The Rape of Lucrece
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TO THE RIGHT HONOVRABLE, HENRY Wriothesley, Earle of Southhampton, and Baron of Titchfield. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HENRY WRIOTHESLEY, EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON, AND BARON OF TITCHFIELD  Luc
THE loue I dedicate to your Lordship is without end: The love I dedicate to your lordship is without end;  Luc.d1
wherof this Pamphlet without beginning is but a whereof this pamphlet without beginning is but a  Luc.d2
superfluous Moity. The warrant I haue of your superfluous moiety. The warrant I have of your  Luc.d3
Honourable disposition, not the worth of my vntu- honourable disposition, not the worth of my untu-  Luc.d4
tord Lines makes it assured of acceptance. What I tored lines, makes it assured of acceptance. What I  Luc.d5
haue done is yours, what I haue to doe is yours, being have done is yours; what I have to do is yours; being  Luc.d6
part in all I haue, deuoted yours. Were my worth part in all I have, devoted yours. Were my worth  Luc.d7
greater, my duety would shew greater, meane time, greater, my duty would show greater; meantime,  Luc.d8
as it is, it is bound to your Lordship; To whom I wish as it is, it is bound to your lordship, to whom I wish  Luc.d9
long life still lengthned with all happinesse. long life still lengthened with all happiness. still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.d10
Your Lordships in all duety. Your lordship's in all duty,  Luc
William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare  Luc
LVcius Tarquinius (for his excessiue pride surnamed Superbus) Lucius Tarquinius, for his excessive pride surnamed Superbus,  Luc.a1
after hee had caused his owne father in law Seruius Tullius to be after he had caused his own father-in-law Servius Tullius to be  Luc.a2
cruelly murdred, and contrarie to the Romaine lawes and cus- cruelly murdered, and, contrary to the Roman laws and cus-  Luc.a3
tomes, not requiring or staying for the peoples suffrages, had toms, not requiring or staying for the people's suffrages, had  Luc.a4
possessed himselfe of the kingdome: went accompanyed with possessed himself of the kingdom, went, accompanied with  Luc.a5
his sonnes and other Noble men of Rome, to besiege Ardea, his sons and other noblemen of Rome, to besiege Ardea.  Luc.a6
during which siege, the principall men of the Army meeting During which siege, the principal men of the army meeting  Luc.a7
one euening at the Tent of Sextus Tarquinius the Kings sonne, in one evening at the tent of Sextus Tarquinius, the King's son, in  Luc.a8
their discourses after supper euery one commended the vertues their discourses after supper every one commended the virtues commend (v.)praise, admire, extolLuc.a9
of his owne wife: among whom Colatinus extolled the incom- of his own wife; among whom Collatinus extolled the incom-  Luc.a10
parable chastity of his wife Lucretia. In that pleasant humor parable chastity of his wife Lucretia. In that pleasant humour  Luc.a11
they all posted to Rome, and intending by theyr secret and they all posted to Rome; and intending, by their secret and post (v.)hasten, speed, ride fastLuc.a12
sodaine arriuall to make triall of that which euery one had before sudden arrival, to make trial of that which everyone had before  Luc.a13
auouched, onely Colatinus finds his wife (though it were late in avouched, only Collatinus finds his wife, though it were late in  Luc.a14
the night) spinning amongest her maides, the other Ladies were all the night, spinning amongst her maids: the other ladies were all  Luc.a15
found dauncing and reuelling, or in seuerall disports: whereup- found dancing and revelling, or in several disports. Whereup- disport (n.)diversion, pastime, entertainmentLuc.a16
several (adj.)
old form: seuerall
various, sundry, respective, individual
on the Noble men yeelded Colatinus the victory, and his wife the on the noblemen yielded Collatinus the victory and his wife the  Luc.a17
Fame. At that time Sextus Tarquinius being enflamed with fame. At that time Sextus Tarquinius, being inflamed with  Luc.a18
Lucrece beauty, yet smoothering his passions for the present, Lucrece' beauty, yet smothering his passions for the present,  Luc.a19
departed with the rest backe to the Campe: from whence he departed with the rest back to the camp; from whence he  Luc.a20
shortly after priuily withdrew himselfe, and was (according to shortly after privily withdrew himself, and was according to  Luc.a21
his estate) royally entertayned and lodged by Lucrece at Col- his estate royally entertained and lodged by Lucrece at Col-  Luc.a22
atium. The same night he tretcherouslie stealeth into her latium. The same night he treacherously stealeth into her  Luc.a23
Chamber, violently rauisht her, and early in the morning chamber, violently ravished her, and early in the morning  Luc.a24
speedeth away. Lucrece in this lamentable plight, hastily speedeth away. Lucrece, in this lamentable plight, hastily  Luc.a25
dispatcheth Messengers, one to Rome for her father, another to dispatcheth messengers, one to Rome for her father, another to  Luc.a26
the Campe for Colatine. They came, the one accompanyed with the camp for Collatine. They came, the one accompanied with  Luc.a27
Iunius Brutus, the other with Publius Valerius: and finding Junius Brutus, the other with Publius Valerius; and finding  Luc.a28
Lucrece attired in mourning habite, demanded the cause of her Lucrece attired in mourning habit, demanded the cause of her habit (n.)
old form: habite
dress, clothing, costume
Luc.a29
sorrow. Shee first taking an oath of them for her reuenge, sorrow. She, first taking an oath of them for her revenge,  Luc.a30
reuealed the Actor, and whole maner of his dealing, and withall revealed the actor and whole manner of his dealing, and withal  Luc.a31
sodainely stabbed her selfe. Which done, with one consent they suddenly stabbed herself. Which done, with one consent they  Luc.a32
all vowed to roote out the whole hated family of the Tarquins: all vowed to root out the whole hated family of the Tarquins;  Luc.a33
and bearing the dead body to Rome, Brutus acquainted the and, bearing the dead body to Rome, Brutus acquainted the  Luc.a34
people with the doer and manner of the vile deede: with a bitter people with the doer and manner of the vile deed, with a bitter  Luc.a35
inuectiue against the tyranny of the King, wherewith the invective against the tyranny of the King. Wherewith the  Luc.a36
people were so moued, that with one consent and a general people were so moved that with one consent and a general  Luc.a37
acclamation, the Tarquins were all exiled, and the state gouern- acclamation the Tarquins were all exiled, and the state govern-  Luc.a38
ment changed from Kings to Consuls. ment changed from kings to consuls.  Luc.a39
FROM the besieged Ardea all in post, From the besieged Ardea all in post, post, inin haste, at top speedLuc.1
Ardea (n.)[pron: ahr'daya] capital city of the Rutuli, S of Rome
Borne by the trustlesse wings of false desire, Borne by the trustless wings of false desire, trustless
old form: trustlesse
treacherous, untrustworthy, unreliable
Luc.2
false (adj.)wrong, mistaken
Lust-breathed TARQVIN, leaues the Roman host, Lust-breathed Tarquin leaves the Roman host lust-breathed (adj.)inspired by lust, driven by passionLuc.3
TarquinTarquinius Superbus, seventh king of Rome, 6th-c BC
And to Colatium beares the lightlesse fire, And to Collatium bears the lightless fire lightless (adj.)
old form: lightlesse
dark, hidden, yielding no light
Luc.4
Collatium (n.)[pron: ko'latium] city of Collatine, husband of Lucrece
Which in pale embers hid, lurkes to aspire, Which, in pale embers hid, lurks to aspire aspire (v.)ascend, rise up, climb [to]Luc.5
And girdle with embracing flames, the wast And girdle with embracing flames the waist  Luc.6
Of COLATINES fair loue, LVCRECE the chast. Of Collatine's fair love, Lucrece the chaste. Collatine (n.)[pron: 'kolatiyn] husband of LucreceLuc.7
Hap'ly that name of chast, vnhap'ly set Haply the name of ‘ chaste ’ unhapp'ly set haply (adv.)
old form: Hap'ly
perhaps, maybe, by chance, with luck
Luc.8
This batelesse edge on his keene appetite: This bateless edge on his keen appetite, appetite (n.)sexual desire, passionLuc.9
bateless (adj.)
old form: batelesse
unable to be blunted, permanently sharp
When COLATINE vnwisely did not let, When Collatine unwisely did not let let (v.)refrain, omit, keep fromLuc.10
To praise the cleare vnmatched red and white, To praise the clear unmatched red and white clear (adj.)
old form: cleare
pure, spotless, faultless
Luc.11
Which triumpht in that skie of his delight: Which triumphed in that sky of his delight,  Luc.12
Where mortal stars as bright as heauẽs Beauties, Where mortal stars, as bright as heaven's beauties, mortal (adj.)human, subject to death, characterized by mortalityLuc.13
With pure aspects did him peculiar dueties. With pure aspects did him peculiar duties. aspect (n.)gaze, lookLuc.14
peculiar (adj.)particular, private, personal
For he the night before in Tarquins Tent, For he the night before in Tarquin's tent  Luc.15
Vnlockt the treasure of his happie state: Unlocked the treasure of his happy state;  Luc.16
What priselesse wealth the heauens had him lent, What priceless wealth the heavens had him lent  Luc.17
In the possession of his beauteous mate. In the possession of his beauteous mate;  Luc.18
Reckning his fortune at such high proud rate, Reckoning his fortune at such high-proud rate, high (adj.)very great, extremeLuc.19
That Kings might be espowsed to more fame, That kings might be espoused to more fame, espouse (v.)
old form: espowsed
unite (in marriage), contract
Luc.20
But King nor Peere to such a peerelesse dame. But king nor peer to such a peerless dame. dame (n.)lady, mistress, woman of rankLuc.21
O happinesse enioy'd but of a few, O happiness enjoyed but of a few,  Luc.22
And if possest as soone decayed and done: And, if possessed, as soon decayed and done do (v.)destroy, consume, reduce to nothingLuc.23
As is the mornings siluer melting dew, As is the morning silver melting dew  Luc.24
Against the golden splendour of the Sunne. Against the golden splendour of the sun!  Luc.25
An expir'd date canceld ere well begunne. An expired date cancelled ere well begun! date (n.)due date, agreed day [for the end of a contract]Luc.26
Honour and Beautie in the owners armes, Honour and beauty in the owner's arms  Luc.27
Are weakelie fortrest from a world of harmes. Are weakly fortressed from a world of harms.  Luc.28
Beautie it selfe doth of it selfe perswade, Beauty itself doth of itself persuade  Luc.29
The eies of men without an Orator, The eyes of men without an orator;  Luc.30
What needeth then Apologies be made What needeth then apology be made  Luc.31
To set forth that which is so singuler? To set forth that which is so singular? singular (adj.)
old form: singuler
unmatched, preeminent, outstanding
Luc.32
Or why is Colatine the publisher Or why is Collatine the publisher publisher (n.)exposer, divulger, one who makes publicLuc.33
Of that rich iewell he should keepe vnknown, Of that rich jewel he should keep unknown  Luc.34
From theeuish eares because it is his owne? From thievish ears, because it is his own?  Luc.35
Perchance his bost of Lucrece Sou'raigntie, Perchance his boast of Lucrece' sovereignty perchance (adv.)perhaps, maybeLuc.36
sovereignty (n.)
old form: Sou'raigntie
pre-eminence, greatest excellence
Suggested this proud issue of a King: Suggested this proud issue of a king; issue (n.)child(ren), offspring, family, descendantLuc.37
suggest (v.)tempt, prompt, incite
For by our eares our hearts oft taynted be: For by our ears our hearts oft tainted be: oft (adv.)oftenLuc.38
Perchance that enuie of so rich a thing Perchance that envy of so rich a thing,  Luc.39
Brauing compare, disdainefully did sting Braving compare, disdainfully did sting brave (v.)
old form: Brauing
challenge, defy, confront, provoke
Luc.40
compare (n.)comparison, simile, analogy
His high picht thoughts that meaner men should vant, His high-pitched thoughts, that meaner men should vaunt vaunt (v.)
old form: vant
show off, display proudly
Luc.41
mean (adj.)of low rank, inferior in position, less important
high-pitched (adj.)
old form: high picht
high-aspiring
That golden hap which their superiors want. That golden hap which their superiors want. want (v.)lack, need, be withoutLuc.42
hap (n.)fortune, lot, fate
But some vntimelie thought did instigate, But some untimely thought did instigate  Luc.43
His all too timelesse speede if none of those, His all-too-timeless speed, if none of those; all-too-timeless (adj.)
old form: all too timelesse
all too hasty
Luc.44
His honor, his affaires, his friends, his state, His honour, his affairs, his friends, his state state (n.)estate, property, wealth, meansLuc.45
Neglected all, with swift intent he goes, Neglected all, with swift intent he goes intent (n.)intention, purpose, aimLuc.46
To quench the coale which in his liuer glowes. To quench the coal which in his liver glows. liver (n.)
old form: liuer
part of the body thought to be at the seat of the passions [especially sexual desire]
Luc.47
O rash false heate, wrapt in repentant cold, O rash false heat, wrapped in repentant cold, false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.48
Thy hastie spring still blasts and nere growes old. Thy hasty spring still blasts and ne'er grows old. blast (v.)blight, wither, destroyLuc.49
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
When at Colatia this false Lord arriued, When at Collatium this false lord arrived, false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.50
Well was he welcom'd by the Romaine dame, Well was he welcomed by the Roman dame,  Luc.51
Within whose face Beautie and Vertue striued, Within whose face beauty and virtue strived  Luc.52
Which of them both should vnderprop her fame. Which of them both should underprop her fame: underprop (v.)
old form: vnderprop
prop up, support, uphold
Luc.53
Whẽ Vertue brag'd, Beautie wold blush for shame, When virtue bragged, beauty would blush for shame;  Luc.54
When Beautie bosted blushes, in despight When beauty boasted blushes, in despite  Luc.55
Vertue would staine that ore with siluer white. Virtue would stain that or with silver white.  Luc.56
But Beautie in that white entituled, But beauty, in that white entituled entitule, intitule (v.)
old form: entituled
have a rightful claim, furnish with a title
Luc.57
From Venus doues doth challenge that faire field, From Venus' doves, doth challenge that fair field; field (n.)field of battle, battleground, field of combatLuc.58
Venus (n.)Roman goddess of beauty and love
Then Vertue claimes from Beautie, Beauties red, Then virtue claims from beauty beauty's red,  Luc.59
Which Vertue gaue the golden age, to guild Which virtue gave the golden age to gild  Luc.60
Their siluer cheekes, and cald it then their shield, Their silver cheeks, and called it then their shield;  Luc.61
Teaching them thus to vse it in the fight, Teaching them thus to use it in the fight,  Luc.62
Whẽ shame assaild, the red should fẽce the white. When shame assailed, the red should fence the white. fence (n.)
old form: fece
protect, shield, defend
Luc.63
This Herauldry in LVCRECE face was seene, This heraldry in Lucrece' face was seen,  Luc.64
Argued by Beauties red and Vertues white, Argued by beauty's red and virtue's white; argue (v.)indicate, betoken, be evidence ofLuc.65
Of eithers colour was the other Queene: Of either's colour was the other queen,  Luc.66
Prouing from worlds minority their right, Proving from world's minority their right;  Luc.67
Yet their ambition makes them still to fight: Yet their ambition makes them still to fight,  Luc.68
The soueraignty of either being so great, The sovereignty of either being so great  Luc.69
That oft they interchange ech others seat. That oft they interchange each other's seat. oft (adv.)oftenLuc.70
This silent warre of Lillies and of Roses, Their silent war of lilies and of roses  Luc.71
Which TARQVIN vew'd in her faire faces field, Which Tarquin viewed in her fair face's field field (n.)field of battle, battleground, field of combatLuc.72
In their pure rankes his traytor eye encloses, In their pure ranks his traitor eye encloses;  Luc.73
Where least betweene them both it should be kild. Where, lest between them both it should be killed,  Luc.74
The coward captiue vanquished, doth yeeld The coward captive vanquished doth yield  Luc.75
To those two Armies that would let him goe, To those two armies that would let him go  Luc.76
Rather then triumph in so false a foe. Rather than triumph in so false a foe. false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.77
Now thinkes he that her husbands shallow tongue, Now thinks he that her husband's shallow tongue,  Luc.78
The niggard prodigall that praisde her so: The niggard prodigal that praised her so, niggard (adj.)miserly, parsimonious, sparingLuc.79
prodigal (n.)
old form: prodigall
waster, squanderer, spendthrift
In that high taske hath done her Beauty wrong. In that high task hath done her beauty wrong,  Luc.80
Which farre exceedes his barren skill to show. Which far exceeds his barren skill to show;  Luc.81
Therefore that praise which COLATINE doth owe, Therefore that praise which Collatine doth owe  Luc.82
Inchaunted TARQVIN aunswers with surmise, Enchanted Tarquin answers with surmise, answer (v.)
old form: aunswers
pay, repay, requite
Luc.83
surmise (n.)idea, imagining, conjecture
In silent wonder of still gazing eyes. In silent wonder of still-gazing eyes.  Luc.84
This earthly sainct adored by this deuill, This earthly saint adored by this devil  Luc.85
Little suspecteth the false worshipper: Little suspecteth the false worshipper; false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.86
"For vnstaind thoughts do seldom dream on euill. For unstained thoughts do seldom dream on evil;  Luc.87
"Birds neuer lim'd, no secret bushes feare: Birds never limed no secret bushes fear: lime (v.)
old form: lim'd
trap, snare, catch [as if by using birdlime]
Luc.88
So guiltlesse shee securely giues good cheare, So, guiltless, she securely gives good cheer cheer (n.)
old form: cheare
entertainment, fare, food and drink
Luc.89
securely (adv.)confidently, without misgiving, fearlessly
And reuerend welcome to her princely guest, And reverend welcome to her princely guest, reverend (adj.)
old form: reuerend
revered, worthy, respected
Luc.90
Whose inward ill no outward harme exprest. Whose inward ill no outward harm expressed. ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilLuc.91
For that he colourd with his high estate, For that he coloured with his high estate, colour (v.)
old form: colourd
disguise, conceal, cloak
Luc.92
estate (n.)high rank, standing, status
Hiding base sin in pleats of Maiestie: Hiding base sin in plaits of majesty, base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.93
pleat (n.)fold, hanging, covering
That nothing in him seemd inordinate, That nothing in him seemed inordinate inordinate (adj.)immoderate, intemperate, excessiveLuc.94
Saue sometime too much wonder of his eye, Save sometime too much wonder of his eye, sometime (adv.)sometimes, now and thenLuc.95
Which hauing all, all could not satisfie; Which, having all, all could not satisfy;  Luc.96
But poorly rich so wanteth in his store, But poorly rich so wanteth in his store store (n.)abundance, plenty, surplus, quantityLuc.97
want (v.)lack, need, be without
That cloy'd with much, he pineth still for more. That cloyed with much he pineth still for more.  Luc.98
But she that neuer cop't with straunger eies, But she that never coped with stranger eyes cope, cope with (v.)
old form: cop't
encounter, face, have to do [with], come into contact [with]
Luc.99
stranger (adj.)
old form: straunger
foreign, alien
Could picke no meaning from their parling lookes, Could pick no meaning from their parling looks, pick (v.)
old form: picke
extract, make out, detect
Luc.100
parling (adj.)speaking, parleying
Nor read the subtle shining secrecies, Nor read the subtle-shining secrecies  Luc.101
Writ in the glassie margents of such bookes, Writ in the glassy margents of such books: margent (n.)margin [of a page, where an explanatory note would be found]Luc.102
glassy (adj.)
old form: glassie
as if made of glass, translucent
Shee toucht no vnknown baits, nor feard no hooks, She touched no unknown baits; nor feared no hooks;  Luc.103
Nor could shee moralize his wanton sight, Nor could she moralize his wanton sight wanton (adj.)lascivious, lewd, obsceneLuc.104
moralise, moralize (v.)explain, interpret
sight (n.)eye
More then his eies were opend to the light. More than his eyes were opened to the light.  Luc.105
He stories to her eares her husbands fame, He stories to her ears her husband's fame, story (v.)give an account of, portrayLuc.106
Wonne in the fields of fruitfull Italie: Won in the fields of fruitful Italy; field (n.)field of battle, battleground, field of combatLuc.107
And decks with praises Colatines high name, And decks with praises Collatine's high name,  Luc.108
Made glorious by his manlie chiualrie, Made glorious by his manly chivalry chivalry (n.)
old form: chiualrie
knightly prowess, warlike distinction
Luc.109
With bruised armes and wreathes of victorie, With bruised arms and wreaths of victory.  Luc.110
Her ioie with heaued-vp hand she doth expresse, Her joy with heaved-up hand she doth express, heaved-up (adj.)
old form: heaued-vp
raised, lifted up
Luc.111
And wordlesse so greetes heauen for his successe. And wordless so greets heaven for his success.  Luc.112
Far from the purpose of his comming thither, Far from the purpose of his coming thither purpose (n.)intention, aim, planLuc.113
He makes excuses for his being there, He makes excuses for his being there.  Luc.114
No clowdie show of stormie blustring wether, No cloudy show of stormy blustering weather  Luc.115
Doth yet in his faire welkin once appeare, Doth yet in his fair welkin once appear; welkin (n.)sky, firmament, heavensLuc.116
Till sable Night mother of dread and feare, Till sable Night, mother of dread and fear, sable (adj.)blackLuc.117
Vppon the world dim darknesse doth displaie, Upon the world dim darkness doth display display (v.)
old form: displaie
diffuse, spread out, disperse
Luc.118
And in her vaultie prison, stowes the daie. And in her vaulty prison stows the day. vaulty (adj.)
old form: vaultie
empty, cavernous, sepulchral
Luc.119
stow (v.)
old form: stowes
put away, put under cover
For then is Tarquine brought vnto his bed, For then is Tarquin brought unto his bed,  Luc.120
Intending wearinesse with heauie sprite: Intending weariness with heavy sprite; intend (v.)pretend, convey, purport, professLuc.121
sprite, spright (n.)spirit, feeling, frame of mind
heavy (adj.)
old form: heauie
sorrowful, sad, gloomy
For after supper long he questioned, For after supper long he questioned question (v.)converse with, talk away [at / with]Luc.122
With modest Lucrece, and wore out the night, With modest Lucrece, and wore out the night. wear out (v.)pass, spendLuc.123
Now leaden slumber with liues strength doth fight, Now leaden slumber with life's strength doth fight,  Luc.124
And euerie one to rest themselues betake, And every one to rest themselves betakes, betake (v.)go, take oneself off, make one's wayLuc.125
Saue theeues, and cares, and troubled minds that wake. Save thieves and cares and troubled minds that wakes.  Luc.126
As one of which doth Tarquin lie reuoluing As one of which doth Tarquin lie revolving revolve (v.)
old form: reuoluing
consider, ponder, meditate
Luc.127
The sundrie dangers of his wils obtaining: The sundry dangers of his will's obtaining;  Luc.128
Yet euer to obtaine his will resoluing. Yet ever to obtain his will resolving,  Luc.129
Though weake-built hopes perswade him to abstaining Though weak-built hopes persuade him to abstaining. weak-built (adj.)
old form: weake-built
on poor foundation, ungrounded
Luc.130
Dispaire to gaine doth traffique oft for gaining, Despair to gain doth traffic oft for gaining, traffic (n.)
old form: traffique
trade, deal, carry on
Luc.131
oft (adv.)often
And when great treasure is the meede proposed, And when great treasure is the meed proposed, meed (n.)
old form: meede
reward, prize, recompense
Luc.132
Though death be adiũct, ther's no death supposed. Though death be adjunct, there's no death supposed. adjunct (adj.)
old form: adiuct
attendant [upon], inevitable result [of]
Luc.133
Those that much couet are with gaine so fond, Those that much covet are with gain so fond fond (adj.)foolish, stupid, madLuc.134
That what they haue not, that which they possesse For what they have not, that which they possess,  Luc.135
They scatter and vnloose it from their bond, They scatter and unloose it from their bond; bond (n.)deed, contract, pledgeLuc.136
And so by hoping more they haue but lesse, And so by hoping more they have but less,  Luc.137
Or gaining more, the profite of excesse Or, gaining more, the profit of excess  Luc.138
Is but to surfet, and such griefes sustaine, Is but to surfeit, and such griefs sustain surfeit (v.)
old form: surfet
become sick through having too much
Luc.139
That they proue bãckrout in this poore rich gain. That they prove bankrupt in this poor-rich gain. bancrout, bankrout, bankerout (n./adj./v.)
old form: backrout
bankrupt
Luc.140
The ayme of all is but to nourse the life, The aim of all is but to nurse the life  Luc.141
With honor, wealth, and ease in wainyng age: With honour, wealth, and ease in waning age;  Luc.142
And in this ayme there is such thwarting strife, And in this aim there is such thwarting strife  Luc.143
That one for all, or all for one we gage: That one for all or all for one we gage: gage (v.)pledge, contract, stakeLuc.144
As life for honour, in fell battailes rage, As life for honour in fell battle's rage; fell (adj.)cruel, fierce, savageLuc.145
Honor for wealth, and oft that wealth doth cost Honour for wealth; and oft that wealth doth cost oft (adv.)oftenLuc.146
The death of all, and altogether lost. The death of all, and all together lost.  Luc.147
So that in ventring ill, we leaue to be So that in venturing ill we leave to be ill (adv.)badly, adversely, unfavourablyLuc.148
leave (v.)
old form: leaue
cease, stop, give up
The things we are, for that which we expect: The things we are for that which we expect;  Luc.149
And this ambitious foule infirmitie, And this ambitious foul infirmity  Luc.150
In hauing much torments vs with defect In having much torments us with defect defect (n.)deficiency, shortcomingLuc.151
Of that we haue: so then we doe neglect Of that we have; so then we do neglect  Luc.152
The thing we haue, and all for want of wit, The thing we have, and all for want of wit wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental abilityLuc.153
want (n.)lack, shortage, dearth
Make something nothing, by augmenting it. Make something nothing by augmenting it.  Luc.154
Such hazard now must doting TARQVIN make, Such hazard now must doting Tarquin make,  Luc.155
Pawning his honor to obtaine his lust, Pawning his honour to obtain his lust; pawn (v.)stake, pledge, riskLuc.156
And for himselfe, himselfe he must forsake. And for himself himself be must forsake.  Luc.157
Then where is truth if there be no selfe-trust? Then where is truth if there be no self-trust?  Luc.158
When shall he thinke to find a stranger iust, When shall he think to find a stranger just  Luc.159
When he himselfe, himselfe confounds, betraies, When he himself himself confounds, betrays confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruinLuc.160
To sclandrous tongues & wretched hateful daies? To slanderous tongues and wretched hateful days?  Luc.161
Now stole vppon the time the dead of night, Now stole upon the time the dead of night,  Luc.162
When heauie sleeep had closd vp mortall eyes, When heavy sleep had closed up mortal eyes;  Luc.163
No comfortable starre did lend his light, No comfortable star did lend his light, comfortable (adj.)comforting, encouraging, reassuringLuc.164
No noise but Owles, & wolues death-boding cries: No noise but owls' and wolves' death-boding cries; death-boding (adj.)full of forebodings about death, deadly ominousLuc.165
Now serues the season that they may surprise Now serves the season that they may surprise season (n.)opportunity, favourable momentLuc.166
serve (v.)
old form: serues
provide, supply, furnish
The sillie Lambes, pure thoughts are dead & still, The silly lambs; pure thoughts are dead and still, silly (adj.)
old form: sillie
helpless, defenceless, vulnerable
Luc.167
While Lust and Murder wakes to staine and kill While lust and murder wake to stain and kill.  Luc.168
And now this lustfull Lord leapt from his bed, And now this lustful lord leaped from his bed,  Luc.169
Throwing his mantle rudely ore his arme, Throwing his mantle rudely o'er his arm; mantle (n.)loose sleeveless cloakLuc.170
rudely (adv.)violently, roughly, with great force
Is madly tost betweene desire and dred; Is madly tossed between desire and dread:  Luc.171
Th'one sweetely flatters, th'other feareth harme, Th' one sweetly flatters, th' other feareth harm;  Luc.172
But honest feare, bewicht with lustes foule charme, But honest fear, bewitched with lust's foul charm, honest (adj.)honourable, respectable, uprightLuc.173
Doth too too oft betake him to retire, Doth too too oft betake him to retire, betake (v.)go, take oneself off, make one's wayLuc.174
oft (adv.)often
retire (n.)retreat, withdrawal
Beaten away by brainesicke rude desire. Beaten away by brain-sick rude desire. brainsick, brain-sick (adj.)
old form: brainesicke
mad, foolish, frantic
Luc.175
rude (adj.)uncontrolled, unruly, of the flesh
His Faulchon on a flint he softly smiteth, His falchion on a flint he softly smiteth, softly (adv.)slowly, gentlyLuc.176
falchion (n.)
old form: Faulchon
curved broadsword
That from the could stone sparkes of fire doe flie, That from the cold stone sparks of fire do fly;  Luc.177
Whereat a waxen torch forthwith he lighteth, Whereat a waxen torch forthwith he lighteth,  Luc.178
Which must be lodestarre to his lustfull eye. Which must be lodestar to his lustful eye; lodestar (n.)
old form: lodestarre
guiding star, beacon
Luc.179
And to the flame thus speakes aduisedlie; And to the flame thus speaks advisedly: advisedly (adv.)
