The Tempest

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter Prospero, Ferdinand, and Miranda
austerely (adv.) seriously, sternly, severely


If I have too austerely punished you,

Your compensation makes amends, for I

Have given you here a third of mine own life,

Or that for which I live; who once again

I tender to thy hand. All thy vexations
tender (v.) 1 offer, give, present

Were but my trials of thy love, and thou

Hast strangely stood the test. Here, afore heaven,
afore (prep.) 3 in the presence of See Topics: Swearing
strangely (adv.) 4 admirably, wonderfully, marvellously

I ratify this my rich gift. O Ferdinand,

Do not smile at me that I boast her off,
boast off (v.) boast about, extol, sing praises of

For thou shalt find she will outstrip all praise,

And make it halt behind her.
halt (v.) limp, proceed lamely


                         I do believe it

Against an oracle.


Then, as my gift, and thine own acquisition

Worthily purchased, take my daughter; but

If thou dost break her virgin-knot before
virgin-knot (n.) maidenhead, virginity

All sanctimonious ceremonies may
sanctimonious (adj.) holy, sacred, consecrated

With full and holy rite be ministered,

No sweet aspersion shall the heavens let fall
aspersion (n.) sprinkling, shower, spray

To make this contract grow; but barren hate,

Sour-eyed disdain and discord shall bestrew
bestrew (v.) 2 cover, lie spread over

The union of your bed with weeds so loathly
loathly (adj.) loathsome, hateful., disgusting

That you shall hate it both. Therefore take heed,

As Hymen's lamps shall light you.


                         As I hope

For quiet days, fair issue, and long life,
fair (adj.) 1 handsome, good-looking, beautiful
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant See Topics: Frequency count

With such love as 'tis now, the murkiest den,

The most opportune place, the strong'st suggestion

Our worser genius can, shall never melt
can (v.) 1 be skilled [in], have ability [in]
genius (n.) 2 spirit, angel
worse (adj.) evil, harmful, wicked

Mine honour into lust, to take away

The edge of that day's celebration
edge (n.) 2 keen delight, special enjoyment

When I shall think or Phoebus' steeds are foundered
founder (v.) make lame, cause to break down

Or Night kept chained below.


                         Fairly spoke.

Sit then and talk with her: she is thine own.

What, Ariel! My industrious servant, Ariel!

Enter Ariel


What would my potent master? Here I am.


Thou and thy meaner fellows your last service
mean (adj.) 1 of low rank, inferior in position, less important

Did worthily perform, and I must use you

In such another trick. Go bring the rabble,
rabble (n.) 2 minions, gang, rest of the mob

O'er whom I give thee power, here to this place.

Incite them to quick motion, for I must

Bestow upon the eyes of this young couple

Some vanity of mine art. It is my promise,
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery
vanity (n.) 3 trifling display, light-hearted show

And they expect it from me.
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once See Topics: Frequency count




Ay, with a twink.
twink (n.) twinkling, winking of an eye


Before you can say ‘ Come ’ and ‘ Go,’

And breathe twice, and cry, ‘ So, So,’

Each one, tripping on his toe,

Will be here with mop and mow.
mop (n.) grimace, pout
mow (n.) derisive grimace, pout, mocking expression

Do you love me, master? No?


Dearly, my delicate Ariel. Do not approach

Till thou dost hear me call.


                         Well, I conceive.

conceive (v.) 1 understand, comprehend, follow


Look thou be true. Do not give dalliance
dalliance (n.) 3 love-talk, flirting, amorous caressing

Too much the rein. The strongest oaths are straw

To th' fire i'th' blood. Be more abstemious,
abstenious (adj.) abstemious
blood (n.) 1 passion, feeling, strong emotion [especially sexual]

Or else, good night your vow.


                         I warrant you, sir,
warrant (v.) 1 assure, promise, guarantee, confirm See Topics: Frequency count

The white cold virgin snow upon my heart
cold (adj.) 1 chaste, modest, lacking sensual passion

Abates the ardour of my liver.
liver (n.) 1 part of the body thought to be at the seat of the passions [especially sexual desire]



Now come, my Ariel! Bring a corollary,
corollary (n.) extra one, surplus, supernumerary
want (v.) 1 lack, need, be without See Topics: Frequency count

Rather than want a spirit. Appear, and pertly.
pertly (adv.) 1 smartly, quickly, briskly

No tongue! All eyes! Be silent.

