Historical figures

Name Example Gloss
Alexander Ham V.i.194 Alexander the Great; Macedonian king in 4th-c BC, known for his extensive empire
Nine Worthies below
Alisander LLL V.ii.561 old form of Alexander Alexander above
Ancus Martius Cor II.iii.238 fourth king of Rome 7th-c BC
Antiochus the Great Per Chorus.I.17 Antiochus III; Syrian king in 2nd-c BC
Antony, Mark H5 III.vi.14 Roman leader in 1st-c BC; character in Antony and Cleopatra
Aristotle TC II.ii.167 Greek philosopher, 4th-c BC
Bajazeth AW IV.i.41 Ottoman sultan in 14th-c
Bargulus 2H6 IV.i.108 Balkan pirate of Roman times
Brutus, Lucius JC I.ii.158 Lucius Junius Brutus, founder of the Roman republic in 509 BC
Brutus, Marcus Ham III.ii.113 Marcus Junius Brutus; 1st-c BC Roman politician, involved in the assassination of Julius Caesar; character in Julius Caesar
Cadwallader H5 V.i.27 last of the British kings, 7th-c
Caesar Ham V.i.209 Roman politician and general; character in Julius Caesar
Cassibelan Cym I.i.30 British king in 1st-c., brother or (III.i.5) uncle of Cymbeline
Cassius AC II.vi.15 Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman senator, 1st-c BC, a leader of the plot to kill Julius Caesar
Catiline E3 III.i.14 a Roman noble, a conspirator against the Roman Republic in 62 BC
Cato Cor I.iv.59 Cato the Elder, 2nd-c BC Roman politician
Cato JC V.i.101 Cato the Younger, 1st-c BC Roman politician, and opponent of Caesar
Censorinus Cor II.iii.242 Caius Marcius Rutilus, 3rd-c BC Roman politician
Cham MA II.i.246 khan or oriental emperor; emperor of China
Charlemain AW II.i.77 Charlemagne, king of the Franks in 768--814; great patron of learning Nine Worthies below
Cleitus H5 IV.vii.43 friend and commander of Alexander, killed by him in a quarrel Alexander above
Cleopatra AYL III.ii.142 Egyptian queen in 1st-c BC; character in Antony and Cleopatra
Clotharius H8 I.iii.10 king of the Franks in 6th-c
Constantine the Great 1H6 I.ii.142 Roman emperor aand saint, 4th-c
Coriolanus Tit IV.iv.68 Caius Martius, defender of the early Roman republic in 5th-c BC; character in Coriolanus
Cymbeline Cym I.ii.55 Celtic king in 1st-c. Britain, usually named as Cunobelinus
Cyrus 1H6 II.iii.6 Cyrus the Great, 6th-c BC, king of Persia
Darius 1H6 I.vi.25 Darius the Great, 6th-c BC king of Persia
Epicurus JC V.i.76 Greek philosopher, 4th-c BC
Galen Cor II.i.111 Greek physician, 2nd-c
Hannibal 1H6 I.v.21 Carthaginian general, 3rd-c BC
Hector 1H6 I.v.21 Nine Worthies below
Helen 1H6 I.ii.142 St Helena, 3rd-c, mother of Constantine the Great
Hippocrates MW III.i.61 Greek physician, 4th-c
Horace Tit IV.ii.22 Latin poet, 1st-c BC
Hostilius Cor II.iii.239 Tullus Hostilius, third king of Rome, 7th-c BC
Julius Caesar R2 V.i.2 Caesar above, Nine Worthies below
Laura RJ II.iv.39 lady addressed in Petrarch’s love poetry
Lucretia, Lucrece AYL III.ii.144 legendary Roman heroine, 6th-c BC, who killed herself after being raped by Tarquin; subject of The Rape of Lucrece Tarquin below
Lycurgus Cor II.i.52 Spartan legislator, 7th-c BC, legendary for wisdom
Machiavel 1H6 V.iv.74 Machiavelli; early 16th-c Italian political theorist, associated with stratagem and cunning
