Richard III

R3 I.i.1 
Enter Richard, Duke of Gloucester, alone



R3 I.i.1 
Now is the winter of our discontent

R3 I.i.2 
Made glorious summer by this sun of York,

R3 I.i.3 
And all the clouds that loured upon our house
lour, lower (v.) frown, scowl, look dark and threatening

R3 I.i.4 
In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.
bosom (n.) 7 depths

R3 I.i.5 
Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths,
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]

R3 I.i.6 
Our bruised arms hung up for monuments,
monument (n.) 1 memory, memorial, remembrance

R3 I.i.7 
Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings,
alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.) 1 call to arms, call to battle, signal to begin fighting

R3 I.i.8 
Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.
dreadful (adj.) 1 inspiring dread, causing fear, daunting
measure (n.) 8 slow stately dance, graceful movement

R3 I.i.9 
Grim-visaged war hath smoothed his wrinkled front,
front (n.) 1 forehead, face
grim-visaged (adj.) with a stern face
wrinkled (adj.) frowning, furrowed

R3 I.i.10 
And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds
barbed (adj.) armoured with barbs, protectively covered

R3 I.i.11 
To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,
fearful (adj.) 2 causing fear, awe-inspiring, terrifying, alarming
fright (v.), past form frighted frighten, scare, terrify

R3 I.i.12 
He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber

R3 I.i.13 
To the lascivious pleasing of a lute.

R3 I.i.14 
But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks
sportive (adj.) 1 amorous, wanton, sexual

R3 I.i.15 
Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;

R3 I.i.16 
I, that am rudely stamped, and want love's majesty
rudely (adv.) 3 roughly, clumsily, imperfectly
stamped (adj.) marked [as with a stamp], imprinted
want (v.) 1 lack, need, be without

R3 I.i.17 
To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;
ambling (adj.) walking in an affected way, pretentiously strolling
nymph (n.) beauty, damsel, siren
wanton (adj.) 6 lascivious, lewd, obscene

R3 I.i.18 
I, that am curtailed of this fair proportion,
curtail (v.) cut short, diminish
proportion (n.) 7 bodily shape, physical form

R3 I.i.19 
Cheated of feature by dissembling Nature,
dissembling (adj.) deceitful, hypocritical, false
feature (n.) physical appearance, bodily shape, looks
nature (n.) 6 natural order, ungoverned state, way of the world [often personified]

R3 I.i.20 
Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time

R3 I.i.21 
Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,
breathing (adj.) 2 living, active, lively
made up, made-up (adj.) 2 finished off, put together
scarce (adv.) 1 scarcely, hardly, barely, only just

R3 I.i.22 
And that so lamely and unfashionable
lamely (adv.) imperfectly, defectively; also, haltingly, in a lame manner

R3 I.i.23 
That dogs bark at me as I halt by them –
halt (v.) limp, proceed lamely

R3 I.i.24 
Why I, in this weak piping time of peace,
piping (adj.) shrill-toned, high-pitched [either: of pipes; or: of women and children's voices]

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Have no delight to pass away the time,

R3 I.i.26 
Unless to spy my shadow in the sun

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And descant on mine own deformity.
descant (v.) 1 develop a theme about, comment, make remarks

R3 I.i.28 
And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover

R3 I.i.29 
To entertain these fair well-spoken days,
entertain (v.) 13 while away, pass away
well-spoken (adj.) refined, courteous, eloquent

R3 I.i.30 
I am determined to prove a villain
determine (v.) 2 resolve, decide, settle [on]

R3 I.i.31 
And hate the idle pleasures of these days.
idle (adj.) 6 frivolous, capricious, wanton

R3 I.i.32 
Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous,
induction (n.) opening scene [of a play], initial step, preparation

R3 I.i.33 
By drunken prophecies, libels, and dreams,
libel (n.) 2 defamatory poster, slanderous leaflet

R3 I.i.34 
To set my brother Clarence and the King

R3 I.i.35 
In deadly hate the one against the other;

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And if King Edward be as true and just
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious

R3 I.i.37 
As I am subtle, false, and treacherous,

R3 I.i.38 
This day should Clarence closely be mewed up
closely (adv.) 2 in strict confinement, securely
mew up (v.) coop up, confine, shut up

R3 I.i.39 
About a prophecy which says that G

R3 I.i.40 
Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be.

R3 I.i.41 
Dive, thoughts, down to my soul – here Clarence comes!

R3 I.i.42.1 
Enter Clarence, guarded, and Brakenbury, Lieutenant

R3 I.i.42.2 
of the Tower

R3 I.i.42 
Brother, good day. What means this armed guard

R3 I.i.43.1 
That waits upon your grace?
wait on / upon (v.) 1 accompany, attend



R3 I.i.43.2 
                         His majesty,

R3 I.i.44 
Tendering my person's safety, hath appointed
tender (v.) 2 feel concern for, hold dear, care for

R3 I.i.45 
This conduct to convey me to the Tower.
conduct (n.) 5 escort, attendant, guide



R3 I.i.46.1 
Upon what cause?



