Henry VI Part 3

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
A march. Enter Edward, Richard, and their power
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count
scape, 'scape (v.) escape, avoid See Topics: Frequency count


I wonder how our princely father 'scaped,

Or whether he be 'scaped away or no

From Clifford's and Northumberland's pursuit.

Had he been ta'en, we should have heard the news;

Had he been slain, we should have heard the news;

Or had he 'scaped, methinks we should have heard
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count

The happy tidings of his good escape.

How fares my brother? Why is he so sad?
fare (v.) 1 get on, manage, do, cope See Topics: Frequency count
sad (adj.) 1 serious, grave, solemn See Topics: Frequency count


I cannot joy, until I be resolved
joy (v.) 1 feel joy, be happy, rejoice
resolve (v.) 2 satisfy, free from doubt

Where our right valiant father is become.
become (v.) 5 come to (be), to be found, reach

I saw him in the battle range about,

And watched him how he singled Clifford forth.
single forth (v.) [hunting] select from a herd, separate from other people

Methought he bore him in the thickest troop
bear (v.), past forms bore, borne 1 behave, look, conduct [oneself]
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count

As doth a lion in a herd of neat;
neat (n.) ox, cow, cattle

Or as a bear encompassed round with dogs,
encompass (v.) 1 surround, encircle, enclose

Who having pinched a few and made them cry,
pinch (v.) 2 bite, nip

The rest stand all aloof and bark at him.
aloof (adv.) a short distance away, to one side See Topics: Stage directions

So fared our father with his enemies;
fare (v.) 1 get on, manage, do, cope See Topics: Frequency count

So fled his enemies my warlike father.

Methinks 'tis prize enough to be his son.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count
prize (n.) 2 advantage, privilege

See how the morning opes her golden gates,
ope (v.) open See Topics: Frequency count

And takes her farewell of the glorious sun!

How well resembles it the prime of youth,

Trimmed like a younker prancing to his love!
trimmed (adj.) finely dressed, decked out
younker (n.) 1 fashionable young man, fine young gentleman


Dazzle mine eyes, or do I see three suns?
dazzle (v.) grow dim, become unable to see properly


Three glorious suns, each one a perfect sun;

Not separated with the racking clouds,
racking (adj.) wind-driven, passing like smoke

But severed in a pale clear-shining sky.

See, see! They join, embrace, and seem to kiss,

As if they vowed some league inviolable;

Now are they but one lamp, one light, one sun.

In this the heaven figures some event.
figure (v.) 3 foretell, reveal, disclose


'Tis wondrous strange, the like yet never heard of.

I think it cites us, brother, to the field,
cite (v.) 1 urge, call on, arouse, summon
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

That we, the sons of brave Plantagenet,
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent

Each one already blazing by our meeds,
meed (n.) 2 merit, worth, excellence

Should notwithstanding join our lights together

And over-shine the earth as this the world.
overshine, over-shine (v.) 2 shine upon, light up, illuminate

Whate'er it bodes, henceforward will I bear
bode (v.) 1 forebode, portend, predict, augur

Upon my target three fair-shining suns.
target (n.) light round shield See Topics: Weapons


Nay, bear three daughters; by your leave I speak it,

You love the breeder better than the male.
breeder (n.) 2 child-bearer, female

Enter a Messenger, blowing a horn
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy See Topics: Frequency count

But what art thou, whose heavy looks foretell

Some dreadful story hanging on thy tongue?


Ah, one that was a woeful looker-on

When as the noble Duke of York was slain,

Your princely father and my loving lord.


O, speak no more, for I have heard too much.


Say how he died, for I will hear it all.


Environed he was with many foes,
environ (v.) surround, envelop, encircle, engulf

And stood against them, as the hope of Troy

Against the Greeks that would have entered Troy.

But Hercules himself must yield to odds;

And many strokes, though with a little axe,

Hew down and fells the hardest-timbered oak.

By many hands your father was subdued;

But only slaughtered by the ireful arm
ireful (adj.) wrathful, angry, furious

Of unrelenting Clifford and the Queen,

Who crowned the gracious Duke in high despite,
despite (n.) 1 contempt, scorn, disdain
high (adj.) 1 very great, extreme

Laughed in his face; and when with grief he wept,

The ruthless Queen gave him to dry his cheeks

A napkin steeped in the harmless blood
harmless (adj.) innocent, causing no harm
napkin (n.) 1 handkerchief

Of sweet young Rutland, by rough Clifford slain;
rough (adj.) 1 violent, harsh, cruel

And after many scorns, many foul taunts,

They took his head, and on the gates of York

They set the same; and there it doth remain,

The saddest spectacle that e'er I viewed.
sad (adj.) 3 downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy


Sweet Duke of York, our prop to lean upon,

Now thou art gone, we have no staff, no stay.
stay (n.) 2 support, prop

O Clifford, boisterous Clifford! Thou hast slain
boisterous (adj.) 1 violent, fierce, savage

The flower of Europe for his chivalry;
chivalry (n.) 1 knightly prowess, warlike distinction

And treacherously hast thou vanquished him,
treacherously (adv.) despicably, contemptibly, in a cowardly manner

For hand to hand he would have vanquished thee.

