here, there, and where

here, there, and where

A particularly productive kind of word-formation in Early Modern English was to use the adverbs here, there, and where as the first elements of compounds, the second element being a preposition, or occasionally another adverb.Not all the possible combinations are found in Shakespeare: the list below gives those which are present, in their chief meanings, some of which of course are still in use today (e.g. thereabouts, therefore).


+about
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereabout Oth V.i.57 I think that one of them is hereabout around here
hereabouts RJ V.i.38 I do remember an apothecary, / And hereabouts ’a dwells around here
thereabout Ham II.ii.445 [of a tale] thereabout of it especially when he speaks of Priam’s daughter about that part, concerning the matter
thereabouts AW IV.iii.171 Five or six thousand horse ... or thereabouts approximately, about that [place, number, time, etc]
whereabout Mac II.i.58 The very stones prate of my whereabout whereabouts
whereabout 1H4 II.iii.107 I must not have you henceforth question me / Whither I go, nor reason whereabout about what, on what business


+after
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereafter Cor III.ii.85 thou wilt frame / Thyself, forsooth, hereafter theirs after this, in time to come
thereafter 2H4 III.ii.56 [Shallow] How a score of ewes now? [Silence] Thereafter as they be conforming to the matter


+against
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
whereagainst Cor IV.v.110 that body, whereagainst / My grained ash an hundred times hath broke against which place


+at
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
thereat KL IV.ii.75 [of a servant] bending his sword / To his great master; who, thereat enraged, / Flew on him thereupon, because of that
whereat Cor V.vi.134 Thou hast done a deed whereat valour will weep at which


+by
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereby LLL I.ii.130 [Armado] I will visit thee at the lodge. [Jaquenetta] That’s hereby nearby, close by
hereby R3 I.iv.94 [of giving up Clarence] I will not reason what is meant hereby by this, from this circumstance
thereby AYL II.vii.48 And thereby hangs a tale by that, through that
whereby TS II.i.266 by this light whereby I see your beauty by which


+fore
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
therefore Tem IV.i.22 Therefore take heed for that reason
wherefore KJ V.i.44 But wherefore do you droop? why


+in
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
herein Ham II.ii.76 [of a paper] an entreaty, herein further shown in here, in this [matter/situation, etc]
therein Ham II.ii.79 [of a paper] such regards of safety and allowance / As therein are set down in there, in that [matter/situation, etc]
wherein Sonn 24.3 My body is the frame wherein ’tis held in which
wherein AYL III.ii.214 Wherein went he? [i.e. in what clothes] in what [condition, matter, etc]


+into
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
whereinto Oth III.iii.136 where’s that palace whereinto foul things / Sometimes intrude not? in which


+of
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereof TS IV.v.75 go along and see the truth hereof of this, concerning this
thereof R3 I.iii.307 I repent / My part thereof that I have done to her of that, concerning that
whereof TC I.iii.14 every action ... / Whereof we have record of which, about which
whereof Tim II.ii.175 The breath is gone whereof this praise is made by means of which,. through which


+on
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
thereon 3H6 III.iii.116 [of Edward being the true king] Thereon I pawn my credit and mine honour on that, upon that [place, subject, etc]
whereon Ham III.iv.125 Whereon do you look? on what
whereon Mac IV.i.137 Infected be the air whereon they ride on which
whereon Tem I.ii.127 Whereon, a treacherous army levied whereupon


+out
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
whereout TC IV.v.245 I may give the local wound a name, / And make distinct the very breach whereout / Hector's great spirit flew out of which, from which


+soever / somever
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
wheresoever, wheresoe’er MND II.ii.96 Happy is Hermia, wheresoe’er she lies wherever
wheresomever H5 II.iii.7 Would I were with him, wheresome’er he is wherever


+through
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
wherethrough, where-through Sonn 24.11 windows to my breast, where-through the Sun / Delights to peep through which


+to
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereto Cor II.ii.64 A kinder value of the people than / He hath hereto prized them at hitherto, up to this time
thereto TN V.i.83 His life I gave him, and did thereto add / My love besides, in addition
thereto H5 V.ii.90 Anything in or out of our demands, / And we’ll consign thereto to that [matter/place/time, etc]
whereto MND III.ii.256 whereto tends all this? in what/which direction
whereto Ham III.iii.46 Whereto serves mercy / But to confront the visage of offence? for what purpose, to what end
whereto KL V.iii.138 To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak, / Thou liest to which


+tofore
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
heretofore E3 I.i.46 my breast, / Which heretofore was racked in ignorance before now, formerly
wheretofore E3 IV.iii.49 And wheretofore I loved thee as Villiers, / Hereafter I’ll embrace thee as myself while until now


+until [generally = unto]
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
whereuntil LLL V.ii.492 we know whereuntil it doth amount to which /what


+unto
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
thereunto H8 I.iii.27 With all their honourable points of ignorance / Pertaining thereunto to that [place/matter, etc]
whereunto Cym III.iv.108 [of the court] whereunto I never / Purpose return to which


+upon
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
hereupon LLL I.ii.56 I will hereupon confess I am in love upon this point, in relation to this matter
thereupon 2H4 IV.ii.68 And thereupon I drink unto your grace upon that, on that basis
whereupon R2 II.ii.58 [on some being proclaimed traitors] whereupon the Earl of Worcester / Hath broken his staff for which reason, on which account
whereupon 1H4 IV.iii.42 The King hath sent to know ... whereupon / You conjure from the breast of civil peace /Such bold hostility why, on what ground
whereupon Sonn 20.6 Gilding the object whereupon it gazeth upon which


+with
Item
Location
Example
Gloss
therewith Oth I.ii.88 How may the Duke be therewith satisfied with that, along with that, by means of that
wherewith 1H6 I.i.102 An army have I mustered in my thoughts / Wherewith already France is overrun with which / what

HENCE, THENCE, AND WHENCE; HITHER, THITHER, AND WHITHER; YON WORDS