Hamlet


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Enter Laertes and Ophelia
necessaries (n.) travelling necessities, personal luggage


LAERTES

My necessaries are embarked. Farewell.

And, sister, as the winds give benefit

And convoy is assistant, do not sleep
assistant (adj.) in attendance, standing by, available
convoy (n.) means of transport, method of conveyance

But let me hear from you.


OPHELIA

                         Do you doubt that?


LAERTES

For Hamlet, and the trifling of his favour,
trifling (n.) frivolity, foolish conduct

Hold it a fashion and a toy in blood,
blood (n.) 1 passion, feeling, strong emotion [especially sexual]
fashion (n.) 3 fad, modish behaviour, whim
toy (n.) 1 whim, caprice, trifling matter

A violet in the youth of primy nature,
primy (adj.) in its prime, at its most active

Forward, not permanent, sweet, not lasting,
forward (adj.) 8 early, premature

The perfume and suppliance of a minute,
suppliance (n.) pastime, diversion

No more.


OPHELIA

                         No more but so?


LAERTES

                                                         Think it no more.

For nature crescent does not grow alone
alone (adv.) only, solely, uniquely
crescent (adj.) growing, developing, increasing

In thews and bulk, but as this temple waxes
temple (n.) 2 human body [i.e. temple in which the Holy Spirit lives]
thews (n.) muscles, sinews, bodily strength
wax (v.) 2 grow, increase, enlarge

The inward service of the mind and soul
service (n.) 1 action, performance

Grows wide withal. Perhaps he loves you now,
wide (adv.) 2 astray, into a lax state

And now no soil nor cautel doth besmirch
besmirch (v.) discolour, sully, stain
cautel (n.) deceit, trickery, cunning
soil (n.) 1 blemish, stain, tarnish

The virtue of his will. But you must fear,

His greatness weighed, his will is not his own.
weigh (v.) 2 consider, take into account

For he himself is subject to his birth.

He may not, as unvalued persons do,
unvalued (adj.) 1 unimportant, of no position, insignificant

Carve for himself. For on his choice depends
carve (v.) 3 choose, select [as of a slice of meat]

The safety and health of this whole state.

And therefore must his choice be circumscribed
circumscribe (v.) 2 restrict, reduce, limit

Unto the voice and yielding of that body
voice (n.) 1 vote, official support See Topics: Frequency count
yielding (n.) consent, compliance, agreement

Whereof he is the head. Then, if he says he loves you,

It fits your wisdom so far to believe it
fit (v.) 1 suit, befit, be suitable [for]

As he in his particular act and place
act (n.) 1 activity, action, performance

May give his saying deed; which is no further
deed (n.) performance, action

Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal.
voice (n.) 1 vote, official support See Topics: Frequency count

Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain

If with too credent ear you list his songs,
credent (adj.) 1 trustful, believing, credulous
list (v.) 3 listen to, pay attention to

Or lose your heart, or your chaste treasure open

To his unmastered importunity.
importunity (n.) persistent solicitation, troublesome persistence
unmastered (adj.) uncontrolled, unrestrained

Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister.

And keep you in the rear of your affection,

Out of the shot and danger of desire.

The chariest maid is prodigal enough
chariest (adj.) most cautious, shyest, most careful
prodigal (adj.) 1 wastefully lavish, foolishly extravagant

If she unmask her beauty to the moon.

Virtue itself 'scapes not calumnious strokes.
calumnious (adj.) slanderous, defamatory, disparaging
scape, 'scape (v.) escape, avoid See Topics: Frequency count

The canker galls the infants of the spring
canker (n./adj.) 1 grub that destroys plant buds and leaves, cankerworm, parasite
gall (v.) 3 injure, harm, wound
infant (n.) young plant [figurative use]

Too oft before their buttons be disclosed;
disclose (v.) 2 open up, unfold, unclose
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

And in the morn and liquid dew of youth
morn (n.) morning, dawn See Topics: Frequency count

Contagious blastments are most imminent.
blastment (n.) blight, withering

Be wary then. Best safety lies in fear.

Youth to itself rebels, though none else near.


OPHELIA

I shall the effect of this good lesson keep
effect (n.) 4 drift, tenor, import

As watchman to my heart. But, good my brother,

Do not, as some ungracious pastors do,
ungracious (adj.) 1 wicked, without grace, profane

Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven

Whiles like a puffed and reckless libertine
puffed (adj.) 2 puffed up, swollen (with vanity)

Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads
dalliance (n.) 1 frivolity, idleness, wasteful activity

And recks not his own rede.
reck (v.) regard, heed, care [for]
rede (n.) advice, counsel, guidance


LAERTES

                         O, fear me not.

I stay too long.

Enter Polonius

                         But here my father comes.

A double blessing is a double grace.

Occasion smiles upon a second leave.
occasion (n.) 1 circumstance, opportunity


POLONIUS

Yet here, Laertes? Aboard, aboard, for shame!

The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail,

And you are stayed for. There – my blessing with thee.

And these few precepts in thy memory

Look thou character. Give thy thoughts no tongue,
character (v.) inscribe, engrave, write
look (v.) 3 take care, see, be sure

Nor any unproportioned thought his act.
unproportioned (adj.) immoderate, inordinate, inappropriate

Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
vulgar (adj.) 3 cheap, common to all, plebeian

Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
adoption (n.) association, relationship
try (v.) 2 put to the test, test the goodness [of]

Grapple them unto thy soul with hoops of steel.