R3 I.i.46.2 
                         Because my name is George.



R3 I.i.47 
Alack, my lord, that fault is none of yours,

R3 I.i.48 
He should for that commit your godfathers.

R3 I.i.49 
O, belike his majesty hath some intent
belike (adv.) probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

R3 I.i.50 
That you shall be new-christened in the Tower.

R3 I.i.51 
But what's the matter, Clarence, may I know?



R3 I.i.52 
Yea, Richard, when I know; for I protest

R3 I.i.53 
As yet I do not. But, as I can learn,

R3 I.i.54 
He hearkens after prophecies and dreams,

R3 I.i.55 
And from the cross-row plucks the letter G,
cross-row (n.) alphabet

R3 I.i.56 
And says a wizard told him that by G

R3 I.i.57 
His issue disinherited should be.
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant

R3 I.i.58 
And, for my name of George begins with G,

R3 I.i.59 
It follows in his thought that I am he.

R3 I.i.60 
These, as I learn, and such-like toys as these
toy (n.) 2 fancy, fantastic thought

R3 I.i.61 
Have moved his highness to commit me now.



R3 I.i.62 
Why this it is when men are ruled by women;

R3 I.i.63 
'Tis not the King that sends you to the Tower.

R3 I.i.64 
My Lady Grey his wife, Clarence, 'tis she

R3 I.i.65 
That tempers him to this extremity.
temper (v.) 2 mould, shape, work, bring [to a particular character]

R3 I.i.66 
Was it not she, and that good man of worship,
worship (n.) 2 honour, distinction, repute

R3 I.i.67 
Anthony Woodville, her brother there,

R3 I.i.68 
That made him send Lord Hastings to the Tower,

R3 I.i.69 
From whence this present day he is delivered?

R3 I.i.70 
We are not safe, Clarence, we are not safe.



R3 I.i.71 
By heaven, I think there is no man secure

R3 I.i.72 
But the Queen's kindred, and night-walking heralds
herald (n.) messenger, carrier, emissary
night-walking (adj.) secret, going about by night

R3 I.i.73 
That trudge betwixt the King and Mistress Shore.

R3 I.i.74 
Heard you not what an humble suppliant

R3 I.i.75 
Lord Hastings was for his delivery?



R3 I.i.76 
Humbly complaining to her deity

R3 I.i.77 
Got my Lord Chamberlain his liberty.

R3 I.i.78 
I'll tell you what, I think it is our way,
way (n.) 6 best path, course of action

R3 I.i.79 
If we will keep in favour with the King,

R3 I.i.80 
To be her men and wear her livery.
livery (n.) 1 uniform, costume, special clothing
man (n.) 4 servant, attendant, lackey

R3 I.i.81 
The jealous o'erworn widow and herself,
jealous (adj.) 1 suspicious, mistrustful, wary, watchful
overworn (adj.) 1 faded, worn out, worse for wear

R3 I.i.82 
Since that our brother dubbed them gentlewomen,
dub (v.) invest with the status of, style

R3 I.i.83 
Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.
gossip (n.) 3 tattler, chatterer, idle talker



R3 I.i.84 
I beseech your graces both to pardon me.

R3 I.i.85 
His majesty hath straitly given in charge
give in charge give orders, command, direct
straitly (adv.) strictly, firmly, stringently

R3 I.i.86 
That no man shall have private conference,

R3 I.i.87 
Of what degree soever, with his brother.



R3 I.i.88 
Even so? An't please your worship, Brakenbury,

R3 I.i.89 
You may partake of anything we say.

R3 I.i.90 
We speak no treason, man; we say the King

R3 I.i.91 
Is wise and virtuous, and his noble Queen

R3 I.i.92 
Well struck in years, fair, and not jealous;
struck (adj.) 1 marked, provided, beset

R3 I.i.93 
We say that Shore's wife hath a pretty foot,

R3 I.i.94 
A cherry lip, a bonny eye, a passing pleasing tongue;

R3 I.i.95 
And that the Queen's kindred are made gentlefolks.

R3 I.i.96 
How say you sir? Can you deny all this?



R3 I.i.97 
With this, my lord, myself have naught to do.



R3 I.i.98 
Naught to do with Mistress Shore? I tell thee, fellow,

R3 I.i.99 
He that doth naught with her, excepting one,
naught, nought (n.) 2 wickedness, immorality, sinfulness

R3 I.i.100 
Were best he do it secretly, alone.



R3 I.i.101 
What one, my lord?



