Henry IV Part 2


Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter the King, carried in a chair, Warwick, Thomas

Duke of Clarence, Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, and

attendant lords


Now, lords, if God doth give successful end

To this debate that bleedeth at our doors,
debate (n.) quarrel, wrangling, strife

We will our youth lead on to higher fields,
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count
high (adj.) 2 important, major, special

And draw no swords but what are sanctified.

Our navy is addressed, our power collected,
address (v.) 1 prepare, make ready, poise to act
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count

Our substitutes in absence well invested,
invest (v.) 2 empower, install in office, give authority
substitute (n.) subordinate, deputy, underling

And everything lies level to our wish;
level (adj.) 3 accessible, readily achievable

Only we want a little personal strength,
want (v.) 1 lack, need, be without See Topics: Frequency count

And pause us till these rebels now afoot

Come underneath the yoke of government.


Both which we doubt not but your majesty

Shall soon enjoy.


                         Humphrey, my son of Gloucester,

Where is the Prince your brother?


I think he's gone to hunt, my lord, at Windsor.


And how accompanied?


                         I do not know, my lord.


Is not his brother Thomas of Clarence with him?


No, my good lord, he is in presence here.
presence (n.) 6 attendance, state of being present


What would my lord and father?


Nothing but well to thee, Thomas of Clarence.

How chance thou art not with the Prince thy brother?
chance (v.) 1 happen [to], transpire, come about

He loves thee, and thou dost neglect him, Thomas.

Thou hast a better place in his affection

Than all thy brothers; cherish it, my boy,

And noble offices thou mayst effect
office (n.) 1 task, service, duty, responsibility See Topics: Frequency count

Of mediation, after I am dead,

Between his greatness and thy other brethren.

Therefore omit him not; blunt not his love,
omit (v.) neglect, disregard, forget about

Nor lose the good advantage of his grace
grace (n.) 5 favour, good will

By seeming cold or careless of his will.

For he is gracious, if he be observed;
observe (v.) 1 humour, gratify, indulge

He hath a tear for pity, and a hand

Open as day for melting charity;
melting (adj.) 1 moving, affecting, causing tenderness
open (adj.) 6 generous, liberal, freely giving

Yet notwithstanding, being incensed, he is flint,
flint (n.) 2 flint-like, hard, merciless

As humorous as winter, and as sudden
humorous (adj.) 1 capricious, moody, temperamental
sudden (adj.) 6 unpredictable, prone to sudden violence

As flaws congealed in the spring of day.
congealed (adj.) icy, freezing, hail-filled
flaw (n.) 1 gust, squall, blast
spring (n.) 1 first moment, dawn, break

His temper therefore must be well observed.
observe (v.) 1 humour, gratify, indulge
temper (n.) 1 frame of mind, temperament, disposition

Chide him for faults, and do it reverently,
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove See Topics: Frequency count

When thou perceive his blood inclined to mirth;
blood (n.) 5 disposition, temper, mood

But, being moody, give him time and scope,

Till that his passions, like a whale on ground,
ground (n.) 8 bottom [as of the sea]
passion (n.) 4 fit of anger, feeling of rage

Confound themselves with working. Learn this, Thomas,
confound (v.) 1 destroy, overthrow, ruin
working (n.) 4 effort, exertion, labour

And thou shalt prove a shelter to thy friends,

A hoop of gold to bind thy brothers in,

That the united vessel of their blood,
blood (n.) 6 blood relationship, kinship

Mingled with venom of suggestion,
suggestion (n.) temptation, instigation, prompting towards evil

As force perforce the age will pour it in,
force perforce with violent compulsion

Shall never leak, though it do work as strong

As aconitum or rash gunpowder.
aconitum (n.) variety of highly poisonous plant, aconite See Topics: Plants
rash (adj.) 1 sudden, quickly acting, operating immediately


I shall observe him with all care and love.
observe (v.) 1 humour, gratify, indulge


Why art thou not at Windsor with him, Thomas?


He is not there today; he dines in London.


And how accompanied? Canst thou tell that?


With Poins, and other his continual followers.


Most subject is the fattest soil to weeds,
fat (adj.) 3 fertile, rich, productive

And he, the noble image of my youth,

Is overspread with them:; therefore my grief

Stretches itself beyond the hour of death.

The blood weeps from my heart when I do shape
shape (v.) 1 create, fashion, bring about

In forms imaginary th' unguided days

And rotten times that you shall look upon

When I am sleeping with my ancestors.

