Julius Caesar


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V

CASSIUS

That you have wronged me doth appear in this;

You have condemned and noted Lucius Pella
note (v.) 4 brand with disgrace, stigmatize, publicly discredit

For taking bribes here of the Sardians;

Wherein my letters, praying on his side,

Because I knew the man, were slighted off.
slight off (v.) dismiss with contempt, put off disdainfully


BRUTUS

You wronged yourself to write in such a case.


CASSIUS

In such a time as this it is not meet
meet (adj.) 1 fit, suitable, right, proper See Topics: Frequency count

That every nice offence should bear his comment.
comment (n.) 2 criticism, objection, carping remark
nice (adj.) 5 trivial, unimportant, slight


BRUTUS

Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself

Are much condemned to have an itching palm,
condemn (v.) 1 blame, criticize, censure
itching palm avaricious disposition, desire for personal gain

To sell and mart your offices for gold
mart (v.) 2 sell, market, traffic in
office (n.) 2 role, position, place, function

To undeservers.


CASSIUS

                         I an itching palm!

You know that you are Brutus that speak this,

Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last.


BRUTUS

The name of Cassius honours this corruption,

And chastisement doth therefore hide his head.


CASSIUS

Chastisement!


BRUTUS

Remember March, the ides of March remember.
ides (n.) [Roman calendar] half-way point in a month

Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake?

What villain touched his body, that did stab,

And not for justice? What, shall one of us,

That struck the foremost man of all this world

But for supporting robbers, shall we now

Contaminate our fingers with base bribes,
base (adj.) 1 dishonourable, low, unworthy See Topics: Frequency count

And sell the mighty space of our large honours
large (adj.) 6 high, great, extensive

For so much trash as may be grasped thus?
trash (n.) 2 dirty money

I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
bay (v.) 2 bark at, howl at

Than such a Roman.
bait (v.) 1 harass, persecute, torment


CASSIUS

                         Brutus, bait not me;

I'll not endure it. You forget yourself,

To hedge me in. I am a soldier, I,
hedge in (v.) restrict, confine, limit

Older in practise, abler than yourself

To make conditions.
condition (n.) 9 matter, affair, concern
make (v.) 11 draw up, arrange, agree to


BRUTUS

                         Go to! You are not, Cassius.


CASSIUS

I am.


BRUTUS

I say you are not.


CASSIUS

Urge me no more, I shall forget myself;
urge (v.) 6 provoke, incite, impel

Have mind upon your health; tempt me no further.
health (n.) 5 well-being, safety
tempt (v.) 1 try, test, make trial of


BRUTUS

Away, slight man!
slight (adj.) 1 worthless, insignificant, good-for-nothing


CASSIUS

Is't possible?


BRUTUS

                         Hear me, for I will speak.

Must I give way and room to your rash choler?
choler (n.) anger, rage, wrath
room (n.) 1 place, space
way (n.) 5 entrance, access, path

Shall I be frighted when a madman stares?
fright (v.), past form frighted frighten, scare, terrify See Topics: Frequency count
stare (v.) 1 glare, glower, look madly


CASSIUS

O ye gods, ye gods! Must I endure all this?


BRUTUS

All this? Ay, more: fret till your proud heart break;

Go show your slaves how choleric you are,
choleric (adj.) 2 irritable, angry, enraged
choleric (adj.) 1 inclined to anger, hot-tempered, irascible

And make your bondmen tremble. Must I budge?
bondman (n.) bondsman, serf, slave
budge, bodge (v.) 2 give way, retreat

Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouch
crouch (v.) 1 bend low, bow down, cringe
observe (v.) 1 humour, gratify, indulge

Under your testy humour? By the gods,
humour (n.) 1 mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids] See Topics: Frequency count
testy (adj.) irritable, peevish, short-tempered

You shall disgest the venom of your spleen,
digest, disgest (v.) 1 digest, swallow
spleen (n.) 2 irritability, malice, bad temper

Though it do split you; for, from this day forth,
split (v.) break up, split in two

I'll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter,

When you are waspish.


CASSIUS

                         Is it come to this?


BRUTUS

You say you are a better soldier:

Let it appear so; make your vaunting true,
vaunting (n.) boasting, bragging

And it shall please me well. For mine own part,

I shall be glad to learn of noble men.
learn (v.) 2 be edified, receive instruction [from]


CASSIUS

You wrong me every way; you wrong me, Brutus.

I said an elder soldier, not a better;
elder (n.) 1 senior, superior

Did I say better?


