Richard III

R3 I.i.1 
Enter Richard, Duke of Gloucester, alone

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.1 
Now is the winter of our discontent

R3 I.i.2 
Made glorious summer by this sun of York,

R3 I.i.3 
And all the clouds that loured upon our house
lour, lower (v.) frown, scowl, look dark and threatening

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In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.
bosom (n.) 7 depths

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Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths,
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]

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Our bruised arms hung up for monuments,
monument (n.) 1 memory, memorial, remembrance

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Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings,
alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.) 1 call to arms, call to battle, signal to begin fighting

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Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.
dreadful (adj.) 1 inspiring dread, causing fear, daunting
measure (n.) 8 slow stately dance, graceful movement

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Grim-visaged war hath smoothed his wrinkled front,
front (n.) 1 forehead, face
grim-visaged (adj.) with a stern face
wrinkled (adj.) frowning, furrowed

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And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds
barbed (adj.) armoured with barbs, protectively covered

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To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,
fearful (adj.) 2 causing fear, awe-inspiring, terrifying, alarming
fright (v.), past form frighted frighten, scare, terrify

R3 I.i.12 
He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber

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To the lascivious pleasing of a lute.

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But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks
sportive (adj.) 1 amorous, wanton, sexual

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Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;

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I, that am rudely stamped, and want love's majesty
rudely (adv.) 3 roughly, clumsily, imperfectly
stamped (adj.) marked [as with a stamp], imprinted
want (v.) 1 lack, need, be without

R3 I.i.17 
To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;
ambling (adj.) walking in an affected way, pretentiously strolling
nymph (n.) beauty, damsel, siren
wanton (adj.) 6 lascivious, lewd, obscene

R3 I.i.18 
I, that am curtailed of this fair proportion,
curtail (v.) cut short, diminish
proportion (n.) 7 bodily shape, physical form

R3 I.i.19 
Cheated of feature by dissembling Nature,
dissembling (adj.) deceitful, hypocritical, false
feature (n.) physical appearance, bodily shape, looks
nature (n.) 6 natural order, ungoverned state, way of the world [often personified]

R3 I.i.20 
Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time

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Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,
breathing (adj.) 2 living, active, lively
made up, made-up (adj.) 2 finished off, put together
scarce (adv.) 1 scarcely, hardly, barely, only just

R3 I.i.22 
And that so lamely and unfashionable
lamely (adv.) imperfectly, defectively; also, haltingly, in a lame manner

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That dogs bark at me as I halt by them –
halt (v.) limp, proceed lamely

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Why I, in this weak piping time of peace,
piping (adj.) shrill-toned, high-pitched [either: of pipes; or: of women and children's voices]

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Have no delight to pass away the time,

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Unless to spy my shadow in the sun

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And descant on mine own deformity.
descant (v.) 1 develop a theme about, comment, make remarks

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And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover

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To entertain these fair well-spoken days,
entertain (v.) 13 while away, pass away
well-spoken (adj.) refined, courteous, eloquent

R3 I.i.30 
I am determined to prove a villain
determine (v.) 2 resolve, decide, settle [on]

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And hate the idle pleasures of these days.
idle (adj.) 6 frivolous, capricious, wanton

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Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous,
induction (n.) opening scene [of a play], initial step, preparation

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By drunken prophecies, libels, and dreams,
libel (n.) 2 defamatory poster, slanderous leaflet

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To set my brother Clarence and the King

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In deadly hate the one against the other;

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And if King Edward be as true and just
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious

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As I am subtle, false, and treacherous,

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This day should Clarence closely be mewed up
closely (adv.) 2 in strict confinement, securely
mew up (v.) coop up, confine, shut up

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About a prophecy which says that G

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Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be.

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Dive, thoughts, down to my soul – here Clarence comes!

R3 I.i.42.1 
Enter Clarence, guarded, and Brakenbury, Lieutenant

R3 I.i.42.2 
of the Tower

R3 I.i.42 
Brother, good day. What means this armed guard

R3 I.i.43.1 
That waits upon your grace?
wait on / upon (v.) 1 accompany, attend

 

CLARENCE

R3 I.i.43.2 
                         His majesty,

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Tendering my person's safety, hath appointed
tender (v.) 2 feel concern for, hold dear, care for

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This conduct to convey me to the Tower.
conduct (n.) 5 escort, attendant, guide

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.46.1 
Upon what cause?