Soft music. Enter Iris
lea (n.) meadow, field


Ceres, most bounteous lady, thy rich leas

Of wheat, rye, barley, fetches, oats, and pease;
fetch (n.) 2 type of fodder crop; vetch, tare

Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep,
turfy (adj.) turf-covered, grassy

And flat meads thatched with stover, them to keep;
mead (n.) meadow
stover (n.) fodder grass, hay, straw

Thy banks with pioned and twilled brims,
brim (n.) edge, border, margin
pioned (adj.) [unclear meaning] displaying wild orchises ('pionies'); trenched, furrowed, channelled
twilled (adj.) [unclear meaning] woven with osiers, tangled

Which spongy April at thy hest betrims,
betrim (v.) trim about, array, embellish
hest (n.) command, behest, order
spongy, spungy (adj.) 1 rainy, damp, soggy, moisture-filled

To make cold nymphs chaste crowns; and thy broom-groves,
broom-grove (n.) grove of broom [a yellow-flowered shrub]

Whose shadow the dismissed bachelor loves,
dismissed (adj.) rejected, discarded, spurned
shadow (n.) 6 shade, seclusion, place of retirement

Being lass-lorn: thy pole-clipt vineyard,
lass-lorn (adj.) jilted, forsaken by a sweetheart
pole-clipt (adj.) with twined-round poles; hedged in by poles

And thy sea-marge, sterile and rocky-hard,
sea-marge (n.) margin of the sea, coast

Where thou thyself dost air – the queen o'th' sky,
air (v.) 1 exercise, take the air, provide with fresh air

Whose wat'ry arch and messenger am I,
watery (adj.) 1 made of water-drops, aqueous

Bids thee leave these, and with her sovereign grace

Here on this grass-plot, in this very place,

To come and sport. Her peacocks fly amain.
amain (adv.) 1 in all haste, at full speed
sport (v.) 1 make merry, take pleasure (in)

Juno descends
entertain (v.) 2 welcome, receive kindly, treat well, show hospitality to

Approach, rich Ceres, her to entertain.

Enter Ceres


Hail, many-coloured messenger, that ne'er

Dost disobey the wife of Jupiter;

Who, with thy saffron wings, upon my flowers
saffron (adj.) orange-red in colour

Diffusest honey-drops, refreshing showers;

And with each end of thy blue bow dost crown

My bosky acres and my unshrubbed down,
bosky (adj.) bushy, full of thickets
down (n.) downs, undulating hills
unshrubbed (adj.) bare, empty, treeless

Rich scarf to my proud earth. Why hath thy queen

Summoned me hither to this short-grassed green?


A contract of true love to celebrate,

And some donation freely to estate
donation (n.) 2 gift, present, favour
estate (v.) endow, settle upon, bestow (up)on

On the blest lovers.


                         Tell me, heavenly bow,

If Venus or her son, as thou dost know,
attend (v.) 2 serve, follow, wait [on/upon]

Do now attend the queen? Since they did plot

The means that dusky Dis my daughter got,
dusky (adj.) 1 dark, shadowy

Her and her blind boy's scandalled company
scandalled (adj.) scandalous, disgraceful, shameful

I have forsworn.
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forswore 2 abandon, renounce, reject, give up See Topics: Frequency count


                         Of her society

Be not afraid. I met her deity

Cutting the clouds towards Paphos, and her son

Dove-drawn with her. Here thought they to have done

Some wanton charm upon this man and maid,
wanton (adj.) 6 lascivious, lewd, obscene

Whose vows are, that no bed-right shall be paid
bed-right (n.) consummation, conjugal rights

Till Hymen's torch be lighted: but in vain.

