The Tempest

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter Prospero and Miranda
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery


If by your art, my dearest father, you have

Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them.
allay (v.) 1 subside, abate, diminish, quell

The sky it seems would pour down stinking pitch,
pitch (n.) 3 black tar-like substance [used to waterproof planks, etc; often, a symbol of defilement]

But that the sea, mounting to th' welkin's cheek,
welkin (n.) sky, firmament, heavens

Dashes the fire out. O, I have suffered
fire (n.) 4 lightning, thunderbolt

With those that I saw suffer! A brave vessel,
brave (adj.) 1 fine, excellent, splendid, impressive See Topics: Frequency count

Who had, no doubt, some noble creature in her,

Dashed all to pieces. O, the cry did knock

Against my very heart! Poor souls, they perished.

Had I been any god of power, I would

Have sunk the sea within the earth, or ere

It should the good ship so have swallowed and

The fraughting souls within her.
collected (adj.) composed, self-possessed, cool
fraughting (adj.) forming the cargo, making up the freight


                         Be collected:

No more amazement. Tell your piteous heart
amazement (n.) 1 alarm, apprehension, fear
piteous (adj.) full of pity, compassionate, tender

There's no harm done.


                         O, woe the day!


                                                         No harm.

I have done nothing but in care of thee,

Of thee, my dear one, thee my daughter, who

Art ignorant of what thou art, naught knowing

Of whence I am, nor that I am more better
better (adj.) higher-born, of greater social rank

Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,
cell (n.) small humble dwelling
full (adv.) 2 very, exceedingly, extremely

And thy no greater father.


                         More to know

Did never meddle with my thoughts.
meddle with (v.) enter into, mingle with


                         'Tis time

I should inform thee farther. Lend thy hand,

And pluck my magic garment from me. – So,

Lie there, my art. – Wipe thou thine eyes. Have comfort.
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery

The direful spectacle of the wrack, which touched
direful (adj.) dreadful, terrible, frightful
wrack (n.) 2 wreck, loss, shipwreck

The very virtue of compassion in thee,
virtue (n.) 2 essence, heart, soul

I have with such provision in mine art
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery
provision (n.) 3 foresight, advance preparation, looking ahead

So safely ordered, that there is no soul –
order (v.) 1 arrange, plan, organize

No, not so much perdition as an hair
perdition (n.) 2 loss, diminution, decrease

Betid to any creature in the vessel
betide (v.) 1 happen (to), befall, come (to)

Which thou heard'st cry, which thou sawst sink. Sit down.

For thou must now know farther.


                         You have often

Begun to tell me what I am, but stopped,

And left me to a bootless inquisition,
bootless (adj.) useless, worthless, fruitless, unavailing
inquisition (n.) inquiry, search, questioning

Concluding, ‘ Stay: not yet.’
stay (v.) 1 wait (for), await


                         The hour's now come.

The very minute bids thee ope thine ear.
ope (v.) open See Topics: Frequency count

Obey, and be attentive. Canst thou remember

A time before we came unto this cell?

I do not think thou canst, for then thou wast not

Out three years old.
out (adv.) 7 fully, completely, outright, totally


                         Certainly, sir, I can.


By what? By any other house or person?

Of any thing the image tell me, that

Hath kept with thy remembrance.
remembrance (n.) 1 memory, bringing to mind, recollection See Topics: Frequency count


                         'Tis far off,

And rather like a dream than an assurance
assurance (n.) 1 security, certainty, confidence

That my remembrance warrants. Had I not
remembrance (n.) 1 memory, bringing to mind, recollection See Topics: Frequency count
warrant (v.) 1 assure, promise, guarantee, confirm See Topics: Frequency count

Four or five women once that tended me?
tend (v.) 1 attend, wait on, serve


Thou hadst, and more, Miranda. But how is it

That this lives in thy mind? What seest thou else

In the dark backward and abysm of time?
abysm (n.) abyss, chasm, gulf
backward (n.) past portion, earlier part, bygone period

If thou rememb'rest aught ere thou cam'st here,
aught (n.) anything, [with negative word] nothing See Topics: Frequency count

How thou cam'st here thou mayst.


                         But that I do not.


Twelve year since, Miranda, twelve year since,

Thy father was the Duke of Milan and

A prince of power.
power (n.) 3 authority, government


                         Sir, are not you my father?


Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and
piece (n.) 3 [of virtue] model, picture, paragon

She said thou wast my daughter; and thy father

Was Duke of Milan; and his only heir

And princess, no worse issued.
issue (v.) 1 descend, born


                         O the heavens!

What foul play had we, that we came from thence?

Or blessed was't we did?
blessed, blest (adj.) 1 lucky, fortunate, happy


                         Both, both, my girl.