Mahomet 1H6 I.ii.140 the prophet Mohammed; founder of Islam, 7th-c
Milo TC II.iii.244 Greek athlete, 6th-c BC, who carried an ox around the stadium at Olympia then ate it all in a single day
Mulmutius Cym III.i.59 early British king
Nebuchadnezzar AW IV.v.18 king of Babylon, 6th-c BC
Nero Ham III.ii.401 Roman emperor, 1st-c, who slew his mother, Agrippina; supposed to have played on his lute while watching Rome burn; considered a model of cruelty
Nervii JC III.ii.174 Belgian tribe, defeated by Caesar in 57 BC
Nine Worthies 2H4 II.iv.215 three pagans (Hector of Troy, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar), three Jews (Joshua, David, Judas Maccabaeus), three Christians (Arthur, Charlemagne, Godfrey of Bouillon or Guy of Warwick); Hercules and Pompey the Great are (unusually) included by the players in LLL V.ii
Numa Cor II.iii.238 Numa Pompilius, second king of Rome, 716-672 BC
Ovid, Ovidius AYL III.iii.6 Latin poet; exiled to live among the Goths in AD 8
Paracelsus AW II.iii.11 Swiss physician and alchemist, 16th-c
Pepin, Pippen LLL IV.i.121 king of the Franks in 8th-c
Petrarch RJ II.iv.39 Italian poet, 14th-c
Pharamond H5 I.ii.37 legendary king of the Salian Franks
Pippen AW II.i.76 Pepin above
Plautus Ham II.ii.399 Latin comic playwright, 2nd-c BC
Pompeion, Pompion LLL V.ii.501 malapropism for Pompey the Great
Pompey 2H6 IV.i.140 Pompey the Great; Roman politician and general, 1st-c BC
Nine Worthies above
Pompey AC I.v.31 Gnaeus Pompey, son of Pompey the Great
Portia MV I.i.166 wife of Brutus, daughter of Cato the Younger
Brutus, Marcus above
Priscian LLL V.i.28 Latin grammarian, 6th-c
Publicola Cor V.iii.64 one of the first consuls of Rome, 6th-c BC
Publius Cor II.iii.240 supposed ancestor of Caius Martius Coriolanus above
Pythagoras TN IV.ii.49 Greek philosopher and mathematician, 6th-c BC
Quintus Cor II.iii.240 supposed ancestor of Caius Martius; in fact, Quintus Martius Rex was a later Roman administrator, 2nd-c BC
Coriolanus above
Rhodope 1H6 I.vi.22 Greek courtesan who became queen of Memphis, and the supposed builder of the third pyramid
Roscius Ham II.ii.389 most famous actor of ancient Rome, 2nd-c BC
Semiramis TS induction.2.38 semi-legendary Assyrian queen renowned for promiscuity, 9th-c BC
Seneca Ham II.ii.399 Seneca the Younger, 1st-c, Roman tragedian
Socrates TS I.ii.70 Greek philosopher, 5th-c BC
Solon Tit I.i.180 Athenian statesman, c.7th-c BC
Sylla 2H6 IV.i.84 Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Roman dictator, 2nd-c BC
Tarquin Cor II.i.143 Tarquinius Superbus, seventh king of Rome, 6th-c BC
Tenantius Cym I.i.31 British king, father of Cymbeline
Tomyris 1H6 II.iii.6 Scythian queen, 6th-c BC, who killed Cyrus the Great
Tully 2H6 IV.i.138 Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator, statesman, and philosopher, 1st-c BC
Turk 2H4 III.ii.297 Sultan of Turkey
Virginius Tit V.iii.36 character in Livy: 5th-c BC centurion who slew his daughter, either to avoid her being raped or because she was raped
Xanthippe TS I.ii.70 wife of Socrates, 5th-c BC
Xerxes E3 III.i.56 king of Persia, 5th-c BC

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