Richard III

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and Buckingham,

in rotten armour, marvellous ill-favoured


Come, cousin, canst thou quake and change thy colour,
ill-favoured (adj.) ugly, unattractive, unsightly
marvellous (adv.) very, extremely, exceedingly See Topics: Frequency count
rotten (adj.) 4 rusted, tarnished

Murder thy breath in middle of a word,

And then again begin, and stop again,

As if thou wert distraught and mad with terror?


Tut, I can counterfeit the deep tragedian,
counterfeit (v.) 1 copy, imitate, simulate See Topics: Frequency count

Speak and look back, and pry on every side,

Tremble and start at wagging of a straw;
start (v.) 1 jump, recoil, flinch

Intending deep suspicion, ghastly looks
intend (v.) 1 pretend, convey, purport, profess

Are at my service, like enforced smiles;
enforced (adj.) 1 forced, constrained, affected

And both are ready in their offices,
office (n.) 1 task, service, duty, responsibility See Topics: Frequency count

At any time to grace my stratagems.

But what, is Catesby gone?


He is; and see, he brings the Mayor along.

Enter the Lord Mayor and Catesby


Lord Mayor –


Look to the drawbridge there!


Hark! A drum.


Catesby, o'erlook the walls.
overlook (v.) 3 inspect, superintend, oversee


Lord Mayor, the reason we have sent –


Look back! Defend thee! Here are enemies!


God and our innocence defend and guard us!

Enter Lovel and Ratcliffe, with Hastings' head


Be patient, they are friends, Ratcliffe and Lovel.


Here is the head of that ignoble traitor,

The dangerous and unsuspected Hastings.


So dear I loved the man that I must weep.

I took him for the plainest harmless creature

That breathed upon this earth a Christian;

Made him my book, wherein my soul recorded

The history of all her secret thoughts.

So smooth he daubed his vice with show of virtue
daub (v.) 1 bedaub, smear, defile

That, his apparent open guilt omitted –
apparent (adj.) 1 plainly visible, conspicuous, evident, obvious

I mean, his conversation with Shore's wife –
conversation (n.) 2 social interaction, society, dealings

He lived from all attainder of suspects.
attainder (n.) 2 dishonourable stain, foul slur
suspect (n.) suspicion, mistrust, doubt


Well, well, he was the covert'st sheltered traitor.
covert (adj.) 2 secretive, sly, deceitful
sheltered (adj.) concealed, hidden, disguised

Would you imagine, or almost believe,

Were't not that by great preservation

We live to tell it, that the subtle traitor

This day had plotted, in the Council House,

To murder me and my good Lord of Gloucester?


Had he done so?


What? Think you we are Turks or infidels?

Or that we would, against the form of law,

Proceed thus rashly in the villain's death

But that the extreme peril of the case,

The peace of England, and our persons' safety

Enforced us to this execution?


Now fair befall you! He deserved his death,
fair (n.) 2 fortune, happiness, favour

And your good graces both have well proceeded

To warn false traitors from the like attempts.
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious See Topics: Frequency count
like (adj.) 1 same, similar, alike, equal See Topics: Frequency count


I never looked for better at his hands

After he once fell in with Mistress Shore.

Yet had not we determined he should die
determine (v.) 1 make a decision [about], reach a conclusion [about]

Until your lordship came to see his end,

Which now the loving haste of these our friends,

Somewhat against our meaning, have prevented;
meaning (n.) design, intention, purpose

Because, my lord, I would have had you heard

The traitor speak, and timorously confess

The manner and the purpose of his treason,
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count

That you might well have signified the same

Unto the citizens, who haply may
haply (adv.) perhaps, maybe, by chance, with luck See Topics: Frequency count

Misconstrue us in him and wail his death.
misconster (v.) misconstrue, misinterpret, take wrongly


But, my good lord, your grace's word shall serve,

As well as I had seen, and heard him speak;

And do not doubt, right noble princes both,

But I'll acquaint our duteous citizens

With all your just proceedings in this cause.


And to that end we wished your lordship here,

T' avoid the censures of the carping world.


Which since you come too late of our intent,
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim See Topics: Frequency count

Yet witness what you hear we did intend.

And so, my good Lord Mayor, we bid farewell.

Exit Lord Mayor


Go after, after, cousin Buckingham.

The Mayor towards Guildhall hies him in all post;
hie (v.) hasten, hurry, speed See Topics: Frequency count
post, in in haste, at top speed

There, at your meet'st advantage of the time,
meet (adj.) 1 fit, suitable, right, proper See Topics: Frequency count

Infer the bastardy of Edward's children.
infer (v.) 1 adduce, bring up, put forward

Tell them how Edward put to death a citizen

Only for saying he would make his son

Heir to the Crown, meaning indeed his house,
house (n.) 1 inn, tavern

Which by the sign thereof was termed so.

Moreover, urge his hateful luxury
luxury (n.) lust, lechery, lasciviousness

And bestial appetite in change of lust,

Which stretched unto their servants, daughters, wives,

Even where his raging eye or savage heart,
raging (adj.) 1 roving, wanton, riotous

Without control, listed to make his prey.
list (v.) 1 wish, like, please

Nay, for a need, thus far come near my person:
need, for a if necessary, if need be, at a pinch

Tell them, when that my mother went with child
go (v.) 8 be pregnant, be with child

Of that insatiate Edward, noble York,
insatiate, unsatiate (adj.) insatiable, never satisfied, voracious

My princely father, then had wars in France,

And by true computation of the time

Found that the issue was not his begot;
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant See Topics: Frequency count

Which well appeared in his lineaments,
lineament (n.) 1 line, feature, characteristic, attribute

Being nothing like the noble duke my father.

But touch this sparingly, as 'twere far off,
sparingly (adv.) with restraint, discreetly, in a reserved way
touch (v.) 2 refer to, treat of, deal with

Because, my lord, you know my mother lives.


Doubt not, my lord, I'll play the orator
doubt (v.) 1 fear, be afraid [for], feel anxious [for]

As if the golden fee for which I plead

Were for myself; and so, my lord, adieu.


If you thrive well, bring them to Baynard's Castle,

Where you shall find me well accompanied

With reverend fathers and well-learned bishops.


I go; and towards three or four a clock

Look for the news that the Guildhall affords.

Exit Buckingham


Go, Lovel, with all speed to Doctor Shaw;

(To Catesby) Go thou to Friar Penker. Bid them both

Meet me within this hour at Baynard's Castle.

Exeunt Lovel, Catesby, and Ratcliffe

Now will I go to take some privy order
order, take make arrangements
privy 5 secret, stealthy, clandestine

To draw the brats of Clarence out of sight,
brat (n.) child [not always with contemptuous connotation]

And to give notice that no manner of person

At any time recourse unto the princes.
recourse (n.) 1 opportunity of going, means of access


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