 

CLARENCE

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                         Because my name is George.

 

RICHARD

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Alack, my lord, that fault is none of yours,

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He should for that commit your godfathers.

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O, belike his majesty hath some intent
belike (adv.) probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

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That you shall be new-christened in the Tower.

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But what's the matter, Clarence, may I know?

 

CLARENCE

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Yea, Richard, when I know; for I protest

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As yet I do not. But, as I can learn,

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He hearkens after prophecies and dreams,

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And from the cross-row plucks the letter G,
cross-row (n.) alphabet

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And says a wizard told him that by G

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His issue disinherited should be.
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant

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And, for my name of George begins with G,

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It follows in his thought that I am he.

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These, as I learn, and such-like toys as these
toy (n.) 2 fancy, fantastic thought

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Have moved his highness to commit me now.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.62 
Why this it is when men are ruled by women;

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'Tis not the King that sends you to the Tower.

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My Lady Grey his wife, Clarence, 'tis she

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That tempers him to this extremity.
temper (v.) 2 mould, shape, work, bring [to a particular character]

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Was it not she, and that good man of worship,
worship (n.) 2 honour, distinction, repute

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Anthony Woodville, her brother there,

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That made him send Lord Hastings to the Tower,

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From whence this present day he is delivered?

R3 I.i.70 
We are not safe, Clarence, we are not safe.

 

CLARENCE

R3 I.i.71 
By heaven, I think there is no man secure

R3 I.i.72 
But the Queen's kindred, and night-walking heralds
herald (n.) messenger, carrier, emissary
night-walking (adj.) secret, going about by night

R3 I.i.73 
That trudge betwixt the King and Mistress Shore.

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Heard you not what an humble suppliant

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Lord Hastings was for his delivery?

 

RICHARD

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Humbly complaining to her deity

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Got my Lord Chamberlain his liberty.

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I'll tell you what, I think it is our way,
way (n.) 6 best path, course of action

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If we will keep in favour with the King,

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To be her men and wear her livery.
livery (n.) 1 uniform, costume, special clothing
man (n.) 4 servant, attendant, lackey

R3 I.i.81 
The jealous o'erworn widow and herself,
jealous (adj.) 1 suspicious, mistrustful, wary, watchful
overworn (adj.) 1 faded, worn out, worse for wear

R3 I.i.82 
Since that our brother dubbed them gentlewomen,
dub (v.) invest with the status of, style

R3 I.i.83 
Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.
gossip (n.) 3 tattler, chatterer, idle talker

 

BRAKENBURY

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I beseech your graces both to pardon me.

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His majesty hath straitly given in charge
give in charge give orders, command, direct
straitly (adv.) strictly, firmly, stringently

R3 I.i.86 
That no man shall have private conference,

R3 I.i.87 
Of what degree soever, with his brother.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.88 
Even so? An't please your worship, Brakenbury,

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You may partake of anything we say.

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We speak no treason, man; we say the King

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Is wise and virtuous, and his noble Queen

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Well struck in years, fair, and not jealous;
struck (adj.) 1 marked, provided, beset

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We say that Shore's wife hath a pretty foot,

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A cherry lip, a bonny eye, a passing pleasing tongue;

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And that the Queen's kindred are made gentlefolks.

R3 I.i.96 
How say you sir? Can you deny all this?

 

BRAKENBURY

R3 I.i.97 
With this, my lord, myself have naught to do.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.98 
Naught to do with Mistress Shore? I tell thee, fellow,

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He that doth naught with her, excepting one,
naught, nought (n.) 2 wickedness, immorality, sinfulness

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Were best he do it secretly, alone.

 

BRAKENBURY

R3 I.i.101 
What one, my lord?