old form: aduisedlie
deliberately, intentionally, with full awareness
Luc.180
As from this cold flint I enforst this fire, ‘ As from this cold flint I enforced this fire, enforce (v.)
old form: enforst
force, compel, constrain, drive
Luc.181
So LVCRECE must I force to my desire. So Lucrece must I force to my desire.’  Luc.182
Here pale with feare he doth premeditate, Here pale with fear he doth premeditate  Luc.183
The daungers of his lothsome enterprise: The dangers of his loathsome enterprise,  Luc.184
And in his inward mind he doth debate, And in his inward mind he doth debate  Luc.185
What following sorrow may on this arise. What following sorrow may on this arise;  Luc.186
Then looking scornfully, he doth despise Then, looking scornfully, he doth despise  Luc.187
His naked armour of still slaughtered lust, His naked armour of still-slaughtered lust,  Luc.188
And iustly thus controlls his thoughts vniust. And justly thus controls his thoughts unjust: control (v.)
old form: controlls
challenge, take to task
Luc.189
Faire torch burne out thy light, and lend it not ‘ Fair torch, burn out thy light, and lend it not  Luc.190
To darken her whose light excelleth thine: To darken her whose light excelleth thine:  Luc.191
And die vnhallowed thoughts, before you blot And die, unhallowed thoughts, before you blot  Luc.192
With your vncleannesse, that which is deuine: With your uncleanness that which is divine;  Luc.193
Offer pure incense to so pure a shrine: Offer pure incense to so pure a shrine;  Luc.194
Let faire humanitie abhor the deede, Let fair humanity abhor the deed  Luc.195
That spots & stains loues modest snow-white weed. That spots and stains love's modest snow-white weed. weed (n.)garment, piece of clothingLuc.196
O shame to knighthood, and to shining Armes, ‘ O shame to knighthood and to shining arms!  Luc.197
O foule dishonor to my houshoulds graue: O foul dishonour to my household's grave!  Luc.198
O impious act including all foule harmes. O impious act including all foul harms!  Luc.199
A martiall man to be soft fancies slaue, A martial man to be soft fancy's slave! fancy (n.)love, amorousness, infatuationLuc.200
True valour still a true respect should haue, True valour still a true respect should have; still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.201
Then my digression is so vile, so base, Then my digression is so vile, so base, base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.202
digression (n.)transgression, moral deviation, lapse in proper behaviour
That it will liue engrauen in my face. That it will live engraven in my face.  Luc.203
Yea though I die the scandale will suruiue, ‘ Yea, though I die the scandal will survive  Luc.204
And be an eie sore in my golden coate: And be an eye-sore in my golden coat: coat (n.)
old form: coate
coat-of-arms
Luc.205
Some lothsome dash the Herrald will contriue, Some loathsome dash the herald will contrive, dash (n.)stroke, mark, signLuc.206
To cipher me how fondlie I did dote: To cipher me how fondly I did dote, cipher (v.)symbolize, represent, portrayLuc.207
That my posteritie sham'd with the note That my posterity, shamed with the note note (n.)reproach, stigma, mark of disgraceLuc.208
Shall curse my bones, and hold it for no sinne, Shall curse my bones, and hold it for no sin  Luc.209
To wish that I their father had not beene. To wish that I their father had not been.  Luc.210
What win I if I gaine the thing I seeke? ‘ What win I if I gain the thing I seek?  Luc.211
A dreame, a breath, a froth of fleeting ioy, A dream, a breath, a froth of fleeting joy. froth (n.)insubstantial thing, empty momentLuc.212
Who buies a minutes mirth to waile a weeke? Who buys a minute's mirth to wail a week?  Luc.213
Or sels eternitie to get a toy? Or sells eternity to get a toy?  Luc.214
For one sweete grape who will the vine destroy? For one sweet grape who will the vine destroy?  Luc.215
Or what fond begger, but to touch the crowne, Or what fond beggar, but to touch the crown,  Luc.216
Would with the scepter straight be strokẽ down? Would with the sceptre straight be strucken down? straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at onceLuc.217
If COLATINVS dreame of my intent, ‘ If Collatinus dream of my intent, intent (n.)intention, purpose, aimLuc.218
Will he not wake, and in a desp'rate rage Will he not wake, and in a desperate rage  Luc.219
Post hither, this vile purpose to preuent? Post hither, this vile purpose to prevent? post (v.)hasten, speed, ride fastLuc.220
purpose (n.)intention, aim, plan
This siege that hath ingirt his marriage, This siege that hath engirt his marriage, engirt (v.)
old form: ingirt
encircle, enclose
Luc.221
This blur to youth, this sorrow to the sage, This blur to youth, this sorrow to the sage, blur (n.)blot, stain, blemishLuc.222
This dying vertue, this suruiuing shame, This dying virtue, this surviving shame,  Luc.223
Whose crime will beare an euer-during blame. Whose crime will bear an ever-during blame? ever-during (adj.)
old form: euer-during
always enduring, everlasting
Luc.224
O what excuse can my inuention make ‘ O what excuse can my invention make  Luc.225
When thou shalt charge me with so blacke a deed? When thou shalt charge me with so black a deed?  Luc.226
Wil not my tongue be mute, my fraile ioints shake? Will not my tongue be mute, my frail joints shake,  Luc.227
Mine eies forgo their light, my false hart bleede? Mine eyes forego their light, my false heart bleed? false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.228
The guilt beeing great, the feare doth still exceede; The guilt being great, the fear doth still exceed; exceed (v.)
old form: exceede
outdo, surpass, excel, be superior
Luc.229
And extreme feare can neither fight nor flie, And extreme fear can neither fight nor fly,  Luc.230
But cowardlike with trembling terror die. But coward-like with trembling terror die.  Luc.231
Had COLATINVS kild my sonne or sire, ‘ Had Collatinus killed my son or sire,  Luc.232
Or laine in ambush to betray my life, Or lain in ambush to betray my life,  Luc.233
Or were he not my deare friend, this desire Or were he not my dear friend, this desire  Luc.234
Might haue excuse to worke vppon his wife: Might have excuse to work upon his wife, work upon (v.)
old form: worke vppon
practise on, work upon, act on
Luc.235
excuse (n.)pardon, dispensation, exoneration
As in reuenge or quittall of such strife. As in revenge or quittal of such strife; quittal (n.)
old form: quittall
requital, recompense, payment
Luc.236
But as he is my kinsman, my deare friend, But as he is my kinsman, my dear friend,  Luc.237
The shame and fault finds no excuse nor end. The shame and fault finds no excuse nor end.  Luc.238
Shamefull it is: I, if the fact be knowne, ‘ Shameful it is – ay, if the fact be known; fact (n.)evil deed, wicked act, crimeLuc.239
Hatefull it is: there is no hate in louing, Hateful it is – there is no hate in loving;  Luc.240
Ile beg her loue: but she is not her owne: I'll beg her love – but she is not her own.  Luc.241
The worst is but deniall and reproouing. The worst is but denial and reproving.  Luc.242
My will is strong past reasons weake remoouing: My will is strong past reason's weak removing:  Luc.243
Who feares a sentence or an old mans saw, Who fears a sentence or an old man's saw saw (n.)wise saying, platitude, maximLuc.244
sentence (n.)maxim, wise saying, precept
Shall by a painted cloth be kept in awe. Shall by a painted cloth be kept in awe.’  Luc.245
Thus gracelesse holds he disputation, Thus graceless holds he disputation  Luc.246
Tweene frozen conscience and hot burning will, 'Tween frozen conscience and hot-burning will,  Luc.247
And with good thoughts makes dispensation, And with good thoughts make dispensation,  Luc.248
Vrging the worser sence for vantage still. Urging the worser sense for vantage still; vantage (n.)right moment, suitable opportunityLuc.249
Which in a moment doth confound and kill Which in a moment doth confound and kill confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruinLuc.250
All pure effects, and doth so farre proceede, All pure effects, and doth so far proceed effect (n.)desire, passion, emotionLuc.251
That what is vile, shewes like a vertuous deede. That what is vile shows like a virtuous deed.  Luc.252
Quoth he, shee tooke me kindlie by the hand, Quoth he, ‘ She took me kindly by the hand, quoth (v.)saidLuc.253
And gaz'd for tidings in my eager eyes, And gazed for tidings in my eager eyes,  Luc.254
Fearing some hard newes from the warlike band, Fearing some hard news from the warlike band  Luc.255
Where her beloued COLATINVS lies. Where her beloved Collatinus lies.  Luc.256
O how her feare did make her colour rise! O how her fear did make her colour rise!  Luc.257
First red as Roses that on Lawne we laie, First red as roses that on lawn we lay,  Luc.258
Then white as Lawne the Roses tooke awaie. Then white as lawn, the roses took away. lawn (n.)
old form: Lawne
[type of] fine linen
Luc.259
And how her hand in my hand being lockt, ‘ And how her hand in my hand being locked  Luc.260
Forst it to tremble with her loyall feare: Forced it to tremble with her loyal fear!  Luc.261
Which strooke her sad, and then it faster rockt, Which struck her sad, and then it faster rocked sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.262
Vntill her husbands welfare shee did heare. Until her husband's welfare she did hear;  Luc.263
Whereat shee smiled with so sweete a cheare, Whereat she smiled with so sweet a cheer cheer (n.)
old form: cheare
face, look, expression
Luc.264
That had NARCISSVS seene her as shee stood, That had Narcissus seen her as she stood  Luc.265
Selfe-loue had neuer drown'd him in the flood. Self-love had never drowned him in the flood.  Luc.266
Why hunt I then for colour or excuses? ‘ Why hunt I then for colour or excuses? colour (n.)pretext, pretenceLuc.267
All Orators are dumbe when Beautie pleadeth, All orators are dumb when beauty pleadeth;  Luc.268
Poore wretches haue remorse in poore abuses, Poor wretches have remorse in poor abuses;  Luc.269
Loue thriues not in the hart that shadows dreadeth, Love thrives not in the heart that shadows dreadeth;  Luc.270
Affection is my Captaine and he leadeth. Affection is my captain, and he leadeth; affection (n.)desire, passion, lustful feelingLuc.271
And when his gaudie banner is displaide, And when his gaudy banner is displayed gaudy (adj.)
old form: gaudie
bright, brilliant, shining
Luc.272
The coward fights, and will not be dismaide. The coward fights and will not be dismayed.  Luc.273
Then childish feare auaunt, debating die, ‘ Then childish fear avaunt, debating die! avaunt (int.)
old form: auaunt
begone, go away, be off
Luc.274
Respect and reason waite on wrinckled age: Respect and reason wait on wrinkled age! wait on / upon (v.)
old form: waite
accompany, attend
Luc.275
respect (n.)attention, heed, deliberation
My heart shall neuer countermand mine eie; My heart shall never countermand mine eye; countermand (v.)contradict, go counter to, opposeLuc.276
Sad pause, and deepe regard beseemes the sage, Sad pause and deep regard beseems the sage: beseem (v.)
old form: beseemes
befit, be fitting [for], be seemly [for]
Luc.277
sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemn
regard (n.)consideration, concern, thought, heed
My part is youth and beates these from the stage. My part is Youth, and beats these from the stage.  Luc.278
Desire my Pilot is, Beautie my prise, Desire my pilot is, beauty my prize;  Luc.279
Then who feares sinking where such treasure lies? Then who fears sinking where such treasure lies?’  Luc.280
As corne ore-growne by weedes: so heedfull feare As corn o'ergrown by weeds, so heedful fear  Luc.281
Is almost choakt by vnresisted lust: Is almost choked by unresisted lust.  Luc.282
Away he steales with open listning eare, Away he steals with open listening ear,  Luc.283
Full of foule hope, and full of fond mistrust: Full of foul hope and full of fond mistrust; fond (adj.)tender, loving, affectionateLuc.284
Both which as seruitors to the vniust, Both which, as servitors to the unjust, servitor (n.)
old form: seruitors
servant
Luc.285
So crosse him with their opposit perswasion, So cross him with their opposite persuasion cross (v.)
old form: crosse
afflict, plague, go against
Luc.286
That now he vowes a league, and now inuasion. That now he vows a league, and now invasion. league (n.)compact, alliance, treaty, bond of friendshipLuc.287
Within his thought her heauenly image sits, Within his thought her heavenly image sits,  Luc.288
And in the selfe same seat sits COLATINE, And in the selfsame seat sits Collatine.  Luc.289
That eye which lookes on her confounds his wits, That eye which looks on her confounds his wits; confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruinLuc.290
wits, also five witsfaculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)
That eye which him beholdes, as more deuine, That eye which him beholds, as more divine,  Luc.291
Vnto a view so false will not incline; Unto a view so false will not incline; false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.292
But with a pure appeale seekes to the heart, But with a pure appeal seeks to the heart, seek (v.)
old form: seekes
seek help from, resort to
Luc.293
Which once corrupted takes the worser part. Which once corrupted takes the worser part;  Luc.294
And therein heartens vp his seruile powers, And therein heartens up his servile powers, servile (adj.)
old form: seruile
subordinate, controlled [by]
Luc.295
hearten up (v.)
old form: heartens vp
encourage, cheer up, animate
Who flattred by their leaders iocound show, Who, flattered by their leader's jocund show,  Luc.296
Stuffe vp his lust: as minutes fill vp howres. Stuff up his lust, as minutes fill up hours;  Luc.297
And as their Captaine: so their pride doth grow, And as their captain, so their pride doth grow,  Luc.298
Paying more slauish tribute then they owe. Paying more slavish tribute than they owe.  Luc.299
By reprobate desire thus madly led, By reprobate desire thus madly led  Luc.300
The Romane Lord marcheth to LVCRECE bed. The Roman lord marcheth to Lucrece' bed.  Luc.301
The lockes betweene her chamber and his will, The locks between her chamber and his will,  Luc.302
Ech one by him inforst retires his ward: Each one by him enforced, retires his ward; ward (n.)catch inside a lock; lockLuc.303
enforce (v.)
old form: inforst
act upon by force
retire (v.)draw back, pull back, yield
But as they open they all rate his ill, But, as they open, they all rate his ill, ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilLuc.304
rate (v.)berate, reproach, rebuke, scold
Which driues the creeping theefe to some regard, Which drives the creeping thief to some regard. regard (n.)consideration, concern, thought, heedLuc.305
The threshold grates the doore to haue him heard, The threshold grates the door to have him heard;  Luc.306
Night-wandring weezels shreek to see him there, Night-wandering weasels shriek to see him there;  Luc.307
They fright him, yet he still pursues his feare. They fright him, yet he still pursues his fear. fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyLuc.308
As each vnwilling portall yeelds him way, As each unwilling portal yields him way, portal (n.)
old form: portall
door, doorway, gateway
Luc.309
Through little vents and cranies of the place, Through little vents and crannies of the place vent (n.)aperture, openingLuc.310
The wind warres with his torch, to make him staie, The wind wars with his torch to make him stay,  Luc.311
And blowes the smoake of it into his face, And blows the smoke of it into his face,  Luc.312
Extinguishing his conduct in this case. Extinguishing his conduct in this case; conduct (n.)conductor, leader, directorLuc.313
But his hot heart, which fond desire doth scorch, But his hot heart, which fond desire doth scorch,  Luc.314
Puffes forth another wind that fires the torch. Puffs forth another wind that fires the torch.  Luc.315
And being lighted, by the light he spies And being lighted, by the light he spies  Luc.316
LVCRECIAS gloue, wherein her needle sticks, Lucretia's glove, wherein her needle sticks; Lucrece, Lucretia (n.)[lu'krees] legendary Roman heroine, 6th-c BC, who killed herself after being raped by TarquinLuc.317
He takes it from the rushes where it lies, He takes it from the rushes where it lies,  Luc.318
And griping it, the needle his finger pricks. And griping it, the needle his finger pricks,  Luc.319
As who should say, this gloue to wanton trickes As who should say ‘ This glove to wanton tricks wanton (adj.)lascivious, lewd, obsceneLuc.320
Is not inur'd; returne againe in hast, Is not inured; return again in haste; enure, inure (v.)
old form: inur'd
accustom, habituate, adapt
Luc.321
Thou seest our mistresse ornaments are chast. Thou seest our mistress' ornaments are chaste.’  Luc.322
But all these poore forbiddings could not stay him, But all these poor forbiddings could not stay him; stay (v.)dissuade, stop, preventLuc.323
He in the worst sence consters their deniall: He in the worst sense consters their denial: conster (v.)construe, interpret, readLuc.324
The dores, the wind, the gloue that did delay him, The doors, the wind, the glove, that did delay him  Luc.325
He takes for accidentall things of triall. He takes for accidental things of trial; accidental (adj.)
old form: accidentall
happening by chance, fortuitous
Luc.326
Or as those bars which stop the hourely diall, Or as those bars which stop the hourly dial, dial (n.)
old form: diall
watch, timepiece, pocket sundial
Luc.327
Who with a lingring staie his course doth let, Who with a lingering stay his course doth let course (n.)course of action, way of proceedingLuc.328
stay (n.)
old form: staie
set-back, obstacle, delay
let (v.)hinder, prevent, stand in the way
Till euerie minute payes the howre his debt. Till every minute pays the hour his debt.  Luc.329
So so, quoth he, these lets attend the time, ‘ So, so,’ quoth he, ‘ these lets attend the time, attend (v.)accompany, follow closely, go withLuc.330
attend (v.)await, wait for, expect
quoth (v.)said
let (n.)hindrance, obstacle, snag
Like little frosts that sometime threat the spring, Like little frosts that sometime threat the spring, sometime (adv.)sometimes, now and thenLuc.331
To ad a more reioysing to the prime, To add a more rejoicing to the prime more (adj.)greaterLuc.332
prime (n.)spring, springtime
And giue the sneaped birds more cause to sing. And give the sneaped birds more cause to sing. sneaped (adj.)nipped, frost-bittenLuc.333
Pain payes the income of ech precious thing, Pain pays the income of each precious thing: income (n.)arrival, advent, entranceLuc.334
Huge rocks, high winds, strong pirats, shelues and sands Huge rocks, high winds, strong pirates, shelves, and sands shelf (n.)
old form: shelues
sandbank, shoal
Luc.335
The marchant feares, ere rich at home he lands. The merchant fears, ere rich at home he lands.’  Luc.336
Now is he come vnto the chamber dore, Now is he come unto the chamberdoor  Luc.337
That shuts him from the Heauen of his thought, That shuts him from the heaven of his thought,  Luc.338
Which with a yeelding latch, and with no more, Which with a yielding latch, and with no more,  Luc.339
Hath bard him from the blessed thing he sought. Hath barred him from the blessed thing be sought.  Luc.340
So from himselfe impiety hath wrought, So from himself impiety hath wrought  Luc.341
That for his pray to pray he doth begin, That for his prey to pray he doth begin,  Luc.342
As if the Heauens should countenance his sin. As if the heavens should countenance his sin.  Luc.343
But in the midst of his vnfruitfull prayer, But in the midst of his unfruitful prayer,  Luc.344
Hauing solicited th'eternall power, Having solicited the eternal power power (n.)(usually plural) god, deity, divinityLuc.345
That his foule thoughts might cõpasse his fair faire, That his foul thoughts might compass his fair fair, compass (v.)
old form: copasse
win, obtain, attain
Luc.346
fair (n.)
old form: faire
fair face, beauty
fair (adj.)
old form: faire
virtuous, honourable, upright
And they would stand auspicious to the howre. And they would stand auspicious to the hour,  Luc.347
Euen there he starts, quoth he, I must deflowre; Even there he starts; quoth he, ‘ I must deflower:  Luc.348
The powers to whom I pray abhor this fact, The powers to whom I pray abhor this fact; power (n.)(usually plural) god, deity, divinityLuc.349
fact (n.)evil deed, wicked act, crime
How can they then assist me in the act? How can they then assist me in the act?  Luc.350
Then Loue and Fortune be my Gods, my guide, ‘Then Love and Fortune be my gods, my guide! Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blindLuc.351
My will is backt with resolution: My will is backed with resolution; back (v.)
old form: backt
support, help, back up
Luc.352
Thoughts are but dreames till their effects be tried, Thoughts are but dreams till their effects be tried;  Luc.353
The blackest sinne is clear'd with absolution. The blackest sin is cleared with absolution;  Luc.354
Against loues fire, feares frost hath dissolution. Against love's fire fear's frost hath dissolution. dissolution (n.)melting, liquefaction, dissolvingLuc.355
The eye of Heauen is out, and mistie night The eye of heaven is out, and misty night out (adv.)at an end, finishedLuc.356
Couers the shame that followes sweet delight. Covers the shame that follows sweet delight.’  Luc.357
This said, his guiltie hand pluckt vp the latch, This said, his guilty hand plucked up the latch,  Luc.358
And with his knee the dore he opens wide, And with his knee the door he opens wide.  Luc.359
The doue sleeps fast that this night-Owle will catch. The dove sleeps fast that this night-owl will catch;  Luc.360
Thus treason workes ere traitors be espied. Thus treason works ere traitors be espied. espy (v.)catch sight of, discern, seeLuc.361
Who sees the lurking serpent steppes aside; Who sees the lurking serpent steps aside;  Luc.362
But shee sound sleeping fearing no such thing, But she, sound sleeping, fearing no such thing,  Luc.363
Lies at the mercie of his mortall sting. Lies at the mercy of his mortal sting. mortal (adj.)
old form: mortall
fatal, deadly, lethal
Luc.364
Into the chamber wickedlie he stalkes, Into the chamber wickedly he stalks, stalk (v.)
old form: stalkes
move stealthily [as if hunting game]
Luc.365
And gazeth on her yet vnstained bed: And gazeth on her yet unstained bed.  Luc.366
The curtaines being close, about he walkes, The curtains being close, about he walks, close (adj.)closed, shutLuc.367
Rowling his greedie eye-bals in his head. Rolling his greedy eyeballs in his head;  Luc.368
By their high treason is his heart mis led, By their high treason is his heart misled,  Luc.369
Which giues the watch-word to his hand ful soon, Which gives the watchword to his hand full soon  Luc.370
To draw the clowd that hides the siluer Moon. To draw the cloud that hides the silver moon.  Luc.371
Looke as the faire and fierie pointed Sunne, Look as the fair and fiery-pointed sun  Luc.372
Rushing from forth a cloud, bereaues our sight: Rushing from forth a cloud, bereaves our sight; bereave (v.)
old form: bereaues
take away [from], deprive, deny, rob
Luc.373
Euen so the Curtaine drawne, his eyes begun, Even so, the curtain drawn, his eyes begun  Luc.374
To winke, being blinded with a greater light. To wink, being blinded with a greater light. wink (v.)
old form: winke
shut one's eyes
Luc.375
Whether it is that shee reflects so bright, Whether it is that she reflects so bright reflect (v.)shine, cast a bright lightLuc.376
That dazleth them, or else some shame supposed, That dazzleth them, or else some shame supposed, supposed (adj.)imagined, fanciedLuc.377
But blind they are, and keep themselues inclosed. But blind they are, and keep themselves enclosed.  Luc.378
O had they in that darkesome prison died, O, had they in that darksome prison died,  Luc.379
Then had they seene the period of their ill: Then had they seen the period of their ill! ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilLuc.380
period (n.)full stop, end, ending, conclusion
Then COLATINE againe by LVCRECE side, Then Collatine again by Lucrece' side  Luc.381
In his cleare bed might haue reposed still. In his clear bed might have reposed still: clear (adj.)
old form: cleare
pure, spotless, faultless
Luc.382
But they must ope this blessed league to kill, But they must ope, this blessed league to kill; ope (v.)openLuc.383
And holie-thoughted LVCRECE to their sight, And holy-thoughted Lucrece to their sight  Luc.384
Must sell her ioy, her life, her worlds delight. Must sell her joy, her life, her world's delight.  Luc.385
Her lillie hand, her rosie cheeke lies vnder, Her lily hand her rosy cheek lies under, lily (adj.)
old form: lillie
lily-white
Luc.386
Coosning the pillow of a lawfull kisse: Cozening the pillow of a lawful kiss; cozen (v.)
old form: Coosning
cheat, dupe, trick, deceive
Luc.387
Who therefore angrie seemes to part in sunder, Who therefore angry seems to part in sunder,  Luc.388
Swelling on either side to want his blisse. Swelling on either side to want his bliss;  Luc.389
Betweene whose hils her head intombed is; Between whose hills her head entombed is:  Luc.390
Where like a vertuous Monument shee lies, Where like a virtuous monument she lies monument (n.)effigy, carved figure, statueLuc.391
To be admir'd of lewd vnhallowed eyes. To be admired of lewd unhallowed eyes.  Luc.392
Without the bed her other faire hand was, Without the bed her other fair hand was,  Luc.393
On the greene couerlet whose perfect white On the green coverlet, whose perfect white  Luc.394
Showed like an Aprill dazie on the grasse, Show'd like an April daisy on the grass,  Luc.395
With pearlie swet resembling dew of night. With pearly sweat resembling dew of night.  Luc.396
Her eyes like Marigolds had sheath'd their light, Her eyes like marigolds had sheathed their light,  Luc.397
And canopied in darkenesse sweetly lay, And canopied in darkness sweetly lay  Luc.398
Till they might open to adorne the day. Till they might open to adorn the day.  Luc.399
Her haire like golde threeds playd with her breath, Her hair like golden threads played with her breath:  Luc.400
O modest wantons, wanton modestie! O modest wantons, wanton modesty! wanton (adj.)[jocularly] naughty, wicked, mischievousLuc.401
wanton (n.)libertine, seducer
Showing lifes triumph in the map of death, Showing life's triumph in the map of death, map (n.)outline, picture, imageLuc.402
And deaths dim looke in lifes mortalitie. And death's dim look in life's mortality: dim (adj.)dull, pale-coloured, lacking lustreLuc.403
Ech in her sleepe themselues so beautifie, Each in her sleep themselves so beautify  Luc.404
As if betweene them twaine there were no strife, As if between them twain there were no strife,  Luc.405
But that life liu'd in death, and death in life. But that life lived in death and death in life.  Luc.406
Her breasts like Iuory globes circled with blew, Her breasts like ivory globes circled with blue,  Luc.407
A paire of maiden worlds vnconquered, A pair of maiden worlds unconquered, maiden (adj.)befitting chastityLuc.408
Saue of their Lord, no bearing yoke they knew, Save of their lord no bearing yoke they knew,  Luc.409
And him by oath they truely honored. And him by oath they truly honoured.  Luc.410
These worlds in TARQVIN new ambition bred, These worlds in Tarquin new ambition bred,  Luc.411
Who like a fowle vsurper went about, Who like a foul ursurper went about  Luc.412
From this faire throne to heaue the owner out. From this fair throne to heave the owner out. heave (v.)
old form: heaue
throw, toss, cast
Luc.413
What could he see but mightily he noted? What could he see but mightily he noted? note (v.)notice, perceive, observeLuc.414
What did he note, but strongly he desired? What did he note but strongly he desired?  Luc.415
What he beheld, on that he firmely doted, What he beheld, on that he firmly doted,  Luc.416
And in his will his wilfull eye he tyred. And in his will his wilful eye he tired. will (n.)lust, sexual desire, passionLuc.417
With more then admiration he admired With more than admiration he admired  Luc.418
Her azure vaines, her alablaster skinne, Her azure veins, her alabaster skin,  Luc.419
Her corall lips, her snow-white dimpled chin. Her coral lips, her snow-white dimpled chin.  Luc.420
As the grim Lion fawneth ore his pray, As the grim lion fawneth o'er his prey, fawn (v.)revel, gloat, show delightLuc.421
Sharpe hunger by the conquest satisfied: Sharp hunger by the conquest satisfied, sharp (adj.)
old form: Sharpe
[falconry] famished, hungry, starving
Luc.422
So ore this sleeping soule doth TARQVIN stay, So o'er this sleeping soul doth Tarquin stay,  Luc.423
His rage of lust by gazing qualified; His rage of lust by gazing qualified – qualify (v.)moderate, weaken, diminishLuc.424
rage (n.)violent outburst, furious passion
Slakt, not supprest, for standing by her side, Slacked, not suppressed; for standing by her side, slake (v.)
old form: Slakt
abate, moderate, decrease
Luc.425
slack (v.)slacken, reduce, slow down
His eye which late this mutiny restraines, His eye which late this mutiny restrains  Luc.426
Vnto a greater vprore tempts his vaines. Unto a greater uproar tempts his veins.  Luc.427
And they like stragling slaues for pillage fighting, And they like straggling slaves for pillage fighting,  Luc.428
Obdurate vassals fell exploits effecting, Obdurate vassals fell exploits effecting, obdurate (adj.)stubborn, obstinate, inflexibleLuc.429
fell (adj.)cruel, fierce, savage
In bloudy death and rauishment delighting; In bloody death and ravishment delighting,  Luc.430
Nor childrens tears nor mothers grones respecting, Nor children's tears nor mothers' groans respecting,  Luc.431
Swell in their pride, the onset still expecting: Swell in their pride, the onset still expecting.  Luc.432
Anon his beating heart allarum striking, Anon his beating heart, alarum striking, anon (adv.)soon, shortly, presentlyLuc.433
alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.)
old form: allarum
call to arms, call to battle, signal to begin fighting
Giues the hot charge, & bids thẽ do their liking. Gives the hot charge, and bids them do their liking.  Luc.434
His drumming heart cheares vp his burning eye, His drumming heart cheers up his burning eye, cheer up (v.)