By foul play, as thou sayst, were we heaved thence,

But blessedly holp hither.
blessedly (adv.) luckily, fortunately, happily


                         O, my heart bleeds

To think o'th' teen that I have turned you to,
teen (n.) trouble, grief, suffering

Which is from my remembrance! Please you, farther.
remembrance (n.) 1 memory, bringing to mind, recollection See Topics: Frequency count


My brother and thy uncle, called Antonio –

I pray thee mark me, that a brother should
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count

Be so perfidious! – he, whom next thyself
perfidious (adj.) treacherous, unfaithful, disloyal

Of all the world I loved, and to him put

The manage of my state, as at that time
manage (n.) 2 management, direction, administration
state (n.) 10 government, ruling body, administration

Through all the signories it was the first,
signory (n.) 2 [Italian] state, province, territory

And Prospero the prime duke, being so reputed
prime (adj.) 2 principal, chief, foremost

In dignity, and for the liberal arts
liberal arts the trivium [grammar, logic, rhetoric] and quadrivium [arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy]

Without a parallel; those being all my study,

The government I cast upon my brother,

And to my state grew stranger, being transported
state (n.) 10 government, ruling body, administration
transport (v.) 2 carry away, captivate, enrapture

And rapt in secret studies. Thy false uncle –
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious See Topics: Frequency count
rapt (adj.) 1 absorbed, engrossed, preoccupied
secret (adj.) 2 magical, mystical, occult

Dost thou attend me?
attend (v.) 7 listen [to], pay attention [to]
heedfully (adv.) 1 attentively, carefully, conscientiously


                         Sir, most heedfully.


Being once perfected how to grant suits,
perfect (v.) inform fully, instruct completely
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition See Topics: Frequency count

How to deny them, who t' advance, and who

To trash for over-topping, new created
over-topping getting above oneself, becoming too ambitious
trash (v.) [hunting] rein in, keep in check, hold back

The creatures that were mine, I say, or changed 'em,
change (v.) 2 substitute, replace, supplant

Or else new formed 'em; having both the key

Of officer and office, set all hearts i'th' state
office (n.) 2 role, position, place, function

To what tune pleased his ear, that now he was

The ivy which had hid my princely trunk,
trunk (n.) body, form, frame

And sucked my verdure out on't. Thou attend'st not!
attend (v.) 7 listen [to], pay attention [to]
verdure, verdour (n.) sap, vitality, vigour, freshness


O, good sir, I do.


                         I pray thee, mark me.

I, thus neglecting worldly ends, all dedicated
end (n.) 1 purpose, aim, design

To closeness and the bettering of my mind
closeness (n.) solitude, seclusion, retirement

With that which, but by being so retired,
retired (adj.) 1 withdrawn, secluded, cloistered

O'er-prized all popular rate, in my false brother
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious See Topics: Frequency count
over-prize (v.) overvalue, overrate, overestimate
rate (n.) 2 opinion, estimation, view

Awaked an evil nature; and my trust,

Like a good parent, did beget of him
beget (v.), past form begot 2 produce, engender, give rise to

A falsehood in its contrary, as great
falsehood (n.) 1 disloyalty, treachery, faithlessness

As my trust was, which had indeed no limit,

A confidence sans bound. He being thus lorded,
bound (n.) 1 limit, boundary, confine, barrier
lord (v.) make a lord, ennoble, elevate
sans (prep.) without

Not only with what my revenue yielded,
revenue (n.) 1 income, yield, profit

But what my power might else exact, like one

Who having into truth, by telling of it,
into (prep.) against

Made such a sinner of his memory

To credit his own lie, he did believe

He was indeed the Duke, out o'th' substitution

And executing th' outward face of royalty,
execute (v.) 1 carry out, fulfil, perform

With all prerogative. Hence his ambition growing –
prerogative (n.) 2 rights of office, due privilege, pre-eminence

Dost thou hear?


                         Your tale, sir, would cure deafness.


To have no screen between this part he played
screen (n.) division, discrepancy, separation

And him he played it for, he needs will be

Absolute Milan. Me, poor man, my library
absolute (adj.) 5 unrestricted, unconditional, without restraint

Was dukedom large enough. Of temporal royalties
royalty (n.) 4 right granted by a monarch, royal prerogative
temporal (adj.) secular, civil, worldly

He thinks me now incapable, confederates –
confederate (v.) ally, enter into a league, conspire

So dry he was for sway – wi'th' King of Naples
dry (adj.) 3 thirsty, parched, longing
sway (n.) 1 power, dominion, rule

To give him annual tribute, do him homage,

Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend
coronet (n.) 1 small crown [inferior to one worn by the sovereign]

The dukedom yet unbowed – alas, poor Milan –

To most ignoble stooping.


                         O the heavens!


Mark his condition and th' event; then tell me
condition (n.) 6 settlement, terms, pact
event (n.) outcome, issue, consequence
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count

If this might be a brother.


