Ham I.i.1 
Enter Francisco and Barnardo, two sentinels



Ham I.i.1 
Who's there?



Ham I.i.2 
Nay, answer me. Stand and unfold yourself.
unfold (v.) 2 identify, disclose, reveal



Ham I.i.3 
Long live the King!



Ham I.i.4 



Ham I.i.5 



Ham I.i.6 
You come most carefully upon your hour.
carefully (adv.) considerately, attentively



Ham I.i.7 
'Tis now struck twelve. Get thee to bed, Francisco.



Ham I.i.8 
For this relief much thanks. 'Tis bitter cold,

Ham I.i.9 
And I am sick at heart.



Ham I.i.10.1 
Have you had quiet guard?



Ham I.i.10.2 
                         Not a mouse stirring.



Ham I.i.11 
Well, good night.

Ham I.i.12 
If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus,

Ham I.i.13 
The rivals of my watch, bid them make haste.
rival (n.) partner, associate, companion

Ham I.i.14 
Enter Horatio and Marcellus



Ham I.i.14 
I think I hear them. Stand ho! Who is there?



Ham I.i.15.1 
Friends to this ground.
ground (n.) 5 land, country
liegeman (n.) vassal, subject, follower



Ham I.i.15.2 
                         And liegemen to the Dane.



Ham I.i.16.1 
Give you good night.



Ham I.i.16.2 
                         O, farewell, honest soldier.

Ham I.i.17.1 
Who hath relieved you?



Ham I.i.17.2 
                         Barnardo hath my place.

Ham I.i.18.1 
Give you good night.

Ham I.i.18 



Ham I.i.18.2 
                         Holla, Barnardo!



Ham I.i.18.3 
                                                         Say –

Ham I.i.19.1 
What, is Horatio there?



Ham I.i.19.2 
                         A piece of him.



Ham I.i.20 
Welcome, Horatio. Welcome, good Marcellus.



Ham I.i.21 
What, has this thing appeared again tonight?



Ham I.i.22 
I have seen nothing.



Ham I.i.23 
Horatio says 'tis but our fantasy,
fantasy (n.) 1 imagining, delusion, hallucination

Ham I.i.24 
And will not let belief take hold of him

Ham I.i.25 
Touching this dreaded sight twice seen of us.

Ham I.i.26 
Therefore I have entreated him along

Ham I.i.27 
With us to watch the minutes of this night,

Ham I.i.28 
That, if again this apparition come,

Ham I.i.29 
He may approve our eyes and speak to it.
approve (v.) 1 prove, confirm, corroborate, substantiate



Ham I.i.30.1 
Tush, tush, 'twill not appear.



Ham I.i.30.2 
                         Sit down awhile,

Ham I.i.31 
And let us once again assail your ears,
assail (v.) 1 attack, assault, address

Ham I.i.32 
That are so fortified against our story,

Ham I.i.33.1 
What we have two nights seen.



Ham I.i.33.2 
                         Well, sit we down,

Ham I.i.34 
And let us hear Barnardo speak of this.



Ham I.i.35 
Last night of all,

Ham I.i.36 
When yond same star that's westward from the pole

Ham I.i.37 
Had made his course t' illume that part of heaven
course (n.) 1 course of action, way of proceeding
illume (v.) light up, illuminate, brighten

Ham I.i.38 
Where now it burns, Marcellus and myself,

Ham I.i.39 
The bell then beating one –
beat (v.) 2 strike

Ham I.i.40 
Enter the Ghost



Ham I.i.40 
Peace, break thee off. Look where it comes again.



Ham I.i.41 
In the same figure like the King that's dead.



Ham I.i.42 
Thou art a scholar. Speak to it, Horatio.



Ham I.i.43 
Looks 'a not like the King? Mark it, Horatio.
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]



Ham I.i.44 
Most like. It harrows me with fear and wonder.
harrow (v.) disturb, distress, vex
like (adj.) 1 same, similar, alike, equal



Ham I.i.45.1 
It would be spoke to.



Ham I.i.45.2 
                         Speak to it, Horatio.



Ham I.i.46 
What art thou that usurpest this time of night,
usurp (v.) 3 take wrongful possession of, misappropriate

Ham I.i.47 
Together with that fair and warlike form

Ham I.i.48 
In which the majesty of buried Denmark

Ham I.i.49 
Did sometimes march? By heaven I charge thee, speak.
sometimes (adv.) formerly, once, at one time, previously



Ham I.i.50.1 
It is offended.