 

RICHARD

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Her husband, knave. Wouldst thou betray me?
knave (n.) 2 servant, menial, lackey

 

BRAKENBURY

R3 I.i.103 
I beseech your grace to pardon me, and withal

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Forbear your conference with the noble Duke.
forbear (v.) 1 stop, cease, desist

 

CLARENCE

R3 I.i.105 
We know thy charge, Brakenbury, and will obey.
charge (n.) 4 commission, responsibility, official duty

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.106 
We are the Queen's abjects, and must obey.
abject (n.) servile subject, low-placed reject

R3 I.i.107 
Brother, farewell. I will unto the King;

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And whatsoe'er you will employ me in,

R3 I.i.109 
Were it to call King Edward's widow sister,

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I will perform it to enfranchise you.
enfranchise (v.) set free, liberate

R3 I.i.111 
Meantime, this deep disgrace in brotherhood

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Touches me deeper than you can imagine.
touch (v.) 8 wound, hurt, injure

 

CLARENCE

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I know it pleaseth neither of us well.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.114 
Well, your imprisonment shall not be long:

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I will deliver you, or else lie for you.
deliver (v.) 3 free, release, liberate
lie (v.) 2 lie in prison, take the place [of]

R3 I.i.116.1 
Meantime, have patience.

 

CLARENCE

R3 I.i.116.2 
                         I must perforce. Farewell.

R3 I.i.116 
Exeunt Clarence with Brakenbury and guard
perforce (adv.) 2 of necessity, with no choice in the matter

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.117 
Go, tread the path that thou shalt ne'er return.

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Simple plain Clarence, I do love thee so

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That I will shortly send thy soul to heaven,

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If heaven will take the present at our hands.

R3 I.i.121 
But who comes here? The new-delivered Hastings?
new-delivered (adj.) lately freed, freshly released

R3 I.i.122 
Enter Lord Hastings

 

HASTINGS

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Good time of day unto my gracious lord.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.123 
As much unto my good Lord Chamberlain.

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Well are you welcome to the open air.

R3 I.i.125 
How hath your lordship brooked imprisonment?
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with

 

HASTINGS

R3 I.i.126 
With patience, noble lord, as prisoners must;

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But I shall live, my lord, to give them thanks

R3 I.i.128 
That were the cause of my imprisonment.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.129 
No doubt, no doubt; and so shall Clarence too,

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For they that were your enemies are his,

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And have prevailed as much on him as you.

 

HASTINGS

R3 I.i.132 
More pity that the eagles should be mewed,
mew (v.) coop up, confine, shut up

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While kites and buzzards prey at liberty.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.134 
What news abroad?

 

HASTINGS

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No news so bad abroad as this at home:

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The King is sickly, weak, and melancholy,

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And his physicians fear him mightily.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.138 
Now, by Saint John, that news is bad indeed!

R3 I.i.139 
O, he hath kept an evil diet long
diet (n.) 4 way of living, course of life

R3 I.i.140 
And over-much consumed his royal person.

R3 I.i.141 
'Tis very grievous to be thought upon.

R3 I.i.142 
Where is he? In his bed?

 

HASTINGS

R3 I.i.143 
He is.

 

RICHARD

R3 I.i.144 
Go you before, and I will follow you.
before (adv.) 1 ahead, in advance

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Exit Hastings

R3 I.i.145 
He cannot live, I hope, and must not die

R3 I.i.146 
Till George be packed with post-horse up to heaven.
post-horse (n.) 2 pony-express, express speed

R3 I.i.147 
I'll in, to urge his hatred more to Clarence

R3 I.i.148 
With lies well steeled with weighty arguments;

R3 I.i.149 
And, if I fail not in my deep intent,
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

R3 I.i.150 
Clarence hath not another day to live;

R3 I.i.151 
Which done, God take King Edward to His mercy

R3 I.i.152 
And leave the world for me to bustle in!

R3 I.i.153 
For then I'll marry Warwick's youngest daughter.

R3 I.i.154 
What though I killed her husband and her father?

R3 I.i.155 
The readiest way to make the wench amends
wench (n.) girl, lass

R3 I.i.156 
Is to become her husband and her father,

R3 I.i.157 
The which will I – not all so much for love

R3 I.i.158 
As for another secret close intent
close (adj.) 1 secret, concealed, hidden
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

R3 I.i.159 
By marrying her which I must reach unto.

R3 I.i.160 
But yet I run before my horse to market:

R3 I.i.161 
Clarence still breathes; Edward still lives and reigns;

R3 I.i.162 
When they are gone, then must I count my gains.

R3 I.i.162 
Exit

 
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