                         I should sin

To think but nobly of my grandmother.

Good wombs have borne bad sons.
condition (n.) 6 settlement, terms, pact


                         Now the condition.

The King of Naples, being an enemy

To me inveterate, hearkens my brother's suit,
hearken (v.) 1 listen [to], pay attention [to]
inveterate (adj.) long-standing, deep-rooted
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition See Topics: Frequency count

Which was, that he, in lieu o'th' premises
premise (n.) 1 condition, stipulation, pledge

Of homage and I know not how much tribute,

Should presently extirpate me and mine
extirpate (v.) remove, eliminate, drive away
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once See Topics: Frequency count

Out of the dukedom, and confer fair Milan,

With all the honours, on my brother. Whereon,

A treacherous army levied, one midnight
levy (v.) 1 enlist, conscript, muster

Fated to th' purpose, did Antonio open
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count

The gates of Milan; and, i'th' dead of darkness,

The ministers for th' purpose hurried thence
minister (n.) messenger, agent, servant
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count

Me and thy crying self.


                         Alack, for pity.

I, not remembering how I cried out then,

Will cry it o'er again. It is a hint
hint (n.) 2 occasion, circumstance, experience

That wrings mine eyes to't.
wring (v.) 4 cause to weep, force tears from


                         Hear a little further,

And then I'll bring thee to the present business

Which now's upon's; without the which, this story

Were most impertinent.
impertinent (adj.) 1 irrelevant, beside the point


                         Wherefore did they not

That hour destroy us?
demand (v.) 1 request to tell, question, ask [about]
wench (n.) girl, lass See Topics: Frequency count


                         Well demanded, wench.

My tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst not,
provoke (v.) 1 call forth, invite, invoke

So dear the love my people bore me; nor set

A mark so bloody on the business, but

With colours fairer painted their foul ends.

In few, they hurried us aboard a bark,
bark, barque (n.) ship, vessel
few, in (a) in few words, in short, in brief

Bore us some leagues to sea, where they prepared
league (n.) 2 [measure of distance] c.3 miles [c.5 km]

A rotten carcass of a butt, not rigged,
butt (n.) 3 ramshackle boat, tub, hulk

Nor tackle, sail, nor mast. The very rats

Instinctively have quit it. There they hoist us,
hoist (v.) launch; or: make go aloft

To cry to th' sea that roared to us, to sigh

To th' winds, whose pity sighing back again

Did us but loving wrong.


                         Alack, what trouble

Was I then to you!
cherubin (n.) 2 celestial being, heavenly beauty


                         O, a cherubin

Thou wast that did preserve me. Thou didst smile,

Infused with a fortitude from heaven,

When I have decked the sea with drops full salt,
deck (v.) cover, adorn, decorate

Under my burden groaned, which raised in me

An undergoing stomach, to bear up
stomach (n.) 3 spirit, courage, valour, will
undergoing (adj.) sustaining, resolute, of endurance

Against what should ensue.


                         How came we ashore?


By Providence divine.

Some food we had, and some fresh water, that

A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,

Out of his charity, who being then appointed

Master of this design, did give us, with
design (n.) 2 scheme, plan, plot

Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries
stuff (n.) 5 equipment, stores, supplies

Which since have steaded much. So, of his gentleness,
stead (v.) help, assist, benefit

Knowing I loved my books, he furnished me

From mine own library with volumes that

I prize above my dukedom.


                         Would I might

But ever see that man!


                         Now I arise.

Sit still, and hear the last of our sea-sorrow.
last (n.) 1 last part, end

Here in this island we arrived, and here

Have I, thy schoolmaster, made thee more profit
profit (n.) 1 progress, proficiency, improvement

Than other princess can, that have more time

For vainer hours, and tutors not so careful.
vain (adj.) 1 foolish, silly, stupid


Heavens thank you for't! And now, I pray you, sir,

For still 'tis beating in my mind, your reason
beat (v.) 1 hammer away, ponder furiously

For raising this sea-storm?


                         Know thus far forth.

By accident most strange, bountiful Fortune,

Now my dear lady, hath mine enemies

Brought to this shore; and by my prescience
prescience (n.) 1 foreknowledge, visionary power

I find my zenith doth depend upon
zenith (n.) highest point (in fortunes), summit, peak

A most auspicious star, whose influence

If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes
omit (v.) neglect, disregard, forget about

Will ever after droop. Here cease more questions.

Thou art inclined to sleep. 'Tis a good dullness,
dullness, dulness (adv.) sleepiness, drowsiness, tiredness

And give it way. I know thou canst not choose.
choose, cannot have no alternative, cannot do otherwise See Topics: Politeness
give way (v.) 1 yield to, succumb to, submit to

Miranda sleeps

Come away, servant, come! I am ready now.