old form: cheares vp
encourage, urge on, egg on
Luc.435
His eye commends the leading to his hand; His eye commends the leading to his hand; commend (v.)commit, entrust, hand overLuc.436
His hand as proud of such a dignitie, His hand, as proud of such a dignity,  Luc.437
Smoaking with pride, marcht on, to make his stand Smoking with pride, march'd on to make his stand  Luc.438
On her bare brest, the heart of all her land; On her bare breast, the heart of all her land;  Luc.439
Whose ranks of blew vains as his hand did scale, Whose ranks of blue veins as his hand did scale scale (v.)climb up, ascend, mountLuc.440
Left their round turrets destitute and pale. Left their round turrets destitute and pale. destitute (adj.)abandoned, deserted, forsakenLuc.441
They mustring to the quiet Cabinet, They, mustering to the quiet cabinet cabinet (n.)dwelling, lodgingLuc.442
muster (v.)
old form: mustring
assemble, gather together [at], rush
Where their deare gouernesse and ladie lies, Where their dear governess and lady lies, governess (n.)
old form: gouernesse
ruler, mistress
Luc.443
Do tell her shee is dreadfullie beset, Do tell her she is dreadfully beset, beset (v.)set upon, assail, besiegeLuc.444
And fright her with confusion of their cries. And fright her with confusion of their cries. fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyLuc.445
Shee much amaz'd breakes ope her lockt vp eyes, She much amazed breaks ope her locked-up eyes, ope (adj.)openLuc.446
Who peeping foorth this tumult to behold, Who, peeping forth this tumult to behold,  Luc.447
Are by his flaming torch dim'd and controld. Are by his flaming torch dimmed and controlled. control (v.)
old form: controld
overwhelm, overpower
Luc.448
Imagine her as one in dead of night, Imagine her as one in dead of night  Luc.449
From forth dull sleepe by dreadfull fancie waking, From forth dull sleep by dreadful fancy waking,  Luc.450
That thinkes shee hath beheld some gastlie sprite, That thinks she hath beheld some ghastly sprite, sprite, spright (n.)spirit, ghost, supernatural beingLuc.451
Whose grim aspect sets euerie ioint a shaking, Whose grim aspect sets every joint a-shaking; aspect (n.)[of a human face] look, appearance, expressionLuc.452
What terror tis: but shee in worser taking, What terror 'tis! but she in worser taking, taking (n.)state, fright, agitationLuc.453
From sleepe disturbed, heedfullie doth view From sleep disturbed, heedfully doth view heedfully (adv.)
old form: heedfullie
with anxious attention, apprehensively
Luc.454
The sight which makes supposed terror trew. The sight which makes supposed terror true. supposed (adj.)imagined, fanciedLuc.455
Wrapt and confounded in a thousand feares, Wrapped and confounded in a thousand fears, wrap (v.)
old form: Wrapt
beset, envelop, surround [by]
Luc.456
Like to a new kild bird shee trembling lies: Like to a new-killed bird she trembling lies;  Luc.457
Shee dares not looke, yet winking there appeares She dares not look, yet, winking, there appears wink (v.)shut one's eyesLuc.458
Quicke-shifting Antiques vglie in her eyes. Quick-shifting antics, ugly in her eyes. antic, antick(e), antique (n.)bizarre dance, fantastic spectacle, grotesque entertainmentLuc.459
"Such shadowes are the weake-brains forgeries, Such shadows are the weak brain's forgeries, shadow (n.)
old form: shadowes
illusion, unreal image, delusion
Luc.460
Who angrie that the eyes flie from their lights, Who, angry that the eyes fly from their lights,  Luc.461
In darknes daunts thẽ with more dreadfull sights. In darkness daunts them with more dreadful sights.  Luc.462
His hand that yet remaines vppon her brest, His hand that yet remains upon her breast –  Luc.463
(Rude Ram to batter such an Iuorie wall:) Rude ram, to batter such an ivory wall – ivory (adj.)
old form: Iuorie
white
Luc.464
ram (n.)battering-ram
May feele her heart (poore Cittizen) distrest, May feel her heart, poor citizen, distressed,  Luc.465
Wounding it selfe to death, rise vp and fall; Wounding itself to death, rise up and fall,  Luc.466
Beating her bulke, that his hand shakes withall. Beating her bulk, that his hand shakes withal. bulk (n.)
old form: bulke
body, trunk, frame
Luc.467
This moues in him more rage and lesser pittie, This moves in him more rage and lesser pity rage (n.)violent outburst, furious passionLuc.468
To make the breach and enter this sweet Citty. To make the breach and enter this sweet city.  Luc.469
First like a Trompet doth his tongue begin, First like a trumpet doth his tongue begin  Luc.470
To sound a parlie to his heartlesse foe, To sound a parley to his heartless foe, parle, parley (n.)
old form: parlie
negotiation, meeting [between enemies under a truce, to discuss terms]
Luc.471
heartless (adj.)
old form: heartlesse
cowardly, gutless, spiritless
Who ore the white sheet peers her whiter chin, Who o'er the white sheet peers her whiter chin, peer (v.)appear, come into sightLuc.472
The reason of this rash allarme to know, The reason of this rash alarm to know, alarm, alarum, 'larm, 'larum (n.)
old form: allarme
call to arms, call to battle, signal to begin fighting
Luc.473
rash (adj.)sudden, quickly acting, operating immediately
Which he by dum demeanor seekes to show. Which he by dumb demeanor seeks to show;  Luc.474
But shee with vehement prayers vrgeth still, But she with vehement prayers urgeth still urge (v.)
old form: vrgeth
press, insist on, state emphatically
Luc.475
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
Vnder what colour he commits this ill. Under what colour he commits this ill. colour (n.)pretext, pretenceLuc.476
ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evil
Thus he replies, the colour in thy face, Thus he replies: ‘ The colour in thy face,  Luc.477
That euen for anger makes the Lilly pale, That even for anger makes the lily pale  Luc.478
And the red rose blush at her owne disgrace, And the red rose blush at her own disgrace,  Luc.479
Shall plead for me and tell my louing tale. Shall plead for me and tell my loving tale.  Luc.480
Vnder that colour am I come to scale Under that colour am I come to scale colour (n.)pretext, pretenceLuc.481
Thy neuer conquered Fort, the fault is thine, Thy never-conquered fort: the fault is thine,  Luc.482
For those thine eyes betray thee vnto mine. For those thine eyes betray thee unto mine.  Luc.483
Thus I forestall thee, if thou meane to chide, ‘ Thus I forestall thee, if thou mean to chide: chide (v.), past form chidscold, rebuke, reproveLuc.484
Thy beauty hath ensnar'd thee to this night, Thy beauty hath ensnared thee to this night,  Luc.485
Where thou with patience must my will abide, Where thou with patience must my will abide, will (n.)lust, sexual desire, passionLuc.486
My will that markes thee for my earths delight, My will that marks thee for my earth's delight,  Luc.487
Which I to conquer sought with all my might. Which I to conquer sought with all my might;  Luc.488
But as reproofe and reason beat it dead, But as reproof and reason beat it dead,  Luc.489
By thy bright beautie was it newlie bred. By thy bright beauty was it newly bred.  Luc.490
I see what crosses my attempt will bring, ‘ I see what crosses my attempt will bring;  Luc.491
I know what thornes the growing rose defends, I know what thorns the growing rose defends;  Luc.492
I thinke the honie garded with a sting, I think the honey guarded with a sting; think (v.)
old form: thinke
realize, appreciate, understand
Luc.493
All this before-hand counsell comprehends. All this beforehand counsel comprehends. counsel (n.)
old form: counsell
advice, guidance, direction
Luc.494
But Will is deafe, and hears no heedfull friends, But Will is deaf, and hears no heedful friends; will (n.)lust, sexual desire, passionLuc.495
heedful (adj.)
old form: heedfull
careful, mindful, watchful
Onely he hath an eye to gaze on Beautie, Only he hath an eye to gaze on Beauty,  Luc.496
And dotes on what he looks, gainst law or duety. And dotes on what he looks, 'gainst law or duty.  Luc.497
I haue debated euen in my soule, ‘ I have debated even in my soul  Luc.498
What wrong, what shame, what sorrow I shal breed, What wrong, what shame, what sorrow I shall breed;  Luc.499
But nothing can affections course controull, But nothing can affection's course control, affection (n.)desire, passion, lustful feelingLuc.500
course (n.)course of action, way of proceeding
Or stop the headlong furie of his speed. Or stop the headlong fury of his speed.  Luc.501
I know repentant teares insewe the deed, I know repentant tears ensue the deed, ensue (v.)
old form: insewe
follow [especially, as a logical outcome]
Luc.502
Reproch, disdaine, and deadly enmity, Reproach, disdain, and deadly enmity;  Luc.503
Yet striue I to embrace mine infamy. Yet strive I to embrace mine infamy.’  Luc.504
This said, hee shakes aloft his Romaine blade, This said, he shakes aloft his Roman blade,  Luc.505
Which like a Faulcon towring in the skies, Which like a falcon towering in the skies tower (v.)
old form: towring
[falconry] mount up to a great height, circle, soar
Luc.506
Cowcheth the fowle below with his wings shade, Coucheth the fowl below with his wings' shade, couch (v.)
old form: Cowcheth
make crouch down, cause to cower
Luc.507
Whose crooked beake threats, if he mount he dies. Whose crooked beak threats, if he mount he dies: crooked (adj.)rounded, curvedLuc.508
threat (v.)threaten
So vnder his insulting Fauchion lies So under his insulting falchion lies falchion (n.)
old form: Fauchion
curved broadsword
Luc.509
Harmelesse LVCRETIA marking what he tels, Harmless Lucretia, marking what he tells mark (v.)note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]Luc.510
With trembling feare: as fowl hear Faulcõs bels. With trembling fear, as fowl hear falcon's bells.  Luc.511
LVCRECE, quoth he, this night I must enioy thee, ‘ Lucrece,’ quoth he, ‘ this night I must enjoy thee.  Luc.512
If thou deny, then force must worke my way: If thou deny, then force must work my way,  Luc.513
For in thy bed I purpose to destroie thee. For in thy bed I purpose to destroy thee;  Luc.514
That done, some worthlesse slaue of thine ile slay. That done, some worthless slave of thine I'll slay,  Luc.515
To kill thine Honour with thy liues decaie. To kill thine honour with thy life's decay;  Luc.516
And in thy dead armes do I meane to place him, And in thy dead arms do I mean to place him,  Luc.517
Swearing I slue him seeing thee imbrace him. Swearing I slew him, seeing thee embrace him.  Luc.518
So thy suruiuing husband shall remaine ‘ So thy surviving husband shall remain  Luc.519
The scornefull marke of euerie open eye, The scornful mark of every open eye; scornful (adj.)
old form: scornefull
scorned, contemptible, derided
Luc.520
Thy kinsmen hang their heads at this disdaine, Thy kinsmen hang their heads at this disdain,  Luc.521
Thy issue blur'd with namelesse bastardie; Thy issue blurred with nameless bastardy; blur (v.)
old form: blur'd
blot, stain, defame
Luc.522
issue (n.)child(ren), offspring, family, descendant
nameless (adj.)
old form: namelesse
bearing no legitimate name
And thou the author of their obloquie, And thou, the author of their obloquy, obloquy (n.)
old form: obloquie
disgrace, reproach, slander
Luc.523
Shalt haue thy trespasse cited vp in rimes, Shalt have thy trespass cited up in rhymes cite up (v.)
old form: cited vp
call to mind, make reference to
Luc.524
And sung by children in succeeding times. And sung by children in succeeding times.  Luc.525
But if thou yeeld, I rest thy secret friend, ‘ But if thou yield, I rest thy secret friend;  Luc.526
The fault vnknowne, is as a thought vnacted, The fault unknown is as a thought unacted;  Luc.527
"A little harme done to a great good end, A little harm done to a great good end  Luc.528
For lawfull pollicie remaines enacted. For lawful policy remains enacted; enact (v.)decree, ordain, enter in the recordsLuc.529
policy (n.)
old form: pollicie
statecraft, statesmanship, diplomacy
The poysonous simple sometime is compacted The poisonous simple sometimes is compacted compact (v.)compound, make up firmly, consolidateLuc.530
simple (n.)ingredient, element, constituent
In a pure compound; being so applied, In a pure compound; being so applied,  Luc.531
His venome in effect is purified. His venom in effect is purified.  Luc.532
Then for thy husband and thy childrens sake, ‘ Then for thy husband and thy children's sake,  Luc.533
Tender my suite, bequeath not to their lot Tender my suit; bequeath not to their lot tender (v.)grant, consent toLuc.534
suit (n.)
old form: suite
wooing, courtship
The shame that from them no deuise can take, The shame that from them no device can take,  Luc.535
The blemish that will neuer be forgot: The blemish that will never be forgot,  Luc.536
Worse then a slauish wipe, or birth howrs blot, Worse than a slavish wipe or birth-hour's blot; wipe (n.)mark, brand, scarLuc.537
For markes discried in mens natiuitie, For marks descried in men's nativity descry (v.)
old form: discried
catch sight of, make out, espy, discover
Luc.538
Are natures faultes, not their owne infamie. Are nature's faults, not their own infamy.’  Luc.539
Here with a Cockeatrice dead killing eye, Here with a cockatrice' dead-killing eye cockatrice (n.)
old form: Cockeatrice
murderous serpent, basilisk
Luc.540
dead-killing (adj.)
old form: dead killing
mortal, deadly, fatal
He rowseth vp himselfe, and makes a pause, He rouseth up himself and makes a pause; rouse (v.)
old form: rowseth
raise, lift up
Luc.541
While shee the picture of pure pietie, While she, the picture of pure piety,  Luc.542
Like a white Hinde vnder the grypes sharpe clawes, Like a white hind under the gripe's sharp claws, gripe (n.)
old form: grypes
vulture, eagle
Luc.543
Pleades in a wildernesse where are no lawes, Pleads in a wilderness where are no laws  Luc.544
To the rough beast, that knowes no gentle right, To the rough beast that knows no gentle right, gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kindLuc.545
Nor ought obayes but his fowle appetite. Nor aught obeys but his foul appetite. aught (n.)
old form: ought
anything, [with negative word] nothing
Luc.5546
But when a black-fac'd clowd the world doth thret, But when a black-faced cloud the world doth threat, threat (v.)
old form: thret
threaten
Luc.547
In his dim mist th'aspiring mountaines hiding: In his dim mist th' aspiring mountains hiding,  Luc.548
From earths dark-womb, some gentle gust doth get, From earth's dark womb some gentle gust doth get, get (v.)beget, conceive, breedLuc.549
Which blow these pitchie vapours frõ their biding: Which blows these pitchy vapours from their biding, biding (n.)place of rest, dwelling-placeLuc.550
vapour (n.)mist, cloud, fog
pitchy (adj.)
old form: pitchie
pitch-dark, black, inky, dark
Hindring their present fall by this deuiding. Hindering their present fall by this dividing;  Luc.551
So his vnhallowed hast her words delayes, So his unhallowed haste her words delays,  Luc.552
And moodie PLVTO winks while Orpheus playes. And moody Pluto winks while Orpheus plays. wink (v.)shut one's eyesLuc.553
Orpheus (n.)legendary Greek poet, able to charm beasts and even stones with his music
Pluto (n.)one of the titles of the Greek god of the Underworld
Yet fowle night-waking Cat he doth but dallie, Yet, foul night-waking cat, he doth but dally dally (v.)
old form: dallie
deal lightly, play about, tease
Luc.554
While in his hold-fast foot the weak mouse pãteth, While in his hold-fast foot the weak mouse panteth: hold-fast (adj.)firmly graspingLuc.555
Her sad behauiour feedes his vulture follie, Her sad behaviour feeds his vulture folly, vulture (adj.)ravenous, devouring, rapaciousLuc.556
sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
folly (n.)
old form: follie
wantonness, lewdness
A swallowing gulfe that euen in plentie wanteth. A swallowing gulf that even in plenty wanteth; want (v.)lack, need, be withoutLuc.557
His eare her prayers admits, but his heart granteth His ear her prayers admits, but his heart granteth  Luc.558
No penetrable entrance to her playning, No penetrable entrance to her plaining: plaining (n.)
old form: playning
complaining, moaning, lamenting
Luc.559
penetrable (adj.)receptive, susceptible, capable of being affected
Tears harden lust though marble were with rayning. Tears harden lust, though marble wear with raining.  Luc.560
Her pittie-pleading eyes are sadlie fixed Her pity-pleading eyes are sadly fixed  Luc.561
In the remorselesse wrinckles of his face. In the remorseless wrinkles of his face; wrinkle (n.)
old form: wrinckles
frown, disapproving look
Luc.562
Her modest eloquence with sighes is mixed, Her modest eloquence with sighs is mixed,  Luc.563
Which to her Oratorie addes more grace. Which to her oratory adds more grace.  Luc.564
Shee puts the period often from his place, She puts the period often from his place, period (n.)rhetorical pause, sentence ending, terminationLuc.565
And midst the sentence so her accent breakes, And 'midst the sentence so her accent breaks accent (n.)talk, speech, utterance, wordsLuc.566
That twise she doth begin ere once she speakes. That twice she doth begin ere once she speaks.  Luc.567
She coniures him by high Almightie loue, She conjures him by high almighty Jove, conjure (v.)
old form: coniures
ask solemnly, entreat earnestly, beseech
Luc.568
Jove (n.)[pron: johv] alternative name for Jupiter, the Roman supreme god
By knighthood, gentrie, and sweete friendships oth, By knighthood, gentry, and sweet friendship's oath, gentry (n.)
old form: gentrie
courtesy, gentlemanliness, good breeding
Luc.569
By her vntimely teares, her husbands loue, By her untimely tears, her husband's love,  Luc.570
By holie humaine law, and common troth, By holy human law and common troth, troth (n.)truth, good faithLuc.571
By Heauen and Earth, and all the power of both: By heaven and earth, and all the power of both,  Luc.572
That to his borrowed bed he make retire, That to his borrowed bed he make retire, retire (n.)retreat, withdrawalLuc.573
And stoope to Honor, not to fowle desire. And stoop to honour, not to foul desire. stoop (v.)
old form: stoope
kneel, submit, bow down
Luc.574
Quoth shee, reward not Hospitalitie, Quoth she, ‘ Reward not hospitality  Luc.575
With such black payment, as thou hast pretended, With such black payment as thou hast pretended; pretend (v.)intend, design, planLuc.576
Mudde not the fountaine that gaue drinke to thee, Mud not the fountain that gave drink to thee; mud (v.)
old form: Mudde
muddy, make foul
Luc.577
Mar not the thing that cannot be amended. Mar not the thing that cannot be amended;  Luc.578
End thy ill ayme, before thy shoote be ended. End thy ill aim before thy shoot be ended; ill (adj.)evil, wicked, immoralLuc.579
shoot (n.)
old form: shoote
shot, act of shooting
He is no wood-man that doth bend his bow, He is no woodman that doth bend his bow woodman (n.)
old form: wood-man
hunter, huntsman
Luc.580
To strike a poore vnseasonable Doe. To strike a poor unseasonable doe. unseasonable (adj.)
old form: vnseasonable
not in the hunting season
Luc.581
My husband is thy friend, for his sake spare me, ‘ My husband is thy friend; for his sake spare me:  Luc.582
Thy selfe art mightie, for thine own sake leaue me: Thyself art mighty; for thine own sake leave me:  Luc.583
My selfe a weakling, do not then insnare me. Myself a weakling; do not then ensnare me:  Luc.584
Thou look'st not like deceipt, do not deceiue me. Thou look'st not like deceit; do not deceive me.  Luc.585
My sighes like whirlewindes labor hence to heaue (thee. My sighs like whirlwinds labour hence to heave thee. heave (v.)
old form: heaue
throw, toss, cast
Luc.586
If euer man were mou'd with womãs mones, If ever man were moved with woman's moans,  Luc.587
Be moued with my teares, my sighes, my grones. Be moved with my tears, my sighs, my groans:  Luc.588
All which together like a troubled Ocean, ‘ All which together, like a troubled ocean,  Luc.589
Beat at thy rockie, and wracke-threatning heart, Beat at thy rocky and wreck-threatening heart, wrack-threatening (adj.)
old form: wracke-threatning
threatening dishonour
Luc.590
To soften it with their continuall motion: To soften it with their continual motion;  Luc.591
For stones dissolu'd to water do conuert. For stones dissolved to water do convert. convert (v.)
old form: conuert
change, transform, alter
Luc.592
O if no harder then a stone thou art, O, if no harder than a stone thou art,  Luc.593
Melt at my teares and be compassionate, Melt at my tears and be compassionate;  Luc.594
Soft pittie enters at an iron gate. Soft pity enters at an iron gate.  Luc.595
In TARQVINS likenesse I did entertaine thee, ‘ In Tarquin's likeness I did entertain thee:  Luc.596
Hast thou put on his shape, to do him shame? Hast thou put on his shape to do him shame?  Luc.597
To all the Host of Heauen I complaine me. To all the host of heaven I complain me  Luc.598
Thou wrongst his honor, woũdst his princely name: Thou wrong'st his honour, wound'st his princely name:  Luc.599
Thou art not what thou seem'st, and if the same, Thou art not what thou seem'st; and if the same,  Luc.600
Thou seem'st not what thou art, a God, a King; Thou seem'st not what thou art, a god, a king;  Luc.601
For kings like Gods should gouerne euery thing. For kings like gods should govern every thing. govern (v.)
old form: gouerne
restrain, control, hold in check
Luc.602
How will thy shame be seeded in thine age ‘ How will thy shame be seeded in thine age, seed (v.)mature, yield fruitLuc.603
When thus thy vices bud before thy spring? When thus thy vices bud before thy spring?  Luc.604
If in thy hope thou darst do such outrage, If in thy hope thou dar'st do such outrage, hope (n.)prospect, expectationLuc.605
What dar'st thou not when once thou art a King? What dar'st thou not when once thou art a king?  Luc.606
O be remembred, no outragious thing O, be remembered, no outrageous thing  Luc.607
From vassall actors can be wipt away, From vassal actors can be wiped away; actor (n.)doer, performerLuc.608
vassal (adj.)
old form: vassall
subject, servile, subordinate
Then Kings misdeedes cannot be hid in clay. Then kings' misdeeds cannot be hid in clay.  Luc.609
This deede will make thee only lou'd for feare, ‘ This deed will make thee only loved for fear;  Luc.610
But happie Monarchs still are feard for loue: But happy monarchs still are feared for love: still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.611
With fowle offendors thou perforce must beare, With foul offenders thou perforce must bear, perforce (adv.)of necessity, with no choice in the matterLuc.612
When they in thee the like offences proue; When they in thee the like offences prove. like (adj.)same, similar, alike, equalLuc.613
If but for feare of this, thy will remoue. If but for fear of this, thy will remove; will (n.)lust, sexual desire, passionLuc.614
For Princes are the glasse, the schoole, the booke, For princes are the glass, the school, the book, glass (n.)mirror, looking-glassLuc.615
Where subiects eies do learn, do read, do looke. Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look.  Luc.616
And wilt thou be the schoole where lust shall learne? ‘ And wilt thou be the school where Lust shall learn?  Luc.617
Must he in thee read lectures of such shame? Must he in thee read lectures of such shame? lecture (n.)lesson, instructive exampleLuc.618
Wilt thou be glasse wherein it shall discerne Wilt thou be glass wherein it shall discern glass (n.)
old form: glasse
mirror, looking-glass
Luc.619
Authoritie for sinne, warrant for blame? Authority for sin, warrant for blame,  Luc.620
To priuiledge dishonor in thy name. To privilege dishonour in thy name?  Luc.621
Thou backst reproch against long-liuing lawd, Thou black'st reproach against long-living laud, back (v.)
old form: backst
support, help, back up
Luc.622
laud (n.)
old form: lawd
praise, homage, honour
And mak'st faire reputation but a bawd. And mak'st fair reputation but a bawd. bawd (n.)pimp, procurer, pander, go-betweenLuc.623
Hast thou commaund? by him that gaue it thee ‘ Hast thou command? by him that gave it thee,  Luc.624
From a pure heart commaund thy rebell will: From a pure heart command thy rebel will.  Luc.625
Draw not thy sword to gard iniquitie, Draw not thy sword to guard iniquity,  Luc.626
For it was lent thee all that broode to kill. For it was lent thee all that brood to kill.  Luc.627
Thy Princelie office how canst thou fulfill? Thy princely office how canst thou fulfil, office (n.)role, position, place, functionLuc.628
When patternd by thy fault fowle sin may say, When patterned by thy fault foul sin may say pattern (v.)
old form: patternd
show a model, give a precedent
Luc.629
He learnd to sin, and thou didst teach the way. He learned to sin, and thou didst teach the way?  Luc.630
Thinke but how vile a spectacle it were, ‘ Think but how vile a spectacle it were  Luc.631
To view thy present trespasse in another: To view thy present trespass in another.  Luc.632
Mens faults do seldome to themselues appeare, Men's faults do seldom to themselves appear;  Luc.633
Their own transgressions partiallie they smother, Their own transgressions partially they smother. partially (adv.)
old form: partiallie
with partiality, in a biased way
Luc.634
This guilt would seem death-worthie in thy brother. This guilt would seem death-worthy in thy brother. death-worthy (adj.)
old form: death-worthie
deserving death
Luc.635
O how are they wrapt in with infamies, O, how are they wrapped in with infamies wrap in (v.)
old form: wrapt
entangle, catch, involve
Luc.636
That frõ their own misdeeds askaunce their eyes? That from their own misdeeds askance their eyes! askance, askaunce (v.)
old form: askaunce
turn aside, divert
Luc.637
To thee, to thee, my heau'd vp hands appeale, ‘ To thee, to thee, my heaved-up hands appeal, heaved-up (adj.)
old form: heau'd vp
raised, lifted up
Luc.638
Not to seducing lust thy rash relier: Not to seducing lust, thy rash relier: relier (n.)thing relied uponLuc.639
I sue for exil'd maiesties repeale, I sue for exiled majesty's repeal; repeal (n.)
old form: repeale
recall, return from banishment
Luc.640
Let him returne, and flattring thoughts retire. Let him return, and flattering thoughts retire:  Luc.641
His true respect will prison false desire, His true respect will prison false desire, prison (v.)imprison, lock up, confineLuc.642
respect (n.)courtesy, politeness, consideration
false (adj.)wrong, mistaken
And wipe the dim mist from thy doting eien, And wipe the dim mist from thy doting eyne, eyne (n.)
old form: eien
[archaism] eyes
Luc.643
That thou shalt see thy state, and pittie mine. That thou shalt see thy state, and pity mine.’  Luc.644
Haue done, quoth he, my vncontrolled tide ‘ Have done,’ quoth he: ‘ my uncontrolled tide  Luc.645
Turnes not, but swels the higher by this let. Turns not, but swells the higher by this let. let (n.)hindrance, obstacle, snagLuc.646
Small lightes are soone blown out, huge fires abide, Small lights are soon blown out; huge fires abide,  Luc.647
And with the winde in greater furie fret: And with the wind in greater fury fret; fret (v.)rage, rampageLuc.648
The petty streames that paie a dailie det The petty streams that pay a daily debt  Luc.649
To their salt soueraigne with their fresh fals hast, To their salt sovereign, with their fresh falls' haste  Luc.650
Adde to his flowe, but alter not his tast. Add to his flow, but alter not his taste.’  Luc.651
Thou art, quoth shee, a sea, a soueraigne King, ‘ Thou art,’ quoth she, ‘ a sea, a sovereign king;  Luc.652
And loe there fals into thy boundlesse flood, And lo, there falls into thy boundless flood flood (n.)river, stream, rushing waterLuc.653
fall (v.)
old form: fals
discharge, issue, run
Blacke lust, dishonor, shame, mis-gouerning, Black lust, dishonour, shame, misgoverning,  Luc.654
Who seeke to staine the Ocean of thy blood. Who seek to stain the ocean of thy blood.  Luc.655
If all these pettie ils shall change thy good, If all these petty ills shall change thy good,  Luc.656
Thy sea within a puddels wombe is hersed, Thy sea within a puddle's womb is hearsed, hearsed (v.)
old form: hersed
coffined, placed in a hearse
Luc.657
And not the puddle in thy sea dispersed. And not the puddle in thy sea dispersed.  Luc.658
So shall these slaues be King, and thou their slaue, ‘ So shall these slaves be king, and thou their slave;  Luc.659
Thou noblie base, they baselie dignified: Thou nobly base, they basely dignified; base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.660
basely (adv.)
old form: baselie
dishonourably, shamefully, ignominiously
Thou their faire life, and they thy fowler graue: Thou their fair life, and they thy fouler grave:  Luc.661
Thou lothed in their shame, they in thy pride, Thou loathed in their shame, they in thy pride.  Luc.662
The lesser thing should not the greater hide. The lesser thing should not the greater hide:  Luc.663
The Cedar stoopes not to the base shrubs foote, The cedar stoops not to the base shrub's foot, base (adj.)low-lying, lowlandLuc.664
But low-shrubs wither at the Cedars roote. But low shrubs wither at the cedar's root.  Luc.665
So let thy thoughts low vassals to thy state, ‘ So let thy thoughts, low vassals to thy state ’ – vassal (n.)servant, slave, subjectLuc.666
No more quoth he, by Heauen I will not heare thee. ‘ No more,’ quoth he; ‘ by heaven I will not hear thee.  Luc.667
Yeeld to my loue, if not inforced hate, Yield to my love; if not, enforced hate enforced (adj.)