But do not dull thy palm with entertainment
dull (v.) 4 make undiscerning, make insensitive
entertainment (n.) 2 pleasant reception, favourable welcome

Of each new-hatched, unfledged courage. Beware
courage (n.) 2 young man of bravado, man of spirit

Of entrance to a quarrel. But being in,

Bear't that th' opposed may beware of thee.
bear (v.), past forms bore, borne 5 sustain, carry through, keep going

Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice.
voice (n.) 2 support, approval, good word

Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgement.
censure (n.) 1 assessment, opinion, judgement, criticism

Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
habit (n.) 1 dress, clothing, costume See Topics: Frequency count
purse (n.) 1 resources, funds, available money

But not expressed in fancy; rich, not gaudy;
express (v.) show, reveal, display
fancy (n.) 6 fancifulness, flamboyance, showiness

For the apparel oft proclaims the man,
apparel (n.) clothes, clothing, dress See Topics: Frequency count
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

And they in France of the best rank and station

Are of a most select and generous chief in that.
chief (adv.) chiefly, principally
generous (adj.) well-bred, mannerly, noble-minded
select (adj.) superior, refined, cultivated

Neither a borrower nor a lender be,

For loan oft loses both itself and friend,
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

And borrowing dulleth edge of husbandry.
dull (v.) 5 blunt, reduce the activity of
husbandry (n.) 1 thrift, good economy, careful management

This above all: to thine own self be true,

And it must follow, as the night the day,

Thou canst not then be false to any man.
false (adj.) 2 disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful

Farewell. My blessing season this in thee!
season (v.) 1 bring to maturity, ripen


LAERTES

Most humbly do I take my leave, my lord.


POLONIUS

The time invites you. Go. Your servants tend.
invest (v.) 4 besiege, put pressure on
tend (v.) 2 await, wait in expectation


LAERTES

Farewell, Ophelia; and remember well

What I have said to you.


OPHELIA

                         'Tis in my memory locked,

And you yourself shall keep the key of it.


LAERTES

Farewell.

Exit


POLONIUS

What is't, Ophelia, be hath said to you?


OPHELIA

So please you, something touching the Lord Hamlet.


POLONIUS

Marry, well bethought.
bethink (v.), past form bethought 1 call to mind, think about, consider, reflect See Topics: Frequency count

'Tis told me he hath very oft of late
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

Given private time to you, and you yourself

Have of your audience been most free and bounteous.
audience (n.) 1 hearing, attention, reception See Topics: Attention signals
bounteous (adj.) open-hearted, full of warm feeling
free (adj.) 1 liberal, lavish, generous

If it be so – as so 'tis put on me,
put (v.) 3 impress, urge

And that in way of caution – I must tell you

You do not understand yourself so clearly

As it behoves my daughter and your honour.
behove (v.) 1 befits, be appropriate to, be due to

What is between you? Give me up the truth.


OPHELIA

He hath, my lord, of late made many tenders
tender (n.) 1 offer, offering

Of his affection to me.


POLONIUS

Affection? Pooh! You speak like a green girl,

Unsifted in such perilous circumstance.
circumstance (n.) 4 condition, state, situation
unsifted (adj.) untried, inexperienced, unskilled

Do you believe his tenders, as you call them?
tender (n.) 1 offer, offering


OPHELIA

I do not know, my lord, what I should think.


POLONIUS

Marry, I will teach you. Think yourself a baby

That you have ta'en these tenders for true pay
tender (n.) 1 offer, offering

Which are not sterling. Tender yourself more dearly,
sterling (n.) valid currency, legitimate tender
tender (v.) 3 rate, esteem, regard

Or – not to crack the wind of the poor phrase,
crack the wind over-use, over-exert

Running it thus – you'll tender me a fool.


OPHELIA

My lord, he hath importuned me with love
importune (v.) 1 urge, press

In honourable fashion.
fashion (n.) 1 manner, way, mode, appearance


POLONIUS

Ay, ‘ fashion ’ you may call it. Go to, go to.
fashion (n.) 3 fad, modish behaviour, whim


OPHELIA

And hath given countenance to his speech, my lord,
countenance (n.) 4 favourable appearance, support

With almost all the holy vows of heaven.


POLONIUS

Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know,
springe (n.) snare, trap

When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul
blood (n.) 1 passion, feeling, strong emotion [especially sexual]
prodigal (adv.) lavishly, extravagantly

Lends the tongue vows. These blazes, daughter,

Giving more light than heat, extinct in both
extinct (adj.) extinguished, put out, quenched

Even in their promise, as it is a-making,

You must not take for fire. From this time

Be something scanter of your maiden presence.
scant (adj.) more chary, not so lavish, more sparing
something (adv.) 1 somewhat, rather See Topics: Frequency count

Set your entreatments at a higher rate
entreatment (n.) interaction, exchange, discourse

Than a command to parle. For Lord Hamlet,
parle, parley (v.) 2 talk, discuss, enter into conversation

Believe so much in him that he is young,

And with a larger tether may he walk

Than may be given you. In few, Ophelia,
few, in (a) in few words, in short, in brief

Do not believe his vows. For they are brokers,
broker, broker-between (n.) go-between, intermediary, agent

Not of that dye which their investments show,
investments (n.) (plural) garments, clothes, clothing

But mere implorators of unholy suits,
implorator (n.) one who implores or entreats, supplicator, solicitor
suit (n.) 2 wooing, courtship

Breathing like sanctified and pious bawds,
bawd (n.) pimp, procurer, pander, go-between See Topics: Frequency count
breathe (v.) 1 speak, utter, talk
sanctified (adj.) 2 sanctimonious, hypocritical, deceiving

The better to beguile. This is for all:
beguile (v.) 1 cheat, deceive, trick

I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth

Have you so slander any moment leisure
slander (v.) misuse, disgrace, bring into disrepute

As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet.

Look to't, I charge you. Come your ways.


OPHELIA

I shall obey, my lord.

Exeunt

 
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