Approach, my Ariel! Come!

Enter Ariel
grave (adj.) 1 respected, revered, wise


All hail, great master! Grave sir, hail! I come

To answer thy best pleasure, be't to fly,
answer (v.) 3 satisfy, discharge, requite

To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride

On the curled clouds. To thy strong bidding task
task (v.) 2 set a task [for], employ

Ariel and all his quality.
quality (n.) 8 companions, associates, fraternity


                         Hast thou, spirit,

Performed to point the tempest that I bade thee?
bid (v.), past form bade 1 command, order, enjoin, tell
point, to exactly, completely, to the letter


To every article.
article (n.) 2 item, particular, point of substance

I boarded the King's ship. Now on the beak,
beak (n.) bow, prow, front See Topics: Ships

Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin
waist (n.) 2 middle [of the upper deck], centre See Topics: Ships

I flamed amazement. Sometime I'd divide,
amazement (n.) 3 overwhelming wonder
amazement (n.) 1 alarm, apprehension, fear
flame (v.) 1 inflame, excite; or: convey by flaming

And burn in many places. On the topmast,

The yards, and boresprit would I flame distinctly,
boresprit (n.) bowsprit; boom extending from the bow to which the lower edge of the front sail is fastened See Topics: Ships
distinctly (adv.) 1 individually, separately, personally
flame (v.) 2 blaze, shine, flash
yard (n.) 2 crossbar on a mast which supports a sail See Topics: Ships

Then meet and join. Jove's lightnings, the precursors

O'th' dreadful thunderclaps, more momentary

And sight-outrunning were not. The fire and cracks

Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune

Seem to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble,

Yea, his dread trident shake.
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
dread (adj.) 2 frightening, terrifying, fearful


                         My brave spirit!

Who was so firm, so constant, that this coil
coil (n.) turmoil, disturbance, fuss

Would not infect his reason?


                         Not a soul

But felt a fever of the mad, and played
play (v.) 1 display, show, demonstrate

Some tricks of desperation. All but mariners
desperation (n.) reckless despair, desperate thoughts [of self-destruction]
trick (n.) 1 habit, characteristic, typical behaviour

Plunged in the foaming brine, and quit the vessel,
brine (n.) 2 sea water, sea

Then all afire with me. The King's son Ferdinand,
afire (adj.) on fire, burning

With hair up-staring – then like reeds, not hair –
up-staring standing on end

Was the first man that leaped; cried, ‘ Hell is empty,

And all the devils are here!’


                         Why, that's my spirit!

But was not this nigh shore?


                         Close by, my master.


But are they, Ariel, safe?


                         Not a hair perished.

On their sustaining garments not a blemish,
sustaining (adj.) life-supporting, nourishing

But fresher than before; and as thou bad'st me,
bid (v.), past form bade 1 command, order, enjoin, tell

In troops I have dispersed them 'bout the isle.

The King's son have I landed by himself,

Whom I left cooling of the air with sighs

In an odd angle of the isle, and sitting,
angle (n.) 2 corner, nook, spot
odd (adj.) 6 isolated, out of the way

His arms in this sad knot.
sad (adj.) 2 dismal, morose, sullen


                         Of the King's ship,

The mariners, say how thou hast disposed,
dispose (v.) 2 carry out, manage, handle

And all the rest o'th' fleet?


                         Safely in harbour

Is the King's ship, in the deep nook where once

Thou called'st me up at midnight to fetch dew

From the still-vexed Bermoothes, there she's hid;
still-vexed always beset, perpetually plagued

The mariners all under hatches stowed,
hatch (n.) 3 (plural) movable deck planks

Who, with a charm joined to their suffered labour,
suffered (adj.) undergone, sustained, endured

I have left asleep. And for the rest o'th' fleet,

Which I dispersed, they all have met again,

And are upon the Mediterranean flote
flote (n.) sea, waves

Bound sadly home for Naples,

Supposing that they saw the King's ship wracked,
wrack (v.) 1 wreck, shipwreck, lose at sea

And his great person perish.
charge (n.) 3 task, responsibility, duty


                         Ariel, thy charge

Exactly is performed, but there's more work.

What is the time o'th' day?
mid-season (n.) noon, middle of the day


                         Past the mid-season.


At least two glasses. The time 'twixt six and now
glass (n.) 3 [sand of the] hourglass

Must by us both be spent most preciously.
preciously (adv.) profitably, valuably, usefully


Is there more toil? Since thou dost give me pains,
pain (n.) effort, endeavour, exertion, labour

Let me remember thee what thou hast promised,
remember (v.) 1 remind, bring to someone's mind

Which is not yet performed me.
moody (adj.) 1 angry, wrathful, rancorous, sullen


                         How now? Moody?

What is't thou canst demand?


                         My liberty.


Before the time be out? No more.