old form: inforced
violating, shown in an assault
Luc.668
In steed of loues coy tutch shall rudelie teare thee. Instead of love's coy touch shall rudely tear thee. coy (adj.)gentle, considerate, solicitousLuc.669
rudely (adv.)
old form: rudelie
violently, roughly, with great force
That done, despitefullie I meane to beare thee That done, despitefully I mean to bear thee despitefully (adv.)
old form: despitefullie
maliciously, cruelly; or: shamefully
Luc.670
Vnto the base bed of some rascall groome, Unto the base bed of some rascal groom, base (adj.)low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rankLuc.671
rascal (adj.)
old form: rascall
worthless, good-for-nothing
groom (n.)
old form: groome
servingman, servant, male attendant
To be thy partner in this shamefull doome. To be thy partner in this shameful doom.’  Luc.672
This said, he sets his foote vppon the light, This said, he sets his foot upon the light,  Luc.673
For light and lust are deadlie enemies, For light and lust are deadly enemies:  Luc.674
Shame folded vp in blind concealing night, Shame folded up in blind concealing night, blind (adj.)dark, blackLuc.675
When most vnseene, then most doth tyrannize. When most unseen, then most doth tyrannize.  Luc.676
The wolfe hath ceazd his pray, the poor lamb cries, The wolf hath seized his prey, the poor lamb cries,  Luc.677
Till with her own white fleece her voice controld, Till with her own white fleece her voice controlled control (v.)
old form: controld
overwhelm, overpower
Luc.678
Intombes her outcrie in her lips sweet fold. Entombs her outcry in her lips' sweet fold.  Luc.679
For with the nightlie linnen that shee weares, For with the nightly linen that she wears  Luc.680
He pens her piteous clamors in her head, He pens her piteous clamours in her head, pen (v.)shut up, confine; silenceLuc.681
Cooling his hot face in the chastest teares, Cooling his hot face in the chastest tears  Luc.682
That euer modest eyes with sorrow shed. That ever modest eyes with sorrow shed.  Luc.683
O that prone lust should staine so pure a bed, O, that prone lust should stain so pure a bed! prone (adj.)eager, readyLuc.684
The spots whereof could weeping purifie, The spots whereof could weeping purify,  Luc.685
Her tears should drop on them perpetuallie. Her tears should drop on them perpetually.  Luc.686
But shee hath lost a dearer thing then life, But she hath lost a dearer thing than life,  Luc.687
And he hath wonne what he would loose againe, And he hath won what he would lose again.  Luc.688
This forced league doth force a further strife, This forced league doth force a further strife;  Luc.689
This momentarie ioy breeds months of paine, This momentary joy breeds months of pain;  Luc.690
This hot desire conuerts to colde disdaine; This hot desire converts to cold disdain: convert (v.)
old form: conuerts
change, transform, alter
Luc.691
Pure chastitie is rifled of her store, Pure Chastity is rifled of her store,  Luc.692
And lust the theefe farre poorer then before. And Lust the thief far poorer than before.  Luc.693
Looke as the full-fed Hound, or gorged Hawke, Look as the full-fed hound or gorged hawk,  Luc.694
Vnapt for tender smell, or speedie flight, Unapt for tender smell or speedy flight, tender (adj.)weak, faint, delicateLuc.695
unapt (adj.)
old form: Vnapt
unfit, not suited
Make slow pursuite, or altogether bauk, Make slow pursuit, or altogether balk balk, baulk (v.)
old form: bauk
refuse, ignore, shirk, let slip
Luc.696
The praie wherein by nature they delight: The prey wherein by nature they delight,  Luc.697
So surfet-taking TARQVIN fares this night: So surfeit-taking Tarquin fares this night; surfeit-taking (adj.)
old form: surfet-taking
over-indulging
Luc.698
fare (v.)get on, manage, do, cope
His tast delicious, in digestion sowring, His taste delicious, in digestion souring,  Luc.699
Deuoures his will that liu'd by fowle deuouring. Devours his will, that lived by foul devouring. will (n.)lust, sexual desire, passionLuc.700
O deeper sinne then bottomelesse conceit O deeper sin than bottomless conceit bottomless (adj.)
old form: bottomelesse
inexhaustible, unfathomable, infinite
Luc.701
conceit (n.)imagination, fancy, wit
Can comprehend in still imagination! Can comprehend in still imagination! still (adj.)constant, continual, perpetualLuc.702
Drunken Desire must vomite his receipt Drunken Desire must vomit his receipt receipt (n.)what is received, acquisition, gainLuc.703
Ere he can see his owne abhomination. Ere he can see his own abomination. abomination (n.)
old form: abhomination
hatefulness, repugnance, disgusting state
Luc.704
While Lust is in his pride no exclamation While Lust is in his pride, no exclamation exclamation (n.)loud reproach, outcry, clamorous complaintLuc.705
Can curbe his heat, or reine his rash desire, Can curb his heat or rein his rash desire,  Luc.706
Till like a Iade, self-will himselfe doth tire. Till, like a jade, Self-will himself doth tire. jade (n.)
old form: Iade
worn-out horse, hack, worthless nag
Luc.707
And then with lanke, and leane discolour'd cheeke, And then with lank and lean discoloured cheek,  Luc.708
With heauie eye, knit-brow, and strengthlesse pace, With heavy eye, knit brow, and strengthless pace, brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]Luc.709
heavy (adj.)
old form: heauie
grave, serious, weighty
Feeble desire all recreant, poore and meeke, Feeble Desire, all recreant, poor, and meek, recreant (adj.)cowardly, faint-hearted, cravenLuc.710
Like to a banckrout begger wailes his cace: Like to a bankrupt beggar wails his case. bancrout, bankrout, bankerout (n./adj./v.)
old form: banckrout
bankrupt
Luc.711
The flesh being proud, Desire doth fight with grace; The flesh being proud, Desire doth fight with Grace;  Luc.712
For there it reuels, and when that decaies, For there it revels, and when that decays,  Luc.713
The guiltie rebell for remission praies. The guilty rebel for remission prays. remission (n.)pardon, forgivenessLuc.714
So fares it with this fault-full Lord of Rome, So fares it with this faultful lord of Rome, fare (v.)go, happen, turn outLuc.715
faultful (adj.)
old form: fault-full
sinful, culpable, wicked
Who this accomplishment so hotly chased, Who this accomplishment so hotly chased; accomplishment (n.)fulfilment, consummationLuc.716
For now against himselfe he sounds this doome, For now against himself he sounds this doom, doom (n.)
old form: doome
judgement, sentence, decision
Luc.717
sound (v.)cry out, declare, proclaim
That through the length of times he stãds disgraced: That through the length of times he stands disgraced.  Luc.718
Besides his soules faire temple is defaced, Besides, his soul's fair temple is defaced,  Luc.719
To whose weake ruines muster troopes of cares, To whose weak ruins muster troops of cares  Luc.720
To aske the spotted Princesse how she fares. To ask the spotted princess how she fares. spotted (adj.)stained, blemishedLuc.721
fare (v.)get on, manage, do, cope
Shee sayes her subiects with fowle insurrection, She says her subjects with foul insurrection  Luc.722
Haue batterd downe her consecrated wall, Have battered down her consecrated wall,  Luc.723
And by their mortall fault brought in subiection And by their mortal fault brought in subjection mortal (adj.)
old form: mortall
fatal, deadly, lethal
Luc.724
Her immortalitie, and made her thrall, Her immortality, and made her thrall thrall (n.)slave, subject, captiveLuc.725
To liuing death and payne perpetuall. To living death and pain perpetual;  Luc.726
Which in her prescience shee controlled still, Which in her prescience she controlled still, prescience (n.)foresight, forethought, planning aheadLuc.727
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
But her foresight could not forestall their will. But her foresight could not forestall their will.  Luc.728
Eu'n in this thought through the dark-night he stealeth, Even in this thought through the dark night he stealeth,  Luc.729
A captiue victor that hath lost in gaine, A captive victor that hath lost in gain;  Luc.730
Bearing away the wound that nothing healeth, Bearing away the wound that nothing healeth,  Luc.731
The scarre that will dispight of Cure remaine, The scar that will, despite of cure, remain;  Luc.732
Leauing his spoile perplext in greater paine. Leaving his spoil perplexed in greater pain. spoil (n.)
old form: spoile
plunder, booty
Luc.733
Shee beares the lode of lust he left behinde, She bears the load of lust he left behind,  Luc.734
And he the burthen of a guiltie minde. And he the burden of a guilty mind.  Luc.735
Hee like a theeuish dog creeps sadly thence, He like a thievish dog creeps sadly thence;  Luc.736
Shee like a wearied Lambe lies panting there, She like a wearied lamb lies panting there;  Luc.737
He scowles and hates himselfe for his offence, He scowls, and hates himself for his offence;  Luc.738
Shee desperat with her nailes her flesh doth teare. She, desperate, with her nails her flesh doth tear.  Luc.739
He faintly flies sweating with guiltie feare; He faintly flies, sneaking with guilty fear; faintly (adv.)like a coward, fearfullyLuc.740
Shee staies exclayming on the direfull night, She stays, exclaiming on the direful night; direful (adj.)
old form: direfull
dreadful, terrible, frightful
Luc.741
exclaim against / on (v.)
old form: exclayming
decry, cry out against, rail at
He runnes and chides his vanisht loth'd delight. He runs, and chides his vanished loathed delight. chide (v.), past form chidscold, rebuke, reproveLuc.742
He thence departs a heauy conuertite, He thence departs a heavy convertite; convertite (n.)
old form: conuertite
convert, penitent
Luc.743
heavy (adj.)
old form: heauy
sorrowful, sad, gloomy
Shee there remaines a hopelesse cast-away, She there remains a hopeless castaway; castaway (n.)
old form: cast-away
lost soul, reject, outcast
Luc.744
He in his speed lookes for the morning light: He in his speed looks for the morning light;  Luc.745
Shee prayes shee neuer may behold the day. She prays she never may behold the day.  Luc.746
For daie, quoth shee, nights scapes doth open lay, ‘ For day,’ quoth she, ‘ night's scapes doth open lay, scape, 'scape (n.)escapade, fling, sexual wrongdoingLuc.747
And my true eyes haue neuer practiz'd how And my true eyes have never practised how true (adj.)honourable, virtuous, sincereLuc.748
To cloake offences with a cunning brow. To cloak offences with a cunning brow. brow (n.)appearance, aspect, countenanceLuc.749
They thinke not but that euerie eye can see, ‘ They think not but that every eye can see  Luc.750
The same disgrace which they themselues behold: The same disgrace which they themselves behold;  Luc.751
And therefore would they still in darkenesse be, And therefore would they still in darkness be, still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.752
To haue their vnseene sinne remaine vntold. To have their unseen sin remain untold.  Luc.753
For they their guilt with weeping will vnfold, For they their guilt with weeping will unfold,  Luc.754
And graue like water that doth eate in steele, And grave, like water that doth eat in steel, grave (v.)
old form: graue
engrave, inscribe [in], cut into
Luc.755
Vppon my cheeks, what helpelesse shame I feele. Upon my cheeks what helpless shame I feel.’  Luc.756
Here shee exclaimes against repose and rest, Here she exclaims against repose and rest, exclaim against / on (v.)
old form: exclaimes
decry, cry out against, rail at
Luc.757
And bids her eyes hereafter still be blinde, And bids her eyes hereafter still be blind;  Luc.758
Shee wakes her heart by beating on her brest, She wakes her heart by beating on her breast,  Luc.759
And bids it leape from thence, where it maie finde And bids it leap from thence, where it may find  Luc.760
Some purer chest, to close so pure a minde. Some purer chest, to close so pure a mind. close (v.)enclose, include, containLuc.761
Franticke with griefe thus breaths shee forth her spite, Frantic with grief thus breathes she forth her spite  Luc.762
Against the vnseene secrecie of night. Against the unseen secrecy of night:  Luc.763
O comfort-killing night, image of Hell, ‘ O comfort-killing Night, image of hell,  Luc.764
Dim register, and notarie of shame, Dim register and notary of shame, notary (n.)
old form: notarie
noter, observer, witness
Luc.765
register (n.)registrar, recorder
Blacke stage for tragedies, and murthers fell, Black stage for tragedies and murders fell, fell (adj.)cruel, fierce, savageLuc.766
Vast sin-concealing Chaos, nourse of blame. Vast sin-concealing chaos, nurse of blame!  Luc.767
Blinde muffled bawd, darke harber for defame, Blind muffled bawd, dark harbour for defame, bawd (n.)pimp, procurer, pander, go-betweenLuc.768
defame (n.)disgrace, infamy, dishonour
harbour (n.)
old form: harber
shelter, refuge, safe lodging
Grim caue of death, whispring conspirator, Grim cave of death, whispering conspirator  Luc.769
With close-tong'd treason & the rauisher. With close-tongued treason and the ravisher! close-tongued (adj.)
old form: close-tong'd
speaking secretly, tight-lipped
Luc.770
O hatefull, vaporous, and foggy night, ‘ O hateful, vaporous, and foggy Night, vaporous (adj.)misty, damp-filled, foggyLuc.771
Since thou art guilty of my curelesse crime: Since thou art guilty of my cureless crime, cureless (adj.)
old form: curelesse
incurable, fatal, without remedy
Luc.772
Muster thy mists to meete the Easterne light, Muster thy mists to meet the eastern light,  Luc.773
Make war against proportion'd course of time. Make war against proportioned course of time; proportioned (adj.)
old form: proportion'd
regulated, well-ordered
Luc.774
Or if thou wilt permit the Sunne to clime Or if thou wilt permit the sun to climb  Luc.775
His wonted height, yet ere he go to bed, His wonted height, yet ere he go to bed wonted (adj.)accustomed, usual, customaryLuc.776
Knit poysonous clouds about his golden head. Knit poisonous clouds about his golden head.  Luc.777
With rotten damps rauish the morning aire, ‘ With rotten damps ravish the morning air; damp (n.)fog, mist, vapourLuc.778
rotten (adj.)unhealthy, corrupting, unwholesome
ravish (v.)
old form: rauish
seize, despoil, corrupt
Let their exhald vnholdsome breaths make sicke Let their exhaled unwholesome breaths make sick unwholesome (adj.)
old form: vnholdsome
harmful, damaging, noxious
Luc.779
The life of puritie, the supreme faire, The life of purity, the supreme fair, supreme (n.)supreme ruler, king, highest in authorityLuc.780
Ere he arriue his wearie noone-tide pricke, Ere he arrive his weary noontide prick; arrive (v.)reach, arrive atLuc.781
prick (n.)
old form: pricke
[on a sundial] mark, point, division
And let thy mustie vapours march so thicke, And let thy misty vapours march so thick, vapour (n.)mist, cloud, fogLuc.782
That in their smoakie rankes, his smothred light That in their smoky ranks his smothered light  Luc.783
May set at noone, and make perpetuall night. May set at noon and make perpetual night.  Luc.784
Were TARQVIN night, as he is but nights child, ‘ Were Tarquin Night, as he is but Night's child,  Luc.785
The siluer shining Queene he would distaine; The silver-shining queen he would distain; distain (v.)
old form: distaine
dishonour, defile, corrupt
Luc.786
Her twinckling handmaids to (by him defil'd) Her twinkling handmaids too, by him defiled,  Luc.787
Through nights black bosom shuld not peep again. Through Night's black bosom should not peep again.  Luc.788
So should I haue copartners in my paine, So should I have co-partners in my pain;  Luc.789
And fellowship in woe doth woe asswage, And fellowship in woe doth woe assuage,  Luc.790
As Palmers chat makes short their pilgrimage. As palmers' chat makes short their pilgrimage. chat (n.)chatter, prattle, idle talkLuc.791
palmer (n.)pilgrim
Where now I haue no one to blush with me, ‘ Where now I have no one to blush with me,  Luc.792
To crosse their armes & hang their heads with mine, To cross their arms and hang their heads with mine,  Luc.793
To maske their browes and hide their infamie, To mask their brows and hide their infamy; brow (n.)
old form: browes
forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
Luc.794
But I alone, alone must sit and pine, But I alone alone must sit and pine,  Luc.795
Seasoning the earth with showres of siluer brine; Seasoning the earth with showers of silver brine, brine (n.)salt water [i.e. tears]Luc.796
Mingling my talk with tears, my greef with grones, Mingling my talk with tears, my grief with groans,  Luc.797
Poore wasting monuments of lasting mones. Poor wasting monuments of lasting moans.  Luc.798
O night thou furnace of fowle reeking smoke! ‘ O Night, thou furnace of foul reeking smoke,  Luc.799
Let not the iealous daie behold that face, Let not the jealous Day behold that face jealous (adj.)
old form: iealous
suspicious, mistrustful, wary, watchful
Luc.800
Which vnderneath thy blacke all-hiding cloke Which underneath thy black all-hiding cloak  Luc.801
Immodestly lies martird with disgrace. Immodestly lies martyred with disgrace!  Luc.802
Keepe still possession of thy gloomy place, Keep still possession of thy gloomy place,  Luc.803
That all the faults which in thy raigne are made, That all the faults which in thy reign are made  Luc.804
May likewise be sepulcherd in thy shade. May likewise be sepulchred in thy shade. sepulchre (v.)
old form: sepulcherd
place in a sepulchre, bury
Luc.805
Make me not obiect to the tell-tale day, ‘ Make me not object to the tell-tale Day: object (n.)
old form: obiect
spectacle, sight, object of attention
Luc.806
The light will shew characterd in my brow, The light will show charactered in my brow brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]Luc.807
character (v.)
old form: characterd
inscribe, engrave, write
The storie of sweete chastities decay, The story of sweet chastity's decay, decay (n.)destruction, downfall, endingLuc.808
The impious breach of holy wedlocke vowe. The impious breach of holy wedlock vow;  Luc.809
Yea the illiterate that know not how Yea, the illiterate that know not how  Luc.810
To cipher what is writ in learned bookes, To cipher what is writ in learned books cipher (v.)decipher, read, spell outLuc.811
Will cote my lothsome trespasse in my lookes. Will quote my loathsome trespass in my looks. quote (v.)
old form: cote
closely observe, note, examine
Luc.812
The nourse to still her child will tell my storie, ‘ The nurse to still her child will tell my story,  Luc.813
And fright her crying babe with TARQVINS name. And fright her crying babe with Tarquin's name; fright (v.), past form frightedfrighten, scare, terrifyLuc.814
The Orator to decke his oratorie, The orator to deck his oratory  Luc.815
Will couple my reproch to TARQVINS shame. Will couple my reproach to Tarquin's shame;  Luc.816
Feast-finding minstrels tuning my defame, Feast-finding minstrels tuning my defame defame (n.)disgrace, infamy, dishonourLuc.817
feast-finding (adj.)searching out feasts [at which to entertain the company]
Will tie the hearers to attend ech line, Will tie the hearers to attend each line, attend (v.)regard, considerLuc.818
tie (v.)oblige, constrain, force
How TARQVIN wronged me, I COLATINE. How Tarquin wronged me, I Collatine.  Luc.819
Let my good name, that sencelesse reputation, ‘ Let my good name, that senseless reputation, senseless (adj.)
old form: sencelesse
lacking human sensation, incapable of feeling
Luc.820
For COLATINES deare loue be kept vnspotted: For Collatine's dear love be kept unspotted;  Luc.821
If that be made a theame for disputation, If that be made a theme for disputation,  Luc.822
The branches of another roote are rotted; The branches of another root are rotted,  Luc.823
And vndeseru'd reproch to him alotted, And undeserved reproach to him allotted  Luc.824
That is as cleare from this attaint of mine, That is as clear from this attaint of mine attaint (n.)disgrace, dishonour, corruptionLuc.825
As I ere this was pure to COLATINE. As I ere this was pure to Collatine.  Luc.826
O vnseene shame, inuisible disgrace, ‘ O unseen shame, invisible disgrace!  Luc.827
O vnfelt sore, crest-wounding priuat scarre! O unfelt sore, crest-wounding private scar! crest-wounding (adj.)harming family honourLuc.828
unfelt (adj.)
old form: vnfelt
intangible, not supported by solid evidence
Reproch is stampt in COLATINVS face, Reproach is stamped in Collatinus' face,  Luc.829
And TARQVINS eye maie read the mot a farre, And Tarquin's eye may read the mot afar, mot (n.)motto, words on a deviceLuc.830
"How he in peace is wounded not in warre. How he in peace is wounded, not in war.  Luc.831
"Alas how manie beare such shamefull blowes, Alas, how many bear such shameful blows,  Luc.832
Which not thẽselues but he that giues thẽ knowes. Which not themselves, but he that gives them knows!  Luc.833
If COLATINE, thine honor laie in me, ‘ If, Collatine, thine honour lay in me,  Luc.834
From me by strong assault it is bereft: From me by strong assault it is bereft. bereave (v.)take away [from], deprive, deny, robLuc.835
My Honnie lost, and I a Drone-like Bee, My honey lost, and I, a drone-like bee,  Luc.836
Haue no perfection of my sommer left, Have no perfection of my summer left,  Luc.837
But rob'd and ransak't by iniurious theft. But robbed and ransacked by injurious theft.  Luc.838
In thy weake Hiue a wandring waspe hath crept, In thy weak hive a wandering wasp hath crept,  Luc.839
And suck't the Honnie which thy chast Bee kept. And sucked the honey which thy chaste bee kept.  Luc.840
Yet am I guiltie of thy Honors wracke, ‘ Yet am I guilty of thy honour's wrack; wrack (n.)
old form: wracke
destruction, ruin
Luc.841
Yet for thy Honor did I entertaine him, Yet for thy honour did I entertain him; entertain (v.)
old form: entertaine
welcome, receive kindly, treat well, show hospitality to
Luc.842
Comming from thee I could not put him backe: Coming from thee, I could not put him back,  Luc.843
For it had beene dishonor to disdaine him, For it had been dishonour to disdain him;  Luc.844
Besides of wearinesse he did complaine him, Besides, of weariness he did complain him,  Luc.845
And talk't of Vertue (O vnlook't for euill,) And talked of virtue: O unlooked-for evil,  Luc.846
When Vertue is prophan'd in such a Deuill. When virtue is profaned in such a devil!  Luc.847
Why should the worme intrude the maiden bud? ‘ Why should the worm intrude the maiden bud?  Luc.848
Or hatefull Kuckcowes hatch in Sparrows nests? Or hateful cuckoos hatch in sparrows' nests?  Luc.849
Or Todes infect faire founts with venome mud? Or toads infect fair founts with venom mud? venom (adj.)
old form: venome
venomous, poisonous, spiteful
Luc.850
fount (n.)spring, stream
Or tyrant follie lurke in gentle brests? Or tyrant folly lurk in gentle breasts? gentle (adj.)well-born, honourable, nobleLuc.851
folly (n.)
old form: follie
wantonness, lewdness
Or Kings be breakers of their owne behestes? Or kings be breakers of their own behests? behest (n.)
old form: behestes
command, bidding, decree
Luc.852
"But no perfection is so absolute, But no perfection is so absolute absolute (adj.)perfect, complete, incomparableLuc.853
That some impuritie doth not pollute. That some impurity doth not pollute.  Luc.854
The aged man that coffers vp his gold, ‘ The aged man that coffers up his gold coffer up (v.)hoard, store away, lay up securelyLuc.855
Is plagu'd with cramps, and gouts, and painefull fits, Is plagued with cramps and gouts and painful fits,  Luc.856
And scarce hath eyes his treasure to behold, And scarce hath eyes his treasure to behold;  Luc.857
But like still pining TANTALVS he sits, But like still-pining Tantalus he sits, still-pining (adj.)
old form: still pining
perpetually tormented
Luc.858
And vselesse barnes the haruest of his wits: And useless barns the harvest of his wits, barn (v.)
old form: barnes
store up in a barn, gather in
Luc.859
wits, also five witsfaculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)
Hauing no other pleasure of his gaine, Having no other pleasure of his gain  Luc.860
But torment that it cannot cure his paine. But torment that it cannot cure his pain.  Luc.861
So then he hath it when he cannot vse it, ‘ So then he hath it when he cannot use it,  Luc.862
And leaues it to be maistred by his yong: And leaves it to be mastered by his young, master (v.)
old form: maistred
own, possess, have at one's disposal
Luc.863
Who in their pride do presently abuse it, Who in their pride do presently abuse it; presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at onceLuc.864
Their father was too weake, and they too strong Their father was too weak and they too strong  Luc.865
To hold their cursed-blessed Fortune long. To hold their cursed-blessed fortune long.  Luc.866
"The sweets we wish for, turne to lothed sowrs, The sweets we wish for turn to loathed sours  Luc.867
"Euen in the moment that we call them ours. Even in the moment that we call them ours.  Luc.868
Vnruly blasts wait on the tender spring, ‘ Unruly blasts wait on the tender spring; blast (n.)storm, rage, angry breathLuc.869
spring (n.)sapling, shoot, young growth
Vnholsome weeds take roote with precious flowrs, Unwholesome weeds take root with precious flowers; unwholesome (adj.)
old form: Vnholsome
harmful, damaging, noxious
Luc.870
The Adder hisses where the sweete birds sing, The adder hisses where the sweet birds sing;  Luc.871
What Vertue breedes Iniquity deuours: What virtue breeds iniquity devours.  Luc.872
We haue no good that we can say is ours, We have no good that we can say is ours  Luc.873
But ill annexed opportunity But ill-annexed Opportunity ill-annexed (adj.)
old form: ill annexed
badly added, adversely attached
Luc.874
Or kils his life, or else his quality. Or kills his life or else his quality. quality (n.)nature, disposition, characterLuc.875
O opportunity thy guilt is great, ‘ O Opportunity, thy guilt is great!  Luc.876
Tis thou that execut'st the traytors treason: 'Tis thou that execut'st the traitor's treason;  Luc.877
Thou sets the wolfe where he the lambe may get, Thou sets the wolf where he the lamb may get;  Luc.878
Who euer plots the sinne thou poinst the season. Whoever plots the sin, thou point'st the season. appoint (v.)
old form: poinst
destine, assign, arrange
Luc.879
Tis thou that spurn'st at right, at law, at reason, 'Tis thou that spurn'st at right, at law, at reason; spurn against / at (v.)
old form: spurn'st at
kick out at, treat with contempt
Luc.880
And in thy shadie Cell where none may spie him, And in thy shady cell, where none may spy him  Luc.881
Sits sin to ceaze the soules that wander by him. Sits Sin, to seize the souls that wander by him.  Luc.882
Thou makest the vestall violate her oath, ‘ Thou mak'st the vestal violate her oath; vestal (n.)
old form: vestall
woman vowed to chastity, virgin, priestess
Luc.883
Thou blowest the fire when temperance is thawd, Thou blow'st the fire when temperance is thawed; temperance (n.)chastityLuc.884
Thou smotherst honestie, thou murthrest troth, Thou smother'st honesty, thou murd'rest troth; troth (n.)truth, good faithLuc.885
Thou fowle abbettor, thou notorious bawd, Thou foul abettor, thou notorious bawd; bawd (n.)pimp, procurer, pander, go-betweenLuc.886
Thou plantest scandall, and displacest lawd. Thou plantest scandal, and displacest laud. displace (v.)remove, banish, get rid ofLuc.887
laud (n.)
old form: lawd
praise, homage, honour
Thou rauisher, thou traytor, thou false theefe, Thou ravisher, thou traitor, thou false thief, false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.888
Thy honie turnes to gall, thy ioy to greefe. Thy honey turns to gall, thy joy to grief. gall (n.)bile [reputed for its bitterness]Luc.889
Thy secret pleasure turnes to open shame, ‘ Thy secret pleasure turns to open shame,  Luc.890
Thy priuate feasting to a publicke fast, Thy private feasting to a public fast,  Luc.891
Thy smoothing titles to a ragged name, Thy smoothing titles to a ragged name, smoothing (adj.)flattering, plausible, ingratiatingLuc.892
ragged (adj.)dressed in rags, unkempt, tattered
Thy sugred tongue to bitter wormwood tast, Thy sugared tongue to bitter wormwood taste; wormwood (n.)absinthe plant, known for its bitter tasteLuc.893
Thy violent vanities can neuer last. Thy violent vanities can never last.  Luc.894
How comes it then, vile opportunity How comes it then, vile Opportunity,  Luc.895
Being so bad, such numbers seeke for thee? Being so bad, such numbers seek for thee?  Luc.896
When wilt thou be the humble suppliants friend ‘ When wilt thou be the humble suppliant's friend,  Luc.897
And bring him where his suit may be obtained? And bring him where his suit may be obtained? suit (n.)formal request, entreaty, petitionLuc.898
When wilt thou sort an howre great strifes to end? When wilt thou sort an hour great strifes to end, sort (v.)choose, find, arrangeLuc.899
Or free that soule which wretchednes hath chained? Or free that soul which wretchedness hath chained,  Luc.900
Giue phisicke to the sicke, ease to the pained? Give physic to the sick, ease to the pained? physic (n.)