BRUTUS

                         If you did, I care not.


CASSIUS

When Caesar lived, he durst not thus have moved me.
move (v.) 2 move to anger, provoke, exasperate


BRUTUS

Peace, peace! You durst not so have tempted him.
tempt (v.) 1 try, test, make trial of


CASSIUS

I durst not!


BRUTUS

No.


CASSIUS

What, durst not tempt him?


BRUTUS

                         For your life you durst not.


CASSIUS

Do not presume too much upon my love;

I may do that I shall be sorry for.


BRUTUS

You have done that you should be sorry for.

There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats;

For I am armed so strong in honesty
honesty (n.) 2 honour, integrity, uprightness

That they pass by me as the idle wind,

Which I respect not. I did send to you
respect (v.) 1 pay attention to, heed

For certain sums of gold, which you denied me;

For I can raise no money by vile means;
vile, vild (adj.) 3 shameful, contemptible, wretched

By heaven, I had rather coin my heart,

And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring

From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash
trash (n.) 2 dirty money

By any indirection. I did send
indirection (n.) 2 devious means, malpractice

To you for gold to pay my legions.

Which you denied me; was that done like Cassius?

Should I have answered Caius Cassius so?

When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous,

To lock such rascal counters from his friends,
counter, compter (n.) 3 [contemptuous] coin, bit of change
rascal (adj.) worthless, good-for-nothing

Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts,

Dash him to pieces!


CASSIUS

                         I denied you not.


BRUTUS

You did.


CASSIUS

                         I did not. He was but a fool that brought

That brought my answer back. Brutus hath rived my heart;
rive (v.) 1 split, rend, cleave

A friend should bear his friend's infirmities;

But Brutus makes mine greater than they are.


BRUTUS

I do not, till you practise them on me.
practise on / upon (v.) 2 work upon, act craftily with, make to operate


CASSIUS

You love me not.


BRUTUS

                         I do not like your faults.


CASSIUS

A friendly eye could never see such faults.


BRUTUS

A flatterer's would not, though they do appear

As huge as high Olympus.


CASSIUS

Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come,

Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius,

For Cassius is aweary of the world;

Hated by one he loves; braved by his brother;
brave (v.) 1 challenge, defy, confront, provoke

Checked like a bondman; all his faults observed,
bondman (n.) bondsman, serf, slave
check (v.) 1 rebuke, scold, reprimand

Set in a notebook, learned, and conned by rote,
con (v.) 1 learn by heart, commit to memory

To cast into my teeth. O, I could weep

My spirit from mine eyes! There is my dagger,

And here my naked breast; within, a heart

Dearer than Pluto's mine, richer than gold:
dear (adj.) 3 of great worth, valuable, precious

If that thou be'st a Roman, take it forth.

I, that denied thee gold, will give my heart:

Strike, as thou didst at Caesar; for I know,

When thou didst hate him worst, thou lovedst him better

Than ever thou lovedst Cassius.


BRUTUS

                         Sheathe your dagger.

Be angry when you will, it shall have scope;
scope (n.) 3 opportunity, liberty, free course of action

Do what you will, dishonour shall be humour.
dishonour (n.) indignity, insulting treatment
humour (n.) 2 fancy, whim, inclination, caprice

O Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb

That carries anger as the flint bears fire,

Who, much enforced, shows a hasty spark,
enforce (v.) 3 act upon by force

And straight is cold again.
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once See Topics: Frequency count


CASSIUS

                         Hath Cassius lived

To be but mirth and laughter to his Brutus,

When grief and blood ill-tempered vexeth him?
blood (n.) 5 disposition, temper, mood
ill-tempered (adj.) unbalanced, with elements of mood [humours] badly mixed
vex (v.) afflict, trouble, torment


BRUTUS

When I spoke that, I was ill-tempered too.


CASSIUS

Do you confess so much? Give me your hand.


BRUTUS

And my heart too.


CASSIUS

                         O Brutus!


BRUTUS

                                                         What's the matter?


CASSIUS

Have not you love enough to bear with me,

When that rash humour which my mother gave me
humour (n.) 1 mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids] See Topics: Frequency count
rash (adj.) 1 sudden, quickly acting, operating immediately

Makes me forgetful?


BRUTUS

                         Yes, Cassius; and from henceforth,

When you are over-earnest with your Brutus,

He'll think your mother chides, and leave you so.
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove See Topics: Frequency count

Enter a Poet followed by Lucius; Titinius and Lucilius

attempting to restrain him


POET

Let me go in to see the Generals.