                         I prithee,

Remember I have done thee worthy service,

Told thee no lies, made thee no mistakings, served

Without or grudge or grumblings. Thou did promise
grudge (n.) murmuring, complaining, reluctance

To bate me a full year.
bate (v.) 2 [of quantities] lessen, reduce, deduct


                         Dost thou forget

From what a torment I did free thee?




Thou dost; and think'st it much to tread the ooze

Of the salt deep,

To run upon the sharp wind of the north,

To do me business in the veins o'th' earth
business (n.) 1 deed, action, affair, task

When it is baked with frost.
bake (v.) harden, make solid


                         I do not, sir.


Thou liest, malignant thing! Hast thou forgot

The foul witch Sycorax, who with age and envy
envy (n.) 1 malice, ill-will, enmity

Was grown into a hoop? Hast thou forgot her?
hoop (n.) circular shape, bent posture


No, sir.


                         Thou hast. Where was she born? Speak! Tell me!


Sir, in Argier.


                         O, was she so! I must

Once in a month recount what thou hast been,

Which thou forget'st. This damned witch Sycorax,

For mischiefs manifold, and sorceries terrible

To enter human hearing, from Argier,

Thou know'st, was banished. For one thing she did

They would not take her life. Is not this true?


Ay, sir.


This blue-eyed hag was hither brought with child,

And here was left by th' sailors. Thou, my slave,
slave (n.) 2 hireling, lackey, menial, servant

As thou report'st thyself, wast then her servant.

And for thou wast a spirit too delicate
delicate (adj.) 1 fine in quality, of exquisite nature, dainty

To act her earthy and abhorred commands,
abhorred (adj.) horrifying, disgusting, abominable
act (v.) 1 act out, perform, enact
earthy (adj.) 4 coarse, unrefined, gross

Refusing her grand hests, she did confine thee,
hest (n.) command, behest, order

By help of her more potent ministers,
minister (n.) messenger, agent, servant
potent (adj.) 1 powerful, influential

And in her most unmitigable rage,
unmitigable (adj.) implacable, unappeasable, uncompromising

Into a cloven pine; within which rift
cloven (adj.) 1 split, cleft apart

Imprisoned, thou didst painfully remain

A dozen years, within which space she died,

And left thee there, where thou didst vent thy groans
vent (v.) 1 utter, express, air, proclaim

As fast as millwheels strike. Then was this island –

Save for the son that she did litter here,
litter (v.) [comparing humans to animals] bring forth, be born

A freckled whelp, hag-born – not honoured with
hag-born (adj.) born of a witch
whelp (n.) 2 [term of abuse] pup, son of a bitch

A human shape.


                         Yes, Caliban her son.


Dull thing, I say so! He, that Caliban
dull (adj.) 3 gloomy, melancholic, sullen

Whom now I keep in service. Thou best know'st

What torment I did find thee in. Thy groans

Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the breasts

Of ever-angry bears. It was a torment

To lay upon the damned, which Sycorax

Could not again undo. It was mine art,
art (n.) 6 magic, enchantment, trickery

When I arrived and heard thee, that made gape

The pine, and let thee out.


                         I thank thee, master.


If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak,

And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till

Thou hast howled away twelve winters.


                         Pardon, master.

I will be correspondent to command,
correspondent responsive, receptive, compliant

And do my spriting gently.
gently (adv.) 3 quietly, tamely, without a fight
sprighting, spriting (n.) activities as a spirit


                         Do so, and after two days

I will discharge thee.


                         That's my noble master!

What shall I do? Say what! What shall I do?


Go make thyself like a nymph o'th' sea.

Be subject to no sight but thine and mine, invisible

To every eyeball else. Go take this shape,

And hither come in't. Go! Hence with diligence!
diligence (n.) 1 attentiveness, assiduity, careful service

Exit Ariel

Awake, dear heart, awake! Thou hast slept well.



                         The strangeness of your story put

Heaviness in me.
heaviness (n.) 2 sleepiness, drowsiness


                         Shake it off. Come on;

We'll visit Caliban, my slave, who never

Yields us kind answer.
kind (adj.) 3 friendly, agreeable, pleasant
villain (n.) 1 serf, servant, bondman
yield (v.) 3 give, grant, return


                         'Tis a villain, sir,

I do not love to look on.


                         But, as 'tis,

We cannot miss him. He does make our fire,
miss (v.) 1 forgo, do without, go without

Fetch in our wood, and serves in offices
office (n.) 1 task, service, duty, responsibility See Topics: Frequency count

That profit us. What, ho! Slave! Caliban!
profit (v.) benefit, be of use to, do good to
slave (n.) 2 hireling, lackey, menial, servant

Thou earth, thou, speak!


earth (n.) piece of dirt, beast of the earth

                         There's wood enough within.