Ham I.i.50.2 
                         See, it stalks away.



Ham I.i.51 
Stay. Speak, speak. I charge thee, speak.

Ham I.i.52 
Exit the Ghost



Ham I.i.52 
'Tis gone and will not answer.



Ham I.i.53 
How now, Horatio? You tremble and look pale.

Ham I.i.54 
Is not this something more than fantasy?

Ham I.i.55 
What think you on't?



Ham I.i.56 
Before my God, I might not this believe

Ham I.i.57 
Without the sensible and true avouch
avouch (n.) assurance, guarantee
sensible (adj.) 2 evident, perceptible by the senses, affecting the senses

Ham I.i.58.1 
Of mine own eyes.



Ham I.i.58.2 
                         Is it not like the King?



Ham I.i.59 
As thou art to thyself.

Ham I.i.60 
Such was the very armour he had on

Ham I.i.61 
When he the ambitious Norway combated.

Ham I.i.62 
So frowned he once when, in an angry parle,
parle, parley (n.) 1 negotiation, meeting [between enemies under a truce, to discuss terms]

Ham I.i.63 
He smote the sledded poleaxe on the ice.
Polack (n.) Poles, Polish people
poleaxe, sledded battle-axe made like a sledge-hammer
sledded (adj.) carried by sleds
smite (v.), past forms smote, smit 1 strike, hit (often, with great force)

Ham I.i.64 
'Tis strange.



Ham I.i.65 
Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour,
jump (adv.) exactly, precisely

Ham I.i.66 
With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch.



Ham I.i.67 
In what particular thought to work I know not.
thought (n.) 5 train of thought
work (v.), past form wrought 5 act upon, continue with

Ham I.i.68 
But, in the gross and scope of mine opinion,
gross (n.) overall total, whole amount
scope (n.) 2 range, reach, extent

Ham I.i.69 
This bodes some strange eruption to our state.
bode (v.) 1 forebode, portend, predict, augur
eruption (n.) 1 disturbance, outbreak of calamity, turbulence
strange (adj.) 1 remarkable, startling, abnormal, unnatural



Ham I.i.70 
Good now, sit down, and tell me he that knows

Ham I.i.71 
Why this same strict and most observant watch

Ham I.i.72 
So nightly toils the subject of the land,
subject (n.) 1 subjects, people [of a state]
toil (v.) exhaust, tire out, fatigue

Ham I.i.73 
And why such daily cast of brazen cannon
brazen (adj.) 2 made of brass, very strong, powerful
cast (n.) 2 casting, founding

Ham I.i.74 
And foreign mart for implements of war,
mart (n.) 2 bargaining, buying and selling, trading

Ham I.i.75 
Why such impress of shipwrights, whose sore task
impress (n.) 1 conscription, enforced service
sore (adj.) 1 severe, harsh, heavy

Ham I.i.76 
Does not divide the Sunday from the week.

Ham I.i.77 
What might be toward that this sweaty haste
toward (adv.) impending, forthcoming, in preparation

Ham I.i.78 
Doth make the night joint-labourer with the day?

Ham I.i.79.1 
Who is't that can inform me?



Ham I.i.79.2 
                         That can I.

Ham I.i.80 
At least the whisper goes so. Our last King,

Ham I.i.81 
Whose image even but now appeared to us,

Ham I.i.82 
Was, as you know, by Fortinbras of Norway,

Ham I.i.83 
Thereto pricked on by a most emulate pride,
emulate (adj.) ambitious, full of jealous rivalry, emulous
prick on (v.) incite, urge on, spur on

Ham I.i.84 
Dared to the combat; in which our valiant Hamlet –
combat (n.) duel, trial by duel

Ham I.i.85 
For so this side of our known world esteemed him –

Ham I.i.86 
Did slay this Fortinbras; who, by a sealed compact
compact (n.) agreement, contract, covenant
sealed (adj.) certified, authenticated [through a wax seal]

Ham I.i.87 
Well ratified by law and heraldry,

Ham I.i.88 
Did forfeit, with his life, all these his lands

Ham I.i.89 
Which he stood seised of, to the conqueror;

Ham I.i.90 
Against the which a moiety competent
competent, computent (adj.) 1 equivalent, sufficient, adequate
moiety (n.) 1 share, portion, part

