King Edward III

E3 I.i.1.1 
Flourish. Enter King Edward, Derby, Prince Edward, Audley, Warwick, and Artois



E3 I.i.1 
Robert of Artois, banished though thou be

E3 I.i.2 
From France thy native country, yet with us

E3 I.i.3 
Thou shalt retain as great a seigniory,
seigniory (n.) lordship, domain, dominion

E3 I.i.4 
For we create thee Earl of Richmond here.

E3 I.i.5 
And now go forward with our pedigree:

E3 I.i.6 
Who next succeeded Phillip le Beau?



E3 I.i.7 
Three sons of his, which all successively

E3 I.i.8 
Did sit upon their father's regal throne,

E3 I.i.9 
Yet died and left no issue of their loins.
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant



E3 I.i.10 
But was my mother sister unto those?



E3 I.i.11 
She was, my lord, and only Isabel

E3 I.i.12 
Was all the daughters that this Phillip had,

E3 I.i.13 
Whom afterward your father took to wife;

E3 I.i.14 
And from the fragrant garden of her womb

E3 I.i.15 
Your gracious self, the flower of Europe's hope,

E3 I.i.16 
Derived is inheritor to France.

E3 I.i.17 
But note the rancour of rebellious minds:

E3 I.i.18 
When thus the lineage of le Beau was out,

E3 I.i.19 
The French obscured your mother's privilege,

E3 I.i.20 
And, though she were the next of blood, proclaimed

E3 I.i.21 
John of the house of Valois now their king.

E3 I.i.22 
The reason was, they say, the realm of France,

E3 I.i.23 
Replete with princes of great parentage,

E3 I.i.24 
Ought not admit a governor to rule

E3 I.i.25 
Except he be descended of the male;

E3 I.i.26 
And that's the special ground of their contempt
special (adj.) particular, specific, distinctive

E3 I.i.27 
Wherewith they study to exclude your grace.



E3 I.i.28 
But they shall find that forged ground of theirs

E3 I.i.29 
To be but dusty heaps of brittle sand.



E3 I.i.30 
Perhaps it will be thought a heinous thing

E3 I.i.31 
That I, a Frenchman, should discover this;
discover (v.) 1 reveal, show, make known

E3 I.i.32 
But heaven I call to record of my vows:
record (n.) 2 witness, confirmation

E3 I.i.33 
It is not hate nor any private wrong,

E3 I.i.34 
But love unto my country and the right

E3 I.i.35 
Provokes my tongue, thus lavish in report.

E3 I.i.36 
You are the lineal watchman of our peace,
lineal (adj.) lineally descended, in the direct line, hereditary

E3 I.i.37 
And John of Valois indirectly climbs.

E3 I.i.38 
What then should subjects but embrace their king?

E3 I.i.39 
Ah, wherein may our duty more be seen

E3 I.i.40 
Than striving to rebate a tyrant's pride
rebate (v.) 1 check, stop, suppress

E3 I.i.41 
And place the true shepherd of our commonwealth?
place (v.) 1 establish in office, appoint to a post



E3 I.i.42 
This counsel, Artois, like to fruitful showers,
like to / unto (conj./prep.) similar to, comparable with

E3 I.i.43 
Hath added growth unto my dignity;

E3 I.i.44 
And, by the fiery vigour of thy words,

E3 I.i.45 
Hot courage is engendered in my breast,

E3 I.i.46 
Which heretofore was racked in ignorance,
rack (v.) 5 torment, torture, scourge

E3 I.i.47 
But now doth mount with golden wings of fame,

E3 I.i.48 
And will approve fair Isabel's descent,
approve (v.) 1 prove, confirm, corroborate, substantiate

E3 I.i.49 
Able to yoke their stubborn necks with steel

E3 I.i.50 
That spurn against my sovereignty in France.
spurn against / at (v.) kick out at, treat with contempt

E3 I.i.51 
Sound a horn

E3 I.i.51 
A messenger. – Lord Audley, know from whence.

E3 I.i.51 
Exit Audley, and returns



E3 I.i.52 
The Duke of Lorraine, having crossed the seas,

E3 I.i.53 
Entreats he may have conference with your highness.
entreat, intreat (v.) 2 beseech, beg, ask earnestly



E3 I.i.54 
Admit him, lords, that we may hear the news.

E3 I.i.54 
Exeunt Lords. King takes his State.

E3 I.i.55 
Re-enter Lords, with Lorraine, attended
attend (v.) 2 serve, follow, wait [on/upon]

E3 I.i.55 
Say, Duke of Lorraine, wherefore art thou come?



E3 I.i.56 
The most renowned prince, King John of France,

E3 I.i.57 
Doth greet thee, Edward, and by me commands

E3 I.i.58 
That, for so much as by his liberal gift

E3 I.i.59 
The Guyen dukedom is entailed to thee,
entail to (v.) 1 bestow on, confer on, transfer to

E3 I.i.60 
Thou do him lowly homage for the same.