old form: phisicke
medicine, healing, treatment
Luc.901
The poore, lame, blind, hault, creepe, cry out for thee, The poor, lame, blind, halt, creep, cry out for thee;  Luc.902
But they nere meet with oportunitie. But they ne'er meet with Opportunity.  Luc.903
The patient dies while the Phisitian sleepes, ‘ The patient dies while the physician sleeps;  Luc.904
The Orphane pines while the oppressor feedes. The orphan pines while the oppressor feeds; pine (v.)starve, hunger, waste awayLuc.905
Iustice is feasting while the widow weepes. Justice is feasting while the widow weeps;  Luc.906
Aduise is sporting while infection breeds. Advice is sporting while infection breeds. advice (n.)
old form: Aduise
medical opinion
Luc.907
Thou graunt'st no time for charitable deeds. Thou grant'st no time for charitable deeds;  Luc.908
Wrath, enuy, treason, rape, and murthers rages, Wrath, envy, treason, rape, and murder's rages,  Luc.909
Thy heinous houres wait on them as their Pages. Thy heinous hours wait on them as their pages.  Luc.910
When Trueth and Vertue haue to do with thee, ‘ When Truth and Virtue have to do with thee,  Luc.911
A thousand crosses keepe them from thy aide: A thousand crosses keep them from thy aid; cross (n.)hindrance, obstacle, stumbling blockLuc.912
They buie thy helpe, but sinne nere giues a fee, They buy thy help, but Sin ne'er gives a fee:  Luc.913
He gratis comes, and thou art well apaide, He gratis comes, and thou art well appaid appaid, apaid (adj.)
old form: apaide
pleased, satisfied, contented
Luc.914
gratis (adv.)for nothing, without payment
As well to heare, as graunt what he hath saide. As well to hear as grant what he hath said.  Luc.915
My COLATINE would else haue come to me, My Collatine would else have come to me  Luc.916
When TARQVIN did, but he was staied by thee. When Tarquin did, but he was stayed by thee. stay (v.)
old form: staied
detain, confine, keep
Luc.917
Guilty thou art of murther, and of theft, ‘ Guilty thou art of murder and of theft,  Luc.918
Guilty of periurie, and subornation, Guilty of perjury and subornation, subornation (n.)aiding and abetting, inducement to do wrong, instigationLuc.919
Guilty of treason, forgerie, and shift, Guilty of treason, forgery, and shift, shift (n.)stratagem, contriving, trickLuc.920
Guilty of incest that abhomination, Guilty of incest, that abomination:  Luc.921
An accessarie by thine inclination. An accessary by thine inclination  Luc.922
To all sinnes past and all that are to come, To all sins past and all that are to come  Luc.923
From the creation to the generall doome. From the creation to the general doom. doom (n.)
old form: doome
doomsday, day of judgement
Luc.924
Misshapen time, copesmate of vgly night, ‘ Misshapen Time, copesmate of ugly Night, copesmate (n.)companion, partner, familiar friendLuc.925
Swift subtle post, carrier of grieslie care, Swift subtle post, carrier of grisly care, post (n.)express messenger, courierLuc.926
Eater of youth, false slaue to false delight: Eater of youth, false slave to false delight, false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.927
Base watch of woes, sins packhorse, vertues snare. Base watch of woes, sin's pack-horse, virtue's snare; base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.928
watch (n.)watcher, watchman, observer
packhorse (n.)work-horse, drudge, toiler
Thou noursest all, and murthrest all that are. Thou nursest all, and murderest all that are.  Luc.929
O heare me then, iniurious shifting time, O hear me then, injurious shifting Time; shifting (adj.)cheating, deceitful, evasiveLuc.930
Be guiltie of my death since of my crime. Be guilty of my death, since of my crime.  Luc.931
Why hath thy seruant opportunity ‘ Why hath thy servant Opportunity  Luc.932
Betraide the howres thou gau'st me to repose? Betrayed the hours thou gav'st me to repose,  Luc.933
Canceld my fortunes, and inchained me Cancelled my fortunes and enchained me  Luc.934
To endlesse date of neuer-ending woes? To endless date of never-ending woes?  Luc.935
Times office is to fine the hate of foes, Time's office is to fine the hate of foes, office (n.)task, service, duty, responsibilityLuc.936
fine (v.)bring to an end, complete, conclude
To eate vp errours by opinion bred, To eat up errors by opinion bred, opinion (n.)public opinion, popular judgementLuc.937
Not spend the dowrie of a lawfull bed. Not spend the dowry of a lawful bed.  Luc.938
Times glorie is to calme contending Kings, ‘ Time's glory is to calm contending kings,  Luc.939
To vnmaske falshood, and bring truth to light, To unmask falsehood and bring truth to light,  Luc.940
To stampe the seale of time in aged things, To stamp the seal of time in aged things,  Luc.941
To wake the morne, and Centinell the night, To wake the morn and sentinel the night, morn (n.)
old form: morne
morning, dawn
Luc.942
sentinel (v.)
old form: Centinell
stand guard over, keep watch during
To wrong the wronger till he render right, To wrong the wronger till he render right,  Luc.943
To ruinate proud buildings with thy howres, To ruinate proud buildings with thy hours, ruinate (v.)reduce to ruins, bring to destructionLuc.944
And smeare with dust their glitring golden towrs. And smear with dust their glittering golden towers;  Luc.945
To fill with worme-holes stately monuments, ‘ To fill with worm-holes stately monuments,  Luc.946
To feede obliuion with decay of things, To feed oblivion with decay of things,  Luc.947
To blot old bookes, and alter their contents, To blot old books and alter their contents,  Luc.948
To plucke the quils from auncient rauens wings, To pluck the quills from ancient ravens' wings,  Luc.949
To drie the old oakes sappe, and cherish springs: To dry the old oak's sap and cherish springs, cherish (v.)nourish, cause to growLuc.950
spring (n.)sapling, shoot, young growth
To spoile Antiquities of hammerd steele, To spoil antiquities of hammered steel,  Luc.951
And turne the giddy round of Fortunes wheele. And turn the giddy round of Fortune's wheel; Fortune (n.)Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blindLuc.952
To shew the beldame daughters of her daughter, ‘ To show the beldame daughters of her daughter, beldam, beldame (n.)grandmother, aged matronLuc.953
To make the child a man, the man a childe, To make the child a man, the man a child,  Luc.954
To slay the tygre that doth liue by slaughter, To slay the tiger that doth live by slaughter,  Luc.955
To tame the Vnicorne, and Lion wild, To tame the unicorn and lion wild,  Luc.956
To mocke the subtle in themselues beguild, To mock the subtle in themselves beguiled, beguile (v.)
old form: beguild
cheat, deceive, trick
Luc.957
To cheare the Plowman with increasefull crops, To cheer the ploughman with increaseful crops, increaseful (adj.)
old form: increasefull
productive, fruitful, multiplying
Luc.958
And wast huge stones with little water drops. And waste huge stones with little water-drops. waste (v.)
old form: wast
efface, wipe out, destroy
Luc.959
Why work'st thou mischiefe in thy Pilgrimage, ‘ Why work'st thou mischief in thy pilgrimage,  Luc.960
Vnlesse thou could'st returne to make amends? Unless thou couldst return to make amends?  Luc.961
One poore retyring minute in an age One poor retiring minute in an age  Luc.962
Would purchase thee a thousand thousand friends, Would purchase thee a thousand thousand friends,  Luc.963
Lending him wit that to bad detters lends, Lending him wit that to bad debtors lends. wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental abilityLuc.964
O this dread night, would'st thou one howr come (backe, O this dread night, wouldst thou one hour come back, dread (adj.)frightening, terrifying, fearfulLuc.965
I could preuent this storme, and shun thy wracke. I could prevent this storm and shun thy wrack! wrack (n.)
old form: wracke
wreck, loss, shipwreck
Luc.966
Thou ceaselesse lackie to Eternitie, ‘ Thou ceaseless lackey to Eternity,  Luc.967
With some mischance crosse TARQVIN in his flight. With some mischance cross Tarquin in his flight: cross (v.)
old form: crosse
afflict, plague, go against
Luc.968
Deuise extreames beyond extremitie, Devise extremes beyond extremity, extremity (n.)
old form: extremitie
utmost severity, extreme intensity, hardship
Luc.969
extreme (n.)
old form: extreames
hardship, tribulation, privation
To make him curse this cursed crimefull night: To make him curse this cursed crimeful night. crimeful (adj.)
old form: crimefull
laden with crime, criminal, lawless
Luc.970
Let gastly shadowes his lewd eyes affright, Let ghastly shadows his lewd eyes affright,  Luc.971
And the dire thought of his committed euill, And the dire thought of his committed evil  Luc.972
Shape euery bush a hideous shapelesse deuill. Shape every bush a hideous shapeless devil. shapeless (adj.)
old form: shapelesse
unshapely, ugly, unsightly
Luc.973
Disturbe his howres of rest with restlesse trances, Disturb his hours of rest with restless trances;  Luc.974
Afflict him in his bed with bedred grones, Afflict him in his bed with bedrid groans; bedrid, bed-rid, bedred (adj.)bed-ridden, confined to bed through infirmityLuc.975
Let there bechaunce him pitifull mischances, Let there bechance him pitiful mischances, bechance (v.)
old form: bechaunce
happen to, befall
Luc.976
To make him mone, but pitie not his mones: To make him moan, but pity not his moans.  Luc.977
Stone him with hardned hearts harder then stones, Stone him with hardened hearts harder than stones,  Luc.978
And let milde women to him loose their mildnesse, And let mild women to him lose their mildness,  Luc.979
Wilder to him then Tygers in their wildnesse. Wilder to him than tigers in their wildness.  Luc.980
Let him haue time to teare his curled haire, Let him have time to tear his curled hair,  Luc.981
Let him haue time against himselfe to raue, Let him have time against himself to rave,  Luc.982
Let him haue time of times helpe to dispaire, Let him have time of time's help to despair,  Luc.983
Let him haue time to liue a lothed slaue, Let him have time to live a loathed slave,  Luc.984
Let him haue time a beggers orts to craue, Let him have time a beggar's orts to crave, crave (v.)
old form: craue
beg, entreat, request
Luc.985
ort (n.)scrap, fragment, fraction
And time to see one that by almes doth liue, And time to see one that by alms doth live  Luc.986
Disdaine to him disdained scraps to giue. Disdain to him disdained scraps to give.  Luc.987
Let him haue time to see his friends his foes, ‘ Let him have time to see his friends his foes,  Luc.988
And merrie fooles to mocke at him resort: And merry fools to mock at him resort;  Luc.989
Let him haue time to marke how slow time goes Let him have time to mark how slow time goes  Luc.990
In time of sorrow, and how swift and short In time of sorrow, and how swift and short  Luc.991
His time of follie, and his time of sport. His time of folly and his time of sport; sport (n.)recreation, amusement, entertainmentLuc.992
And euer let his vnrecalling crime And ever let his unrecalling crime unrecalling (adj.)
old form: vnrecalling
irrevocable, undoable, irreversible
Luc.993
Haue time to waile th'abusing of his time. Have time to wail the abusing of his time.  Luc.994
O time thou tutor both to good and bad, ‘ O Time, thou tutor both to good and bad,  Luc.995
Teach me to curse him that thou taught'st this ill: Teach me to curse him that thou taught'st this ill; ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilLuc.996
At his owne shadow let the theefe runne mad, At his own shadow let the thief run mad,  Luc.997
Himselfe, himselfe seeke euerie howre to kill, Himself himself seek every hour to kill;  Luc.998
Such wretched hãds such wretched blood shuld spill. Such wretched hands such wretched blood should spill;  Luc.999
For who so base would such an office haue, For who so base would such an office have base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.1000
office (n.)role, position, place, function
As sclandrous deaths-man to so base a slaue As slanderous deathsman to so base a slave? deathsman (n.)
old form: deaths-man
executioner
Luc.1001
slanderous (adj.)
old form: sclandrous
disgraceful, shameful, discreditable
The baser is he comming from a King, ‘ The baser is he, coming from a king, base (adj.)dishonourable, low, unworthyLuc.1002
To shame his hope with deedes degenerate, To shame his hope with deeds degenerate:  Luc.1003
The mightier man the mightier is the thing The mightier man, the mightier is the thing  Luc.1004
That makes him honord, or begets him hate: That makes him honoured or begets him hate; beget (v.), past form begotget, occasion, breed [for]Luc.1005
For greatest scandall waits on greatest state. For greatest scandal waits on greatest state. state (n.)status, rank, positionLuc.1006
The Moone being clouded, presently is mist, The moon being clouded presently is missed, presently (adv.)immediately, instantly, at onceLuc.1007
But little stars may hide them when they list. But little stars may hide them when they list. list (v.)wish, like, pleaseLuc.1008
The Crow may bath his coaleblacke wings in mire, ‘ The crow may bathe his coal-black wings in mire,  Luc.1009
And vnperceau d flie with the filth away, And unperceived fly with the filth away;  Luc.1010
But if the like the snow-white Swan desire, But if the like the snow-white swan desire,  Luc.1011
The staine vppon his siluer Downe will stay. The stain upon his silver down will stay.  Luc.1012
Poore grooms are sightles night, kings glorious day, Poor grooms are sightless night, kings glorious day; sightless (adj.)
old form: sightles
dark, black, impenetrable
Luc.1013
groom (n.)servingman, servant, male attendant
Gnats are vnnoted wheresoere they flie, Gnats are unnoted wheresoe'er they fly,  Luc.1014
But Eagles gaz'd vppon with euerie eye. But eagles gazed upon with every eye.  Luc.1015
Out idle wordes, seruants to shallow fooles, ‘ Out, idle words, servants to shallow fools,  Luc.1016
Vnprofitable sounds, weake arbitrators, Unprofitable sounds, weak arbitrators! arbitrator (n.)arbiter, umpireLuc.1017
Busie your selues in skill contending schooles, Busy yourselves in skill-contending schools; school (n.)
old form: schooles
university
Luc.1018
skill-contending (adj.)
old form: skill contending
of competitive debating
Debate where leysure serues with dull debators: Debate where leisure serves with dull debaters;  Luc.1019
To trembling Clients be you mediators, To trembling clients be you mediators: client (n.)suitor at lawLuc.1020
For me, I force not argument a straw, For me, I force not argument a straw, force (v.)hesitate, scruple, care forLuc.1021
Since that my case is past the helpe of law. Since that my case is past the help of law.  Luc.1022
In vaine I raile at oportunitie, ‘ In vain I rail at Opportunity, rail (v.)
old form: raile
rant, rave, be abusive [about]
Luc.1023
At time, at TARQVIN, and vnchearfull night, At Time, at Tarquin, and uncheerful Night; uncheerful (adj.)
old form: vnchearfull
cheerless, joyless, desolate
Luc.1024
In vaine I cauill with mine infamie, In vain I cavil with mine infamy, cavil (v.)
old form: cauill
dispute over details, raise pointless objections
Luc.1025
In vaine I spurne at my confirm'd despight, In vain I spurn at my confirmed despite; despite (n.)
old form: despight
outrage, shame, wrong
Luc.1026
spurn against / at (v.)
old form: spurne
kick out at, treat with contempt
This helplesse smoake of words doth me no right: This helpless smoke of words doth me no right. right (n.)just claim, rights, titleLuc.1027
helpless (adj.)
old form: helplesse
unavailing, useless, unprofitable
The remedie indeede to do me good, The remedy indeed to do me good  Luc.1028
Is to let forth my fowle defiled blood. Is to let forth my foul-defiled blood.  Luc.1029
Poore hand why quiuerst thou at this decree? ‘ Poor hand, why quiver'st thou at this decree?  Luc.1030
Honor thy selfe to rid me of this shame, Honour thyself to rid me of this shame;  Luc.1031
For if I die, my Honor liues in thee, For if I die, my honour lives in thee,  Luc.1032
But if I liue thou liu'st in my defame; But if I live, thou liv'st in my defame. defame (n.)disgrace, infamy, dishonourLuc.1033
Since thou couldst not defend thy loyall Dame, Since thou couldst not defend thy loyal dame, dame (n.)lady, mistress, woman of rankLuc.1034
And wast affeard to scratch her wicked Fo, And wast afeard to scratch her wicked foe, afeard (adj.)
old form: affeard
afraid, frightened, scared
Luc.1035
Kill both thy selfe, and her for yeelding so. Kill both thyself and her for yielding so.’  Luc.1036
This said, from her betombled couch shee starteth, This said, from her betumbled couch she starteth, betumbled (adj.)
old form: betombled
disarranged, disordered, disturbed
Luc.1037
start (v.)hurry, rush, hasten
To finde some desp'rat Instrument of death, To find some desperate instrument of death;  Luc.1038
But this no slaughter house no toole imparteth, But this no-slaughterhouse no tool imparteth impart (v.)provide, yield, make availableLuc.1039
tool (n.)
old form: toole
weapon, sword
To make more vent for passage of her breath, To make more vent for passage of her breath; vent (n.)aperture, openingLuc.1040
Which thronging through her lips so vanisheth, Which thronging through her lips so vanisheth  Luc.1041
As smoake from ATNA, that in aire consumes, As smoke from Etna that in air consumes,  Luc.1042
Or that which from discharged Cannon fumes. Or that which from discharged cannon fumes.  Luc.1043
In vaine (quoth shee) I liue, and seeke in vaine ‘ In vain,’ quoth she, ‘ I live, and seek in vain  Luc.1044
Some happie meane to end a haplesse life. Some happy mean to end a hapless life. mean (n.)
old form: meane
means, way, method
Luc.1045
hapless (adj.)
old form: haplesse
luckless, unfortunate, unlucky
I fear'd by TARQVINS Fauchion to be slaine, I feared by Tarquin's falchion to be slain, falchion (n.)
old form: Fauchion
curved broadsword
Luc.1046
Yet for the selfe same purpose seeke a knife; Yet for the selfsame purpose seek a knife; purpose (n.)intention, aim, planLuc.1047
But when I fear'd I was a loyall wife, But when I feared, I was a loyal wife:  Luc.1048
So am I now, ô no that cannot be, So am I now – O no, that cannot be;  Luc.1049
Of that true tipe hath TARQVIN rifled me. Of that true type hath Tarquin rifled me. type (n.)
old form: tipe
title, stamp, distinguishing mark
Luc.1050
rifle (v.)search and rob, plunder
O that is gone for which I sought to liue, ‘ O, that is gone for which I sought to live,  Luc.1051
And therefore now I need not feare to die, And therefore now I need not fear to die.  Luc.1052
To cleare this spot by death (at least) I giue To clear this spot by death, at least I give spot (n.)stain, blemish, blotLuc.1053
A badge of Fame to sclanders liuerie, A badge of fame to slander's livery, livery (n.)
old form: liuerie
uniform, costume, special clothing
Luc.1054
A dying life, to liuing infamie: A dying life to living infamy.  Luc.1055
Poore helplesse helpe, the treasure stolne away, Poor helpless help, the treasure stolen away,  Luc.1056
To burne the guiltlesse casket where it lay. To burn the guiltless casket where it lay!  Luc.1057
Well well deare COLATINE, thou shalt not know ‘ Well, well, dear Collatine, thou shalt not know  Luc.1058
The stained tast of violated troth: The stained taste of violated troth; troth (n.)truth, good faithLuc.1059
stained (adj.)full of disgrace, dishonouring
I will not wrong thy true affection so, I will not wrong thy true affection so, affection (n.)love, devotionLuc.1060
To flatter thee with an infringed oath: To flatter thee with an infringed oath;  Luc.1061
This bastard graffe shall neuer come to growth, This bastard graff shall never come to growth: graff (n.)
old form: graffe
graft, shoot, scion
Luc.1062
He shall not boast who did thy stocke pollute, He shall not boast who did thy stock pollute stock (n.)
old form: stocke
tree, family-tree, ancestry
Luc.1063
That thou art doting father of his fruite. That thou art doting father of his fruit.  Luc.1064
Nor shall he smile at thee in secret thought, ‘ Nor shall he smile at thee in secret thought,  Luc.1065
Nor laugh with his companions at thy state, Nor laugh with his companions at thy state:  Luc.1066
But thou shalt know thy intrest was not bought But thou shalt know thy interest was not bought interest (n.)
old form: intrest
property, share, legal right
Luc.1067
Basely with gold, but stolne from foorth thy gate. Basely with gold, but stolen from forth thy gate. basely (adv.)dishonourably, shamefully, ignominiouslyLuc.1068
For me I am the mistresse of my fate, For me, I am the mistress of my fate,  Luc.1069
And with my trespasse neuer will dispence, And with my trespass never will dispense, dispense with (v.)disregard, pardon, put up withLuc.1070
Till life to death acquit my forst offence. Till life to death acquit my forced offence. acquit (v.)atone for, pay for, do penance forLuc.1071
I will not poyson thee with my attaint, ‘ I will not poison thee with my attaint, attaint (n.)disgrace, dishonour, corruptionLuc.1072
Nor fold my fault in cleanly coin'd excuses, Nor fold my fault in cleanly-coined excuses; cleanly-coined (adj.)
old form: cleanly coin'd
cleverly invented, smartly made up
Luc.1073
fold (v.)hide, swathe, wrap up
My sable ground of sinne I will not paint, My sable ground of sin I will not paint sable (adj.)blackLuc.1074
ground (n.)background, surface, setting
To hide the truth of this false nights abuses. To hide the truth of this false night's abuses. false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1075
My tongue shall vtter all, mine eyes like sluces, My tongue shall utter all; mine eyes, like sluices,  Luc.1076
As from a mountaine spring that feeds a dale, As from a mountain spring that feeds a dale,  Luc.1077
Shal gush pure streams to purge my impure tale. Shall gush pure streams to purge my impure tale.’  Luc.1078
By this lamenting Philomele had ended By this, lamenting Philomel had ended this, byby this timeLuc.1079
Philomel, Philomela (n.)[pron: 'filomel] daughter of Pandion, king of Athens; Tereus raped her and cut out her tongue, but she told the tale in her embroidery; the gods turned her into a nightingale after she took her revenge
The well-tun'd warble of her nightly sorrow, The well-tuned warble of her nightly sorrow,  Luc.1080
And solemne night with slow sad gate descended And solemn night with slow sad gait descended sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemnLuc.1081
gait (n.)
old form: gate
proceedings, course, doings, steps
To ouglie Hell, when loe the blushing morrow To ugly hell; when lo, the blushing morrow  Luc.1082
Lends light to all faire eyes that light will borrow. Lends light to all fair eyes that light will borrow;  Luc.1083
But cloudie LVCRECE shames her selfe to see, But cloudy Lucrece shames herself to see, cloudy (adj.)
old form: cloudie
sorrowful, grief-stricken
Luc.1084
shame (v.)be ashamed, be embarrassed
And therefore still in night would cloistred be. And therefore still in night would cloistered be.  Luc.1085
Reuealing day through euery crannie spies, Revealing day through every cranny spies,  Luc.1086
And seems to point her out where she sits weeping, And seems to point her out where she sits weeping;  Luc.1087
To whom shee sobbing speakes, o eye of eyes, To whom she sobbing speaks: ‘ O eye of eyes,  Luc.1088
Why pry'st thou throgh my window? leaue thy pee-ping, Why pry'st thou through my window? leave thy peeping;  Luc.1089
Mock with thy tickling beams, eies that are sleeping; Mock with thy tickling beams eyes that are sleeping;  Luc.1090
Brand not my forehead with thy percing light, Brand not my forehead with thy piercing light,  Luc.1091
For day hath nought to do what's done by night. For day hath nought to do what's done by night.’  Luc.1092
Thus cauils shee with euerie thing shee sees, Thus cavils she with every thing she sees. cavil (v.)
old form: cauils
dispute over details, raise pointless objections
Luc.1093
True griefe is fond and testie as a childe, True grief is fond and testy as a child, testy (adj.)
old form: testie
irritable, peevish, short-tempered
Luc.1094
fond (adj.)foolish, stupid, mad
Who wayward once, his mood with naught agrees, Who wayward once, his mood with naught agrees;  Luc.1095
Old woes, not infant sorrowes beare them milde, Old woes, not infant sorrows, bear them mild. bear (v.), past forms bore, borne
old form: beare
behave, look, conduct [oneself]
Luc.1096
Continuance tames the one, the other wilde, Continuance tames the one; the other wild,  Luc.1097
Like an vnpractiz'd swimmer plunging still, Like an unpractised swimmer plunging still, still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.1098
With too much labour drowns for want of skill. With too much labour drowns for want of skill.  Luc.1099
So shee deepe drenched in a Sea of care, So she deep drenched in a sea of care  Luc.1100
Holds disputation with ech thing shee vewes, Holds disputation with each thing she views,  Luc.1101
And to her selfe all sorrow doth compare, And to herself all sorrow doth compare;  Luc.1102
No obiect but her passions strength renewes: No object but her passion's strength renews, object (n.)
old form: obiect
spectacle, sight, object of attention
Luc.1103
passion (n.)suffering, torment, deep grief
And as one shiftes another straight insewes, And as one shifts, another straight ensues. straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at onceLuc.1104
Somtime her griefe is dumbe and hath no words, Sometime her grief is dumb and hath no words,  Luc.1105
Sometime tis mad and too much talke affords. Sometime 'tis mad and too much talk affords.  Luc.1106
The little birds that tune their mornings ioy, The little birds that tune their morning's joy tune (v.)sing, utter, sound outLuc.1107
Make her mones mad, with their sweet melodie, Make her moans mad with their sweet melody;  Luc.1108
"For mirth doth search the bottome of annoy, For mirth doth search the bottom of annoy; annoy (n.)trouble, vexation, distressLuc.1109
bottom (n.)
old form: bottome
depths
"Sad soules are slaine in merrie companie, Sad souls are slain in merry company; sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemnLuc.1110
"Griefe best is pleas'd with griefes societie; Grief best is pleased with grief's society.  Luc.1111
"True sorrow then is feelinglie suffiz'd, True sorrow then is feelingly sufficed suffice (v.)
old form: suffiz'd
satisfy, nourish, provide for
Luc.1112
"When with like semblance it is simpathiz'd. When with like semblance it is sympathized. sympathize with (v.)
old form: simpathiz'd
resemble, be like, have an affinity with
Luc.1113
like (adj.)same, similar, alike, equal
"Tis double death to drowne in ken of shore, 'Tis double death to drown in ken of shore; ken (n.)range of sight, view, visible distanceLuc.1114
"He ten times pines, that pines beholding food, He ten times pines that pines beholding food; pine (v.)starve, hunger, waste awayLuc.1115
"To see the salue doth make the wound ake more: To see the salve doth make the wound ache more;  Luc.1116
"Great griefe greeues most at that wold do it good; Great grief grieves most at that would do it good;  Luc.1117
"Deepe woes roll forward like a gentle flood, Deep woes roll forward like a gentle flood, gentle (adj.)smooth-flowing, not rough or rapidLuc.1118
Who being stopt, the boũding banks oreflowes, Who, being stopped, the bounding banks o'erflows; bounding (adj.)
old form: bouding
limiting, containing, confining
Luc.1119
Griefe dallied with, nor law, nor limit knowes. Grief dallied with nor law nor limit knows. dally (v.)trifle, behave mockinglyLuc.1120
You mocking Birds (quoth she) your tunes intombe ‘ You mocking-birds,’ quoth she, ‘ your tunes entomb  Luc.1121
Within your hollow swelling feathered breasts, Within your hollow-swelling feathered breasts,  Luc.1122
And in my hearing be you mute and dumbe, And in my hearing be you mute and dumb;  Luc.1123
My restlesse discord loues no stops nor rests: My restless discord loves no stops nor rests; stop (n.)note [produced by closing a finger-hole in a wind instrument]Luc.1124
"A woefull Hostesse brookes not merrie guests. A woeful hostess brooks not merry guests. brook (v.)
old form: brookes
endure, tolerate, put up with
Luc.1125
Ralish your nimble notes to pleasing eares, Relish your nimble notes to pleasing ears; relish (v.)
old form: Ralish
sing, warble, croon
Luc.1126
"Distres likes dũps whẽ time is kept with teares. Distress likes dumps, when time is kept with tears. dump (n.)
old form: dups
plaintive melody, mournful song
Luc.1127
Come Philomele that sing'st of rauishment, ‘ Come, Philomel, that sing'st of ravishment,  Luc.1128
Make thy sad groue in my disheueld heare, Make thy sad grove in my dishevelled hair. sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1129
As the danke earth weepes at thy languishment: As the dank earth weeps at thy languishment, languishment (n.)longing, pain, grief [caused by love]Luc.1130
So I at each sad straine, will straine a teare, So I at each sad strain will strain a tear,  Luc.1131
And with deepe grones the Diapason beare: And with deep groans the diapason bear; bear (v.), past forms bore, borne
old form: beare
sustain, carry through, keep going
Luc.1132
diapason (n.)harmony an octave below
For burthen-wise ile hum on TARQVIN still, For burden-wise I'll hum on Tarquin still, burden-wise (adv.)
old form: burthen-wise
in the manner of a musical accompaniment
Luc.1133
While thou on TEREVS descants better skill. While thou on Tereus descants better skill. descant (v.)sing along in harmonyLuc.1134
And whiles against a thorne thou bear'st thy part, ‘ And whiles against a thorn thou bear'st thy part  Luc.1135
To keepe thy sharpe woes waking, wretched I To keep thy sharp woes waking, wretched I,  Luc.1136
To imitate thee well, against my heart To imitate thee well, against my heart  Luc.1137
Will fixe a sharpe knife to affright mine eye, Will fix a sharp knife to affright mine eye, affright (v.)frighten, terrify, scareLuc.1138
Who if it winke shall thereon fall and die. Who if it wink shall thereon fall and die: wink (v.)