Mars's hot minion is returned again;
hot (adj.) 3 lecherous, lustful, hot-blooded
minion (n.) 1 darling, favourite, select one

Her waspish-headed son has broke his arrows,
waspish-headed (adj.) peevish, irascible, spiteful

Swears he will shoot no more, but play with sparrows,

And be a boy right out.
right out outright, ordinary, out-and-out


                         Highest queen of state,

Great Juno comes; I know her by her gait.
gait (n.) 1 manner of walking, bearing, movement


How does my bounteous sister? Go with me

To bless this twain, that they may prosperous be,
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant See Topics: Frequency count
twain (n.) two See Topics: Numbers

And honoured in their issue.

They sing


Honour, riches, marriage blessing,

Long continuance, and increasing,

Hourly joys be still upon you!
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count

Juno sings her blessings on you.


Earth's increase, foison plenty,
foison, foizon (n.) 1 [pron: 'foyzn] abundance, plenty, profusion

Barns and garners never empty,
garner (n.) granary, corn storehouse

Vines with clust'ring bunches growing,

Plants with goodly burden bowing;

Spring come to you at the farthest

In the very end of harvest.

Scarcity and want shall shun you,

Ceres' blessing so is on you.


This is a most majestic vision, and

Harmonious charmingly. May I be bold
charmingly (adv.) enchantingly, delightfully, fascinatingly

To think these spirits?
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery


                         Spirits, which by mine art

I have from their confines called to enact
confine (n.) 4 prison, place of confinement
enact (v.) 1 bring about, accomplish, perform

My present fancies.
fancy (n.) 5 imagining, flight of fancy, fanciful thought


                         Let me live here ever!

So rare a wondered father and a wise
rare (adj.) 2 unusual, striking, exceptional
wondered (adj.) to be wondered at, performing such wonders

Makes this place Paradise.

Juno and Ceres whisper, and send Iris on employment


                         Sweet, now, silence!

Juno and Ceres whisper seriously.

There's something else to do. Hush and be mute,

Or else our spell is marred.


You nymphs, called Naiades, of the windring brooks,
windring (adj.) winding, wandering

With your sedged crowns and ever-harmless looks,
sedged (adj.) made from sedges, woven from reeds

Leave your crisp channels, and on this green land
crisp (adj.) 2 rippling, undulating, curling with waves
land (n.) 2 lawn, soil, ground

Answer your summons; Juno does command.

Come temperate nymphs, and help to celebrate
temperate (adj.) 1 self-restrained, abstemious, gentle-natured

A contract of true love. Be not too late.

Enter certain Nymphs
sickleman (n.) harvester using a sickle

You sunburned sicklemen, of August weary,

Come hither from the furrow, and be merry.

Make holiday; your rye-straw hats put on,
rye-straw (adj.) made of straw from the rye plant

And these fresh nymphs encounter every one
encounter (v.) 1 stand opposite, take a partner

In country footing.
footing (n.) 6 dance, measure

Enter certain Reapers, properly habited. They join

with the Nymphs in a graceful dance, towards the end

whereof, Prospero starts suddenly and speaks; after

which, to a strange, hollow, and confused noise, they

heavily vanish


habited (adj.) clothed, dressed, clad
heavily (adv.) sorrowfully, sadly, gloomily
start (v.) 1 jump, recoil, flinch

I had forgot that foul conspiracy

Of the beast Caliban and his confederates

Against my life. The minute of their plot

Is almost come. – Well done! Avoid! No more!
avoid (v.) 1 be off, be gone, go away


This is strange. Your father's in some passion
passion (n.) 2 emotional state, mental condition

That works him strongly.
strongly (adv.) greatly, powerfully, violently
work (v.), past form wrought 3 affect, stir, act upon


                         Never till this day

Saw I him touched with anger so distempered.
distempered (adj.) 2 vexed, troubled, ill-humoured


You do look, my son, in a moved sort,
moved (adj.) 1 upset, agitated, distressed
sort (n.) 3 way, manner

As if you were dismayed. Be cheerful, sir.

