Oth I.i.1 
Enter Roderigo and Iago



Oth I.i.1 
Tush, never tell me! I take it much unkindly

Oth I.i.2 
That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse

Oth I.i.3 
As if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this.



Oth I.i.4 
'Sblood, but you will not hear me!

Oth I.i.5 
If ever I did dream of such a matter,

Oth I.i.6 
Abhor me.



Oth I.i.7 
Thou told'st me thou didst hold him in thy hate.



Oth I.i.8 
Despise me, if I do not. Three great ones of the city,

Oth I.i.9 
In personal suit to make me his Lieutenant,
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition

Oth I.i.10 
Off-capped to him: and by the faith of man,
off-cap (v.) doff the cap, take off the hat [in respect]

Oth I.i.11 
I know my price, I am worth no worse a place.
place (n.) 1 position, post, office, rank

Oth I.i.12 
But he, as loving his own pride and purposes,
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan

Oth I.i.13 
Evades them with a bombast circumstance
bombast, bumbast (adj.) bombastic, padded-out, waffly
circumstance (n.) 2 circumlocution, verbiage, unnecessary detail

Oth I.i.14 
Horribly stuffed with epithets of war,
epithet (n.) turn of phrase, expression

Oth I.i.15 
And in conclusion

Oth I.i.16 
Non-suits my mediators. For, ‘ Certes,’ says he,
certes (adv.) certainly, assuredly, without doubt
non-suit (v.) reject the suit of, refuse

Oth I.i.17 
‘ I have already chose my officer.’

Oth I.i.18 
And what was he?

Oth I.i.19 
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,
arithmetician (n.) theoretician, academic
forsooth (adv.) in truth, certainly, truly, indeed

Oth I.i.20 
One Michael Cassio, a Florentine –

Oth I.i.21 
A fellow almost damned in a fair wife –

Oth I.i.22 
That never set a squadron in the field,
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat
squadron (n.) army detachment, body of soldiers

Oth I.i.23 
Nor the division of a battle knows

Oth I.i.24 
More than a spinster – unless the bookish theoric,
bookish (adj.) of mere book-learning, obtained only from books, scholarly
theoric (n.) theory, academic speculation

Oth I.i.25 
Wherein the toged consuls can propose
propose (v.) 1 converse, discourse, hold forth
toged (adj.) toga-wearing, robed

Oth I.i.26 
As masterly as he. Mere prattle, without practice
mere (adj.) 1 complete, total, absolute, utter

Oth I.i.27 
Is all his soldiership. But he, sir, had th' election:

Oth I.i.28 
And I, of whom his eyes had seen the proof

Oth I.i.29 
At Rhodes, at Cyprus, and on other grounds

Oth I.i.30 
Christian and heathen, must be leed and calmed
calm (v.) becalm, come to a halt, delay
lee (v.) cut off from the wind, make helpless

Oth I.i.31 
By debitor and creditor; this counter-caster,
counter-caster (n.) [contemptuous] one who works things out with the help of counters, arithmetician
debitor (n.) debtor [debt column in an account book]

Oth I.i.32 
He in good time must his Lieutenant be,

Oth I.i.33 
And I – God bless the mark! – his Moorship's Ancient.
ancient, aunchient (n.) 1 ensign, standard-bearer



Oth I.i.34 
By heaven, I rather would have been his hangman.



Oth I.i.35 
Why, there's no remedy. 'Tis the curse of service:

Oth I.i.36 
Preferment goes by letter and affection,
affection (n.) 1 fancy, inclination, desire
letter (n.) 1 [letter of] influence, recommendation, introduction

Oth I.i.37 
And not by old gradation, where each second
gradation (n.) 2 seniority, relative rank, career advancement

Oth I.i.38 
Stood heir to th' first. Now sir, be judge yourself

Oth I.i.39 
Whether I in any just term am affined
affined (adj.) 2 constrained, bound, obliged

Oth I.i.40 
To love the Moor.



Oth I.i.41.1 
I would not follow him then.
content (v.) 2 calm [down], settle, relax



Oth I.i.41.2 
                         O, sir, content you:

Oth I.i.42 
I follow him to serve my turn upon him.