For when his headstrong riot hath no curb,
riot (n.) 2 dissipation, debauchery, wantonness

When rage and hot blood are his counsellors,
blood (n.) 2 anger, temper, passion
hot (adj.) 1 hot-tempered, angry, passionate
rage (n.) 1 violent outburst, furious passion

When means and lavish manners meet together,
lavish (adj.) 2 undisciplined, impetuous, wild

O, with what wings shall his affections fly
affection (n.) 2 emotion, feeling

Towards fronting peril and opposed decay!
fronting (adj.) confronting, facing
opposed (adj.) 2 hostile, malevolent


My gracious lord, you look beyond him quite.
look beyond (v.) exaggerate, find too much in

The Prince but studies his companions

Like a strange tongue, wherein, to gain the language,

'Tis needful that the most immodest word

Be looked upon and learnt, which, once attained,

Your highness knows, comes to no further use

But to be known and hated. So, like gross terms,
gross (adj.) 7 coarse, vulgar, unrefined
term (n.) 1 word, expression, utterance

The Prince will, in the perfectness of time,

Cast off his followers, and their memory

Shall as a pattern or a measure live

By which his grace must mete the lives of other,
mete (v.) 1 appraise, measure, evaluate

Turning past evils to advantages.


'Tis seldom when the bee doth leave her comb
comb (n.) honeycomb

In the dead carrion.

Enter Westmorland
carrion (n.) 2 dead putrifying flesh, rotting carcass

                         Who's here? Westmorland?


Health to my sovereign, and new happiness

Added to that that I am to deliver!

Prince John your son doth kiss your grace's hand.

Mowbray, the Bishop Scroop, Hastings, and all

Are brought to the correction of your law.

There is not now a rebel's sword unsheathed,

But Peace puts forth her olive everywhere.
olive (n.) olive-branch [symbol of peace]

The manner how this action hath been borne

Here at more leisure may your highness read,

With every course in his particular.
course (n.) 1 course of action, way of proceeding See Topics: Frequency count
particular (n.) 1 individual issue, point of detail


O Westmorland, thou art a summer bird,

Which ever in the haunch of winter sings
haunch (n.) latter end, hind part

The lifting up of day.

Enter Harcourt
lifting up (n.) dawning, arrival, arising

                         Look, here's more news.


From enemies heaven keep your majesty,

And, when they stand against you, may they fall

As those that I am come to tell you of!

The Earl Northumberland and the Lord Bardolph,

With a great power of English and of Scots
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count

Are by the shrieve of Yorkshire overthrown.
shrieve (n.) sheriff

The manner and true order of the fight
order (n.) 6 formation, formal array

This packet, please it you, contains at large.
large, at 1 at length, in full, thoroughly


And wherefore should these good news make me sick?

Will Fortune never come with both hands full,

But wet her fair words still in foulest terms?
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count
term (n.) 1 word, expression, utterance
wet (v.) 2 [unclear meaning] bequeath, bestow; suffuse, steep

She either gives a stomach and no food –

Such are the poor, in health – or else a feast

And takes away the stomach – such are the rich
stomach (n.) 1 appetite, desire [for food]

That have abundance and enjoy it not.

I should rejoice now at this happy news,

And now my sight fails, and my brain is giddy.

O me! Come near me. Now I am much ill.


Comfort, your majesty!


                         O my royal father!


My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself, look up.
look up (v.) be cheerful, take courage


Be patient, Princes. You do know these fits

Are with his highness very ordinary.

Stand from him, give him air; he'll straight be well.
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once See Topics: Frequency count


No, no, he cannot long hold out these pangs.

Th' incessant care and labour of his mind

Hath wrought the mure that should confine it in
work (v.), past form wrought 1 bring about, arrange, effect

So thin that life looks through and will break out.


The people fear me, for they do observe
fear (v.) 1 frighten, scare, terrify, daunt

Unfathered heirs and loathly births of nature.
loathly (adj.) loathsome, hateful., disgusting
unfathered (adj.) 1 unnaturally conceived, illegitimate

The seasons change their manners, as the year
manner (n.) 4 character, nature, quality

Had found some months asleep and leaped them over.


The river hath thrice flowed, no ebb between,

And the old folk, time's doting chronicles,
doting (adj.) foolish, stupid, weak-minded

Say it did so a little time before

That our great-grandsire, Edward, sicked and died.
sick (v.) sicken, fall ill


Speak lower, Princes, for the King recovers.


This apoplexy will certain be his end.
apoplexy (n.) paralysis, torpor, total breakdown
end (n.) 4 death, ending [of life]


I pray you take me up, and bear me hence

Into some other chamber. Softly, pray.

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