R3 I.i.102 
Her husband, knave. Wouldst thou betray me?
knave (n.) 2 servant, menial, lackey



R3 I.i.103 
I beseech your grace to pardon me, and withal

R3 I.i.104 
Forbear your conference with the noble Duke.
forbear (v.) 1 stop, cease, desist



R3 I.i.105 
We know thy charge, Brakenbury, and will obey.
charge (n.) 4 commission, responsibility, official duty



R3 I.i.106 
We are the Queen's abjects, and must obey.
abject (n.) servile subject, low-placed reject

R3 I.i.107 
Brother, farewell. I will unto the King;

R3 I.i.108 
And whatsoe'er you will employ me in,

R3 I.i.109 
Were it to call King Edward's widow sister,

R3 I.i.110 
I will perform it to enfranchise you.
enfranchise (v.) set free, liberate

R3 I.i.111 
Meantime, this deep disgrace in brotherhood

R3 I.i.112 
Touches me deeper than you can imagine.
touch (v.) 8 wound, hurt, injure



R3 I.i.113 
I know it pleaseth neither of us well.



R3 I.i.114 
Well, your imprisonment shall not be long:

R3 I.i.115 
I will deliver you, or else lie for you.
deliver (v.) 3 free, release, liberate
lie (v.) 2 lie in prison, take the place [of]

R3 I.i.116.1 
Meantime, have patience.



R3 I.i.116.2 
                         I must perforce. Farewell.

R3 I.i.116 
Exeunt Clarence with Brakenbury and guard
perforce (adv.) 2 of necessity, with no choice in the matter



R3 I.i.117 
Go, tread the path that thou shalt ne'er return.

R3 I.i.118 
Simple plain Clarence, I do love thee so

R3 I.i.119 
That I will shortly send thy soul to heaven,

R3 I.i.120 
If heaven will take the present at our hands.

R3 I.i.121 
But who comes here? The new-delivered Hastings?
new-delivered (adj.) lately freed, freshly released

R3 I.i.122 
Enter Lord Hastings



R3 I.i.122 
Good time of day unto my gracious lord.



R3 I.i.123 
As much unto my good Lord Chamberlain.

R3 I.i.124 
Well are you welcome to the open air.

R3 I.i.125 
How hath your lordship brooked imprisonment?
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with



R3 I.i.126 
With patience, noble lord, as prisoners must;

R3 I.i.127 
But I shall live, my lord, to give them thanks

R3 I.i.128 
That were the cause of my imprisonment.



R3 I.i.129 
No doubt, no doubt; and so shall Clarence too,

R3 I.i.130 
For they that were your enemies are his,

R3 I.i.131 
And have prevailed as much on him as you.



R3 I.i.132 
More pity that the eagles should be mewed,
mew (v.) coop up, confine, shut up

R3 I.i.133 
While kites and buzzards prey at liberty.



R3 I.i.134 
What news abroad?



R3 I.i.135 
No news so bad abroad as this at home:

R3 I.i.136 
The King is sickly, weak, and melancholy,

R3 I.i.137 
And his physicians fear him mightily.



R3 I.i.138 
Now, by Saint John, that news is bad indeed!

R3 I.i.139 
O, he hath kept an evil diet long
diet (n.) 4 way of living, course of life

R3 I.i.140 
And over-much consumed his royal person.

R3 I.i.141 
'Tis very grievous to be thought upon.

R3 I.i.142 
Where is he? In his bed?



R3 I.i.143 
He is.



R3 I.i.144 
Go you before, and I will follow you.
before (adv.) 1 ahead, in advance

R3 I.i.144 
Exit Hastings

R3 I.i.145 
He cannot live, I hope, and must not die

R3 I.i.146 
Till George be packed with post-horse up to heaven.
post-horse (n.) 2 pony-express, express speed

R3 I.i.147 
I'll in, to urge his hatred more to Clarence

R3 I.i.148 
With lies well steeled with weighty arguments;

R3 I.i.149 
And, if I fail not in my deep intent,
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

R3 I.i.150 
Clarence hath not another day to live;

R3 I.i.151 
Which done, God take King Edward to His mercy

R3 I.i.152 
And leave the world for me to bustle in!

R3 I.i.153 
For then I'll marry Warwick's youngest daughter.

R3 I.i.154 
What though I killed her husband and her father?

R3 I.i.155 
The readiest way to make the wench amends
wench (n.) girl, lass

R3 I.i.156 
Is to become her husband and her father,

R3 I.i.157 
The which will I – not all so much for love

R3 I.i.158 
As for another secret close intent
close (adj.) 1 secret, concealed, hidden
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim

R3 I.i.159 
By marrying her which I must reach unto.

R3 I.i.160 
But yet I run before my horse to market:

R3 I.i.161 
Clarence still breathes; Edward still lives and reigns;

R3 I.i.162 
When they are gone, then must I count my gains.

R3 I.i.162 

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