Oth I.i.43 
We cannot all be masters, nor all masters

Oth I.i.44 
Cannot be truly followed. You shall mark
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
truly (adv.) 1 faithfully, loyally, constantly

Oth I.i.45 
Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave
knave (n.) 2 servant, menial, lackey
knee-crooking (adj.) bowing, kneeling, genuflecting

Oth I.i.46 
That, doting on his own obsequious bondage,

Oth I.i.47 
Wears out his time, much like his master's ass,

Oth I.i.48 
For naught but provender, and when he's old – cashiered!

Oth I.i.49 
Whip me such honest knaves. Others there are

Oth I.i.50 
Who, trimmed in forms and visages of duty,
visage (n.) 2 outward appearance, aspect, air

Oth I.i.51 
Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves,
attend (v.) 6 regard, consider

Oth I.i.52 
And, throwing but shows of service on their lords,
show (n.) 1 appearance, exhibition, display

Oth I.i.53 
Do well thrive by them; and when they have lined their coats,

Oth I.i.54 
Do themselves homage: these fellows have some soul,

Oth I.i.55 
And such a one do I profess myself.

Oth I.i.56 
For, sir,

Oth I.i.57 
It is as sure as you are Roderigo,

Oth I.i.58 
Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago:

Oth I.i.59 
In following him, I follow but myself.

Oth I.i.60 
Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty,

Oth I.i.61 
But seeming so for my peculiar end:
peculiar (adj.) particular, private, personal

Oth I.i.62 
For when my outward action doth demonstrate

Oth I.i.63 
The native act and figure of my heart
figure (n.) 1 form, design, shape, conception
native (adj.) 2 innate, inborn, instinctive

Oth I.i.64 
In compliment extern, 'tis not long after
compliment, complement (n.) 3 show, display, exhibition
extern (adj.) external, outward, exterior

Oth I.i.65 
But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve

Oth I.i.66 
For daws to peck at – I am not what I am.
daw (n.) 1 jackdaw [as noted for its stupidity]; dolt, fool



Oth I.i.67 
What a full fortune does the thick-lips owe
full (adj.) 2 ideal, perfect, complete
owe (v.) 1 own, possess, have

Oth I.i.68.1 
If he can carry't thus!
carry (v.) 10 carry off, get away with



Oth I.i.68.2 
                         Call up her father,

Oth I.i.69 
Rouse him, make after him, poison his delight,

Oth I.i.70 
Proclaim him in the streets; incense her kinsmen,

Oth I.i.71 
And, though he in a fertile climate dwell,

Oth I.i.72 
Plague him with flies: though that his joy be joy,

Oth I.i.73 
Yet throw such chances of vexation on't,
chance (n.) 4 possibility, prospect, aspect
vexation (n.) 1 agitation, disturbance, turmoil

Oth I.i.74 
As it may lose some colour.



Oth I.i.75 
Here is her father's house; I'll call aloud.



Oth I.i.76 
Do, with like timorous accent and dire yell,
like (adj.) 1 same, similar, alike, equal
timorous (adj.) 2 causing fear, terrifying, dreadful

Oth I.i.77 
As when, by night and negligence, the fire

Oth I.i.78 
Is spied in populous cities.



Oth I.i.79 
What, ho, Brabantio! Signor Brabantio, ho!



Oth I.i.80 
Awake! What, ho, Brabantio! Thieves, thieves!

Oth I.i.81 
Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags!

Oth I.i.82 
Thieves, thieves!

Oth I.i.83 
Enter Brabantio above, at a window



Oth I.i.83 
What is the reason of this terrible summons?

Oth I.i.84 
What is the matter there?
matter (n.) 4 affair(s), business, real issue



Oth I.i.85 
Signor, is all your family within?



Oth I.i.86.1 
Are your doors locked?



Oth I.i.86.2 
                         Why, wherefore ask you this?



Oth I.i.87 
'Zounds, sir, you're robbed; for shame, put on your gown;

Oth I.i.88 
Your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul.
burst (adj.) broken, shattered, rent in two

Oth I.i.89 
Even now, now, very now, an old black ram

Oth I.i.90 
Is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise,
tup (v.) copulate with, screw

Oth I.i.91 
Awake the snorting citizens with the bell,

Oth I.i.92 
Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you.

Oth I.i.93.1 
Arise, I say!
wits, also five wits faculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)



Oth I.i.93.2 
                         What, have you lost your wits?



Oth I.i.94 
Most reverend signor, do you know my voice?