There is some grudge between 'em; 'tis not meet
meet (adj.) 1 fit, suitable, right, proper See Topics: Frequency count

They be alone.


LUCILIUS

                         You shall not come to them.


POET

Nothing but death shall stay me.
stay (v.) 10 dissuade, stop, prevent


CASSIUS

How now? What's the matter?


POET

For shame, you Generals! What do you mean?

Love, and be friends, as two such men should be;

For I have seen more years, I'm sure, than ye.


CASSIUS

Ha, ha! How vilely doth this cynic rhyme!
cynic (n.) critic, fault-finder
vilely, vildly (adv.) shamefully, wretchedly, meanly


BRUTUS

Get you hence, sirrah! Saucy fellow, hence!
saucy (adj.) 1 insolent, impudent, presumptuous, defiant


CASSIUS

Bear with him, Brutus; 'tis his fashion.
fashion (n.) 1 manner, way, mode, appearance


BRUTUS

I'll know his humour, when he knows his time.
humour (n.) 1 mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids] See Topics: Frequency count

What should the wars do with these jigging fools?
jigging (adj.) moving in the manner of a jig

Companion, hence!
companion (n.) 1 rogue, rascal, fellow


CASSIUS

                         Away, away, be gone!

Exit Poet


BRUTUS

Lucilius and Titinius, bid the commanders

Prepare to lodge their companies tonight.


CASSIUS

And come yourselves, and bring Messala with you

Immediately to us.

Exeunt Lucilius and Titinius


BRUTUS

                         Lucius, a bowl of wine.

Exit Lucius


CASSIUS

I did not think you could have been so angry.


BRUTUS

O Cassius, I am sick of many griefs.


CASSIUS

Of your philosophy you make no use,

If you give place to accidental evils.
place (n.) 6 way, room


BRUTUS

No man bears sorrow better. Portia is dead.


CASSIUS

Ha? Portia!


BRUTUS

She is dead.


CASSIUS

How 'scaped I killing, when I crossed you so?
scape, 'scape (v.) escape, avoid See Topics: Frequency count

O insupportable and touching loss!
touching (adj.) affecting, moving, grievous

Upon what sickness?
upon (prep.) 2 as a result of


BRUTUS

                         Impatient of my absence,

And grief that young Octavius with Mark Antony

Have made themselves so strong; for with her death

That tidings came. With this she fell distract,
distract (adj.) 1 deranged, mad, mentally disturbed

And, her attendants absent, swallowed fire.


CASSIUS

And died so?


BRUTUS

                         Even so.


CASSIUS

                                                         O ye immortal gods!

Enter Boy (Lucius) with wine and tapers


BRUTUS

Speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine.

In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius.
bury (v.) 1 abandon forever, consign to oblivion, eliminate
unkindness (n.) 1 offence, ill-will, umbrage

He drinks


CASSIUS

My heart is thirsty for that noble pledge.

Fill, Lucius, till the wine o'erswell the cup;
over-swell (v.) flood, inundate, overflow

I cannot drink too much of Brutus' love.

Exit Lucius

Cassius drinks

Enter Titinius and Messala


BRUTUS

Come in, Titinius. Welcome, good Messala.

Now sit we close about this taper here,
taper (n.) candle

And call in question our necessities.
question, call in discuss, deliberate upon


CASSIUS

Portia, art thou gone?


BRUTUS

                         No more, I pray you.

Messala, I have here received letters,

That young Octavius and Mark Antony

Come down upon us with a mighty power,
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count

Bending their expedition toward Philippi.
bend (v.) 1 aim, direct, level, turn
expedition (n.) 3 warlike enterprise, setting out for war


MESSALA

Myself have letters of the self-same tenor.
tenor, tenour (n.) 1 substance, content, matter, drift


BRUTUS

With what addition?


MESSALA

That by proscription and bills of outlawry
bill (n.) 2 notice, label, proclamation, placard
proscription (n.) condemnation

Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus

Have put to death an hundred senators.


BRUTUS

Therein our letters do not well agree.

Mine speak of seventy senators that died

By their proscriptions, Cicero being one.


CASSIUS

Cicero one?


MESSALA

                         Cicero is dead,

And by that order of proscription.

Had you your letters from your wife, my lord?


BRUTUS

No, Messala.


MESSALA

Nor nothing in your letters writ of her?


