Henry VI Part 2

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Flourish of trumpets, then hautboys. Enter the King,

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Gloucester, Salisbury, Warwick, and Cardinal

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Beaufort on the one side; the Queen, Suffolk, York,

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Somerset, and Buckingham on the other



2H6 I.i.1 
As by your high imperial majesty
hautboy (n.) type of musical instrument; oboe

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I had in charge at my depart for France,
charge (n.) 4 commission, responsibility, official duty
depart (n.) 1 departure, departing, leave-taking

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As procurator to your excellence,
procurator (n.) deputy, agent, proxy

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To marry Princess Margaret for your grace;

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So, in the famous ancient city Tours,

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In presence of the Kings of France and Sicil,

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The Dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretagne, and Alençon,

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Seven earls, twelve barons, and twenty reverend bishops,

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I have performed my task and was espoused;
espouse (v.) unite (in marriage), contract

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And humbly now upon my bended knee,

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(He kneels)

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In sight of England and her lordly peers,

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Deliver up my title in the Queen
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

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To your most gracious hands, that are the substance
substance (n.) 1 real thing, genuine article

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Of that great shadow I did represent –

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The happiest gift that ever marquess gave,

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The fairest queen that ever king received.



2H6 I.i.17 
Suffolk, arise. Welcome, Queen Margaret.

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I can express no kinder sign of love
express (v.) show, reveal, display
kind (adj.) 1 showing natural feeling, acting by nature

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Than this kind kiss. O Lord that lends me life,
kind (adj.) 2 loving, affectionate, fond
lend (v.) give, grant, bestow [on]

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Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness!

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For Thou hast given me in this beauteous face

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A world of earthly blessings to my soul,

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If sympathy of love unite our thoughts.
sympathy (n.) 1 accord, agreement, harmony



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Great King of England and my gracious lord,

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The mutual conference that my mind hath had
conference (n.) 1 conversation, talk, discourse
mutual (adj.) 2 intimate, private, innermost

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By day, by night, waking and in my dreams,

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In courtly company or at my beads,
bead (n.) 3 [plural] rosary beads
courtly (adj.) belonging to the court, connected with the court

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With you, mine alderliefest sovereign,
alderliefest (adj.) most beloved, dearest of all

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Makes me the bolder to salute my king
salute (v.) 1 greet, welcome, address

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With ruder terms, such as my wit affords,
rude (adj.) 7 amateurish, inexpert, lacking polish
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability

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And overjoy of heart doth minister.
minister (v.) 1 provide, supply, give
overjoy (n.) excess of happiness, great rejoicing



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Her sight did ravish, but her grace in speech,
ravish (v.) 1 entrance, enrapture, carry away with joy

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Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty,
y-clad (adj.) [archaism] decked out, clothed

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Makes me from wondering fall to weeping joys,
wondering (n.) admiring, marvelling

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Such is the fulness of my heart's content.
content (n.) 1 pleasure, satisfaction, happiness

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Lords, with one cheerful voice welcome my love.

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All kneel



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Long live Queen Margaret, England's happiness!

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We thank you all.



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My Lord Protector, so it please your grace,

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Here are the articles of contracted peace

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Between our sovereign and the French King Charles,

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For eighteen months concluded by consent.



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imprimis (adv.) in the first place

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Imprimis, it is agreed between the

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French King Charles and William de la Pole, Marquess of

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Suffolk, ambassador for Henry King of England, that the

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said Henry shall espouse the Lady Margaret, daughter
espouse (v.) unite (in marriage), contract

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unto Reignier King of Naples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem,

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and crown her Queen of England ere the thirtieth of May

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next ensuing. Item, it is further agreed between them that
item (n.) 2 [legal] particular point

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the duchy of Anjou and the county of Maine shall be

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released and delivered over to the King her father –
release (v.) give up, hand over, transfer

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(Gloucester lets the contract fall)



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Uncle, how now?



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                         Pardon me, gracious lord.

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Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart
qualm (n.) 2 sickening fear, sinking feeling

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And dimmed mine eyes, that I can read no further.



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Uncle of Winchester, I pray read on.



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Item, it is further agreed between them

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that the duchy of Anjou and the county of Maine shall

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be released and delivered over to the King her father,

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and she sent over of the King of England's own proper

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cost and charges, without having any dowry.
charge (n.) 7 expense, cost, outlay



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They please us well. Lord Marquess, kneel down.

