Several distinctive forms are used to express the range of emotions which include regret, grief, sorrow, lament, and remorse. Some are intensified by being used in conjunction with an emphatic word or phrase, or can be preceded by O or Ah. A number are used in the Nurse’s report of Tybalt’s death (RJ III.ii.37,ff) and Gertrude’s reaction to Ophelia’s madness (Ham IV.v.27,ff).
||Alack, in me what strange effect
|alack the day
||Alack the day! he’s gone, he’s killed
|alack for woe
||alack for woe / That any harm should stain so fair a show!
||Alas, look here, my lord
|alas the day
||Alas the day, what shall I do with my doublet and hose?
||Ay me, what act
||’Lack, good youth!
||out alas, here have we found him dead
||O well-a-day, Mistress Ford
||Ah, weraday! He’s dead
||The lady shrieks and, well-a-near, / Does fall in travail
||But who, ah woe!, had seen the mobled Queen