Come forth, I say! There's other business for thee.
business (n.) 1 deed, action, affair, task

Come, thou tortoise! When?

Enter Ariel like a water-nymph
fine (adj.) 1 graceful, exquisitely formed
quaint (adj.) 1 ingenious, clever, skilful

Fine apparition! My quaint Ariel,

Hark in thine ear.


                         My lord, it shall be done.



Thou poisonous slave, got by the devil himself
get (v.) 1 beget, conceive, breed
slave (n.) 1 fellow, rascal, rogue, villain

Upon thy wicked dam, come forth!
dam (n.) mother See Topics: Family

Enter Caliban


As wicked dew as e'er my mother brushed

With raven's feather from unwholesome fen
fen (n.) marshland, swamp
unwholesome (adj.) 1 harmful, damaging, noxious

Drop on you both! A south-west blow on ye

And blister you all o'er!


For this, be sure, tonight thou shalt have cramps,

Side-stitches that shall pen thy breath up. Urchins
urchin (n.) 2 spirit in hedgehog form, goblin

Shall for that vast of night that they may work
vast (n.) 2 long deserted period, empty space of time

All exercise on thee. Thou shalt be pinched
exercise (v.) 1 work, practise, perform [a function]

As thick as honey-comb, each pinch more stinging

Than bees that made 'em.


                         I must eat my dinner.

This island's mine, by Sycorax my mother,

Which thou tak'st from me. When thou cam'st first,

Thou strok'st me, and made much of me, wouldst give me

Water with berries in't, and teach me how

To name the bigger light, and how the less,

That burn by day and night. And then I loved thee,

And showed thee all the qualities o'th' isle,
quality (n.) 5 characteristic, feature, property

The fresh springs, brine-pits, barren place and fertile.
brine-pit (n.) salt-pit

Cursed be I that did so! All the charms
charm (n.) 1 magic spell, enchantment

Of Sycorax – toads, beetles, bats light on you!

For I am all the subjects that you have,

Which first was mine own king; and here you sty me
sty (v.) confine as in a sty, coop up

In this hard rock, whiles you do keep from me

The rest o'th' island.
slave (n.) 1 fellow, rascal, rogue, villain


                         Thou most lying slave,

Whom stripes may move, not kindness! I have used thee,
stripe (n.) stroke of a whip, lash, weal

Filth as thou art, with human care, and lodged thee

In mine own cell, till thou didst seek to violate
cell (n.) small humble dwelling

The honour of my child.


O ho, O ho! Would't had been done!

Thou didst prevent me. I had peopled else

This isle with Calibans.
abhorred (adj.) horrifying, disgusting, abominable
slave (n.) 1 fellow, rascal, rogue, villain


                         Abhorred slave,

Which any print of goodness wilt not take,
print (n.) imprint, image, stamped impression

Being capable of all ill! I pitied thee,
capable of 2 open to, subject to, susceptible to
ill (n.) 1 wrong, injury, harm, evil

Took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour

One thing or other. When thou didst not, savage,

Know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like

A thing most brutish, I endowed thy purposes
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count

With words that made them known. But thy vile race,
race (n.) 1 inherited nature, natural disposition

Though thou didst learn, had that in't which good natures

Could not abide to be with. Therefore wast thou

Deservedly confined into this rock, who hadst

Deserved more than a prison.


You taught me language, and my profit on't

Is, I know how to curse. The red plague rid you
rid (v.) 1 get rid of, destroy, kill

For learning me your language!
hag-seed (n.) witch-child
learn (v.) 1 teach, instruct [not a regional dialect usage as in modern English]


                         Hag-seed, hence!

Fetch us in fuel – and be quick, thou'rt best,
best, thou wert / you were you are best advised

To answer other business. Shrug'st thou, malice?
answer (v.) 12 fulfil, meet, satisfy
business (n.) 1 deed, action, affair, task

If thou neglect'st, or dost unwillingly

What I command, I'll rack thee with old cramps,
old (adj.) 4 plenty of, abundant, more than enough

Fill all thy bones with aches, make thee roar,

That beasts shall tremble at thy din.


                         No, pray thee!

(aside) I must obey. His art is of such power,

It would control my dam's god Setebos,
control (v.) 2 overwhelm, overpower
dam (n.) mother See Topics: Family

And make a vassal of him.


                         So, slave. Hence!

Exit Caliban
slave (n.) 1 fellow, rascal, rogue, villain
vassal (n.) 1 servant, slave, subject

Enter Ferdinand; and Ariel, invisible, playing and




Come unto these yellow sands,

And then take hands.

Curtsied when you have and kissed

The wild waves whist,
whist (adj.) silent, quiet, still

Foot it featly here and there;
featly (adv.) gracefully, skilfully, nimbly
foot it dance away, tread lively

And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
burden, burthen (n.) 1 refrain, chorus
sprite, spright (n.) 1 spirit, ghost, supernatural being

Hark, hark!