old form: winke
shut one's eyes
Luc.1139
These meanes as frets vpon an instrument, These means as frets upon an instrument  Luc.1140
Shal tune our heart-strings to true languishment. Shall tune our heart-strings to true languishment. languishment (n.)longing, pain, grief [caused by love]Luc.1141
And for poore bird thou sing'st not in the day, ‘ And for, poor bird, thou sing'st not in the day,  Luc.1142
As shaming anie eye should thee behold: As shaming any eye should thee behold, shame (v.)be ashamed, be embarrassedLuc.1143
Some darke deepe desert seated from the way, Some dark deep desert seated from the way, seated (adj.)located, situatedLuc.1144
That knowes not parching heat, nor freezing cold That knows not parching heat nor freezing cold,  Luc.1145
Will wee find out: and there we will vnfold Will we find out; and there we will unfold unfold (v.)
old form: vnfold
display, reveal, show
Luc.1146
To creatures stern, sad tunes to change their kinds, To creatures stern sad tunes to change their kinds: sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemnLuc.1147
kind (n.)nature, reality, character, disposition
Since mẽ proue beasts, let beasts bear gẽtle minds. Since men prove beasts, let beasts bear gentle minds.’ gentle (adj.)
old form: getle
well-born, honourable, noble
Luc.1148
As the poore frighted Deare that stands at gaze, As the poor frighted deer that stands at gaze, gaze, at[of a deer] in an expectant stance, with intent lookLuc.1149
frighted (adj.)frightened, terrified, scared
Wildly determining which way to flie, Wildly determining which way to fly, determine (v.)make a decision [about], reach a conclusion [about]Luc.1150
Or one incompast with a winding maze, Or one encompassed with a winding maze,  Luc.1151
That cannot tread the way out readilie: That cannot tread the way out readily,  Luc.1152
So with her selfe is shee in mutinie, So with herself is she in mutiny,  Luc.1153
To liue or die which of the twaine were better, To live or die which of the twain were better  Luc.1154
When life is sham'd and death reproches detter. When life is shamed and death reproach's debtor.  Luc.1155
To kill my selfe, quoth shee, alacke what were it, ‘ To kill myself,’ quoth she, ‘ alack, what were it,  Luc.1156
But with my body my poore soules pollusion? But with my body my poor soul's pollution?  Luc.1157
They that loose halfe with greater patience beare it, They that lose half with greater patience bear it  Luc.1158
Then they whose whole is swallowed in confusion. Than they whose whole is swallowed in confusion.  Luc.1159
That mother tries a mercilesse conclusion, That mother tries a merciless conclusion conclusion (n.)experiment, investigationLuc.1160
Who hauing two sweet babes, when death takes one, Who, having two sweet babes, when death takes one,  Luc.1161
Will slay the other, and be nurse to none. Will slay the other and be nurse to none.  Luc.1162
My bodie or my soule which was the dearer? ‘ My body or my soul, which was the dearer,  Luc.1163
When the one pure, the other made deuine, When the one pure the other made divine?  Luc.1164
Whose loue of eyther to my selfe was nearer? Whose love of either to myself was nearer,  Luc.1165
When both were kept for Heauen and COLATINE: When both were kept for heaven and Collatine?  Luc.1166
Ay me, the Barke pild from the loftie Pine, Ay me, the bark pilled from the lofty pine, pill (v.)
old form: pild
[of bark] peel, strip
Luc.1167
His leaues will wither, and his sap decay, His leaves will wither and his sap decay;  Luc.1168
So must my soule her barke being pild away. So must my soul, her bark being pilled away.  Luc.1169
Her house is sackt, her quiet interrupted, ‘ Her house is sacked, her quiet interrupted,  Luc.1170
Her mansion batterd by the enemie, Her mansion battered by the enemy,  Luc.1171
Her sacred temple spotted, spoild, corrupted, Her sacred temple spotted, spoiled, corrupted,  Luc.1172
Groslie ingirt with daring infamie. Grossly engirt with daring infamy. engirt (adj.)
old form: ingirt
surrounded, encircled, hemmed in
Luc.1173
Then let it not be cald impietie, Then let it not be called impiety  Luc.1174
If in this blemisht fort I make some hole, If in this blemished fort I make some hole  Luc.1175
Through which I may conuay this troubled soule. Through which I may convey this troubled soul.  Luc.1176
Yet die I will not, till my COLATINE ‘ Yet die I will not till my Collatine  Luc.1177
Haue heard the cause of my vntimelie death, Have heard the cause of my untimely death,  Luc.1178
That he may vow in that sad houre of mine, That he may vow in that sad hour of mine sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1179
Reuenge on him that made me stop my breath, Revenge on him that made me stop my breath.  Luc.1180
My stained bloud to TARQVIN ile bequeath, My stained blood to Tarquin I'll bequeath,  Luc.1181
Which by him tainted, shall for him be spent, Which by him tainted shall for him be spent,  Luc.1182
And as his due writ in my testament. And as his due writ in my testament.  Luc.1183
My Honor ile bequeath vnto the knife ‘ My honour I'll bequeath unto the knife  Luc.1184
That wounds my bodie so dishonored, That wounds my body so dishonoured.  Luc.1185
Tis Honor to depriue dishonord life, 'Tis honour to deprive dishonoured life; deprive (v.)
old form: depriue
take away, remove, carry off
Luc.1186
The one will liue, the other being dead. The one will live, the other being dead.  Luc.1187
So of shames ashes shall my Fame be bred, So of shame's ashes shall my fame be bred;  Luc.1188
For in my death I murther shamefull scorne, For in my death I murder shameful scorn:  Luc.1189
My shame so dead, mine honor is new borne. My shame so dead, mine honour is new born.  Luc.1190
Deare Lord of that deare iewell I haue lost, ‘ Dear lord of that dear jewel I have lost,  Luc.1191
What legacie shall I bequeath to thee? What legacy shall I bequeath to thee?  Luc.1192
My resolution loue shall be thy bost, My resolution, love, shall be thy boast,  Luc.1193
By whose example thou reueng'd mayst be. By whose example thou revenged mayst be.  Luc.1194
How TARQVIN must be vs'd, read it in me, How Tarquin must be used, read it in me:  Luc.1195
My selfe thy friend will kill my selfe thy fo, Myself thy friend will kill myself thy foe;  Luc.1196
And for my sake serue thou false TARQVIN so. And for my sake serve thou false Tarquin so. false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1197
This briefe abridgement of my will I make, ‘ This brief abridgement of my will I make:  Luc.1198
My soule and bodie to the skies and ground: My soul and body to the skies and ground;  Luc.1199
My resolution Husband doe thou take, My resolution, husband, do thou take;  Luc.1200
Mine Honor be the knifes that makes my wound, Mine honour be the knife's that makes my wound;  Luc.1201
My shame be his that did my Fame confound; My shame be his that did my fame confound; confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruinLuc.1202
And all my Fame that liues disbursed be, And all my fame that lives disbursed be disburse (v.)pay out, spend, give awayLuc.1203
fame (n.)reputation, renown, character
To those that liue and thinke no shame of me. To those that live and think no shame of me.  Luc.1204
Thou COLATINE shalt ouersee this will, ‘ Thou, Collatine, shalt oversee this will; oversee (v.)
old form: ouersee
be executor of, officially look after
Luc.1205
How was I ouerseene that thou shalt see it? How was I overseen that thou shalt see it! overseen (adj.)
old form: ouerseene
betrayed, deceived, deluded
Luc.1206
My bloud shall wash the sclander of mine ill, My blood shall wash the slander of mine ill; ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evilLuc.1207
My liues foule deed my lifes faire end shall free it. My life's foul deed, my life's fair end shall free it.  Luc.1208
Faint not faint heart, but stoutlie say so be it, Faint not, faint heart, but stoutly say So be it ;  Luc.1209
Yeeld to my hand, my hand shall conquer thee, Yield to my hand, my hand shall conquer thee:  Luc.1210
Thou dead, both die, and both shall victors be. Thou dead, both die, and both shall victors be.’  Luc.1211
This plot of death when sadlie shee had layd, This plot of death when sadly she had laid,  Luc.1212
And wip't the brinish pearle from her bright eies, And wiped the brinish pearl from her bright eyes, brinish (adj.)salt, bitterLuc.1213
With vntun'd tongue shee hoarslie cals her mayd, With untuned tongue she hoarsely calls her maid,  Luc.1214
Whose swift obedience to her mistresse hies. Whose swift obedience to her mistress hies; hie (v.)hasten, hurry, speedLuc.1215
"For fleet-wing'd duetie with thoghts feathers flies, For fleet-winged duty with thought's feathers flies. fleet-winged (adj.)
old form: fleet-wing'd
swift of flight
Luc.1216
Poore LVCRECE cheeks vnto her maid seem so, Poor Lucrece' cheeks unto her maid seem so  Luc.1217
As winter meads when sun doth melt their snow. As winter meads when sun doth melt their snow. mead (n.)meadowLuc.1218
Her mistresse shee doth giue demure good morrow, Her mistress she doth give demure good-morrow demure (adj.)grave, serious, sober, solemnLuc.1219
With soft slow-tongue, true marke of modestie, With soft slow tongue, true mark of modesty,  Luc.1220
And sorts a sad looke to her Ladies sorrow, And sorts a sad look to her lady's sorrow, sort (v.)suit, be fitting, be appropriateLuc.1221
sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
(For why her face wore sorrowes liuerie.) For why her face wore sorrow's livery; livery (n.)
old form: liuerie
uniform, costume, special clothing
Luc.1222
But durst not aske of her audaciouslie, But durst not ask of her audaciously  Luc.1223
Why her two suns were clowd ecclipsed so, Why her two suns were cloud-eclipsed so,  Luc.1224
Nor why her faire cheeks ouer-washt with woe. Nor why her fair cheeks over-washed with woe.  Luc.1225
But as the earth doth weepe the Sun being set, But as the earth doth weep, the sun being set,  Luc.1226
Each flowre moistned like a melting eye: Each flower moistened like a melting eye,  Luc.1227
Euen so the maid with swelling drops gan wet Even so the maid with swelling drops 'gan wet 'gan, can (v.)beganLuc.1228
Her circled eien inforst, by simpathie Her circled eyne, enforced by sympathy circled (adj.)rounded, circularLuc.1229
eyne (n.)
old form: eien
[archaism] eyes
enforce (v.)
old form: inforst
force, compel, constrain, drive
Of those faire Suns set in her mistresse skie, Of those fair suns set in her mistress' sky,  Luc.1230
Who in a salt wau'd Ocean quench their light, Who in a salt-waved ocean quench their light, salt-wayed (adj.)with salt-filled coursesLuc.1231
Which makes the maid weep like the dewy night. Which makes the maid weep like the dewy night.  Luc.1232
A prettie while these prettie creatures stand, A pretty while these pretty creatures stand,  Luc.1233
Like Iuorie conduits corall cesterns filling: Like ivory conduits coral cisterns filling.  Luc.1234
One iustlie weepes, the other takes in hand One justly weeps; the other takes in hand take in handacknowledge, recognize, undertakeLuc.1235
No cause, but companie of her drops spilling. No cause but company of her drops spilling.  Luc.1236
Their gentle sex to weepe are often willing, Their gentle sex to weep are often willing, gentle (adj.)soft, tender, kindLuc.1237
Greeuing themselues to gesse at others smarts, Grieving themselves to guess at others' smarts,  Luc.1238
And thẽ they drown their eies, or break their harts. And then they drown their eyes or break their hearts.  Luc.1239
For men haue marble, women waxen mindes, For men have marble, women waxen, minds,  Luc.1240
And therefore are they form'd as marble will, And therefore are they formed as marble will;  Luc.1241
The weake opprest, th'impression of strange kindes The weak oppressed, the impression of strange kinds kind (n.)
old form: kindes
nature, reality, character, disposition
Luc.1242
Is form'd in them by force, by fraud, or skill. Is formed in them by force, by fraud, or skill.  Luc.1243
Then call them not the Authors of their ill, Then call them not the authors of their ill, author (n.)creator, originator, instigatorLuc.1244
ill (n.)wrong, injury, harm, evil
No more then waxe shall be accounted euill, No more than wax shall be accounted evil  Luc.1245
Wherein is stampt the semblance of a Deuill. Wherein is stamped the semblance of a devil. semblance (n.)likeness, image, depictionLuc.1246
Their smoothnesse; like a goodly champaine plaine, Their smoothness, like a goodly champaign plain, champain, champaign (n./adj.)
old form: champaine
expanse of open countryside
Luc.1247
goodly (adj.)splendid, excellent, fine
Laies open all the little wormes that creepe, Lays open all the little worms that creep; open (adj.)displayed, made visibleLuc.1248
In men as in a rough-growne groue remaine. In men, as in a rough-grown grove, remain  Luc.1249
Caue-keeping euils that obscurely sleepe. Cave-keeping evils that obscurely sleep; cave-keeping (adj.)
old form: Caue-keeping
cave-dwelling; living in darkness
Luc.1250
Through christall wals ech little mote will peepe, Through crystal walls each little mote will peep. mote (n.)speck of dust, tiny particle, trifleLuc.1251
Though mẽ cã couer crimes with bold stern looks, Though men can cover crimes with bold stern looks,  Luc.1252
Poore womens faces are their owne faults books. Poor women's faces are their own fault's books.  Luc.1253
No man inueigh against the withered flowre, No man inveigh against the withered flower,  Luc.1254
But chide rough winter that the flowre hath kild, But chide rough winter that the flower hath killed; chide (v.), past form chidscold, rebuke, reproveLuc.1255
Not that deuour'd, but that which doth deuour Not that devoured, but that which doth devour,  Luc.1256
Is worthie blame, ô let it not be hild Is worthy blame. O, let it not be hild hild (v.)[archaism] heldLuc.1257
Poore womens faults, that they are so fulfild Poor women's faults that they are so fulfilled fulfil (v.)
old form: fulfild
fill up, make complete
Luc.1258
With mens abuses, those proud Lords to blame, With men's abuses: those proud lords to blame  Luc.1259
Make weak-made womẽ tenants to their shame. Make weak-made women tenants to their shame.  Luc.1260
The president whereof in LVCRECE view, The precedent whereof in Lucrece view, precedent (n.)
old form: president
example, instance, case
Luc.1261
Assail'd by night with circumstances strong Assail'd by night with circumstances strong  Luc.1262
Of present death, and shame that might insue. Of present death, and shame that might ensue  Luc.1263
By that her death to do her husband wrong, By that her death, to do her husband wrong;  Luc.1264
Such danger to resistance did belong: Such danger to resistance did belong  Luc.1265
That dying feare through all her bodie spred, That dying fear through all her body spread;  Luc.1266
And who cannot abuse a bodie dead? And who cannot abuse a body dead? abuse (v.)misuse, maltreat, treat badly, wrongLuc.1267
By this milde patience bid faire LVCRECE speake, By this, mild patience bid fair Lucrece speak  Luc.1268
To the poore counterfaite of her complayning, To the poor counterfeit of her complaining. counterfeit (n.)
old form: counterfaite
likeness, portrait, image
Luc.1269
My girle, quoth shee, on what occasion breake ‘ My girl,’ quoth she, ‘ on what occasion break break (v.)
old form: breake
escape, break free, get away
Luc.1270
occasion (n.)ground, reason, cause, matter
Those tears frõ thee, that downe thy cheeks are raigning? Those tears from thee that down thy cheeks are raining?  Luc.1271
If thou dost weepe for griefe of my sustaining: If thou dost weep for grief of my sustaining,  Luc.1272
Know gentle wench it small auailes my mood, Know, gentle wench, it small avails my mood: avail (v.)
old form: auailes
be of use to, help, advantage
Luc.1273
wench (n.)girl, lass
mood (n.)frame of mind, mental state
small (adv.)little, not much
gentle (adj.)courteous, friendly, kind
If tears could help, mine own would do me good. If tears could help, mine own would do me good.  Luc.1274
But tell me girle, when went (and there shee staide, ‘ But tell me, girl, when went ’ – and there she stayed,  Luc.1275
Till after a deepe grone) TARQVIN from hence, Till after a deep groan – ‘ Tarquin from hence?’  Luc.1276
Madame ere I was vp (repli'd the maide,) ‘ Madam, ere I was up,’ replied the maid,  Luc.1277
The more to blame my sluggard negligence. ‘ The more to blame my sluggard negligence.  Luc.1278
Yet with the fault I thus farre can dispence: Yet with the fault I thus far can dispense;  Luc.1279
My selfe was stirring ere the breake of day, Myself was stirring ere the break of day,  Luc.1280
And ere I rose was TARQVIN gone away. And, ere I rose was Tarquin gone away.  Luc.1281
But Lady, if your maide may be so bold, ‘ But lady, if your maid may be so bold,  Luc.1282
Shee would request to know your heauinesse: She would request to know your heaviness.’ heaviness (n.)
old form: heauinesse
sadness, grief, sorrow
Luc.1283
(O peace quoth LVCRECE) if it should be told, ‘ O, peace!’ quoth Lucrece. ‘ If it should be told,  Luc.1284
The repetition cannot make it lesse: The repetition cannot make it less; repetition (n.)recital, narration, relatingLuc.1285
For more it is, then I can well expresse, For more it is than I can well express,  Luc.1286
And that deepe torture may be cal'd a Hell, And that deep torture may be called a hell,  Luc.1287
When more is felt then one hath power to tell. When more is felt than one hath power to tell.  Luc.1288
Go get mee hither paper, inke, and pen, ‘ Go, get me hither paper, ink, and pen;  Luc.1289
Yet saue that labour, for I haue them heare, Yet save that labour, for I have them here.  Luc.1290
(What should I say) one of my husbands men What should I say? One of my husband's men  Luc.1291
Bid thou be readie, by and by, to beare Bid thou be ready by and by to bear by and by (adv.)shortly, soon, before longLuc.1292
A letter to my Lord, my Loue, my Deare, A letter to my lord, my love, my dear.  Luc.1293
Bid him with speede prepare to carrie it, Bid him with speed prepare to carry it;  Luc.1294
The cause craues hast, and it will soone be writ. The cause craves haste, and it will soon be writ.’ crave (v.)
old form: craues
need, demand, require
Luc.1295
cause (n.)affair, business, subject
Her maide is gone, and shee prepares to write, Her maid is gone, and she prepares to write,  Luc.1296
First houering ore the paper with her quill: First hovering o'er the paper with her quill;  Luc.1297
Conceipt and griefe an eager combat fight, Conceit and grief an eager combat fight; conceit (n.)
old form: Conceipt
notion, idea, thought
Luc.1298
eager (adj.)impetuous, fierce, impassioned
What wit sets downe is blotted straight with will. What wit sets down is blotted straight with will; blot (v.)erase, wipe out, obliterateLuc.1299
wit (n.)mind, brain, thoughts
will (n.)emotion, distractedness, agitation
straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at once
This is too curious good, this blunt and ill, This is too curious-good, this blunt and ill. blunt (adj.)plain-spoken, unceremonious, forthrightLuc.1300
curious-good (adj.)
old form: curious good
finely elaborate, excellently wrought
ill (adj.)unskilful, inexpert, unskilled
Much like a presse of people at a dore, Much like a press of people at a door  Luc.1301
Throng her inuentions which shall go before. Throng her inventions, which shall go before. before (adv.)ahead, in advanceLuc.1302
invention (n.)
old form: inuentions
composition, written exposition
At last shee thus begins: thou worthie Lord, At last she thus begins: ‘ Thou worthy lord  Luc.1303
Of that vnworthie wife that greeteth thee, Of that unworthy wife that greeteth thee,  Luc.1304
Health to thy person, next, vouchsafe t'afford Health to thy person! Next, vouchsafe t' afford –  Luc.1305
(If euer loue, thy LVCRECE thou wilt see,) If ever, love, thy Lucrece thou wilt see –  Luc.1306
Some present speed, to come and visite me: Some present speed to come and visit me.  Luc.1307
So I commend me, from our house in griefe, So, I commend me, from our house in grief; commend (v.)convey greetings, present kind regardsLuc.1308
My woes are tedious, though my words are briefe. My woes are tedious, though my words are brief.’  Luc.1309
Here folds shee vp the tenure of her woe, Here folds she up the tenor of her woe, tenor, tenour (n.)
old form: tenure
substance, content, matter, drift
Luc.1310
tenure (n.)[legal] statement, account, summary
Her certaine sorrow writ vncertainely, Her certain sorrow writ uncertainly.  Luc.1311
By this short Cedule COLATINE may know By this short schedule Collatine may know schedule (n.)
old form: Cedule
document, paper, scroll
Luc.1312
Her griefe, but not her griefes true quality, Her grief, but not her grief's true quality;  Luc.1313
Shee dares not thereof make discouery, She dares not thereof make discovery,  Luc.1314
Lest he should hold it her own grosse abuse, Lest he should hold it her own gross abuse, abuse (n.)offence, wrong, insult, transgressionLuc.1315
gross (adj.)vile, abhorrent, wicked
Ere she with bloud had stain'd her stain'd excuse. Ere she with blood had stained her stained excuse. stained (adj.)
old form: stain'd
full of disgrace, dishonouring
Luc.1316
Besides the life and feeling of her passion, Besides, the life and feeling of her passion passion (n.)suffering, torment, deep griefLuc.1317
Shee hoords to spend, when he is by to heare her, She hoards, to spend when he is by to hear her,  Luc.1318
When sighs, & grones, & tears may grace the fashiõ When sighs and groans and tears may grace the fashion  Luc.1319
Of her disgrace, the better so to cleare her Of her disgrace, the better so to clear her  Luc.1320
From that suspiciõ which the world might bear her. From that suspicion which the world might bear her.  Luc.1321
To shun this blot, shee would not blot the letter To shun this blot, she would not blot the letter  Luc.1322
With words, till action might becom thẽ better. With words, till action might become them better. become (v.)
old form: becom
put a good front on, give a pleasing appearance to
Luc.1323
To see sad sights, moues more then heare them told, To see sad sights moves more than hear them told, sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1324
For then the eye interpretes to the eare For then the eye interprets to the ear  Luc.1325
The heauie motion that it doth behold, The heavy motion that it doth behold, motion (n.)act of moving, movement, stirringLuc.1326
heavy (adj.)
old form: heauie
sorrowful, sad, gloomy
When euerie part, a part of woe doth beare. When every part a part of woe doth bear.  Luc.1327
Tis but a part of sorrow that we heare, 'Tis but a part of sorrow that we hear;  Luc.1328
Deep sounds make lesser noise thẽ shallow foords, Deep sounds make lesser noise than shallow fords,  Luc.1329
And sorrow ebs, being blown with wind of words. And sorrow ebbs, being blown with wind of words.  Luc.1330
Her letter now is seal'd, and on it writ Her letter now is sealed, and on it writ  Luc.1331
At ARDEA to my Lord with more then hast, ‘ At Ardea to my lord with more than haste.’  Luc.1332
The Post attends, and shee deliuers it, The post attends, and she delivers it, attend (v.)await, wait for, expectLuc.1333
post (n.)express messenger, courier
Charging the sowr-fac'd groome, to high as fast Charging the sour-faced groom to hie as fast hie (v.)
old form: high
hasten, hurry, speed
Luc.1334
As lagging fowles before the Northerne blast, As lagging fowls before the northern blast. blast (n.)storm, rage, angry breathLuc.1335
Speed more then speed, but dul & slow she deems, Speed more than speed but dull and slow she deems:  Luc.1336
Extremity still vrgeth such extremes. Extremity still urgeth such extremes. still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.1337
The homelie villaine cursies to her low, The homely villain curtsies to her low, curtsy, curtsey (v.)
old form: cursies
bow low, do reverence, pay respect
Luc.1338
villain (n.)
old form: villaine
serf, servant, bondman
And blushing on her with a stedfast eye, And blushing on her, with a steadfast eye  Luc.1339
Receaues the scroll without or yea or no, Receives the scroll without or yea or no,  Luc.1340
And forth with bashfull innocence doth hie. And forth with bashful innocence doth hie. hie (v.)hasten, hurry, speedLuc.1341
But they whose guilt within their bosomes lie, But they whose guilt within their bosoms lie bosom (n.)
old form: bosomes
heart, inner person
Luc.1342
Imagine euerie eye beholds their blame, Imagine every eye beholds their blame;  Luc.1343
For LVCRECE thought, he blusht to see her shame. For Lucrece thought he blushed to see her shame:  Luc.1344
When seelie Groome (God wot) it was defect When, silly groom, God wot, it was defect wot (v.)learn, know, be toldLuc.1345
silly (adj.)
old form: seelie
simple, lowly, humble
Of spirite, life, and bold audacitie, Of spirit, life, and bold audacity;  Luc.1346
Such harmlesse creatures haue a true respect Such harmless creatures have a true respect  Luc.1347
To talke in deeds, while others saucilie To talk in deeds, while others saucily saucily (adv.)presumptuously, cheekily, impudentlyLuc.1348
Promise more speed, but do it leysurelie. Promise more speed, but do it leisurely.  Luc.1349
Euen so the patterne of this worne-out age, Even so this pattern of the worn-out age worn-out (adj.)
old form: worne-out
past, bygone, departed
Luc.1350
pattern (n.)
old form: patterne
picture, model, specimen, example
Pawn'd honest looks, but laid no words to gage. Pawned honest looks, but laid no words to gage. gage (v.)pledge, bind, commitLuc.1351
His kindled duetie kindled her mistrust, His kindled duty kindled her mistrust,  Luc.1352
That two red fires in both their faces blazed, That two red fires in both their faces blazed;  Luc.1353
Shee thought he blusht, as knowing TARQVINS lust, She thought he blushed as knowing Tarquin's lust,  Luc.1354
And blushing with him, wistlie on him gazed, And blushing with him, wistly on him gazed. wistly (adv.)
old form: wistlie
intently, attentively, earnestly
Luc.1355
Her earnest eye did make him more amazed. Her earnest eye did make him more amazed;  Luc.1356
The more shee saw the bloud his cheeks replenish, The more she saw the blood his cheeks replenish,  Luc.1357
The more she thought he spied in her som blemish. The more she thought he spied in her some blemish.  Luc.1358
But long shee thinkes till he returne againe, But long she thinks till he return again, think long
old form: thinkes
feel time passing slowly, tire of waiting
Luc.1359
And yet the dutious vassall scarce is gone, And yet the duteous vassal scarce is gone. vassal (n.)
old form: vassall
servant, slave, subject
Luc.1360
duteous (adj.)
old form: dutious
dutiful, obedient, of allegiance
The wearie time shee cannot entertaine, The weary time she cannot entertain, entertain (v.)
old form: entertaine
while away, pass away
Luc.1361
For now tis stale to sigh, to weepe, and grone, For now 'tis stale to sigh, to weep, and groan; stale (adj.)past the time, no longer of valueLuc.1362
So woe hath wearied woe, mone tired mone, So woe hath wearied woe, moan tired moan,  Luc.1363
That shee her plaints a little while doth stay, That she her plaints a little while doth stay, plaint (n.)lamentation, expression of sorrowLuc.1364
stay (v.)stop, halt, come to a standstill
Pawsing for means to mourne some newer way. Pausing for means to mourn some newer way.  Luc.1365
At last shee cals to mind where hangs a peece At last she calls to mind where hangs a piece  Luc.1366
Of skilfull painting, made for PRIAMS Troy, Of skilful painting, made for Priam's Troy, Priam (n.)[pron: 'priyam] king of Troy, husband of Hecuba; killed by Pyrrhus during the sack of TroyLuc.1367
Troy (n.)ancient city of W Turkey, besieged for 10 years during the Trojan Wars; also called Ilium, Ilion
Before the which is drawn the power of Greece, Before the which is drawn the power of Greece, power (n.)armed force, troops, host, armyLuc.1368
For HELENS rape, the Cittie to destroy, For Helen's rape the city to destroy, Helen (n.)woman renowned for her beauty, whose abduction from the Greeks by Paris of Troy caused the Trojan WarLuc.1369
Threatning cloud-kissing ILLION with annoy, Threatening cloud-kissing Ilion with annoy; annoy (n.)trouble, vexation, distressLuc.1370
Ilion, Ilium (n.)poetic names for the city of Troy
Which the conceipted Painter drew so prowd, Which the conceited painter drew so proud conceited (adj.)
old form: conceipted
ingenious, clever, well-devised
Luc.1371
As Heauen (it seem'd) to kisse the turrets bow'd. As heaven, it seemed, to kiss the turrets bowed.  Luc.1372
A thousand lamentable obiects there, A thousand lamentable objects there  Luc.1373
In scorne of Nature, Art gaue liuelesse life, In scorn of nature art gave lifeless life;  Luc.1374
Many a dry drop seem'd a weeping teare, Many a dry drop seemed a weeping tear,  Luc.1375
Shed for the slaughtred husband by the wife. Shed for the slaughtered husband by the wife;  Luc.1376
The red bloud reek'd to shew the Painters strife, The red blood reeked to show the painter's strife, reek (v.)
old form: reek'd
steam, smoke, give off vapour
Luc.1377
And dying eyes gleem'd forth their ashie lights, And dying eyes gleamed forth their ashy lights  Luc.1378
Like dying coales burnt out in tedious nights. Like dying coals burnt out in tedious nights.  Luc.1379
There might you see the labouring Pyoner There might you see the labouring pioneer pioneer, pioner (n.)