Now my soul's palace is become a prison;

Ah, would she break from hence, that this my body

Might in the ground be closed up in rest!

For never henceforth shall I joy again;
joy (v.) 1 feel joy, be happy, rejoice

Never, O never, shall I see more joy!


I cannot weep, for all my body's moisture

Scarce serves to quench my furnace-burning heart;

Nor can my tongue unload my heart's great burden;

For self-same wind that I should speak withal
wind (n.) 1 breath

Is kindling coals that fires all my breast,

And burns me up with flames that tears would quench.

To weep is to make less the depth of grief;

Tears then for babes, blows and revenge for me!

Richard, I bear thy name; I'll venge thy death,
venge (v.) avenge, revenge

Or die renowned by attempting it.


His name that valiant Duke hath left with thee;

His dukedom and his chair with me is left.
chair (n.) 2 ducal seat


Nay, if thou be that princely eagle's bird,
bird (n.) 1 young bird, fledgeling, nestling

Show thy descent by gazing 'gainst the sun:

For ‘ chair and dukedom,’ ‘ throne and kingdom ’ say;

Either that is thine, or else thou wert not his.

March. Enter Warwick, the Marquess of Montague,

and their army


How now, fair lords! What fare? What news abroad?
abroad (adv.) 1 in the outside world, freely at large, elsewhere, everywhere
fare (n.) 2 happening, state of things, cheer


Great Lord of Warwick, if we should recompt
recompt (v.) recount, narrate, report

Our baleful news, and at each word's deliverance
baleful (adj.) deadly, mortal, malignant
deliverance (n.) 1 delivery, utterance, reporting

Stab poniards in our flesh till all were told,
poniard (n.) dagger See Topics: Weapons

The words would add more anguish than the wounds.

O valiant lord, the Duke of York is slain!


O Warwick, Warwick! That Plantagenet,

Which held thee dearly as his soul's redemption,
hold (v.) 10 consider, regard, esteem, value [as]

Is by the stern Lord Clifford done to death.
stern (adj.) 1 cruel, malevolent, harsh


Ten days ago I drowned these news in tears;

And now, to add more measure to your woes,
measure (n.) 1 extent, size, amount, quantity, mass

I come to tell you things sith then befallen.
befall (v.), past forms befallen, befell 1 happen, occur, take place, turn out See Topics: Frequency count

After the bloody fray at Wakefield fought,

Where your brave father breathed his latest gasp,
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
latest (adj.) last, final

Tidings, as swiftly as the posts could run,
post (n.) 1 express messenger, courier See Topics: Frequency count

Were brought me of your loss and his depart.
depart (n.) 2 death, passing away

I, then in London, keeper of the King,
keeper (n.) 1 gaoler, warden, custodian

Mustered my soldiers, gathered flocks of friends,

Marched toward Saint Albans to intercept the Queen,
appoint (v.) 1 arm, equip, furnish

Bearing the King in my behalf along;
behalf (n.), especially: in behalf (of) 1 advantage, interest, benefit

For by my scouts I was advertised
advertise, advertize (v.) 1 make aware, inform, notify; warn

That she was coming with a full intent
intent (n.) intention, purpose, aim See Topics: Frequency count

To dash our late decree in parliament
dash (v.) 2 overturn, rescind, frustrate
late (adj.) 1 recent, not long past

Touching King Henry's oath and your succession.
touch (v.) 1 affect, concern, regard, relate to

Short tale to make, we at Saint Albans met,

Our battles joined, and both sides fiercely fought;
battle (n.) 1 army, fighting force, battalion
join (v.) 1 encounter, come together, meet in conflict

But whether 'twas the coldness of the King,
coldness (n.) indifference, apathy, passionless quality

Who looked full gently on his warlike Queen,

That robbed my soldiers of their heated spleen;
heated (adj.) angry, inflamed, enraged, aroused
spleen (n.) 1 temper, spirit, passion [part of the body seen as the source of both gloomy and mirthful emotions]

Or whether 'twas report of her success,

Or more than common fear of Clifford's rigour,
rigour (n.) strength, severity, harshness

Who thunders to his captives blood and death,

I cannot judge; but, to conclude with truth,

Their weapons like to lightning came and went;
like to / unto (conj./prep.) similar to, comparable with

Our soldiers', like the night-owl's lazy flight,

Or like a lazy thresher with a flail,

Fell gently down, as if they struck their friends.

I cheered them up with justice of our cause,

With promise of high pay and great rewards;

But all in vain; they had no heart to fight,

And we in them no hope to win the day;

So that we fled; the King unto the Queen;

Lord George your brother, Norfolk, and myself

In haste, post-haste, are come to join with you;

For in the Marches here we heard you were,

Making another head to fight again.
head (n.) 1 fighting force, army, body of troops


Where is the Duke of Norfolk, gentle Warwick?

