets, I beseech you.secret (n.)private affair, confidenceLLL I.i.226
Ferd.KING 
So it is besieged with sable coloured melancholie, I did So it is, besieged with sable-coloured melancholy, I did LLL I.i.227
commend the blacke oppressing humour to the most wholesome commend the black oppressing humour to the most wholesomehumour (n.)mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]LLL I.i.228
commend (v.)commit, entrust, hand over
Physicke of thy health-giuing ayre: And as I am a physic of thy health-giving air; and, as I am aphysic (n.)
old form: Physicke
medicine, healing, treatment
LLL I.i.229
Gentleman, betooke my selfe to walke: the time When? about gentleman, betook myself to walk. The time when? Aboutbetake (v.)
old form: betooke
go, take oneself off, make one's way
LLL I.i.230
thesixt houre, When beasts most grase, birds best pecke, the sixth hour; when beasts most graze, birds best peck, LLL I.i.231
and men sit downe to that nonrishment which is called and men sit down to that nourishment which is called LLL I.i.232
supper: So much for the time When. Now for the ground supper. So much for the time when. Now for the ground LLL I.i.233
Which? which I meane I walkt vpon, it is ycliped, Thy which – which, I mean, I walked upon. It is yclept thyyclept (v.)
old form: ycliped
[archaism] called
LLL I.i.234
Parke. Then for the place Where? where I meane I did park. Then for the place where – where, I mean, I did LLL I.i.235
encounter that obscene and most preposterous euent that encounter that obscene and most preposterous event thatobscene (adj.)disgusting, offensive, repulsiveLLL I.i.236
preposterous (adj.)totally out of place, extremely improper
draweth from my snow-white penthe ebon coloured Inke, draweth from my snow-white pen the ebon-coloured inkebon (adj.)ebony, blackLLL I.i.237
which heere thou viewest, beholdest, suruayest, or seest. But which here thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest. But LLL I.i.238
to the place Where? It standeth North North-east and by to the place where. It standeth north-north-east and by LLL I.i.239
East from the West corner of thy curious knotted garden; east from the west corner of thy curious-knotted garden.curious-knotted (adj.)
old form: curious knotted
with intricate patterns of flower-beds
LLL I.i.240
There did I see that low spirited Swaine, that base Minow There did I see that low-spirited swain, that base minnowminnow (n.)
old form: Minow
[variety of fish] insignificant object
LLL I.i.241
swain (n.)
old form: Swaine
[contemptuous] rustic, yokel, fellow
low-spirited (adj.)ignoble, abject, cowardly
base (adj.)low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rank
of thy myrth,of thy mirth – LLL I.i.242
(Clown. COSTARD 
Mee?)Me? LLL I.i.243
KING 
that vnletered small knowing soule,That unlettered small-knowing soul –unlettered (adj.)
old form: vnletered
illiterate, unread
LLL I.i.244
(Clow COSTARD 
Me?)Me? LLL I.i.245
KING 
that shallow vassall That shallow vassal –shallow (adj.)naive, gullible, lacking in depth of characterLLL I.i.246
vassal (n.)
old form: vassall
wretch, creature, slave
(Clow. COSTARD 
Still mee?) Still me? LLL I.i.247
KING 
which as I remember, hight Costard,Which, as I remember, hight Costard –hight (v.)[archaism] is calledLLL I.i.248
(Clow. COSTARD 
O me) O, me! LLL I.i.249
KING 
sorted and consorted contrary to thy established Sorted and consorted, contrary to thy establishedsort (v.)associate, keep company withLLL I.i.250
consort (v.)accompany, attend, go with
proclaymed Edict and Continet, Cannon: Which with, ô with, proclaimed edict and continent canon, which with – O, with – continent (adj.)
old form: Continet
restrictive, constraining, enforcing restraint
LLL I.i.251
canon (n.)
old form: Cannon
law, decree, rule
but with this I passion to say wherewith:but with this I passion to say wherewith – passion (v.)experience deep feeling, be profoundly moved, grieveLLL I.i.252
Clo. COSTARD 
With a Wench.With a wench.wench (n.)girl, lassLLL I.i.253
Ferd.KING 
With a childe of our Grandmother Eue, a female; or for With a child of our grandmother Eve, a female, or, forEve (n.)in the Bible, wife of the first human beingLLL I.i.254
thy more sweet vnderstanding a woman: him, I (as mythy more sweet understanding, a woman. Him I – as my LLL I.i.255
euer esteemed dutie prickes me on) haue sent to thee, to ever-esteemed duty pricks me on – have sent to thee, toprick on (v.)
old form: prickes
incite, urge on, spur on
LLL I.i.256
receiuethe meed of punishment by thy sweet Graces Officer receive the meed of punishment, by thy sweet grace's officer,meed (n.)reward, prize, recompenseLLL I.i.257
Anthony Dull, a man of good repute, carriage, bearing, Anthony Dull, a man of good repute, carriage, bearing,carriage (n.)bearing, demeanour, manner of behaviourLLL I.i.258
& estimation.and estimation.estimation (n.)esteem, respect, reputationLLL I.i.259
Anth. DULL 
Me, an't shall please you? I am Anthony Dull.Me, an't shall please you. I am Anthony Dull. LLL I.i.260
Ferd. KING 
For Iaquenetta (so is the weaker vessell called)For Jaquenetta – so is the weaker vessel called – vessel (n.)