Oth I.i.95.1 
Not I: what are you?



Oth I.i.95.2 
                         My name is Roderigo.



Oth I.i.96 
The worser welcome!

Oth I.i.97 
I have charged thee not to haunt about my doors.

Oth I.i.98 
In honest plainness thou hast heard me say

Oth I.i.99 
My daughter is not for thee. And now in madness,

Oth I.i.100 
Being full of supper and distempering draughts,
distempering (adj.) intoxicating, disturbing, disorienting

Oth I.i.101 
Upon malicious bravery dost thou come
bravery (n.) 4 bravado, show of daring, swaggering display

Oth I.i.102 
To start my quiet.
start (v.) 2 startle, alarm, disturb



Oth I.i.103.1 
Sir, sir, sir –



Oth I.i.103.2 
                         But thou must needs be sure

Oth I.i.104 
My spirit and my place have in them power
place (n.) 1 position, post, office, rank

Oth I.i.105.1 
To make this bitter to thee.



Oth I.i.105.2 
                         Patience, good sir.



Oth I.i.106 
What tell'st thou me of robbing? This is Venice:

Oth I.i.107.1 
My house is not a grange.
grange (n.) country house, farmhouse



Oth I.i.107.2 
                         Most grave Brabantio,

Oth I.i.108 
In simple and pure soul I come to you...
simple (adj.) 5 sincere, honest, open, innocent



Oth I.i.109 
Zounds, sir, you are one of those that will not serve

Oth I.i.110 
God if the devil bid you. Because we come to do you

Oth I.i.111 
service, and you think we are ruffians, you'll have your

Oth I.i.112 
daughter covered with a Barbary horse; you'll have your

Oth I.i.113 
nephews neigh to you, you'll have coursers for cousins,
nephew (n.) 2 grandson

Oth I.i.114 
and jennets for germans.
german, germane (n.) near relative, blood relation
jennet, gennet (n.) small Spanish horse



Oth I.i.115 
What profane wretch art thou?
profane (adj.) 1 blasphemous, irreverent, foul-mouthed



Oth I.i.116 
I am one, sir, that comes to tell you, your daughter

Oth I.i.117 
and the Moor are now making the beast with two

Oth I.i.118 



Oth I.i.119.1 
Thou art a villain.



Oth I.i.119.2 
                         You are a Senator.



Oth I.i.120 
This thou shalt answer. I know thee, Roderigo.
answer (v.) 14 account for, justify, defend



Oth I.i.121 
Sir, I will answer anything. But I beseech you

Oth I.i.122 
If't be your pleasure and most wise consent,
wise (adj.) 2 informed, well-aware, knowledgeable

Oth I.i.123 
As partly I find it is, that your fair daughter,
partly (adv.) slightly, in some measure, a little

Oth I.i.124 
At this odd-even and dull watch o'the night,
dull (adj.) 1 dead, lifeless, sluggish, inactive
odd-even (adj.) between 12 and 1, around midnight
watch (n.) 4 time interval, period of time

Oth I.i.125 
Transported with no worse nor better guard

Oth I.i.126 
But with a knave of common hire, a gondolier,
knave (n.) 2 servant, menial, lackey

Oth I.i.127 
To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor –

Oth I.i.128 
If this be known to you, and your allowance,
allowance (n.) 2 permission, approval, sanction

Oth I.i.129 
We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs;
saucy (adj.) 1 insolent, impudent, presumptuous, defiant

Oth I.i.130 
But if you know not this, my manners tell me

Oth I.i.131 
We have your wrong rebuke. Do not believe

Oth I.i.132 
That from the sense of all civility
civility (n.) civilized conduct, courteous behaviour, good manners

Oth I.i.133 
I thus would play and trifle with your reverence.

Oth I.i.134 
Your daughter, if you have not given her leave,

Oth I.i.135 
I say again hath made a gross revolt,
gross (adj.) 8 vile, abhorrent, wicked
revolt (n.) 2 rebellion, act of disobedience

Oth I.i.136 
Tying her duty, beauty, wit, and fortunes
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability

Oth I.i.137 
In an extravagant and wheeling stranger
extravagant (adj.) vagrant, straying, roaming
stranger (n.) foreigner, alien, outsider
wheeling (adj.) roving, wandering, drifting

Oth I.i.138 
Of here and everywhere. Straight satisfy yourself:
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once

Oth I.i.139 
If she be in her chamber or your house,

Oth I.i.140 
Let loose on me the justice of the state

Oth I.i.141.1 
For thus deluding you.