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We here create thee the first Duke of Suffolk

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And gird thee with the sword. Cousin of York,
girt, gird (v.) invest, equip, provide

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We here discharge your grace from being Regent

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I'the parts of France, till term of eighteen months
part (n.) 5 territory, region, province

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Be full expired. Thanks, uncle Winchester,
full (adv.) 1 fully, completely, properly

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Gloucester, York, Buckingham, Somerset,

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Salisbury, and Warwick.

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We thank you all for this great favour done

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In entertainment to my princely Queen.
entertainment (n.) 2 pleasant reception, favourable welcome

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Come, let us in, and with all speed provide

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To see her coronation be performed.

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Exeunt King, Queen, and Suffolk

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Gloucester stays all the rest
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
stay (v.) 5 keep, make to stay, allow to remain



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Brave peers of England, pillars of the state,

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To you Duke Humphrey must unload his grief,

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Your grief, the common grief of all the land.

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What? Did my brother Henry spend his youth,

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His valour, coin, and people in the wars?

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Did he so often lodge in open field,
lodge (v.) 1 sleep, lie, remain

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In winter's cold and summer's parching heat,

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To conquer France, his true inheritance?

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And did my brother Bedford toil his wits
toil (v.) exhaust, tire out, fatigue
wits, also five wits faculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)

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To keep by policy what Henry got?
policy (n.) 1 statecraft, statesmanship, diplomacy

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Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham,

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Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious Warwick,

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Received deep scars in France and Normandy?

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Or hath mine uncle Beaufort and myself,

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With all the learned Council of the realm,

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Studied so long, sat in the Council House
study (v.) 1 deliberate, meditate, reflect [on]

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Early and late, debating to and fro

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How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe?
awe (n.) 3 subjection, restraint, dread

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And had his highness in his infancy

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Crowned in Paris in despite of foes?

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And shall these labours and these honours die?

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Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance,

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Your deeds of war, and all our counsel die?

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O peers of England, shameful is this league,
league (n.) 1 compact, alliance, treaty, bond of friendship

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Fatal this marriage, cancelling your fame,

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Blotting your names from books of memory,
memory (n.) 2 history, memorial record

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Razing the characters of your renown,
character (n.) 7 written record, recorded fact
raze, raze out erase, obliterate, wipe out

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Defacing monuments of conquered France,
deface (v.) 2 [heraldry] efface, obliterate, blot out
monument (n.) 1 memory, memorial, remembrance

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Undoing all, as all had never been!



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Nephew, what means this passionate discourse,
passionate (adj.) 1 impassioned, vehement, excessively emotional

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This peroration with such circumstance?
circumstance (n.) 1 detail(s), particular(s), specifics
peroration (n.) rhetorical speech, oratorical discourse

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For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually



2H6 I.i.105 
Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can;

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But now it is impossible we should.

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Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast,
roast, rule the has total authority, domineer, be master

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Hath given the duchy of Anjou and Maine

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Unto the poor King Reignier, whose large style
large (adj.) 5 grandiose, impressive sounding
style (n.) 1 mode of address, formal title

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Agrees not with the leanness of his purse.
agree (v.) 1 accord, fit in with, match



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Now by the death of Him that died for all,

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These counties were the keys of Normandy.

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But wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son?



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For grief that they are past recovery;

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For, were there hope to conquer them again,

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My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no tears.

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Anjou and Maine? Myself did win them both;

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Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer;

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And are the cities that I got with wounds

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Delivered up again with peaceful words?
deliver up (v.) surrender, yield, give up totally

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Mort Dieu!



2H6 I.i.122 
For Suffolk's duke, may he be suffocate,

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That dims the honour of this warlike isle!

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France should have torn and rent my very heart,

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Before I would have yielded to this league.
yield (v.) 1 agree [to], consent [to], comply [with]

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I never read but England's kings have had

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Large sums of gold and dowries with their wives;

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And our King Henry gives away his own,

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To match with her that brings no vantages.
match (v.) 1 join in marriage, make a match
vantage (n.) 3 advantage, benefit, advancement, profit



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A proper jest, and never heard before,

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That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth
fifteen, fifteenth (n.) tax of a fifteenth part levied on personal property

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For costs and charges in transporting her!

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She should have stayed in France, and starved in France,
starve (v.) 1 die, perish

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Before –



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My Lord of Gloucester, now ye grow too hot;
hot (adj.) 1 hot-tempered, angry, passionate

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It was the pleasure of my lord the King.



2H6 I.i.137 
My Lord of Winchester, I know your mind;

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'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike,
mislike (v.) dislike, be displeased with

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But 'tis my presence that doth trouble ye.

