Richard III
Download | Print
mainCont width actsCont width
mainCont left actsCont left
mainCont right actsCont right
selAct left selAct right
  absolutní levá pozice
  acts cont padding (l/r) 3%

First folio
Modern text

Definitions

Key line

Enter one Citizen at one doore, and another at the Enter one Citizen at one door, and another at the R3 II.iii.1.1
other.other R3 II.iii.1.2
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
Cit. Good morrow Neighbour, whether away so fast?Good morrow, neighbour. Whither away so fast?morrow (n.)morningR3 II.iii.1
2. SECOND CITIZEN 
Cit. I promise you, I scarsely know my selfe:I promise you, I scarcely know myself.promise (v.)assure, declare [to], tell plainlyR3 II.iii.2
Heare you the newes abroad?Hear you the news abroad? R3 II.iii.3.1
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
Yes, that the King is dead.Yes, that the King is dead. R3 II.iii.3.2
2. SECOND CITIZEN 
Ill newes byrlady, seldome comes the better:Ill news, by'r Lady – seldom comes the better.ill (adj.)bad, adverse, unfavourableR3 II.iii.4
I feare, I feare, 'twill proue a giddy world.I fear, I fear 'twill prove a giddy world.giddy (adj.)mad, crazy, insaneR3 II.iii.5
Enter another Citizen.Enter another Citizen R3 II.iii.6
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Neighbours, God speed.Neighbours, God speed! R3 II.iii.6.1
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
Giue you good morrow sir.Give you good morrow, sir. R3 II.iii.6.2
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Doth the newes hold of good king Edwards death?Doth the news hold of good King Edward's death? R3 II.iii.7
2. SECOND CITIZEN 
I sir, it is too true, God helpe the while.Ay, sir, it is too true. God help the while! R3 II.iii.8
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Then Masters looke to see a troublous world.Then, masters, look to see a troublous world.troublous (adj.)troubled, disturbed, confusedR3 II.iii.9
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
No, no, by Gods good grace, his Son shall reigne.No, no! By God's good grace his son shall reign. R3 II.iii.10
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Woe to that Land that's gouern'd by a Childe.Woe to that land that's governed by a child! R3 II.iii.11
2. SECOND CITIZEN 
In him there is a hope of Gouernment,In him there is a hope of government, R3 II.iii.12
Which in his nonage, counsell vnder him,Which, in his nonage, council under him,nonage (n.)minority, period of legal infancyR3 II.iii.13
And in his full and ripened yeares, himselfeAnd, in his full and ripened years, himself, R3 II.iii.14
No doubt shall then, and till then gouerne well.No doubt shall then, and till then, govern well. R3 II.iii.15
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
So stood the State, when Henry the sixtSo stood the state when Henry the Sixth R3 II.iii.16
Was crown'd in Paris, but at nine months old.Was crowned in Paris but at nine months old. R3 II.iii.17
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Stood the State so? No, no, good friends, God wotStood the state so? No, no, good friends, God wot!wot (v.)learn, know, be toldR3 II.iii.18
For then this Land was famously enrich'dFor then this land was famously enrichedfamously (adv.)gloriously, with renownR3 II.iii.19
With politike graue Counsell; then the KingWith politic grave counsel; then the Kingpolitic (adj.)
old form: politike
prudent, cautious, discreet, shrewd
R3 II.iii.20
Had vertuous Vnkles to protect his Grace.Had virtuous uncles to protect his grace. R3 II.iii.21
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
Why so hath this, both by his Father and Mother.Why, so hath this, both by his father and mother. R3 II.iii.22
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Better it were they all came by his Father:Better it were they all came by his father, R3 II.iii.23
Or by his Father there were none at all:Or by his father there were none at all; R3 II.iii.24
For emulation, who shall now be neerest,For emulation who shall now be nearestemulation (n.)ambitious rivalry, contention, conflictR3 II.iii.25
near (adj.)
old form: neerest
close to the throne [in order of succession], near relation
Will touch vs all too neere, if God preuent not.Will touch us all too near, if God prevent not.near (adv.)
old form: neere
closely, intimately, seriously
R3 II.iii.26
touch (v.)wound, hurt, injure
O full of danger is the Duke of Glouster,O, full of danger is the Duke of Gloucester, R3 II.iii.27
And the Queenes Sons, and Brothers, haught and proud:And the Queen's sons and brothers haught and proud;haught (adj.)haughty, arrogant, high-and-mightyR3 II.iii.28
And were they to be rul'd, and not to rule,And were they to be ruled, and not to rule, R3 II.iii.29
This sickly Land, might solace as before.This sickly land might solace as before.solace (v.)take comfort, be happy, cheer [oneself]R3 II.iii.30
1. FIRST CITIZEN 
Come, come, we feare the worst: all will be well.Come, come, we fear the worst. All shall be well. R3 II.iii.31
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
When Clouds are seen, wisemen put on their clokes;When clouds are seen, wise men put on their cloaks; R3 II.iii.32
When great leaues fall, then Winter is at hand;When great leaves fall, the winter is at hand; R3 II.iii.33
When the Sun sets, who doth not looke for night?When the sun sets, who doth not look for night? R3 II.iii.34
Vntimely stormes, makes men expect a Dearth:Untimely storms makes men expect a dearth.untimely (adj.)
old form: Vntimely
premature, coming before its time
R3 II.iii.35
All may be well; but if God sort it so,All may be well; but if God sort it so,sort (v.)choose, find, arrangeR3 II.iii.36
'Tis more then we deserue, or I expect.'Tis more than we deserve or I expect. R3 II.iii.37
2. SECOND CITIZEN 
Truly, the hearts of men are full of feare:Truly, the hearts of men are full of fear; R3 II.iii.38
You cannot reason (almost) with a man,You cannot reason almost with a manreason (v.)talk, speak, converseR3 II.iii.39
That lookes not heauily, and full of dread.That looks not heavily and full of dread.heavily (adv.)
old form: heauily
sorrowfully, sadly, gloomily
R3 II.iii.40
3. THIRD CITIZEN 
Before the dayes of Change, still is it so,Before the days of change, still is it so. R3 II.iii.41
By a diuine instinct, mens mindes mistrustBy a divine instinct men's minds mistrust R3 II.iii.42
Pursuing danger: as by proofe we seeEnsuing danger; as by proof we seeproof (n.)
old form: proofe
experience, actual practice, tried knowledge
R3 II.iii.43
The Water swell before a boyst'rous storme:The water swell before a boisterous storm.boisterous (adj.)
old form: boyst'rous
tumultuous, violent, tempestuous
R3 II.iii.44
But leaue it all to God. Whither away?But leave it all to God. Whither away? R3 II.iii.45
2 SECOND CITIZEN 
Marry we were sent for to the Iustices.Marry, we were sent for to the justices.marry (int.)[exclamation] by MaryR3 II.iii.46
3 THIRD CITIZEN 
And so was I: Ile beare you company.And so was I. I'll bear you company. R3 II.iii.47
Exeunt.Exeunt R3 II.iii.47
 Previous Act II, Scene III Next  
SHAKESPEARE'S WORDS © 2018 DAVID CRYSTAL & BEN CRYSTAL