Ham I.i.91 
Was gaged by our King, which had returned
gage (v.) 1 pledge, contract, stake
return (v.) 3 pass, transfer

Ham I.i.92 
To the inheritance of Fortinbras,

Ham I.i.93 
Had he been vanquisher, as, by the same covenant
covenant (n.) contract, legal agreement, compact

Ham I.i.94 
And carriage of the article designed,
article (n.) 1 clause, term, provision
carriage (n.) 3 import, significance, purport
designed (adj.) prearranged, designated

Ham I.i.95 
His fell to Hamlet. Now, sir, young Fortinbras,

Ham I.i.96 
Of unimproved mettle hot and full,
mettle, mettell (n.) 1 spirit, temperament, disposition
unimproved (adj.) undisciplined, uncensored; or: not turned to use, not raised in quality

Ham I.i.97 
Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there
skirt (n.) 2 (plural) outlying parts, borders, outskirts

Ham I.i.98 
Sharked up a list of lawless resolutes
list (n.) 2 muster, troop, band, recruitment
resolute (n.) desperado, determined character
shark up (v.) [like a shark] gather together indiscriminately, collect hastily and uncritically

Ham I.i.99 
For food and diet to some enterprise
diet (n.) 1 board, daily need

Ham I.i.100 
That hath a stomach in't; which is no other,
stomach (n.) 7 element of courage, exercise of valour

Ham I.i.101 
As it doth well appear unto our state,
state (n.) 10 government, ruling body, administration

Ham I.i.102 
But to recover of us by strong hand

Ham I.i.103 
And terms compulsatory those foresaid lands
compulsatory, compulsative (adj.) involving compulsion, subject to force

Ham I.i.104 
So by his father lost. And this, I take it,

Ham I.i.105 
Is the main motive of our preparations,

Ham I.i.106 
The source of this our watch, and the chief head
head (n.) 9 source, origin, fountainhead

Ham I.i.107 
Of this posthaste and romage in the land.
posthaste, post-haste (n.) great expedition, speed of preparation
romage (n.) commotion, turmoil, bustle



Ham I.i.108 
I think it be no other but e'en so.

Ham I.i.109 
Well may it sort that this portentous figure
portentous (adj.) ominous, threatening, full of foreboding
sort (v.) 1 suit, be fitting, be appropriate

Ham I.i.110 
Comes armed through our watch so like the King

Ham I.i.111 
That was and is the question of these wars.
question (n.) 7 source [of strife], cause, issue



Ham I.i.112 
A mote it is to trouble the mind's eye.
mote (n.) speck of dust, tiny particle, trifle

Ham I.i.113 
In the most high and palmy state of Rome,
palmy (adj.) flourishing, triumphant

Ham I.i.114 
A little ere the mightiest Julius fell,

Ham I.i.115 
The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead
sheeted (adj.) shrouded, wrapped in a winding-sheet

Ham I.i.116 
Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets –

Ham I.i.117 
As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood,

Ham I.i.118 
Disasters in the sun; and the moist star
disaster (n.) 1 inauspicious sight, unfavourable appearance
moist star the Moon [because of its influence on the tides]

Ham I.i.119 
Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands
stand (v.) 11 depend, remain dependent, continue

Ham I.i.120 
Was sick almost to Doomsday with eclipse.

Ham I.i.121 
And even the like precurse of feared events,
like (adj.) 1 same, similar, alike, equal
precurse (n.) forerunner, precursor, heralding

Ham I.i.122 
As harbingers preceding still the fates
harbinger (n.) forerunner, herald, precursor
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually

Ham I.i.123 
And prologue to the omen coming on,
omen (n.) calamity, ominous event, disaster

Ham I.i.124 
Have heaven and earth together demonstrated
demonstrate (v.) manifest, show, display

Ham I.i.125 
Unto our climatures and countrymen.
climatures (n.) regions, locality, part of the world

Ham I.i.126 
Enter the Ghost

Ham I.i.126 
But soft, behold, lo where it comes again!

Ham I.i.127 
I'll cross it, though it blast me.
cross (v.) 4 cross the path of, intercept, encounter

Ham I.i.128 
He spreads his arms

Ham I.i.128 
Stay, illusion.

Ham I.i.129 
If thou hast any sound or use of voice,

Ham I.i.130 
Speak to me.