BRUTUS

Nothing, Messala.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count


MESSALA

                         That, methinks, is strange.


BRUTUS

Why ask you? Hear you aught of her in yours?
aught (n.) anything, [with negative word] nothing See Topics: Frequency count


MESSALA

No, my lord.


BRUTUS

Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true.


MESSALA

Then like a Roman bear the truth I tell;

For certain she is dead, and by strange manner.


BRUTUS

Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala.

With meditating that she must die once,
once (adv.) 3 one day, some time

I have the patience to endure it now.


MESSALA

Even so great men great losses should endure.


CASSIUS

I have as much of this in art as you,
art (n.) 1 knowledge, learning, scholarship, science

But yet my nature could not bear it so.
nature (n.) 5 personality, innate disposition, character


BRUTUS

Well, to our work alive. What do you think
alive (adv.) with the living, of present concern

Of marching to Philippi presently?
presently (adv.) 2 after a short time, soon, before long


CASSIUS

I do not think it good.


BRUTUS

                         Your reason?


CASSIUS

                                                         This it is:

'Tis better that the enemy seek us;

So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers,

Doing himself offence, whilst we, lying still,
offence (n.) 1 damage, injury, harm

Are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness.
defence (n.) 1 fencing, swordsmanship, skill of self-defence
still (adj.) 4 at rest, in repose


BRUTUS

Good reasons must of force give place to better.
force, of necessarily, of necessity, whether one will or not
place (n.) 6 way, room

The people 'twixt Philippi and this ground

Do stand but in a forced affection;
affection (n.) 4 love, devotion
forced (adj.) 1 enforced, imposed, constrained

For they have grudged us contribution.
contribution (n.) military levy, aid, supplies

The enemy, marching along by them,

By them shall make a fuller number up,

Come on refreshed, new-added, and encouraged;
new-added (adj.) reinforced, supplemented, augmented

From which advantage shall we cut him off,

If at Philippi we do face him there,

These people at our back.


CASSIUS

                         Hear me, good brother –


BRUTUS

Under your pardon. You must note beside

That we have tried the utmost of our friends,
try (v.) 2 put to the test, test the goodness [of]
utmost (n.) maximum, largest number

Our legions are brim-full, our cause is ripe.
ripe (adj.) 1 matured, ready for action

The enemy increaseth every day;

We, at the height, are ready to decline.

There is a tide in the affairs of men,

Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
flood (n.) 4 time of flowing in, influx

Omitted, all the voyage of their life
omit (v.) neglect, disregard, forget about

Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
bound (v.) 2 contain, enclose, confine

On such a full sea are we now afloat,

And we must take the current when it serves,
serve (v.) 3 provide opportunity [to], be favourable [to], favour

Or lose our ventures.
venture (n.) 3 cargo, consignment, goods


CASSIUS

                         Then, with your will, go on;

We'll along ourselves, and meet them at Philippi.


BRUTUS

The deep of night is crept upon our talk,
deep (n.) depths, middle

And nature must obey necessity,

Which we will niggard with a little rest.
niggard (v.) 2 put off, fob off, stint

There is no more to say?


CASSIUS

                         No more. Good night.

Early tomorrow will we rise, and hence.


BRUTUS

Lucius!

Enter Lucius
gown (n.) 2 dressing-gown, nightgown

                         My gown.

Exit Lucius

                                                         Farewell, good Messala.

Good night, Titinius. Noble, noble Cassius,

Good night, and good repose.


CASSIUS

                         O my dear brother,

This was an ill beginning of the night;
ill (adj.) 1 bad, adverse, unfavourable See Topics: Frequency count

Never come such division 'tween our souls!

Let it not, Brutus.

Enter Lucius, with the gown


BRUTUS

                         Everything is well.


CASSIUS

Good night, my lord.


BRUTUS

                         Good night, good brother.


TITINIUS and MESSALA

Good night, Lord Brutus.


BRUTUS

                         Farewell, every one.

Exeunt Cassius, Titinius, and Messala

Give me the gown. Where is thy instrument?


LUCIUS

Here in the tent.


BRUTUS

                         What, thou speak'st drowsily?

Poor knave, I blame thee not; thou art o'erwatched.
knave (n.) 3 boy, lad, fellow
overwatched (adj.) wearied from too much watching, exhausted from lack of sleep

Call Claudius and some other of my men;

I'll have them sleep on cushions in my tent.


LUCIUS

Varro and Claudius!

Enter Varro and Claudius


VARRO

Calls my lord?