E3 I.i.61 
And for that purpose here I summon thee
purpose (n.) 3 outcome, result, end

E3 I.i.62 
Repair to France within these forty days,
repair (v.) 1 come, go, make one's way

E3 I.i.63 
That there, according as the custom is,

E3 I.i.64 
Thou mayst be sworn true liegeman to our king;
liegeman (n.) vassal, subject, follower

E3 I.i.65 
Or else thy title in that province dies,
die (v.) 1 cease, expire, come to an end
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

E3 I.i.66 
And he himself will repossess the place.



E3 I.i.67 
See how occasion laughs me in the face!
occasion (n.) 1 circumstance, opportunity

E3 I.i.68 
No sooner minded to prepare for France,

E3 I.i.69 
But straight I am invited – nay, with threats,
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once

E3 I.i.70 
Upon a penalty enjoined to come.

E3 I.i.71 
'Twere but a childish part to say him nay. –

E3 I.i.72 
Lorraine, return this answer to thy lord:

E3 I.i.73 
I mean to visit him as he requests.

E3 I.i.74 
But how? Not servilely disposed to bend,
bend (v.) 5 give way, bow, submit

E3 I.i.75 
But like a conqueror to make him bow.

E3 I.i.76 
His lame unpolished shifts are come to light;
lame (adj.) unsatisfactory, mediocre, faulty
shift (n.) 3 stratagem, contriving, trick
unpolished (adj.) primitive, rudimentary, defective

E3 I.i.77 
And truth hath pulled the vizard from his face,
vizard (n.) mask, visor

E3 I.i.78 
That set a gloss upon his arrogance.
gloss (n.) 1 deceptive appearance, plausibility

E3 I.i.79 
Dare he command a fealty in me?
fealty (n.) [feudal obligation of obedience] duty of loyalty, allegiance, fidelity

E3 I.i.80 
Tell him: the crown that he usurps is mine,

E3 I.i.81 
And where he sets his foot he ought to kneel.

E3 I.i.82 
'Tis not a petty dukedom that I claim,

E3 I.i.83 
But all the whole dominions of the realm,
dominion (n.) land, territory, province

E3 I.i.84 
Which if with grudging he refuse to yield,

E3 I.i.85 
I'll take away those borrowed plumes of his,

E3 I.i.86 
And send him naked to the wilderness.



E3 I.i.87 
Then, Edward, here, in spite of all thy lords,

E3 I.i.88 
I do pronounce defiance to thy face.



E3 I.i.89 
Defiance, Frenchman? We rebound it back,

E3 I.i.90 
Even to the bottom of thy master's throat.

E3 I.i.91 
And, be it spoke with reverence of the King,

E3 I.i.92 
My gracious father, and these other lords,

E3 I.i.93 
I hold thy message but as scurrilous,
but (adv.) 1 merely, only
scurrilous (adj.) offensively facetious, coarsely abusive

E3 I.i.94 
And him that sent thee like the lazy drone

E3 I.i.95 
Crept up by stealth unto the eagle's nest,

E3 I.i.96 
From whence we'll shake him with so rough a storm

E3 I.i.97 
As others shall be warned by his harm.



E3 I.i.98 
Bid him leave off the lion's case he wears,
case (n.) 7 skin, hide, coat

E3 I.i.99 
Lest, meeting with the lion in the field,
field, in the engaged in military operations, in military array
lest (conj.) unless, in case

E3 I.i.100 
He chance to tear him piecemeal for his pride.



E3 I.i.101 
The soundest counsel I can give his grace
counsel (n.) 1 advice, guidance, direction

E3 I.i.102 
Is to surrender ere he be constrained.

E3 I.i.103 
A voluntary mischief hath less scorn
mischief (n.) 2 wicked action, evil deed, harmful scheme

E3 I.i.104 
Than when reproach with violence is borne.



E3 I.i.105 
Regenerate traitor, viper to the place
regenerate (adj.) 1 renegade, degenerate, unnatural

E3 I.i.106 
Where thou wast fostered in thine infancy!

E3 I.i.107 
Bear'st thou a part in this conspiracy?

E3 I.i.108 
He draws his sword



E3 I.i.108 
(drawing his sword) Lorraine, behold the sharpness of this steel.

E3 I.i.109 
Fervent desire that sits against my heart

E3 I.i.110 
Is far more thorny-pricking than this blade;
thorny-pricking (adj.) prickly, barbed, pricking like a thorn

E3 I.i.111 
That, with the nightingale, I shall be scarred

E3 I.i.112 
As oft as I dispose myself to rest

E3 I.i.113 
Until my colours be displayed in France.
colours (n.) 1 battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners

E3 I.i.114 
This is my final answer; so be gone.