old form: vessell
body, frame
LLL I.i.261
which I apprehended with the aforesaid Swaine, I keeper herwhich I apprehended with the aforesaid swain, I keep herapprehend (v.)seize, arrest, lay hold ofLLL I.i.262
as a vessell of thy Lawes furie, and shall at the least of thyas a vessel of thy law's fury, and shall, at the least of thy LLL I.i.263
sweet notice, bring her to triall. Thine in all complements ofsweet notice, bring her to trial. Thine in all compliments ofnotice (n.)information, intelligence, notificationLLL I.i.264
deuoted and heart-burning heat of dutie.devoted and heart-burning heat of duty, LLL I.i.265
Don Adriana de Armado.Don Adriano de Armado. LLL I.i.266
Ber. BEROWNE 
This is not so well as I looked for, but the bestThis is not so well as I looked for, but the best LLL I.i.267
that euer I heard.that ever I heard. LLL I.i.268
Fer. KING 
I the best, for the worst. But sirra, What say youAy, the best for the worst. But, sirrah, what say yousirrah (n.)sir [commanding, insulting, or familiar, depending on context]LLL I.i.269
to this?to this? LLL I.i.270
Clo. COSTARD 
Sir I confesse the Wench.Sir, I confess the wench. LLL I.i.271
Fer. KING 
Did you heare the Proclamation?Did you hear the proclamation? LLL I.i.272
Clo. COSTARD 
I doe confesse much of the hearing it, but little ofI do confess much of the hearing it, but little of LLL I.i.273
the marking of it.the marking of it.marking (n.)noting, notice, attending [to]LLL I.i.274
Fer. KING 
It was proclaimed a yeeres imprisoment to bee takenIt was proclaimed a year's imprisonment to be taken LLL I.i.275
with a Wench.with a wench. LLL I.i.276
Clow. COSTARD 
I was taken with none sir, I was taken with aI was taken with none, sir; I was taken with a LLL I.i.277
Damosell.damsel. LLL I.i.278
Fer. KING 
Well, it was proclaimed Damosell.Well, it was proclaimed ‘ damsel.’ LLL I.i.279
Clo. COSTARD 
This was no Damosell neyther sir, shee was aThis was no damsel neither, sir; she was a LLL I.i.280
Virgin.virgin. LLL I.i.281
Fer. KING 
It is so varried to, for it was proclaimed Virgin.It is so varied too, for it was proclaimed ‘ virgin.’vary (v.)
old form: varried
express in fresh words, verbalize anew
LLL I.i.282
Clo. COSTARD 
If it were, I denie her Virginitie: I was taken withIf it were, I deny her virginity. I was taken with LLL I.i.283
a Maide.a maid. LLL I.i.284
Fer. KING 
This Maid will not serue your turne sir.This ‘ maid ’ will not serve your turn, sir.serve one's turn
old form: serue, turne
meet one's need, answer one's requirements
LLL I.i.285
Clo. COSTARD 
This Maide will serue my turne sir.This maid will serve my turn, sir. LLL I.i.286
Kin. KING 
Sir I will pronounce your sentence: You shall fast aSir, I will pronounce your sentence: you shall fast a LLL I.i.287
Weeke with Branne and water.week with bran and water. LLL I.i.288
Clo. COSTARD 
I had rather pray a Moneth with Mutton andI had rather pray a month with mutton and LLL I.i.289
Porridge.porridge.porridge (n.)meat and vegetable stew or broth [reputed to produce strength]LLL I.i.290
Kin. KING 
And Don Armado shall be your keeper.And Don Armado shall be your keeper. LLL I.i.291
My Lord Berowne, see him deliuer'd ore,My lord Berowne, see him delivered o'er;deliver (v.)
old form: deliuer'd
hand over, convey, commit to the keeping [of someone]
LLL I.i.292
And goe we Lords to put in practice that,And go we, lords, to put in practice that LLL I.i.293
Which each to other hath so strongly sworne.Which each to other hath so strongly sworn. LLL I.i.294
Exeunt King, Longaville, and Dumaine LLL I.i.294
Bero. BEROWNE 
Ile lay my head to any good mans hat,I'll lay my head to any goodman's hatlay (v.)wager, stake, betLLL I.i.295
goodman (adj.)
old form: good mans
[title for a person under the rank of gentleman] mister, master
These oathes and lawes will proue an idle scorne.These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn.idle (adj.)useless, barren, worthlessLLL I.i.296
Sirra, come on.Sirrah, come on. LLL I.i.297
Clo. COSTARD 
I suffer for the truth sir: for true it is, I wasI suffer for the truth, sir; for true it is I was LLL I.i.298
taken with Iaquenetta, and Iaquenetta is a true girle,taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true girl.true (adj.)honest, upright, law-abidingLLL I.i.299
and therefore welcome the sowre cup of prosperitie,And therefore welcome the sour cup of prosperity!sour (adj.)
old form: sowre
bitter, harsh, painful
LLL I.i.300
affliction may one day smile againe, and vntill then sitAffliction may one day smile again, and till then sit LLL I.i.301
downe sorrow. thee down, sorrow! LLL I.i.302
Exit.Exeunt LLL I.i.302
 Previous Act I, Scene I Next  
SHAKESPEARE'S WORDS © 2018 DAVID CRYSTAL & BEN CRYSTAL