old form: Pyoner
sapper, labouring foot-soldier
Luc.1380
Begrim'd with sweat, and smeared all with dust, Begrimed with sweat and smeared all with dust;  Luc.1381
And from the towres of Troy, there would appeare And from the towers of Troy there would appear  Luc.1382
The verie eyes of men through loop-holes thrust, The very eyes of men through loop-holes thrust,  Luc.1383
Gazing vppon the Greekes with little lust, Gazing upon the Greeks with little lust. lust (n.)desire, pleasure, delightLuc.1384
Such sweet obseruance in this worke was had, Such sweet observance in this work was had observance (n.)
old form: obseruance
powers of observation
Luc.1385
sweet (adj.)attractive, pleasing, appealing
That one might see those farre of eyes looke sad. That one might see those far-off eyes look sad. sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1386
In great commaunders, Grace, and Maiestie, In great commanders, grace and majesty  Luc.1387
You might behold triumphing in their faces, You might behold, triumphing in their faces;  Luc.1388
In youth quick-bearing and dexteritie, In youth, quick bearing and dexterity;  Luc.1389
And here and there the Painter interlaces And here and there the painter interlaces interlace (v.)insert, introduce, weave into a designLuc.1390
Pale cowards marching on with trembling paces. Pale cowards marching on with trembling paces,  Luc.1391
Which hartlesse peasaunts did so wel resemble, Which heartless peasants did so well resemble heartless (adj.)
old form: hartlesse
cowardly, gutless, spiritless
Luc.1392
That one would swear he saw them quake & trẽble. That one would swear he saw them quake and tremble.  Luc.1393
In AIAX and VLYSSES, ô what Art In Ajax and Ulysses, O what art Ajax (n.)[pron: 'ayjaks, OP also a'jayks] son of Telemon, king of Salamis (also called Ajax Telemonius); fought against Troy; proverbial for his size and strengthLuc.1394
Ulysses (n.)[pron: yoo'liseez] son of Laertes, who fought for 10 years in the Trojan War; on his return to Ithaca, he killed the suitors of his wife Penelope
Of Phisiognomy might one behold! Of physiognomy might one behold!  Luc.1395
The face of eyther cypher'd eythers heart, The face of either ciphered either's heart; cipher (v.)
old form: cypher'd
symbolize, represent, portray
Luc.1396
Their face, their manners most expreslie told, Their face their manners most expressly told:  Luc.1397
In AIAX eyes blunt rage and rigour rold, In Ajax' eyes blunt rage and rigour rolled,  Luc.1398
But the mild glance that slie VLYSSES lent, But the mild glance that sly Ulysses lent  Luc.1399
Shewed deepe regard and smiling gouernment. Showed deep regard and smiling government. government (n.)
old form: gouernment
self-control, self-discipline, moral conduct
Luc.1400
There pleading might you see graue NESTOR stand, There pleading might you see grave Nestor stand, plead (v.)give an oration, hold forthLuc.1401
As'twere incouraging the Greekes to fight, As 'twere encouraging the Greeks to fight,  Luc.1402
Making such sober action with his hand, Making such sober action with his hand sober (adj.)sedate, staid, demure, graveLuc.1403
That it beguild attention, charm'd the sight, That it beguiled attention, charmed the sight; beguile (v.)
old form: beguild
charm, captivate, bewitch
Luc.1404
charm (v.)
old form: charm'd
work magic [on], bewitch, enchant
In speech it seemd his beard, all siluer white, In speech it seemed his beard all silver white  Luc.1405
Wag'd vp and downe, and from his lips did flie, Wagged up and down, and from his lips did fly  Luc.1406
Thin winding breath which purl'd vp to the skie. Thin winding breath which purled up to the sky. purl (v.)
old form: purl'd
curl, rise in a twisting way
Luc.1407
About him were a presse of gaping faces, About him were a press of gaping faces  Luc.1408
Which seem'd to swallow vp his sound aduice, Which seemed to swallow up his sound advice;  Luc.1409
All ioyntlie listning, but with seuerall graces, All jointly listening, but with several graces, several (adj.)
old form: seuerall
separate, different, distinct
Luc.1410
As if some Marmaide did their eares intice, As if some mermaid did their ears entice;  Luc.1411
Some high, some low, the Painter was so nice. Some high, some low, the painter was so nice. nice (adj.)minutely detailed, carefully accurateLuc.1412
The scalpes of manie almost hid behind, The scalps of many almost hid behind  Luc.1413
To iump vp higher seem'd to mocke the mind. To jump up higher seemed, to mock the mind.  Luc.1414
Here one mans hand leand on anothers head, Here one man's hand leaned on another's head,  Luc.1415
His nose being shadowed by his neighbours eare, His nose being shadowed by his neighbour's ear;  Luc.1416
Here one being throng'd, bears back all boln, & red, Here one being thronged bears back, all bollen and red; bollen (adj.)
old form: boln
swollen, puffed out, inflamed
Luc.1417
throng (v.)
old form: throng'd
crush, overwhelm
Another smotherd, seemes to pelt and sweare, Another smothered seems to pelt and swear; pelt (v.)shout angrily, harangueLuc.1418
And in their rage such signes of rage they beare, And in their rage such signs of rage they bear  Luc.1419
As but for losse of NESTORS golden words, As, but for loss of Nestor's golden words,  Luc.1420
It seem'd they would debate with angrie swords. It seemed they would debate with angry swords. debate (v.)fight, contend, striveLuc.1421
For much imaginarie worke was there, For much imaginary work was there;  Luc.1422
Conceipt deceitfull, so compact so kinde, Conceit deceitful, so compact, so kind, compact (adj.)made up, composedLuc.1423
conceit (n.)
old form: Conceipt
design, ingenuity, conception
kind (adj.)
old form: kinde
showing natural feeling, acting by nature
That for ACHILLES image stood his speare That for Achilles' image stood his spear  Luc.1424
Grip't in an Armed hand, himselfe behind Gripped in an armed hand; himself behind  Luc.1425
Was left vnseene, saue to the eye of mind, Was left unseen, save to the eye of mind:  Luc.1426
A hand, a foote, a face, a leg, a head A hand, a foot, a face, a leg, a head,  Luc.1427
Stood for the whole to be imagined. Stood for the whole to be imagined.  Luc.1428
And from the wals of strong besieged TROY, And from the walls of strong-besieged Troy,  Luc.1429
When their braue hope, bold HECTOR march'd to field, When their brave hope, bold Hector, marched to field, field (n.)field of battle, battleground, field of combatLuc.1430
Stood manie Troian mothers sharing ioy, Stood many Trojan mothers sharing joy  Luc.1431
To see their youthfull sons bright weapons wield, To see their youthful sons bright weapons wield;  Luc.1432
And to their hope they such odde action yeeld, And to their hope they such odd action yield action (n.)movement, demeanour, gestureLuc.1433
That through their light ioy seemed to appeare, That through their light joy seemed to appear, light (adj.)joyful, merry, light-heartedLuc.1434
(Like bright things staind) a kind of heauie feare. Like bright things stained, a kind of heavy fear. heavy (adj.)
old form: heauie
sorrowful, sad, gloomy
Luc.1435
And from the strond of DARDAN where they fought, And from the strand of Dardan, where they fought strand, strond (n.)shore, land, regionLuc.1436
Dardan, Dardania (n.)region in W Turkey in which Troy was the capital
To SIMOIS reedie bankes the red bloud ran, To Simois' reedy banks the red blood ran, Simois (n.)[pron: 'simohees] river flowing from Mt Ida to the plain of Troy, W TurkeyLuc.1437
Whose waues to imitate the battaile sought Whose waves to imitate the battle sought  Luc.1438
With swelling ridges, and their rankes began With swelling ridges, and their ranks began  Luc.1439
To breake vppon the galled shore, and than To break upon the galled shore, and then galled (adj.)fretted, chafed, batteredLuc.1440
Retire againe, till meeting greater ranckes Retire again, till meeting greater ranks  Luc.1441
They ioine, & shoot their fome at SIMOIS bancks. They join, and shoot their foam at Simois' banks.  Luc.1442
To this well painted peece is LVCRECE come, To this well-painted piece is Lucrece come,  Luc.1443
To find a face where all distresse is steld, To find a face where all distress is stelled. stell (v.)
old form: steld
portray, display, delineate
Luc.1444
Manie shee sees, where cares haue carued some, Many she sees where cares have carved some,  Luc.1445
But none where all distresse and dolor dweld, But none where all distress and dolour dwelled,  Luc.1446
Till shee dispayring HECVBA beheld, Till she despairing Hecuba beheld, Hecuba (n.)wife of Priam, King of Troy, and mother of 18 children; after the Greeks took Troy, she saw her sons and her husband killed, and was sent into slavery.Luc.1447
Staring on PRIAMS wounds with her old eyes, Staring on Priam's wounds with her old eyes, Priam (n.)[pron: 'priyam] king of Troy, husband of Hecuba; killed by Pyrrhus during the sack of TroyLuc.1448
Which bleeding vnder PIRRHVS proud foot lies. Which bleeding under Pyrrhus' proud foot lies.  Luc.1449
In her the Painter had anathomiz'd In her the painter had anatomized anatomize, annothanize (v.)
old form: anathomiz'd
dissect, reveal, lay open
Luc.1450
Times ruine, beauties wracke, and grim cares raign, Time's ruin, beauty's wrack, and grim care's reign; wrack (n.)
old form: wracke
destruction, ruin
Luc.1451
Her cheeks with chops and wrincles were disguiz'd, Her cheeks with chaps and wrinkles were disguised; chaps, chops (n.)crack in the skin, fissureLuc.1452
Of what shee was, no semblance did remaine: Of what she was no semblance did remain. semblance (n.)appearance, outward showLuc.1453
Her blew bloud chang'd to blacke in euerie vaine, Her blue blood changed to black in every vein,  Luc.1454
Wanting the spring, that those shrunke pipes had fed, Wanting the spring that those shrunk pipes had fed, want (v.)lack, need, be withoutLuc.1455
Shew'd life imprison'd in a bodie dead. Showed life imprisoned in a body dead.  Luc.1456
On this sad shadow LVCRECE spends her eyes, On this sad shadow Lucrece spends her eyes, shadow (n.)image, likeness, portrait, semblanceLuc.1457
sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
spend (v.)expend, employ, exert
And shapes her sorrow to the Beldames woes, And shapes her sorrow to the beldame's woes, beldam, beldame (n.)old woman, croneLuc.1458
Who nothing wants to answer her but cries, Who nothing wants to answer her but cries want (v.)fall short [of], be deficient [in]Luc.1459
And bitter words to ban her cruell Foes. And bitter words to ban her cruel foes; ban (v.)curse, damn, revileLuc.1460
The Painter was no God to lend her those, The painter was no god to lend her those;  Luc.1461
And therefore LVCRECE swears he did her wrong, And therefore Lucrece swears he did her wrong,  Luc.1462
To giue her so much griefe, and not a tong. To give her so much grief and not a tongue.  Luc.1463
Poore Instrument (quoth shee) without a sound, ‘ Poor instrument,’ quoth she, ‘ without a sound,  Luc.1464
Ile tune thy woes with my lamenting tongue, I'll tune thy woes with my lamenting tongue; tune (v.)sing, utter, sound outLuc.1465
And drop sweet Balme in PRIAMS painted wound, And drop sweet balm in Priam's painted wound,  Luc.1466
And raile on PIRRHVS that hath done him wrong; And rail on Pyrrhus that hath done him wrong, rail (v.)
old form: raile
rant, rave, be abusive [about]
Luc.1467
And with my tears quench Troy that burns so long; And with my tears quench Troy that burns so long;  Luc.1468
And with my knife scratch out the angrie eyes, And with my knife scratch out the angry eyes  Luc.1469
Of all the Greekes that are thine enemies. Of all the Greeks that are thine enemies.  Luc.1470
Shew me the strumpet that began this stur, ‘ Show me the strumpet that began this stir, strumpet (n.)harlot, prostitute, whoreLuc.1471
stir (n.)
old form: stur
event, happening, activity
That with my nailes her beautie I may teare: That with my nails her beauty I may tear.  Luc.1472
Thy heat of lust fond PARIS did incur Thy heat of lust, fond Paris, did incur  Luc.1473
This lode of wrath, that burning Troy doth beare; This load of wrath that burning Troy doth bear;  Luc.1474
Thy eye kindled the fire that burneth here, Thy eye kindled the fire that burneth here;  Luc.1475
And here in Troy for trespasse of thine eye, And here in Troy, for trespass of thine eye,  Luc.1476
The Sire, the sonne, the Dame and daughter die. The sire, the son, the dame and daughter die. dame (n.)mother, nurseLuc.1477
Why should the priuate pleasure of some one ‘ Why should the private pleasure of some one  Luc.1478
Become the publicke plague of manie moe? Become the public plague of many moe? mo, moe (adj.)more [in number]Luc.1479
Let sinne alone committed, light alone Let sin alone committed light alone  Luc.1480
Vppon his head that hath transgressed so. Upon his head that hath transgressed so;  Luc.1481
Let guiltlesse soules be freed from guilty woe, Let guiltless souls be freed from guilty woe:  Luc.1482
For ones offence why should so many fall? For one's offence why should so many fall,  Luc.1483
To plague a priuate sinne in generall. To plague a private sin in general?  Luc.1484
Lo here weeps HECVBA, here PRIAM dies, ‘ Lo, here weeps Hecuba, here Priam dies,  Luc.1485
Here manly HECTOR faints, here TROYLVS sounds; Here manly Hector faints, here Troilus swounds, swound (v.)
old form: sounds
faint, swoon
Luc.1486
Troilus (n.)[pron: 'troylus] youngest son of Priam and Hecuba; killed by Achilles; lover of Cressida
Here friend by friend in bloudie channel lies: Here friend by friend in bloody channel lies, channel (n.)open drain, gutterLuc.1487
And friend to friend giues vnaduised wounds, And friend to friend gives unadvised wounds, unadvised (adj.)
old form: vnaduised
rash, foolhardy, thoughtless, unconsidered
Luc.1488
And one mans lust these manie liues confounds. And one man's lust these many lives confounds. confound (v.)destroy, overthrow, ruinLuc.1489
Had doting PRIAM checkt his sons desire, Had doting Priam checked his son's desire,  Luc.1490
TROY had bin bright with Fame, & not with fire. Troy had been bright with fame, and not with fire.’  Luc.1491
Here feelingly she weeps TROYES painted woes, Here feelingly she weeps Troy's painted woes;  Luc.1492
For sorrow, like a heauie hanging Bell, For sorrow, like a heavy-hanging bell  Luc.1493
Once set on ringing, with his own waight goes, Once set on ringing, with his own weight goes;  Luc.1494
Then little strength rings out the dolefull knell, Then little strength rings out the doleful knell.  Luc.1495
So LVCRECE set a worke, sad tales doth tell So Lucrece, set a-work, sad tales doth tell sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1496
To pencel'd pensiuenes, & colour'd sorrow, To pencilled pensiveness and coloured sorrow: pencilled (adj.)
old form: pencel'd
painted, shown in a painting
Luc.1497
She lends them words, & she their looks doth bor-(row, She lends them words, and she their looks doth borrow.  Luc.1498
Shee throwes her eyes about the painting round, She throws her eyes about the painting round,  Luc.1499
And who shee finds forlorne, shee doth lament: And who she finds forlorn she doth lament.  Luc.1500
At last shee sees a wretched image bound, At last she sees a wretched image bound,  Luc.1501
That piteous lookes, to Phrygian sheapheards lent, That piteous looks to Phrygian shepherds lent; Phrygia (n.)[pron: 'frijia] central plateau area of Asia Minor where Troy was situatedLuc.1502
His face though full of cares, yet shew d content, His face, though full of cares, yet showed content; content (n.)acceptance, acquiescenceLuc.1503
content (n.)contentment, peace of mind
Onward to TROY with the blunt swains he goes, Onward to Troy with the blunt swains he goes, blunt (adj.)rough, unrefined, uncivilizedLuc.1504
swain (n.)[contemptuous] rustic, yokel, fellow
So mild that patience seem'd to scorne his woes. So mild, that patience seemed to scorn his woes.  Luc.1505
In him the Painter labour'd with his skill In him the painter laboured with his skill  Luc.1506
To hide deceipt, and giue the harmlesse show To hide deceit and give the harmless show show (n.)appearance, exhibition, displayLuc.1507
An humble gate, calme looks, eyes wayling still, An humble gait, calm looks, eyes wailing still, wail (v.)
old form: wayling
bewail, lament, grieve [for]
Luc.1508
gait (n.)
old form: gate
manner of walking, bearing, movement
A brow vnbent that seem'd to welcome wo, A brow unbent that seemed to welcome woe; brow (n.)forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]Luc.1509
unbent (adj.)
old form: vnbent
unfrowning, not wrinkled; submissive
Cheeks neither red, nor pale, but mingled so, Cheeks neither red nor pale, but mingled so  Luc.1510
That blushing red, no guiltie instance gaue, That blushing red no guilty instance gave,  Luc.1511
Nor ashie pale, the feare that false hearts haue. Nor ashy pale the fear that false hearts have. false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1512
But like a constant and confirmed Deuill, But like a constant and confirmed devil,  Luc.1513
He entertain'd a show, so seeming iust, He entertained a show so seeming just, entertain (v.)
old form: entertain'd
maintain, keep up, practise
Luc.1514
show (n.)appearance, exhibition, display
seeming (adv.)apparently, ostensibly, to outward appearance
And therein so ensconc't his secret euill, And therein so ensconced his secret evil, ensconce, insconce (v.)
old form: ensconc't
protect, conceal, shelter
Luc.1515
That Iealousie it selfe could not mistrust, That jealousy itself could not mistrust jealousy (n.)
old form: Iealousie
suspicion, mistrust, apprehension
Luc.1516
False creeping Craft, and Periurie should thrust False creeping craft and perjury should thrust false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1517
Into so bright a daie, such blackfac'd storms, Into so bright a day such black-faced storms,  Luc.1518
Or blot with Hell-born sin such Saint-like forms. Or blot with hell-born sin such saint-like forms.  Luc.1519
The well-skil'd workman this milde Image drew The well-skilled workman this mild image drew  Luc.1520
For periur'd SINON, whose inchaunting storie For perjured Sinon, whose enchanting story enchanting (adj.)
old form: inchaunting
bewitching, captivating, holding under a spell
Luc.1521
Sinon (n.)[pron: 'siynon] spy who alerted the Greeks inside the Trojan horse after it had been taken into the citadel of Troy
The credulous old PRIAM after slew. The credulous old Priam after slew;  Luc.1522
Whose words like wild fire burnt the shining glorie Whose words like wildfire burnt the shining glory wildfire (n.)
old form: wild fire
flaming gunpowder; also: will o' the wisp; type of eruptive disease
Luc.1523
Of rich-built ILLION, that the skies were sorie, Of rich-built Ilion, that the skies were sorry,  Luc.1524
And little stars shot from their fixed places, And little stars shot from their fixed places,  Luc.1525
Whẽ their glas fel, wherin they view'd their faces. When their glass fell, wherein they viewed their faces. glass (n.)
old form: glas
mirror, looking-glass
Luc.1526
This picture shee aduisedly perus'd, This picture she advisedly perused, advisedly (adv.)
old form: aduisedly
attentively, watchfully, carefully
Luc.1527
And chid the Painter for his wondrous skill: And chid the painter for his wondrous skill,  Luc.1528
Saying, some shape in SINONS was abus'd, Saying, some shape in Sinon's was abused:  Luc.1529
So faire a forme lodg'd not a mind so ill, So fair a form lodged not a mind so ill. ill (adj.)evil, wicked, immoralLuc.1530
And still on him shee gaz'd, and gazing still, And still on him she gazed, and gazing still,  Luc.1531
Such signes of truth in his plaine face shee spied, Such signs of truth in his plain face she spied plain (adj.)
old form: plaine
honest, open, free from deceit
Luc.1532
That shee concludes, the Picture was belied. That she concludes the picture was belied. belie (v.)fill with lies, deceive, deludeLuc.1533
It cannot be (quoth she) that so much guile, ‘ It cannot be,’ quoth she, ‘ that so much guile ’ –  Luc.1534
(Shee would haue said) can lurke in such a looke: She would have said ‘ can lurk in such a look ’;  Luc.1535
But TARQVINS shape, came in her mind the while, But Tarquin's shape came in her mind the while,  Luc.1536
And from her tongue, can lurk, from cannot, tooke And from her tongue ‘ can lurk ’ from ‘ cannot ’ took:  Luc.1537
It cannot be, shee in that sence forsooke, ‘ It cannot be ’ she in that sense forsook,  Luc.1538
And turn'd it thus, it cannot be I find, And turned it thus: ‘ It cannot be, I find, turn (v.)
old form: turn'd
adapt, alter, modify
Luc.1539
But such a face should beare a wicked mind. But such a face should bear a wicked mind:  Luc.1540
For euen as subtill SINON here is painted, ‘ For even as subtle Sinon here is painted.  Luc.1541
So sober sad, so wearie, and so milde, So sober-sad, so weary, and so mild, sober (adj.)sedate, staid, demure, graveLuc.1542
(As if with griefe or trauaile he had fainted) As if with grief or travel he had fainted, travail, travel (n.)
old form: trauaile
suffering, torment, distress
Luc.1543
To me came TARQVIN armed to beguild To me came Tarquin armed to beguild beguild (v.)[unclear meaning] beguileLuc.1544
With outward honestie, but yet defild With outward honesty, but yet defiled  Luc.1545
With inward vice, as PRIAM him did cherish: With inward vice. As Priam him did cherish,  Luc.1546
So did I TARQVIN, so my Troy did perish. So did I Tarquin; so my Troy did perish.  Luc.1547
1548 Looke looke how listning PRIAM wets his eyes, ‘ Look, look, how listening Priam wets his eyes,  Luc.1548
To see those borrowed teares that SINON sheeds, To see those borrowed tears that Sinon sheeds. borrowed (adj.)assumed, pretended, feignedLuc.1549
sheed (v.)shed
PRIAM why art thou old, and yet not wise? Priam, why art thou old and yet not wise?  Luc.1550
For euerie teare he fals a Troian bleeds: For every tear he falls a Trojan bleeds.  Luc.1551
His eye drops fire, no water thence proceeds, His eye drops fire, no water thence proceeds;  Luc.1552
Those roũd clear pearls of his that moue thy pitty, Those round clear pearls of his that move thy pity.  Luc.1553
Are bals of quenchlesse fire to burne thy Citty. Are balls of quenchless fire to burn thy city.  Luc.1554
Such Deuils steale effects from lightlesse Hell, ‘ Such devils steal effects from lightless hell, lightless (adj.)
old form: lightlesse
dark, hidden, yielding no light
Luc.1555
For SINON in his fire doth quake with cold, For Sinon in his fire doth quake with cold,  Luc.1556
And in that cold hot burning fire doth dwell, And in that cold hot-burning fire doth dwell.  Luc.1557
These contraries such vnitie do hold, These contraries such unity do hold  Luc.1558
Only to flatter fooles, and make them bold, Only to flatter fools and make them bold:  Luc.1559
So PRIAMS trust false SINONS teares doth flatter, So Priam's trust false Sinon's tears doth flatter false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1560
That he finds means to burne his Troy with water. That he finds means to burn his Troy with water.’  Luc.1561
Here all inrag'd such passion her assailes, Here, all enraged, such passion her assails  Luc.1562
That patience is quite beaten from her breast, That patience is quite beaten from her breast.  Luc.1563
Shee tears the sencelesse SINON with her nailes, She tears the senseless Sinon with her nails, senseless (adj.)
old form: sencelesse
lacking human sensation, incapable of feeling
Luc.1564
Comparing him to that vnhappie guest, Comparing him to that unhappy guest unhappy (adj.)
old form: vnhappie
trouble-causing, bringing misfortune
Luc.1565
Whose deede hath made herselfe, herselfe detest, Whose deed hath made herself herself detest.  Luc.1566
At last shee smilingly with this giues ore, At last she smilingly with this gives o'er: give over (v.)
old form: giues ore
cease, finish, leave off
Luc.1567
Foole fool, quoth she, his wounds wil not be sore. ‘ Fool, fool,’ quoth she, ‘ his wounds will not be sore.’  Luc.1568
Thus ebs and flowes the currant of her sorrow Thus ebbs and flows the current of her sorrow,  Luc.1569
And time doth wearie time with her complayning, And time doth weary time with her complaining;  Luc.1570
Shee looks for night, & then shee longs for morrow, She looks for night, and then she longs for morrow,  Luc.1571
And both shee thinks too long with her remayning. And both she thinks too long with her remaining.  Luc.1572
Short time seems long, in sorrowes sharp sustayning, Short time seems long in sorrow's sharp sustaining:  Luc.1573
Though wo be heauie, yet it seldome sleepes, Though woe be heavy, yet it seldom sleeps, heavy (adj.)
old form: heauie
pressing, weighty, overpowering
Luc.1574
And they that watch, see time, how slow it creeps. And they that watch see time how slow it creeps. watch (v.)keep the watch, keep guard, be on the look-outLuc.1575
Which all this time hath ouerslipt her thought, Which all this time hath overslipped her thought overslip (v.)
old form: ouerslipt
pass by unnoticed, slip past
Luc.1576
That shee with painted Images hath spent, That she with painted images hath spent,  Luc.1577
Being from the feeling of her own griefe brought, Being from the feeling of her own grief brought  Luc.1578
By deepe surmise of others detriment, By deep surmise of others' detriment, surmise (n.)reflection, imagining, contemplationLuc.1579
Loosing her woes in shews of discontent: Losing her woes in shows of discontent. show (n.)
old form: shews
appearance, exhibition, display
Luc.1580
It easeth some, though none it euer cured, It easeth some, though none it ever cured,  Luc.1581
To thinke their dolour others haue endured. To think their dolour others have endured. dolour (n.)sorrow, grief, lamentationLuc.1582
But now the mindfull Messenger come backe, But now the mindful messenger come back  Luc.1583
Brings home his Lord and other companie, Brings home his lord and other company;  Luc.1584
Who finds his LVCRECE clad in mourning black, Who finds his Lucrece clad in mourning black,  Luc.1585
And round about her teare-distained eye And round about her tear-distained eye tear-distained (adj.)
old form: teare-distained
tear-stained
Luc.1586
Blew circles stream'd, like Rain bows in the skie. Blue circles streamed, like rainbows in the sky: blue (adj.)
old form: Blew
[of eyes] dark-circled, shadow-rimmed
Luc.1587
These watergalls in her dim Element, These water-galls in her dim element water-gall (n.)
old form: watergalls
rainbow-like halo
Luc.1588
dim (adj.)dull, pale-coloured, lacking lustre
element (n.)substance, raw material, physical matter
Foretell new stormes to those alreadie spent. Foretell new storms to those already spent.  Luc.1589
Which when her sad beholding husband saw, Which when her sad-beholding husband saw,  Luc.1590
Amazedlie in her sad face he stares: Amazedly in her sad face he stares: sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1591
Her eyes though sod in tears look d red and raw, Her eyes, though sod in tears, looked red and raw, sod (adj.)soaked, sodden, steepedLuc.1592
Her liuelie colour kil'd with deadlie cares, Her lively colour killed with deadly cares.  Luc.1593
He hath no power to aske her how shee fares, He hath no power to ask her how she fares; fare (v.)get on, manage, do, copeLuc.1594
Both stood like old acquaintance in a trance, Both stood like old acquaintance in a trance,  Luc.1595
Met far from home, wondring ech others chance. Met far from home, wondering each other's chance. chance (n.)fortune, lot, destinyLuc.1596
wonder (v.)
old form: wondring
wonder at, be curious about, guess at
At last he takes her by the bloudlesse hand, At last he takes her by the bloodless hand,  Luc.1597
And thus begins: what vncouth ill euent And thus begins: ‘ What uncouth ill event ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourableLuc.1598
uncouth (adj.)
old form: vncouth
unfamiliar, strange, unknown
Hath thee befalne, that thou dost trembling stand? Hath thee befallen, that thou dost trembling stand? befall (v.), past forms befallen, befell
old form: befalne
happen to, come to
Luc.1599
Sweet loue what spite hath thy faire colour spent? Sweet love, what spite hath thy fair colour spent? spite (n.)annoyance, vexation, irritationLuc.1600
spend (v.)use up, wear out, exhaust, bring to an end
Why art thou thus attir'd in discontent? Why art thou thus attired in discontent? attired (adj.)
old form: attir'd
wrapped, clothed, swathed
Luc.1601
Vnmaske deare deare, this moodie heauinesse, Unmask, dear dear, this moody heaviness,  Luc.1602
And tell thy griefe, that we may giue redresse. And tell thy grief, that we may give redress.’  Luc.1603
Three times with sighes shee giues her sorrow fire, Three times with sighs she gives her sorrow fire  Luc.1604
Ere once shee can discharge one word of woe: Ere once she can discharge one word of woe: discharge (v.)give vent to, emit, sound offLuc.1605
At length addrest to answer his desire, At length addressed to answer his desire, address (v.)