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Rancour will out; proud prelate, in thy face

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I see thy fury. If I longer stay,

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We shall begin our ancient bickerings.

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Lordings, farewell; and say, when I am gone,
lording (n.) 2 (plural) my lords, gentlemen

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I prophesied France will be lost ere long.

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Exit Gloucester



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So there goes our Protector in a rage.

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'Tis known to you he is mine enemy;

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Nay more, an enemy unto you all,

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And no great friend, I fear me, to the King.

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Consider, lords, he is the next of blood
blood (n.) 6 blood relationship, kinship

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And heir apparent to the English crown.

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Had Henry got an empire by his marriage,

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And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west,

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There's reason he should be displeased at it.

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Look to it, lords; let not his smoothing words
look to it beware, be on your guard
smoothing (adj.) flattering, plausible, ingratiating

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Bewitch your hearts. Be wise and circumspect.

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What though the common people favour him,

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Calling him ‘ Humphrey, the good Duke of Gloucester,’

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Clapping their hands and crying with loud voice

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‘ Jesu maintain your royal excellence!’

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With ‘ God preserve the good Duke Humphrey!’,

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I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss,
flattering (adj.) superficially attractive, appealing, enticing
gloss (n.) 1 deceptive appearance, plausibility

2H6 I.i.162 
He will be found a dangerous Protector.



2H6 I.i.163 
Why should he then protect our sovereign,

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He being of age to govern of himself?

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Cousin of Somerset, join you with me,

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And all together, with the Duke of Suffolk,

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We'll quickly hoise Duke Humphrey from his seat.
hoise (v.) 2 heave up, remove by force



2H6 I.i.168 
This weighty business will not brook delay;
brook (v.) 2 allow, permit, bear

2H6 I.i.169 
I'll to the Duke of Suffolk presently.
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once

2H6 I.i.169 



2H6 I.i.170 
Cousin of Buckingham, though Humphrey's pride

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And greatness of his place be grief to us,
grief (n.) 2 pain, torment, distress
place (n.) 1 position, post, office, rank

2H6 I.i.172 
Yet let us watch the haughty Cardinal;

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His insolence is more intolerable
insolence (n.) overbearing pride, haughtiness, presumptuous arrogance

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Than all the princes' in the land beside.

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If Gloucester be displaced, he'll be Protector.
displace (v.) 2 remove from office, lose one's position



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Or thou or I, Somerset, will be Protector,

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Despite Duke Humphrey or the Cardinal.

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Exeunt Buckingham and Somerset



2H6 I.i.178 
Pride went before; Ambition follows him.

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While these do labour for their own preferment,
preferment (n.) advancement, promotion

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Behoves it us to labour for the realm.
behove (v.) 1 befits, be appropriate to, be due to

2H6 I.i.181 
I never saw but Humphrey Duke of Gloucester

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Did bear him like a noble gentleman.
bear (v.), past forms bore, borne 1 behave, look, conduct [oneself]

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Oft have I seen the haughty Cardinal,

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More like a soldier than a man o'th' church,

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As stout and proud as he were lord of all,
stout (adj.) 2 proud, haughty, arrogant

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Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself
demean (v.) behave, conduct, comport [oneself]

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Unlike the ruler of a commonweal.
commonweal, commonwealth (n.) state, nation, community, body politic

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Warwick, my son, the comfort of my age,

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Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping
house-keeping (n.) hospitality, maintaining a welcoming household

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Hath won the greatest favour of the commons,

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Excepting none but good Duke Humphrey;

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And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland,

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In bringing them to civil discipline,
civil (adj.) 5 civic, public, city

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Thy late exploits done in the heart of France,
exploit (n.) 2 military action, martial undertaking
late (adj.) 1 recent, not long past

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When thou wert Regent for our sovereign,

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Have made thee feared and honoured of the people.

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Join we together for the public good,

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In what we can to bridle and suppress

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The pride of Suffolk and the Cardinal,

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With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition;

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And, as we may, cherish Duke Humphrey's deeds
cherish (v.) 1 support, foster, sustain

2H6 I.i.202 
While they do tend the profit of the land.
profit (n.) 3 welfare, well-being, benefit
tend (v.) 3 serve, promote, sustain



2H6 I.i.203 
So God help Warwick, as he loves the land

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And common profit of his country!



2H6 I.i.205 
And so says York – (aside) for he hath greatest cause.



2H6 I.i.206 
Then let's make haste away, and look unto the main.
main (n.) 4 main concern, chief point



2H6 I.i.207 
Unto the main! O father, Maine is lost!