(Burden, dispersedly) Bow-wow!
dispersedly (adv.) from various positions, here and there

The watch-dogs bark!

(Burden, dispersedly) Bow-wow!

Hark, hark! I hear

The strain of strutting chanticleer
chanticleer (n.) rooster [from Chaucer's ‘The Nun's Priest's Tale’]

Cry cock-a-diddle-dow!


Where should this music be? I'th' air or th' earth?

It sounds no more; and sure it waits upon
wait on / upon (v.) 1 accompany, attend

Some god o'th' island. Sitting on a bank,
bank (n.) 1 coast, shore

Weeping again the King my father's wrack,
wrack (n.) 2 wreck, loss, shipwreck

This music crept by me upon the waters,

Allaying both their fury and my passion
allay (v.) 1 subside, abate, diminish, quell
passion (n.) 3 suffering, torment, deep grief

With its sweet air. Thence I have followed it,
air (n.) 1 melody, tune, strain

Or it hath drawn me, rather. But 'tis gone.

No, it begins again.



Full fathom five thy father lies,

Of his bones are coral made;

Those are pearls that were his eyes;

Nothing of him that doth fade,
fade (v.) decay, decompose, become corrupt

But doth suffer a sea-change
suffer (v.) 3 undergo, sustain, endure

Into something rich and strange.

Sea-nymphs hourly ring his knell:

(Burden) Ding-dong.

Hark! Now I hear them – Ding-dong bell.


The ditty does remember my drowned father.
remember (v.) 2 recollect, recall, call to mind

This is no mortal business, nor no sound
business (n.) 4 event, happening, occurrence
mortal (adj.) 2 human, subject to death, characterized by mortality

That the earth owes. I hear it now above me.
owe (v.) 1 own, possess, have See Topics: Frequency count


The fringed curtains of thine eye advance,
advance (v.) 1 raise, lift up, upraise

And say what thou seest yond.
yond (adv.) over there See Topics: Yon words


                         What is't? A spirit?

Lord, how it looks about! Believe me, sir,

It carries a brave form. But 'tis a spirit.
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
form (n.) 8 physical appearance, outward appearance


No, wench. It eats and sleeps and hath such senses

As we have, such. This gallant which thou seest
gallant (n.) 1 fine gentleman, man of fashion See Topics: Address forms

Was in the wrack; and, but he's something stained
wrack (n.) 2 wreck, loss, shipwreck

With grief, that's beauty's canker, thou mightst call him
canker (n./adj.) 2 cancer, ulcer, blight, corruption
something (adv.) 1 somewhat, rather See Topics: Frequency count

A goodly person. He hath lost his fellows,
goodly (adj.) 2 good-looking, handsome, attractive, comely

And strays about to find 'em.


                         I might call him

A thing divine, for nothing natural

I ever saw so noble.



                         It goes on, I see,

As my soul prompts it. – Spirit, fine spirit, I'll free thee
fine (adj.) 1 graceful, exquisitely formed

Within two days for this!


                         Most sure, the goddess

On whom these airs attend! Vouchsafe my prayer
air (n.) 1 melody, tune, strain
attend (v.) 2 serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
attend (v.) 4 accompany, follow closely, go with
vouchsafe (v.) 1 allow, permit, grant See Topics: Politeness

May know if you remain upon this island,
remain (v.) dwell, live, reside

And that you will some good instruction give

How I may bear me here. My prime request,
bear (v.), past forms bore, borne 5 sustain, carry through, keep going
bear (v.), past forms bore, borne 1 behave, look, conduct [oneself]
prime (adj.) 2 principal, chief, foremost

Which I do last pronounce, is – O you wonder! –

If you be maid or no?
maid (n.) 1 human, mortal [woman]
wonder (n.) 4 miracle, prodigy, marvel


                         No wonder, sir,

But certainly a maid.
maid (n.) 1 human, mortal [woman]


                         My language? Heavens!

I am the best of them that speak this speech,
best (n.) 3 highest ranking person, most eminent person

Were I but where 'tis spoken.


                         How? The best?

What wert thou if the King of Naples heard thee?


A single thing, as I am now, that wonders
single (adj.) 2 solitary, lone, unaccompanied

To hear thee speak of Naples. He does hear me,

And that he does, I weep. Myself am Naples,

Who with mine eyes, never since at ebb, beheld

The King my father wracked.
wrack (v.) 1 wreck, shipwreck, lose at sea


                         Alack, for mercy!


Yes, faith, and all his lords, the Duke of Milan

And his brave son being twain.


brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent

                         The Duke of Milan

And his more braver daughter could control thee,
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
control (v.) 4 challenge, take to task

If now 'twere fit to do't. At the first sight

They have changed eyes. Delicate Ariel,
change (v.) 1 exchange, trade
delicate (adj.) 1 fine in quality, of exquisite nature, dainty
eye (n.) 2 look, glance, gaze

I'll set thee free for this. – A word, good sir.