BRUTUS

I pray you, sirs, lie in my tent and sleep;

It may be I shall raise you by and by
by and by (adv.) 2 shortly, soon, before long
raise (v.) 3 rouse, wake up

On business to my brother Cassius.


VARRO

So please you, we will stand and watch your pleasure.
pleasure (n.) 1 wish, desire, will
watch (v.) 3 be on the watch for, look out for


BRUTUS

I will not have it so; lie down, good sirs.

It may be I shall otherwise bethink me.
bethink (v.), past form bethought 3 resolve, decide, have a mind

Varro and Claudius lie down

Look, Lucius, here's the book I sought for so;

I put it in the pocket of my gown.


LUCIUS

I was sure your lordship did not give it me.


BRUTUS

Bear with me, good boy, I am much forgetful.

Canst thou hold up thy heavy eyes awhile,
heavy (adj.) 4 weary, exhausted, worn out

And touch thy instrument a strain or two?
touch (v.) 10 finger, sound, play on


LUCIUS

Ay, my lord, an't please you.


BRUTUS

                         It does, my boy.

I trouble thee too much, but thou art willing.


LUCIUS

It is my duty, sir.


BRUTUS

I should not urge thy duty past thy might;

I know young bloods look for a time of rest.
blood (n.) 3 man of fire, hot-blooded fellow, spirited youth


LUCIUS

I have slept, my lord, already.


BRUTUS

It was well done, and thou shalt sleep again;

I will not hold thee long. If I do live,

I will be good to thee.

Music, and a song

Lucius falls asleep

This is a sleepy tune; O murderous slumber,

Layest thou thy leaden mace upon my boy,
leaden (adj.) 1 burdensome, heavy, cumbersome

That plays thee music? Gentle knave, good night;
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind
knave (n.) 3 boy, lad, fellow

I will not do thee so much wrong to wake thee.

If thou dost nod, thou break'st thy instrument;

I'll take it from thee; and, good boy, good night.

Let me see, let me see; is not the leaf turned down

Where I left reading? Here it is, I think.

He sits and reads

Enter the Ghost of Caesar

How ill this taper burns! Ha! who comes here?
ill (adv.) 1 badly, adversely, unfavourably See Topics: Frequency count
taper (n.) candle

I think it is the weakness of mine eyes

That shapes this monstrous apparition.
shape (v.) 1 create, fashion, bring about

It comes upon me. Art thou any thing?
upon (prep.) 6 towards

Art thou some god, some angel, or some devil,

That mak'st my blood cold, and my hair to stare?
stare (v.) 2 stand on end

Speak to me what thou art.


GHOST

Thy evil spirit, Brutus.


BRUTUS

                         Why com'st thou?


GHOST

To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi.


BRUTUS

Well; then I shall see thee again?


GHOST

Ay, at Philippi.


BRUTUS

Why, I will see thee at Philippi then.

Exit Ghost

Now I have taken heart, thou vanishest.

Ill spirit, I would hold more talk with thee.
ill (adj.) 2 evil, wicked, immoral

Boy! Lucius! Varro! Claudius! Sirs, awake!

Claudius!


LUCIUS

The strings, my lord, are false.
false (adj.) 8 [of an instrument or voice] out of tune, discordant


BRUTUS

He thinks he still is at his instrument.

Lucius, awake!


LUCIUS

My lord?


BRUTUS

Didst thou dream, Lucius, that thou so criedst out?


LUCIUS

My lord, I do not know that I did cry.


BRUTUS

Yes, that thou didst. Didst thou see anything?


LUCIUS

Nothing, my lord.


BRUTUS

Sleep again, Lucius. Sirrah Claudius!

Fellow thou, awake!


VARRO

                         My lord?


CLAUDIUS

                                                         My lord?


BRUTUS

Why did you so cry out, sirs, in your sleep?


VARRO and CLAUDIUS

Did we, my lord?


BRUTUS

                         Ay; saw you anything?


VARRO

No, my lord, I saw nothing.


CLAUDIUS

                         Nor I, my lord.


BRUTUS

Go, and commend me to my brother Cassius.
commend (v.) 1 convey greetings, present kind regards See Topics: Frequency count

Bid him set on his powers betimes before,
before (adv.) 1 ahead, in advance
betimes (adv.) 1 early in the morning, at an early hour
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count
set on (v.) 2 go forward, advance, proceed

And we will follow.


VARRO and CLAUDIUS

It shall be done, my lord.

Exeunt

 
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