And when came George from Burgundy to England?


Some six miles off the Duke is with the soldiers;

And for your brother, he was lately sent

From your kind aunt, Duchess of Burgundy,

With aid of soldiers to this needful war.
needful (adj.) 2 full of need, needing reinforcements


'Twas odds, belike, when valiant Warwick fled;
belike (adv.) probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems See Topics: Frequency count
odds (n. plural) 2 inequalities, unfavourable circumstances

Oft have I heard his praises in pursuit,
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

But ne'er till now his scandal of retire.
retire (n.) retreat, withdrawal
scandal (n.) 2 disgraceful reputation, scandalous imputation


Nor now my scandal, Richard, dost thou hear;

For thou shalt know this strong right hand of mine

Can pluck the diadem from faint Henry's head,
diadem (n.) crown, sovereign power
faint (adj.) 2 faint-hearted, timorous, fearful

And wring the awful sceptre from his fist,
awful (adj.) 1 awe-inspiring, worthy of respect

Were he as famous and as bold in war

As he is famed for mildness, peace, and prayer.


I know it well, Lord Warwick; blame me not:

'Tis love I bear thy glories makes me speak.

But in this troublous time what's to be done?
troublous (adj.) troubled, disturbed, confused

Shall we go throw away our coats of steel,

And wrap our bodies in black mourning gowns,

Numbering our Ave-Maries with our beads?
Ave-Marie (n.) [of a rosary] Hail Mary
bead (n.) 3 [plural] rosary beads

Or shall we on the helmets of our foes

Tell our devotion with revengeful arms?
tell (v.) 1 count out, number, itemize

If for the last, say ay, and to it, lords.


Why, therefore Warwick came to seek you out,

And therefore comes my brother Montague.

Attend me, lords. The proud insulting Queen,
attend (v.) 7 listen [to], pay attention [to]
insulting (adj.) scornfully boasting, contemptuously exulting

With Clifford and the haught Northumberland,
haught (adj.) haughty, arrogant, high-and-mighty

And of their feather many moe proud birds,
mo, moe (adj.) more [in number]

Have wrought the easy-melting King like wax.
easy-melting (adj.) pliable, manipulatable, easily persuaded
work (v.), past form wrought 10 work on, manipulate

He swore consent to your succession,

His oath enrolled in the parliament;
enrol (v.) record, register, legally enter

And now to London all the crew are gone,

To frustrate both his oath and what beside
beside (adv.) 3 besides, in addition
frustrate (v.) annul, make null and void, render ineffectual

May make against the house of Lancaster.
make (v.) 4 prove effective, be of avail

Their power, I think, is thirty thousand strong.
power (n.) 1 armed force, troops, host, army See Topics: Frequency count

Now, if the help of Norfolk and myself,

With all the friends that thou, brave Earl of March,

Amongst the loving Welshmen canst procure,
loving (adj.) friendly, loyal, staunch

Will but amount to five and twenty thousand,

Why, via! To London will we march amain,
amain (adv.) 1 in all haste, at full speed
via, fia (int.) 2 forward, onward

And once again bestride our foaming steeds,

And once again cry ‘ Charge!’ upon our foes;

But never once again turn back and fly.
turn back (v.) 2 turn tail, retreat, withdraw


Ay, now methinks I hear great Warwick speak.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count

Ne'er may he live to see a sunshine day

That cries ‘ Retire!’ if Warwick bid him stay.
stay (v.) 4 remain, continue, endure


Lord Warwick, on thy shoulder will I lean;

And when thou failest – as God forbid the hour! –

Must Edward fall, which peril heaven forfend!


No longer Earl of March, but Duke of York;

The next degree is England's royal throne;
degree (n.) 3 step, stage, rung

For King of England shalt thou be proclaimed

In every borough as we pass along;

And he that throws not up his cap for joy

Shall for the fault make forfeit of his head.
fault (n.) 2 mistake, error, blunder

King Edward, valiant Richard, Montague,

Stay we no longer, dreaming of renown,
stay (v.) 2 linger, tarry, delay

But sound the trumpets, and about our task.


Then Clifford, were thy heart as hard as steel,

As thou hast shown it flinty by thy deeds,

I come to pierce it, or to give thee mine.


Then strike up drums; God and Saint George for us!

Enter a Messenger


How now! What news?


The Duke of Norfolk sends you word by me

The Queen is coming with a puissant host,
host (n.) 1 army, armed multitude
puissant (adj.) powerful, mighty, strong

And craves your company for speedy counsel.
crave (v.) 1 beg, entreat, request See Topics: Frequency count


Why then it sorts, brave warriors; let's away.
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
sort (v.) 1 suit, be fitting, be appropriate


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