Ham I.i.131 
If there be any good thing to be done

Ham I.i.132 
That may to thee do ease and grace to me,
ease (n.) 1 comfort, relief, solace

Ham I.i.133 
Speak to me.

Ham I.i.134 
If thou art privy to thy country's fate,
privy 1 privately aware [of], secretly knowledgeable [about]

Ham I.i.135 
Which happily foreknowing may avoid,
foreknowing (n.) knowing in advance, foreknowledge
happily (adv.) 1 perhaps, by chance, maybe

Ham I.i.136 
O, speak!

Ham I.i.137 
Or if thou hast uphoarded in thy life
uphoard (v.) hoard, heap up, amass

Ham I.i.138 
Extorted treasure in the womb of earth,
extorted (adj.) ill-gotten, gained by evil means

Ham I.i.139 
For which, they say, you spirits oft walk in death,

Ham I.i.140.1 
Speak of it.

Ham I.i.140 
The cock crows

Ham I.i.140.2 
                         Stay and speak. Stop it, Marcellus.



Ham I.i.141 
Shall I strike it with my partisan?
partisan (n.) weapon with a long handle and a broad head, sometimes with a projection at the side



Ham I.i.142.1 
Do, if it will not stand.



Ham I.i.142.2 
                         'Tis here.



Ham I.i.142.3 
                                                         'Tis here.

Ham I.i.142 
Exit the Ghost
stand (v.) 3 stop, halt



Ham I.i.143 
'Tis gone.

Ham I.i.144 
We do it wrong, being so majestical,
majestical (adj.) 1 majestic, regal, kingly

Ham I.i.145 
To offer it the show of violence,

Ham I.i.146 
For it is as the air invulnerable,

Ham I.i.147 
And our vain blows malicious mockery.
malicious (adj.) 2 violent, hostile, wrathful



Ham I.i.148 
It was about to speak when the cock crew.



Ham I.i.149 
And then it started, like a guilty thing

Ham I.i.150 
Upon a fearful summons. I have heard

Ham I.i.151 
The cock, that is the trumpet to the morn,
morn (n.) morning, dawn
trumpet (n.) 1 trumpeter; herald, announcer

Ham I.i.152 
Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat

Ham I.i.153 
Awake the god of day, and at his warning,

Ham I.i.154 
Whether in sea or fire, in earth or air,

Ham I.i.155 
Th' extravagant and erring spirit hies
erring (adj.) straying, wandering, drifting
extravagant (adj.) vagrant, straying, roaming
hie (v.) hasten, hurry, speed

Ham I.i.156 
To his confine. And of the truth herein
confine (n.) 4 prison, place of confinement

Ham I.i.157 
This present object made probation.
probation (n.) 1 proof, demonstration



Ham I.i.158 
It faded on the crowing of the cock.

Ham I.i.159 
Some say that ever 'gainst that season comes

Ham I.i.160 
Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,

Ham I.i.161 
This bird of dawning singeth all night long.
dawning (n.) dawn, daybreak, early morning

Ham I.i.162 
And then, they say, no spirit dares stir abroad;

Ham I.i.163 
The nights are wholesome; then no planets strike;
strike (v.), past form stroke 5 have an evil influence, do harm
wholesome (adj.) 6 good for the health, health-giving, salubrious

Ham I.i.164 
No fairy takes; nor witch hath power to charm.
charm (v.) 1 work magic [on], bewitch, enchant
take (v.) 7 bewitch, take possession of, take into one's power

Ham I.i.165 
So hallowed and so gracious is that time.
gracious (adj.) 2 holy, sanctified



Ham I.i.166 
So have I heard and do in part believe it.

Ham I.i.167 
But look, the morn in russet mantle clad
mantle (n.) 1 loose sleeveless cloak
morn (n.) morning, dawn
russet (adj.) 2 reddish-brown [the colour of a rough cloth once worn by country people]

Ham I.i.168 
Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastward hill.

Ham I.i.169 
Break we our watch up. And by my advice

Ham I.i.170 
Let us impart what we have seen tonight
impart (v.) 1 tell, make known, communicate

Ham I.i.171 
Unto young Hamlet. For, upon my life,

Ham I.i.172 
This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him.

Ham I.i.173 
Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it,

Ham I.i.174 
As needful in our loves, fitting our duty?



Ham I.i.175 
Let's do't, I pray. And I this morning know

Ham I.i.176 
Where we shall find him most conveniently.

Ham I.i.176 

Next scene