I fear you have done yourself some wrong. A word!
wrong (n.) 1 dishonour, discredit, harm


Why speaks my father so ungently? This
ungently (adv.) unkindly, roughly, rudely

Is the third man that e'er I saw; the first

That e'er I sighed for. Pity move my father

To be inclined my way.


                         O, if a virgin,

And your affection not gone forth, I'll make you
affection (n.) 4 love, devotion

The Queen of Naples.
soft (adv.) 1 [used as a command] not so fast, wait a moment See Topics: Attention signals


                         Soft, sir! One word more.

(aside) They are both in either's powers. But this swift business

I must uneasy make, lest too light winning
light (adj.) 3 easy, ready, effortless
uneasy (adj.) 1 not easy, hard, difficult

Make the prize light. – One word more! I charge thee
charge (v.) 1 order, command, enjoin
light (adj.) 5 [of counterfeit coins] of less weight, worthless, cheap

That thou attend me. Thou dost here usurp
attend (v.) 7 listen [to], pay attention [to]
usurp (v.) 3 take wrongful possession of, misappropriate

The name thou ow'st not, and hast put thyself
owe (v.) 1 own, possess, have See Topics: Frequency count

Upon this island as a spy, to win it

From me, the lord on't.


                         No, as I am a man!


There's nothing ill can dwell in such a temple.
ill (adj.) 2 evil, wicked, immoral

If the ill spirit have so fair a house,
ill (adj.) 2 evil, wicked, immoral

Good things will strive to dwell with't.


                         Follow me.

(to Miranda) Speak not you for him. He's a traitor. – Come!

I'll manacle thy neck and feet together.

Sea-water shalt thou drink; thy food shall be

The fresh-brook mussels, withered roots, and husks

Wherein the acorn cradled. Follow!



I will resist such entertainment till
entertainment (n.) 1 treatment, hospitality, reception

Mine enemy has more power.

He draws, and is charmed from moving
charm (v.) 4 overcome, subdue, take over [as if by a charm]


                         O dear father,

Make not too rash a trial of him, for
rash (adj.) 3 hasty, impetuous, impulsive

He's gentle, and not fearful.
fearful (adj.) 2 causing fear, awe-inspiring, terrifying, alarming
gentle (adj.) 4 peaceful, calm, free from violence


                         What, I say,

My foot my tutor? – Put thy sword up, traitor,
put up (v.) 1 sheathe, put away

Who mak'st a show, but dar'st not strike, thy conscience

Is so possessed with guilt. Come from thy ward!
ward (n.) 1 [fencing] defensive posture, parrying movement

For I can here disarm thee with this stick,

And make thy weapon drop.


                         Beseech you, father!


Hence! Hang not on my garments.


                         Sir, have pity.

I'll be his surety.
surety (n.) 2 person undertaking a legal responsibility in relation to another, guarantor


                         Silence! One word more

Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee. What,
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove See Topics: Frequency count

An advocate for an imposter? Hush!

Thou think'st there is no more such shapes as he,

Having seen but him and Caliban. Foolish wench!
wench (n.) girl, lass See Topics: Frequency count

To th' most of men this is a Caliban,

And they to him are angels.
affection (n.) 2 emotion, feeling


                         My affections

Are then most humble. I have no ambition

To see a goodlier man.
goodly (adj.) 2 good-looking, handsome, attractive, comely


                         Come on, obey!

Thy nerves are in their infancy again,
nerve (n.) 1 sinew, ligament, muscle

And have no vigour in them.
vigour (n.) power, efficacy, effect


                         So they are.

My spirits, as in a dream, are all bound up.

My father's loss, the weakness which I feel,

The wrack of all my friends, nor this man's threats
wrack (n.) 2 wreck, loss, shipwreck

To whom I am subdued, are but light to me,
light (adj.) 4 minor, slight, of little value
subdued (adj.) overcome, overwhelmed, subjugated

Might I but through my prison once a day

Behold this maid. All corners else o'th' earth

Let liberty make use of. Space enough

Have I in such a prison.



                         It works. (to Ferdinand) Come on. –

Thou hast done well, fine Ariel! (to Ferdinand) Follow me.

(to Ariel)
comfort (n.) 2 happiness, joy, cheerfulness

Hark what thou else shalt do me.


                         Be of comfort.

My father's of a better nature, sir,

Than he appears by speech. This is unwonted
unwonted (adj.) unusual, unaccustomed, abnormal

Which now came from him.


(to Ariel)

                         Thou shalt be as free

As mountain winds; but then exactly do

All points of my command.


                         To th' syllable.


Come, follow! (to Miranda) Speak not for him.


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