old form: addrest
prepare, make ready, poise to act
Luc.1606
Shee modestlie prepares, to let them know She modestly prepares to let them know  Luc.1607
Her Honor is tane prisoner by the Foe, Her honour is ta'en prisoner by the foe;  Luc.1608
While COLATINE and his consorted Lords, While Collatine and his consorted lords consorted (adj.)attendant, accompanying, united togetherLuc.1609
With sad attention long to heare her words. With sad attention long to hear her words. sad (adj.)serious, grave, solemnLuc.1610
And now this pale Swan in her watrie nest, And now this pale swan in her watery nest  Luc.1611
Begins the sad Dirge of her certaine ending, Begins the sad dirge of her certain ending. dirge (n.)funeral song, song of mourningLuc.1612
sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
Few words (quoth shee) shall fit the trespasse best, ‘ Few words,’ quoth she, ‘ Shall fit the trespass best,  Luc.1613
Where no excuse can giue the fault amending. Where no excuse can give the fault amending:  Luc.1614
In me moe woes then words are now depending, In me moe woes than words are now depending; depend (v.)persist, continue, remain hangingLuc.1615
mo, moe (adj.)more [in number]
And my laments would be drawn out too long, And my laments would be drawn out too long  Luc.1616
To tell them all with one poore tired tong. To tell them all with one poor tired tongue.  Luc.1617
Then be this all the taske it hath to say, ‘ Then be this all the task it hath to say:  Luc.1618
Deare husband in the interest of thy bed Dear husband, in the interest of thy bed interest (n.)possession, right, titleLuc.1619
A stranger came, and on that pillow lay, A stranger came, and on that pillow lay  Luc.1620
Where thou wast wont to rest thy wearie head, Where thou was wont to rest thy weary head; wont (v.)be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit ofLuc.1621
And what wrong else may be imagined, And what wrong else may be imagined  Luc.1622
By foule inforcement might be done to me, By foul enforcement might be done to me,  Luc.1623
From that (alas) thy LVCRECE is not free. From that, alas, thy Lucrece is not free.  Luc.1624
For in the dreadfull dead of darke midnight, ‘ For in the dreadful dead of dark midnight  Luc.1625
With shining Fauchion in my chamber came With shining falchion in my chamber came falchion (n.)
old form: Fauchion
curved broadsword
Luc.1626
A creeping creature with a flaming light, A creeping creature with a flaming light,  Luc.1627
And softly cried, awake thou Romaine Dame, And softly cried Awake, thou Roman dame,  Luc.1628
And entertaine my loue, else lasting shame And entertain my love; else lasting shame entertain (v.)
old form: entertaine
receive, admit, let in
Luc.1629
On thee and thine this night I will inflict, On thee and thine this night I will inflict,  Luc.1630
If thou my loues desire do contradict. If thou my love's desire do contradict.  Luc.1631
For some hard fauour'd Groome of thine, quoth he, ‘ For some hard-favoured groom of thine, quoth he, hard-favoured (adj.)
old form: hard fauour'd
ugly, unattractive, unsightly, hideous
Luc.1632
groom (n.)
old form: Groome
servingman, servant, male attendant
Vnlesse thou yoke thy liking to my will Unless thou yoke thy liking to my will, yoke (v.)submit, subjectLuc.1633
Ile murther straight, and then ile slaughter thee, I'll murder straight, and then I'll slaughter thee, straight (adv.)straightaway, immediately, at onceLuc.1634
And sweare I found you where you did fulfill And swear I found you where you did fulfil  Luc.1635
The lothsome act of Lust, and so did kill The loathsome act of lust, and so did kill  Luc.1636
The lechors in their deed, this Act will be The lechers in their deed: this act will be  Luc.1637
My Fame, and thy perpetuall infamy. My fame, and thy perpetual infamy.  Luc.1638
With this I did begin to start and cry, ‘ With this I did begin to start and cry, start (v.)jump, recoil, flinchLuc.1639
And then against my heart he set his sword, And then against my heart he set his sword,  Luc.1640
Swearing, vnlesse I tooke all patiently, Swearing, unless I took all patiently,  Luc.1641
I should not liue to speake another word. I should not live to speak another word;  Luc.1642
So should my shame still rest vpon record, So should my shame still rest upon record,  Luc.1643
And neuer be forgot in mightie Roome And never be forgot in mighty Rome  Luc.1644
Th'adulterat death of LVCRECE, and her Groome. Th' adulterate death of Lucrece and her groom. adulterate (adj.)
old form: adulterat
adulterous
Luc.1645
Mine enemy was strong, my poore selfe weake, ‘ Mine enemy was strong, my poor self weak,  Luc.1646
(And farre the weaker with so strong a feare) And far the weaker with so strong a fear.  Luc.1647
My bloudie Iudge forbod my tongue to speake, My bloody judge forbade my tongue to speak; forbod (v.)[past tense of ‘forbid’] forbadeLuc.1648
No rightfull plea might plead for Iustice there. No rightful plea might plead for justice there.  Luc.1649
His scarlet Lust came euidence to sweare His scarlet lust came evidence to swear evidence (n.)
old form: euidence
witness, testimony, avowal
Luc.1650
That my poore beautie had purloin'd his eyes, That my poor beauty had purloined his eyes;  Luc.1651
And when the Iudge is rob'd, the prisoner dies. And when the judge is robbed, the prisoner dies.  Luc.1652
O teach me how to make mine owne excuse, ‘ O teach me how to make mine own excuse;  Luc.1653
Or (at the least) this refuge let me finde, Or at the least this refuge let me find: refuge (n.)resource, last defence, final recourseLuc.1654
Though my grosse bloud be staind with this abuse, Though my gross blood be stained with this abuse, gross (adj.)
old form: grosse
bad, inferior, poor
Luc.1655
Immaculate, and spotlesse is my mind, Immaculate and spotless is my mind;  Luc.1656
That was not forc'd, that neuer was inclind That was not forced, that never was inclined force (v.)
old form: forc'd
violate, ravish, rape
Luc.1657
To accessarie yeeldings, but still pure To accessary yieldings, but still pure accessary (adj.)
old form: accessarie
as an accessory, offering support
Luc.1658
still (adv.)constantly, always, continually
Doth in her poyson'd closet yet endure. Doth in her poisoned closet yet endure.’  Luc.1659
Lo heare the hopelesse Marchant of this losse, Lo, here the hopeless merchant of this loss,  Luc.1660
With head declin'd, and voice dam'd vp with wo, With head declined, and voice dammed up with woe,  Luc.1661
With sad set eyes and wretched armes acrosse, With sad set eyes and wretched arms across, across (adv.)
old form: acrosse
folded, crossed
Luc.1662
sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
From lips new waxen pale, begins to blow From lips new waxen pale begins to blow  Luc.1663
The griefe away, that stops his answer so. The grief away that stops his answer so;  Luc.1664
But wretched as he is he striues in vaine, But wretched as he is, he strives in vain;  Luc.1665
What he breaths out, his breath drinks vp again. What he breathes out his breath drinks up again.  Luc.1666
As through an Arch, the violent roaring tide, As through an arch the violent roaring tide  Luc.1667
Outruns the eye that doth behold his hast: Outruns the eye that doth behold his haste,  Luc.1668
Yet in the Edie boundeth in his pride, Yet in the eddy boundeth in his pride  Luc.1669
Backe to the strait that forst him on so fast: Back to the strait that forced him on so fast,  Luc.1670
In rage sent out, recald in rage being past, In rage sent out, recalled in rage being past;  Luc.1671
Euen so his sighes, his sorrowes make a saw, Even so his sighs, his sorrows, make a saw,  Luc.1672
To push griefe on, and back the same grief draw. To push grief on and back the same grief draw.  Luc.1673
Which speechlesse woe of his poore she attendeth, Which speechless woe of his poor she attendeth, attend (v.)
old form: attendeth
regard, consider
Luc.1674
she (n.)lady, woman, girl
And his vntimelie frenzie thus awaketh, And his untimely frenzy thus awaketh: frenzy (n.)
old form: frenzie
distraction, agitation, delirium
Luc.1675
Deare Lord, thy sorrow to my sorrow lendeth ‘ Dear lord, thy sorrow to my sorrow lendeth  Luc.1676
Another power, no floud by raining slaketh, Another power; no flood by raining slaketh; power (n.)force, strength, mightLuc.1677
slake (v.)
old form: slaketh
abate, moderate, decrease
My woe too sencible thy passion maketh My woe too sensible thy passion maketh passion (n.)suffering, torment, deep griefLuc.1678
sensible (adj.)
old form: sencible
sensitive, responsive, capable of feeling
More feeling painfull, let it than suffice More feeling-painful. Let it then suffice feeling-painful (adj.)
old form: feeling painfull
painfully felt, heartfelt
Luc.1679
To drowne on woe, one paire of weeping eyes. To drown on woe one pair of weeping eyes.  Luc.1680
And for my sake when I might charme thee so, ‘ And for my sake, when I might charm thee so, charm (v.)
old form: charme
persuade, convince, win over
Luc.1681
For shee that was thy LVCRECE, now attend me, For she that was thy Lucrece, now attend me: attend (v.)listen [to], pay attention [to]Luc.1682
Be sodainelie reuenged on my Foe. Be suddenly revenged on my foe, suddenly (adv.)
old form: sodainelie
immediately, at once, without delay
Luc.1683
Thine, mine, his own, suppose thou dost defend me Thine, mine, his own. Suppose thou dost defend me  Luc.1684
From what is past, the helpe that thou shalt lend me From what is past. The help that thou shalt lend me  Luc.1685
Comes all too late, yet let the Traytor die, Comes all too late, yet let the traitor die,  Luc.1686
"For sparing Iustice feeds iniquitie. For sparing justice feeds iniquity.  Luc.1687
But ere I name him, you faire Lords, quoth shee, ‘ But ere I name him, you fair lords,’ quoth she,  Luc.1688
(Speaking to those that came with COLATINE) Speaking to those that came with Collatine,  Luc.1689
Shall plight your Honourable faiths to me, ‘ Shall plight your honourable faiths to me,  Luc.1690
With swift pursuit to venge this wrong of mine, With swift pursuit to venge this wrong of mine; venge (v.)avenge, revengeLuc.1691
For 'tis a meritorious faire designe, For 'tis a meritorious fair design  Luc.1692
To chase iniustice with reuengefull armes, To chase injustice with revengeful arms:  Luc.1693
Knights by their oaths should right poore Ladies harmes. Knights, by their oaths should right poor ladies' harms.’  Luc.1694
At this request, with noble disposition, At this request, with noble disposition  Luc.1695
Each present Lord began to promise aide, Each present lord began to promise aid,  Luc.1696
As bound in Knighthood to her imposition, As bound in knighthood to her imposition, imposition (n.)order, charge, commandLuc.1697
Longing to heare the hatefull Foe bewraide. Longing to hear the hateful foe bewrayed; bewray (v.)
old form: bewraide
betray, reveal, expose
Luc.1698
But shee that yet her sad taske hath not said, But she, that yet her sad task hath not said, sad (adj.)downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomyLuc.1699
The protestation stops, ô speake quoth shee, The protestation stops. ‘ O, speak,’ quoth she:  Luc.1700
How may this forced staine be wip'd from me? ‘ How may this forced stain be wiped from me?  Luc.1701
What is the qualitie of my offence ‘ What is the quality of mine offence, quality (n.)
old form: qualitie
nature, disposition, character
Luc.1702
Being constrayn'd with dreadfull circumstance? Being constrained with dreadful circumstance?  Luc.1703
May my pure mind with the fowle act dispence May my pure mind with the foul act dispense, dispense with (v.)
old form: dispence
disregard, pardon, put up with
Luc.1704
My low declined Honor to aduance? My low-declined honour to advance?  Luc.1705
May anie termes acquit me from this chance? May any terms acquit me from this chance? chance (n.)event, occurrence, situation [especially, bad]Luc.1706
term (n.)
old form: termes
word, expression, utterance
The poysoned fountaine cleares it selfe againe,The poisoned fountain clears itself again, Luc.1707
And why not I from this compelled staine? And why not I from this compelled stain?’  Luc.1708
With this they all at once began to saie, With this they all at once began to say  Luc.1709
Her bodies staine, her mind vntainted cleares, Her body's stain her mind untainted clears; untainted (adj.)
old form: vntainted
unblemished, unsullied, pure
Luc.1710
While with a ioylesse smile, shee turnes awaie While with a joyless smile she turns away  Luc.1711
The face, that map which deepe impression beares The face, that map which deep impression bears  Luc.1712
Of hard misfortune, caru'd it in with tears. Of hard misfortune, carved in it with tears.  Luc.1713
No no, quoth shee, no Dame hereafter liuing, ‘ No, no,’ quoth she, ‘ no dame hereafter living  Luc.1714
By my excuse shall claime excuses giuing. By my excuse shall claim excuse's giving.’  Luc.1715
Here with a sigh as if her heart would breake, Here with a sigh as if her heart would break  Luc.1716
Shee throwes forth TARQVINS name: he he, she saies, She throws forth Tarquin's name: ‘ He, he,’ she says;  Luc.1717
But more then he, her poore tong could not speake, But more than ‘ he ’ her poor tongue could not speak;  Luc.1718
Till after manie accents and delaies, Till after many accents and delays, accent (n.)attempt at speaking, inarticulate soundLuc.1719
Vntimelie breathings, sicke and short assaies, Untimely breathings, sick and short assays, assay (n.)
old form: assaies
effort, attempt
Luc.1720
breathing (n.)delay, interval, pause
Shee vtters this, he he faire Lords, tis he She utters this:, ‘ He, he, fair lords, 'tis he,  Luc.1721
That guides this hand to giue this wound to me. That guides this hand to give this wound to me.’  Luc.1722
Euen here she sheathed in her harmlesse breast Even here she sheathed in her harmless breast harmless (adj.)
old form: harmlesse
innocent, causing no harm
Luc.1723
A harmfull knife, that thence her soule vnsheathed, A harmful knife, that thence her soul unsheathed:  Luc.1724
That blow did baile it from the deepe vnrest That blow did bail it from the deep unrest bail (v.)
old form: baile
obtain release for, give freedom to
Luc.1725
Of that polluted prison, where it breathed: Of that polluted prison where it breathed.  Luc.1726
Her contrite sighes vnto the clouds bequeathed Her contrite sighs unto the clouds bequeathed  Luc.1727
Her winged sprite, & through her woũds doth flie Her winged sprite, and through her wounds doth fly sprite, spright (n.)spirit, soulLuc.1728
Liues lasting date, from cancel'd destinie. Life's lasting date from cancelled destiny.  Luc.1729
Stone still, astonisht with this deadlie deed, Stone-still, astonished with this deadly deed, astonish, 'stonish (v.)
old form: astonisht
stun, dumbfound, strike dumb with dismay
Luc.1730
Stood COLATINE, and all his Lordly crew, Stood Collatine and all his lordly crew; crew (n.)band, company, body of menLuc.1731
Till LVCRECE Father that beholds her bleed, Till Lucrece' father, that beholds her bleed,  Luc.1732
Himselfe, on her selfe-slaughtred bodie threw, Himself on her self-slaughtered body threw;  Luc.1733
And from the purple fountaine BRVTVS drew And from the purple fountain Brutus drew  Luc.1734
The murdrous knife, and as it left the place, The murd'rous knife; and, as it left the place,  Luc.1735
Her blood in poore reuenge, held it in chase. Her blood in poor revenge held it in chase.  Luc.1736
And bubling from her brest, it doth deuide And bubbling from her breast it doth divide  Luc.1737
In two slow riuers, that the crimson bloud In two slow rivers, that the crimson blood  Luc.1738
Circles her bodie in on euerie side, Circles her body in on every side,  Luc.1739
Who like a late sack't Iland vastlie stood Who like a late-sacked island, vastly stood vastly (adv.)
old form: vastlie
like a wasteland, in desolation
Luc.1740
late-sacked (adj.)
old form: late sack't
recently pillaged
Bare and vnpeopled, in this fearfull flood. Bare and unpeopled in this fearful flood. unpeople (v.)
old form: vnpeopled
empty of people, depopulate
Luc.1741
Some of her bloud still pure and red remain'd, Some of her blood still pure and red remained,  Luc.1742
And som look'd black, & that false TARQVIN stain'd. And some looked black, and that false Tarquin stained. false (adj.)treacherous, traitorous, perfidiousLuc.1743
About the mourning and congealed face About the mourning and congealed face  Luc.1744
Of that blacke bloud, a watrie rigoll goes, Of that black blood a watery rigol goes, rigol (n.)
old form: rigoll
circle, ring
Luc.1745
Which seemes to weep vpon the tainted place, Which seems to weep upon the tainted place;  Luc.1746
And euer since as pittying LVCRECE woes, And ever since, as pitying Lucrece' woes,  Luc.1747
Corrupted bloud, some waterie token showes, Corrupted blood some watery token shows;  Luc.1748
And bloud vntainted, still doth red abide, And blood untainted still doth red abide, still (adv.)constantly, always, continuallyLuc.1749
Blushing at that which is so putrified. Blushing at that which is so putrified.  Luc.1750
Daughter, deare daughter, old LVCRETIVS cries, ‘ Daughter, dear daughter,’ old Lucretius cries,  Luc.1751
That life was mine which thou hast here depriued, ‘ That life was mine which thou hast here deprived; deprive (v.)
old form: depriued
take away, remove, carry off
Luc.1752
If in the childe the fathers image lies, If in the child the father's image lies,  Luc.1753
Where shall I liue now LVCRECE is vnliued? Where shall I live now Lucrece is unlived? unlived (adj.)
old form: vnliued
deprived of life
Luc.1754
Thou wast not to this end from me deriued. Thou wast not to this end from me derived.  Luc.1755
If children praedecease progenitours, If children predecease progenitors,  Luc.1756
We are their ofspring and they none of ours. We are their offspring, and they none of ours.  Luc.1757
Poore broken glasse, I often did behold ‘ Poor broken glass, I often did behold glass (n.)
old form: glasse
mirror, looking-glass
Luc.1758
In thy sweet semblance, my old age new borne, In thy sweet semblance my old age new-born; semblance (n.)likeness, image, depictionLuc.1759
But now that faire fresh mirror dim and old But now that fresh fair mirror, dim and old,  Luc.1760
Shewes me a bare bon'd death by time out-worne, Shows me a bare-boned death by time outworn. bare-boned (adj.)
old form: bare-bon'd
like a skeleton, fleshless
Luc.1761
O from thy cheekes my image thou hast torne, O, from thy cheeks my image thou hast torn,  Luc.1762
And shiuerd all the beautie of my glasse, And shivered all the beauty of my glass, shiver (v.)
old form: shiuerd
smash to pieces, fragment
Luc.1763
That I no more can see what once I was. That I no more can see what once I was!  Luc.1764
O time cease thou thy course and last no longer, ‘ O time, cease thou thy course and last no longer, course (n.)course of action, way of proceedingLuc.1765
If they surcease to be that should suruiue: If they surcease to be that should survive! surcease (v.)cease, stop, leave offLuc.1766
Shall rotten death make conquest of the stronger, Shall rotten death make conquest of the stronger,  Luc.1767
And leaue the foultring feeble soules aliue? And leave the faltering feeble souls alive?  Luc.1768
The old Bees die, the young possesse their hiue, The old bees die, the young possess their hive;  Luc.1769
Then liue sweet LVCRECE, liue againe and see Then live, sweet Lucrece, live again and see  Luc.1770
Thy father die, and not thy father thee. Thy father die, and not thy father thee!’  Luc.1771
By this starts COLATINE as from a dreame, By this starts Collatine as from a dream,  Luc.1772
And bids LVCRECIVS giue his sorrow place, And bids Lucretius give his sorrow place; place (n.)precedence, proper placeLuc.1773
And than in key-cold LVCRECE bleeding streame And then in key-cold Lucrece' bleeding stream key-cold (adj.)cold as a metal keyLuc.1774
He fals, and bathes the pale feare in his face, He falls, and bathes the pale fear in his face,  Luc.1775
And counterfaits to die with her a space, And counterfeits to die with her a space; counterfeit (v.)
old form: counterfaits
pretend, feign, make believe
Luc.1776
Till manly shame bids him possesse his breath, Till manly shame bids him possess his breath,  Luc.1777
And liue to be reuenged on her death. And live to be revenged on her death.  Luc.1778
The deepe vexation of his inward soule, The deep vexation of his inward soul  Luc.1779
Hath seru'd a dumbe arrest vpon his tongue, Hath served a dumb arrest upon his tongue;  Luc.1780
Who mad that sorrow should his vse controll, Who, mad that sorrow should his use control,  Luc.1781
Or keepe him from heart-easing words so long, Or keep him from heart-easing words so long,  Luc.1782
Begins to talke, but through his lips do throng Begins to talk; but through his lips do throng  Luc.1783
Weake words, so thick come in his poor harts aid, Weak words, so thick come in his poor heart's aid thick (adj.)quick, rapid, fastLuc.1784
That no man could distinguish what he said. That no man could distinguish what he said.  Luc.1785
Yet sometime TARQVIN was pronounced plaine, Yet sometime ‘ Tarquin ’ was pronounced plain, sometime (adv.)sometimes, now and thenLuc.1786
But through his teeth, as if the name he tore, But through his teeth, as if the name he tore.  Luc.1787
This windie tempest, till it blow vp raine, This windy tempest, till it blow up rain,  Luc.1788
Held backe his sorrowes tide, to make it more. Held back his sorrow's tide to make it more.  Luc.1789
At last it raines, and busie windes giue ore, At last it rains, and busy winds give o'er;  Luc.1790
Then sonne and father weep with equall strife, Then son and father weep with equal strife  Luc.1791
Who shuld weep most for daughter or for wife. Who should weep most, for daughter or for wife.  Luc.1792
The one doth call her his, the other his, Then one doth call her his, the other his,  Luc.1793
Yet neither may possesse the claime they lay. Yet neither may possess the claim they lay.  Luc.1794
The father saies, shee's mine, ô mine shee is The father says ‘ She's mine ’; ‘ O, mine she is,’  Luc.1795
Replies her husband, do not take away Replies her husband; ‘ do not take away  Luc.1796
My sorrowes interest, let no mourner say My sorrow's interest; let no mourner say interest (n.)valid claim [on], rights of possession [to]Luc.1797
He weepes for her, for shee was onely mine, He weeps for her, for she was only mine,  Luc.1798
And onelie must be wayl'd by COLATINE. And only must be wailed by Collatine.’  Luc.1799
O, quoth LVCRETIVS, I did giue that life ‘ O,’ quoth Lucretius, ‘ I did give that life quoth (v.)saidLuc.1800
Which shee to earely and too late hath spil'd. Which she too early and too late hath spilled.’ spill (v.)
old form: spil'd
destroy, overthrow
Luc.1801
Woe woe, quoth COLATINE, shee was my wife, ‘ Woe, woe,’ quoth Collatine, ‘ she was my wife;,  Luc.1802
I owed her, and tis mine that shee hath kil d. I owed her, and 'tis mine that she hath killed.’ owe (v.)own, possess, haveLuc.1803
My daughter and my wife with clamors fild ‘ My daughter ’ and ‘ my wife ’ with clamours filled  Luc.1804
The disperst aire, who holding LVCRECE life, The dispersed air, who, holding Lucrece' life, dispersed (adj.)
old form: disperst
rent, shattered, scattered
Luc.1805
Answer'd their cries, my daughter and my wife. Answered their cries, ‘ my daughter ’ and ‘ my wife.’  Luc.1806
BRVTVS who pluck't the knife from LVCRECE side, Brutus, who plucked the knife from Lucrece' side,  Luc.1807
Seeing such emulation in their woe, Seeing such emulation in their woe emulation (n.)ambitious rivalry, contention, conflictLuc.1808
Began to cloath his wit in state and pride, Began to clothe his wit in state and pride, wit (n.)intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental abilityLuc.1809
Burying in LVCRECE wound his follies show, Burying in Lucrece' wound his folly's show. show (n.)appearance, exhibition, displayLuc.1810
He with the Romains was esteemed so He with the Romans was esteemed so  Luc.1811
As seelie ieering idiots are with Kings, As silly-jeering idiots are with kings, silly (adj.)
old form: seelie
helpless, defenceless, vulnerable
Luc.1812
For sportiue words, and vttring foolish things. For sportive words and uttering foolish things.  Luc.1813
But now he throwes that shallow habit by, But now he throws that shallow habit by habit (n.)behaviour, bearing, demeanourLuc.1814
Wherein deepe pollicie did him disguise, Wherein deep policy did him disguise, policy (n.)
old form: pollicie
statecraft, statesmanship, diplomacy
Luc.1815
And arm'd his long hid wits aduisedlie, And armed his long-hid wits advisedly advisedly (adv.)
old form: aduisedlie
wisely, prudently, judiciously
Luc.1816
wits, also five witsfaculties of the mind (common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, memory) or body (the five senses)
To checke the teares in COLATINVS eies. To check the tears in Collatinus' eyes.  Luc.1817
Thou wronged Lord of Rome, quoth he, arise, ‘ Thou wronged lord of Rome,’ quoth be, ‘ arise;  Luc.1818
Let my vnsounded selfe suppos'd a foole, Let my unsounded self, supposed a fool, unsounded (adj.)
old form: vnsounded
unfathomed, unexplored, with unrevealed depths
Luc.1819
Now set thy long experienc't wit to schoole. Now set thy long-experienced wit to school.  Luc.1820
Why COLATINE, is woe the cure for woe? ‘ Why, Collatine, is woe the cure for woe?  Luc.1821
Do wounds helpe wounds, or griefe helpe greeuous deeds? Do wounds help wounds, or grief help grievous deeds?  Luc.1822
Is it reuenge to giue thy selfe a blow, Is it revenge to give thyself a blow  Luc.1823
For his fowle Act, by whom the faire wife bleeds? For his foul act by whom thy fair wife bleeds?  Luc.1824
Such childish humor from weake minds proceeds, Such childish humour from weak minds proceeds; humour (n.)
old form: humor
mood, disposition, frame of mind, temperament [as determined by bodily fluids]
Luc.1825
Thy wretched wife mistooke the matter so, Thy wretched wife mistook the matter so  Luc.1826
To slaie her selfe that should haue slaine her Foe. To slay herself, that should have slain her foe.  Luc.1827
Couragious Romaine, do not steepe thy hart ‘ Courageous Roman, do not steep thy heart  Luc.1828
In such relenting dew of Lamentations, In such relenting dew of lamentations, relenting (adj.)soft-hearted, sympathetic, pityingLuc.1829
But kneele with me and helpe to beare thy part, But kneel with me and help to bear thy part  Luc.1830
To rowse our Romaine Gods with inuocations, To rouse our Roman gods with invocations  Luc.1831
That they will suffer these abhominations. That they will suffer these abominations –  Luc.1832
(Since Rome her self in thẽ doth stand disgraced,) Since Rome herself in them doth stand disgraced –  Luc.1833
By our strong arms frõ forth her fair streets chaced. By our strong arms from forth her fair streets chased.  Luc.1834
Now by the Capitoll that we adore, ‘ Now by the Capitol that we adore, Capitol (n.)geographical and ceremonial centre of ancient Rome, the seat of governmentLuc.1835
And by this chast bloud so vniustlie stained, And by this chaste blood so unjustly stained,  Luc.1836
By heauens faire sun that breeds the fat earths store, By heaven's fair sun that breeds the fat earth's store, store (n.)abundance, plenty, surplus, quantityLuc.1837
By all our countrey rights in Rome maintained, By all our country rights in Rome maintained,  Luc.1838
And by chast LVCRECE soule that late complained And by chaste Lucrece' soul that late complained complain (v.)lament, bewail, bemoanLuc.1839
Her wrongs to vs, and by this bloudie knife, Her wrongs to us, and by this bloody knife,  Luc.1840
We will reuenge the death of this true wife. We will revenge the death of this true wife.’  Luc.1841
This sayd, he strooke his hand vpon his breast, This said, he struck his hand upon his breast, strook (v.)
old form: strooke
struck [past tense of ‘strike’]
Luc.1842
And kist the fatall knife to end his vow: And kissed the fatal knife, to end his vow,  Luc.1843
And to his protestation vrg'd the rest, And to his protestation urged the rest, protestation (n.)solemn declaration, affirmationLuc.1844
Who wondring at him, did his words allow. Who, wondering at him, did his words allow. allow (v.)approve, sanction, encourageLuc.1845
wonder (v.)
old form: wondring
stare in curiosity, look in fascination
Then ioyntlie to the ground their knees they bow, Then jointly to the ground their knees they bow,  Luc.1846
And that deepe vow which BRVTVS made before, And that deep vow which Brutus made before  Luc.1847
He doth againe repeat, and that they swore. He doth again repeat, and that they swore.  Luc.1848
When they had sworne to this aduised doome, When they had sworn to this advised doom, advised, avised (adj.)
old form: aduised
agreed, in accord, determined
Luc.1849
doom (n.)
old form: doome
judgement, sentence, decision
They did conclude to beare dead LVCRECE thence, They did conclude to bear dead Lucrece thence,  Luc.1850
To shew her bleeding bodie thorough Roome, To show her bleeding body thorough Rome,  Luc.1851
And so to publish TARQVINS fowle offence; And so to publish Tarquin's foul offence;  Luc.1852
Which being done, with speedie diligence, Which being done with speedy diligence,  Luc.1853
The Romaines plausibly did giue consent, The Romans plausibly did give consent plausibly (adv.)with applause, with total approvalLuc.1854
To TARQVINS euerlasting banishment. To Tarquin's everlasting banishment.  Luc.1855
SHAKESPEARE'S WORDS © 2018 DAVID CRYSTAL & BEN CRYSTAL