2H6 I.i.208 
That Maine which by main force Warwick did win,
force (n.) 3 opposition, resistance, strength
main (adj.) 1 very great, major, considerable

2H6 I.i.209 
And would have kept so long as breath did last!

2H6 I.i.210 
Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant Maine,

2H6 I.i.211 
Which I will win from France or else be slain.

2H6 I.i.211 
Exeunt Warwick and Salisbury



2H6 I.i.212 
Anjou and Maine are given to the French;

2H6 I.i.213 
Paris is lost; the state of Normandy

2H6 I.i.214 
Stands on a tickle point now they are gone.
point (n.) 7 situation, position, juncture
tickle (adj.) insecure, precarious, unstable

2H6 I.i.215 
Suffolk concluded on the articles,
article (n.) 1 clause, term, provision
conclude (v.) 3 come to terms, reach accord [over]

2H6 I.i.216 
The peers agreed, and Henry was well pleased

2H6 I.i.217 
To change two dukedoms for a duke's fair daughter.

2H6 I.i.218 
I cannot blame them all; what is't to them?

2H6 I.i.219 
'Tis thine they give away, and not their own.

2H6 I.i.220 
Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of their pillage
pennyworth, penn'orth (n.) 3 value, rate, price

2H6 I.i.221 
And purchase friends and give to courtesans,

2H6 I.i.222 
Still revelling like lords till all be gone;
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually

2H6 I.i.223 
While as the silly owner of the goods
silly (adj.) 1 helpless, defenceless, vulnerable

2H6 I.i.224 
Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands,
hapless (adj.) luckless, unfortunate, unlucky

2H6 I.i.225 
And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloof,
aloof (adv.) a short distance away, to one side

2H6 I.i.226 
While all is shared and all is borne away,

2H6 I.i.227 
Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own.
starve (v.) 1 die, perish

2H6 I.i.228 
So York must sit and fret and bite his tongue,
bite one's tongue stay silent, repress speech

2H6 I.i.229 
While his own lands are bargained for and sold.

2H6 I.i.230 
Methinks the realms of England, France, and Ireland
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me

2H6 I.i.231 
Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood
proportion (n.) 5 relation, connection, link

2H6 I.i.232 
As did the fatal brand Althaea burnt

2H6 I.i.233 
Unto the Prince's heart of Calydon.

2H6 I.i.234 
Anjou and Maine both given unto the French!

2H6 I.i.235 
Cold news for me; for I had hope of France,
cold (adj.) 9 bad, unwelcome, disagreeable

2H6 I.i.236 
Even as I have of fertile England's soil.

2H6 I.i.237 
A day will come when York shall claim his own,

2H6 I.i.238 
And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts

2H6 I.i.239 
And make a show of love to proud Duke Humphrey,
show (n.) 1 appearance, exhibition, display

2H6 I.i.240 
And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown,
advantage (n.) 1 right moment, favourable opportunity

2H6 I.i.241 
For that's the golden mark I seek to hit.
mark (n.) 1 target, goal, aim

2H6 I.i.242 
Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right,

2H6 I.i.243 
Nor hold the sceptre in his childish fist,

2H6 I.i.244 
Nor wear the diadem upon his head,
diadem (n.) crown, sovereign power

2H6 I.i.245 
Whose church-like humours fits not for a crown.
church-like (adj.) pious, devout, devotional
humour (n.) 1 mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]

2H6 I.i.246 
Then, York, be still awhile till time do serve;
still (adj.) 1 silent, quiet

2H6 I.i.247 
Watch thou, and wake when others be asleep,
watch (v.) 1 stay awake, keep vigil

2H6 I.i.248 
To pry into the secrets of the state,

2H6 I.i.249 
Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love
surfeit (v.) 1 feed to excess, overindulge, glut

2H6 I.i.250 
With his new bride and England's dear-bought queen,

2H6 I.i.251 
And Humphrey with the peers be fallen at jars.
jar / jars, at in / into conflict, in / into a state of dissension

2H6 I.i.252 
Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose,

2H6 I.i.253 
With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfumed,

2H6 I.i.254 
And in my standard bear the arms of York,
arms (n.) 2 coat of arms
standard (n.) 1 flag, ensign

2H6 I.i.255 
To grapple with the house of Lancaster;

2H6 I.i.256 
And force perforce I'll make him yield the crown,
force perforce with violent compulsion

2H6 I.i.257 
Whose bookish rule hath pulled fair England down.
bookish (adj.) of mere book-learning, obtained only from books, scholarly

2H6 I.i.257 

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