E3 I.i.115 
It is not that, nor any English brave,
brave (n.) boast, bravado, blustering threat

E3 I.i.116 
Afflicts me so, as doth his poisoned view.

E3 I.i.117 
That is most false, should most of all be true.
false (adj.) 2 disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful

E3 I.i.117 



E3 I.i.118 
Now, Lords, our fleeting bark is under sail;
bark, barque (n.) ship, vessel
fleeting (adj.) 2 swift-moving, speedy

E3 I.i.119 
Our gage is thrown, and war is soon begun,
gage (n.) pledge, challenge [usually, a glove or gauntlet thrown down]

E3 I.i.120 
But not so quickly brought unto an end.

E3 I.i.121 
Enter Montague

E3 I.i.121 
But wherefore comes Sir William Montague?

E3 I.i.122 
How stands the league between the Scot and us?



E3 I.i.123 
Cracked and dissevered, my renowned lord.
dissevered (adj.) divided, split, broken

E3 I.i.124 
The treacherous King no sooner was informed

E3 I.i.125 
Of your withdrawing of your army back,

E3 I.i.126 
But straight, forgetting of his former oath,
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once

E3 I.i.127 
He made invasion of the bordering towns.
bordering (adj.) on the border

E3 I.i.128 
Berwick is won, Newcastle spoiled and lost,
spoil (v.) 1 plunder, pillage, sack

E3 I.i.129 
And now the tyrant hath begirt with siege
begird (v.), past form begirt surround, encircle, besiege

E3 I.i.130 
The castle of Roxborough, where enclosed

E3 I.i.131 
The Countess Salisbury is like to perish.
like (adv.) 1 likely, probable / probably



E3 I.i.132 
That is thy daughter, Warwick, is it not.

E3 I.i.133 
Whose husband hath in Brittayne served so long

E3 I.i.134 
About the planting of Lord Mountford there?
planting (n.) installing, stationing, establishing



E3 I.i.135 
It is, my lord.



E3 I.i.136 
Ignoble David! Hast thou none to grieve

E3 I.i.137 
But silly ladies with thy threat'ning arms?
silly (adj.) 1 helpless, defenceless, vulnerable

E3 I.i.138 
But I will make you shrink your snaily horns.
shrink (v.) 5 draw back, pull in
snaily (adj.) snail-like

E3 I.i.139 
First, therefore, Audley, this shall be thy charge:

E3 I.i.140 
Go levy footmen for our wars in France;
footman (n.) 1 foot-soldier, infantryman

E3 I.i.141 
And Ned, take muster of our men at arms;

E3 I.i.142 
In every shire elect a several band;
band (n.) 3 body of men, troop
elect (v.) 1 pick out, choose, select
several (adj.) 1 separate, different, distinct

E3 I.i.143 
Let them be soldiers of a lusty spirit,
lusty (adj.) 1 vigorous, strong, robust, eager

E3 I.i.144 
Such as dread nothing but dishonour's blot;

E3 I.i.145 
Be wary, therefore, since we do commence

E3 I.i.146 
A famous war, and with so mighty a nation.
famous (adj.) 2 memorable, glorious, bringing renown

E3 I.i.147 
Derby, be thou ambassador for us

E3 I.i.148 
Unto our father-in-law, the Earl of Hainault:

E3 I.i.149 
Make him acquainted with our enterprise,

E3 I.i.150 
And likewise will him, with our own allies

E3 I.i.151 
That are in Flanders, to solicit too

E3 I.i.152 
The Emperor of Almaigne in our name.

E3 I.i.153 
Myself, whilst you are jointly thus employed,

E3 I.i.154 
Will, with these forces that I have at hand,

E3 I.i.155 
March, and once more repulse the traitorous Scot.

E3 I.i.156 
But sirs, be resolute: we shall have wars

E3 I.i.157 
On every side; and, Ned, thou must begin

E3 I.i.158 
Now to forget thy study and thy books,

E3 I.i.159 
And ure thy shoulders to an armour's weight.
ure (v.) accustom, inure, habituate



E3 I.i.160 
As cheerful sounding to my youthful spleen
spleen (n.) 3 eagerness, spirits, impetuosity

E3 I.i.161 
This tumult is of war's increasing broils,

E3 I.i.162 
As, at the coronation of a king,

E3 I.i.163 
The joyful clamours of the people are,

E3 I.i.164 
When Ave, Caesar! they pronounce aloud.

E3 I.i.165 
Within this school of honour I shall learn

E3 I.i.166 
Either to sacrifice my foes to death,

E3 I.i.167 
Or in a rightful quarrel spend my breath.

E3 I.i.168 
Then cheerfully forward, each a several way;
several (adj.) 1 separate, different, distinct

E3 I.i.169 
In great affairs 'tis naught to use delay.
naught, nought (adj.) 5 damaging, harmful, hurtful

E3 I.i.169 

Next scene