Our revels now are ended. These our actors,
revel (n.) revelry, festivity, courtly entertainment

As I foretold you, were all spirits, and
foretell (v.), past form foretold 1 tell earlier, say beforehand

Are melted into air, into thin air;

And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,
baseless (adj.) unsubstantial, lacking a foundation

The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces,

The solemn temples, the great globe itself,

Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,
inherit (v.) 6 occupy, inhabit, live on

And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,
insubstantial (adj.) lacking substance, imaginary, unreal
pageant (n.) show, scene, spectacle, tableau

Leave not a rack behind. We are such stuff
rack (n.) 3 shred of cloud, fragment of mist
stuff (n.) 1 substance, composition, quality, essence

As dreams are made on; and our little life

Is rounded with a sleep. Sir, I am vext.
round (v.) 3 finish off, bring to completeness

Bear with my weakness; my old brain is troubled.

Be not disturbed with my infirmity.

If you be pleased, retire into my cell
retire (v.) 1 withdraw, take oneself away

And there repose. A turn or two I'll walk,

To still my beating mind.


                         We wish your peace.

Exeunt Ferdinand and Miranda


Come with a thought. I thank thee, Ariel. Come!

Enter Ariel


Thy thoughts I cleave to. What's thy pleasure?
cleave to (v.) cling to, adhere to, obey



We must prepare to meet with Caliban.


Ay, my commander. When I presented Ceres,

I thought to have told thee of it, but I feared

Lest I might anger thee.


Say again, where didst thou leave these varlets?
varlet (n.) 1 knave, rogue, rascal, ruffian


I told you, sir, they were red-hot with drinking.

So full of valour that they smote the air
smite (v.), past forms smote, smit 1 strike, hit (often, with great force)

For breathing in their faces, beat the ground

For kissing of their feet; yet always bending
bend (v.) 2 turn, direct one's steps, proceed

Towards their project. Then I beat my tabor,
tabor (n.) type of small drum, especially used in revelling

At which, like unbacked colts, they pricked their ears,
unbacked (adj.) unbroken, untrained, undisciplined

Advanced their eyelids, lifted up their noses
advance (v.) 1 raise, lift up, upraise

As they smelt music. So I charmed their ears

That calf-like they my lowing followed, through

Toothed briars, sharp furzes, pricking goss, and thorns,
furze (n.) spiny shrub, gorse
goss (n.) gorse, spiny shrub

Which entered their frail shins. At last I left them

I'th' filthy mantled pool beyond your cell,
mantled (adj.) covered, surfaced

There dancing up to th' chins, that the foul lake

O'erstunk their feet.
overstink (v.) stink worse than, drown the smell of


                         This was well done, my bird!

Thy shape invisible retain thou still.
still (adv.) 2 ever, now [as before]

The trumpery in my house, go bring it hither,
trumpery (n.) fancy garments, showy rubbish, worthless finery

For stale to catch these thieves.


                         I go, I go!

stale (n.) 1 [falconry] decoy, lure, stalking-horse


A devil, a born devil, on whose nature

Nurture can never stick; on whom my pains,

Humanely taken, all, all lost, quite lost.

And as with age his body uglier grows,

So his mind cankers. I will plague them all
canker (v.) decay, become corrupt, grow malignant

Even to roaring.

Enter Ariel, loaden with glistering apparel, etc.
apparel (n.) clothes, clothing, dress See Topics: Frequency count
glistering (adj.) glittering, shining, sparkling
line (n.) 9 lime tree, linden tree

                         Come, hang them on this line.

Enter Caliban, Stephano, and Trinculo, all wet


Pray you, tread softly, that the blind mole may not

Hear a foot fall. We now are near his cell.
cell (n.) small humble dwelling


Monster, your fairy, which you say is a harmless

fairy, has done little better than played the Jack
Jack (n.) 2 Jack o'lantern, trickster, practical joker

with us.


Monster, I do smell all horse-piss, at which

my nose is in great indignation.


So is mine. Do you hear, monster? If I

should take a displeasure against you, look you –


Thou wert but a lost monster.
lost (adj.) 1 ruined, perished, destroyed


Good my lord, give me thy favour still.

Be patient, for the prize I'll bring thee to

Shall hoodwink this mischance. Therefore, speak softly.
hoodwink (v.) 3 cover up, hide from sight
mischance (n.) misfortune, calamity, mishap

All's hushed as midnight yet.


Ay, but to lose our bottles in the pool –


There is not only disgrace and dishonour in

that, monster, but an infinite loss.


That's more to me than my wetting. Yet this

is your harmless fairy, monster.