Oth I.i.141.2 
                         Strike on the tinder, ho!

Oth I.i.142 
Give me a taper; call up all my people!
taper (n.) candle

Oth I.i.143 
This accident is not unlike my dream:
accident (n.) 1 occurrence, event, happening

Oth I.i.144 
Belief of it oppresses me already.

Oth I.i.145.1 
Light, I say, light!

Oth I.i.145 
Exit above



Oth I.i.145.2 
                         Farewell, for I must leave you.

Oth I.i.146 
It seems not meet, nor wholesome to my place,
meet (adj.) 1 fit, suitable, right, proper
place (n.) 1 position, post, office, rank
wholesome (adj.) 1 good, beneficial, advantageous

Oth I.i.147 
To be produced – as if I stay, I shall –

Oth I.i.148 
Against the Moor. For I do know the state,

Oth I.i.149 
However this may gall him with some check,
check (n.) 1 reprimand, reproof, rebuke
gall (v.) 1 vex, annoy, irritate

Oth I.i.150 
Cannot with safety cast him; for he's embarked
cast (v.) 4 cast off, discard, dismiss, reject
embark (v.) engage in an enterprise, involve in an undertaking

Oth I.i.151 
With such loud reason to the Cyprus wars,
loud (adj.) 3 clamorous, loudly supported; or: pressing, urgent

Oth I.i.152 
Which even now stand in act, that for their souls
act (n.) 3 progress, operation, action

Oth I.i.153 
Another of his fathom they have none
fathom (n.) calibre, ability, depth

Oth I.i.154 
To lead their business. In which regard,

Oth I.i.155 
Though I do hate him as I do hell pains,

Oth I.i.156 
Yet for necessity of present life

Oth I.i.157 
I must show out a flag and sign of love,

Oth I.i.158 
Which is indeed but sign. That you shall surely find him,
sign (n.) 3 mere semblance, token symbol, show

Oth I.i.159 
Lead to the Sagittary the raised search;
search (n.) search-party

Oth I.i.160 
And there will I be with him. So farewell.

Oth I.i.160 

Oth I.i.161.1 
Enter Brabantio in his night-gown with servants and

Oth I.i.161.2 



Oth I.i.161 
It is too true an evil. Gone she is,

Oth I.i.162 
And what's to come of my despised time

Oth I.i.163 
Is naught but bitterness. Now, Roderigo,

Oth I.i.164 
Where didst thou see her? – O unhappy girl! –

Oth I.i.165 
With the Moor, say'st thou? – Who would be a father? –

Oth I.i.166 
How didst thou know 'twas she? – O, she deceives me

Oth I.i.167 
Past thought! – What said she to you? – Get more tapers.
taper (n.) candle

Oth I.i.168 
Raise all my kindred. – Are they married, think you?



Oth I.i.169 
Truly I think they are.



Oth I.i.170 
O heaven! How got she out? O treason of the blood!

Oth I.i.171 
Fathers, from hence trust not your daughters' minds

Oth I.i.172 
By what you see them act. Is there not charms
charm (n.) 1 magic spell, enchantment

Oth I.i.173 
By which the property of youth and maidhood
maidhood (n.) maidenhood
property (n.) 1 quality, character, nature

Oth I.i.174 
May be abused? Have you not read, Roderigo,

Oth I.i.175.1 
Of some such thing?



Oth I.i.175.2 
                         Yes, sir, I have indeed.



Oth I.i.176 
Call up my brother – O would you had had her!

Oth I.i.177 
Some one way, some another. Do you know

Oth I.i.178 
Where we may apprehend her and the Moor?



Oth I.i.179 
I think I can discover him, if you please,
discover (v.) 4 find, uncover, come upon

Oth I.i.180 
To get good guard and go along with me.



Oth I.i.181 
Pray you, lead on. At every house I'll call –

Oth I.i.182 
I may command at most. Get weapons, ho!

Oth I.i.183 
And raise some special officers of night.

Oth I.i.184 
On, good Roderigo, I'll deserve your pains.
deserve (v.) 3 requite, recompense, pay back

Oth I.i.184 

Next scene