I will fetch off my bottle, though I be o'er
fetch off (v.) 1 rescue, get back, retrieve

ears for my labour.
ears, over drowned


Prithee, my king, be quiet. Seest thou here,

This is the mouth o'th' cell. No noise, and enter.
cell (n.) small humble dwelling

Do that good mischief which may make this island

Thine own for ever, and I, thy Caliban,

For aye thy foot-licker.
aye (adv.) always, ever, for eternity


Give me thy hand. I do begin to have bloody
bloody (adj.) 1 blood-thirsty, warlike, ferocious



O King Stephano! O peer! O worthy

Stephano, look what a wardrobe here is for thee!


Let it alone, thou fool! It is but trash.


O ho, monster! We know what belongs to a

frippery. O King Stephano!
frippery (n.) second-hand clothes shop


Put off that gown, Trinculo. By this hand,
gown (n.) 1 loose upper garment worn by men

I'll have that gown!


Thy grace shall have it.


The dropsy drown this fool! What do you mean
dropsy (n.) type of disease in which the body retains watery fluids

To dote thus on such luggage? Let't alone,
dote on / upon (v.) 1 be infatuated with, idolize
luggage (n.) stuff, trappings, goods

And do the murder first. If he awake,

From toe to crown he'll fill our skins with pinches,
pinch (n.) 3 tiny bite, slight nip

Make us strange stuff.


Be you quiet, monster. Mistress line, is not
line (n.) 9 lime tree, linden tree

this my jerkin? Now is the jerkin under the line. Now,
jerkin (n.) male upper garment, close-fitting jacket [often made of leather] See Topics: Clothing

jerkin, you are like to lose your hair and prove a bald
like (adv.) 1 likely, probable / probably See Topics: Frequency count



Do, do! We steal by line and level, an't like
do (v.) 8 go on, carry on
like (v.) 1 please, suit See Topics: Politeness
line and level, by very methodically, with great precision

your grace.


I thank thee for that jest. Here's a garment

for't. Wit shall not go unrewarded while I am king of
wit (n.) 2 mental sharpness, acumen, quickness, ingenuity See Topics: Frequency count

this country. ‘ Steal by line and level ’ is an excellent

pass of pate. There's another garment for't.
pass (n.) 4 sally, witty stroke, quip
pate (n.) head, skull See Topics: Frequency count


Monster, come put some lime upon your
lime (n.) 1 birdlime

fingers, and away with the rest.


I will have none on't. We shall lose our time,

And all be turned to barnacles, or to apes
barnacle (n.) species of goose [believed to begin life as a shellfish]

With foreheads villainous low.
villainous (adv.) villainously, vilely, detestably


Monster, lay to your fingers. Help to bear
lay to (v.) bring into action, put to work

this away where my hogshead of wine is, or I'll turn you
hogshead (n.) large cask, barrel [of wine]

out of my kingdom. Go to, carry this!
go to (v.) 2 get moving, get to work, come on


And this.


Ay, and this.

A noise of hunters heard. Enter divers Spirits in shape

of dogs and hounds, hunting them about, Prospero and

Ariel setting them on


Hey, Mountain, hey!
divers (adj.) different, various, several
set on (v.) 1 encourage, urge, incite


Silver! There it goes, Silver!


Fury, Fury! There, Tyrant, there! Hark!


Caliban, Stephano, and Trinculo are driven out
charge (v.) 1 order, command, enjoin
grind (v.) 1 torment, afflict, plague

Go, charge my goblins that they grind their joints

With dry convulsions, shorten up their sinews
convulsion (n.) cramp, spasm, contraction
sinew (n.) 1 muscle

With aged cramps, and more pinch-spotted make them
pinch-spotted (adj.) discoloured with pinch-marks

Than pard or cat o' mountain.
cat-a-mountain, cat o'mountain (adj./n.) mountain-cat, wildcat, panther
pard (n.) panther, leopard


                         Hark, they roar!


Let them be hunted soundly. At this hour
soundly (adv.) 1 severely, strongly, dearly, in full

Lie at my mercy all mine enemies.

Shortly shall all my labours end, and thou

Shalt have the air at freedom. For a little

Follow, and do me service.


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