Sonnets

 
 
 
Text
 
 
 
TO THE ONLY BEGETTER OF
THESE INSUING SONNETS
MR. W. H. ALL HAPPINESS
AND THAT ETERNITY
PROMISED
BY
OUR EVER-LIVING POET
WISHETH
THE WELL-WISHING
ADVENTURER IN
SETTING FORTH
T.T.
1
From fairest creatures we desire increase,
creature (n.) 2 created being
That thereby beauty's rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease,
His tender heir might bear his memory:
But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes,
contract (v.) 4 betrothe, engage
Feed'st thy light's flame with self substantial fuel,
self-substantial (adj.) using substance from one's own body
Making a famine where abundance lies,
Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel.
Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament
And only herald to the gaudy spring,
gaudy (adj.) 1 bright, brilliant, shining
Within thine own bud buriest thy content,
content (n.) 2 contentment, peace of mind
And, tender churl, mak'st waste in niggarding.
churl (n.) 3 [term of endearment] wretch, miser, villain
niggarding (n.) hoarding, begrudging, acting in a mean manner
Pity the world, or else this glutton be,
To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee.
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When forty winters shall besiege thy brow,
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field,
Thy youth's proud livery, so gazed on now,
livery (n.) 1 uniform, costume, special clothing
Will be a tattered weed of small worth held:
tattered (adj.) 2 torn, ragged
weed (n.) 2 garment, piece of clothing
Then being asked where all thy beauty lies,
Where all the treasure of thy lusty days,
lusty (adj.) 1 vigorous, strong, robust, eager
To say, within thine own deep-sunken eyes,
Were an all-eating shame and thriftless praise.
thriftless (adj.) useless, worthless, unprofitable
How much more praise deserved thy beauty's use,
If thou could'st answer: this fair child of mine
Shall sum my count and make my old excuse,
count (n.) 1 account, reckoning
sum (v.) audit, count up, enumerate
Proving his beauty by succession thine.
prove (v.) 3 demonstrate, establish, show to be true
succession (n.) 3 inheritance, birthright
This were to be new made when thou art old,
And see thy blood warm when thou feel'st it cold.
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Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest
glass (n.) 1 mirror, looking-glass
Now is the time that face should form another,
Whose fresh repair if now thou not renewest,
Thou dost beguile the world, unbless some mother.
beguile (v.) 1 cheat, deceive, trick
unbless (v.) deprive of a blessing, deny happiness to
For where is she so fair whose uneared womb
uneared (adj.) unsown, unploughed, untilled
Disdains the tillage of thy husbandry?
husbandry (n.) 4 farming, land management
tillage (n.) tilling, cultivation
Or who is he so fond will be the tomb
fond (adj.) 1 foolish, stupid, mad
Of his self-love to stop posterity?
Thou art thy mother's glass, and she in thee
glass (n.) 1 mirror, looking-glass
Calls back the lovely April of her prime.
So thou through windows of thine age shalt see
Despite of wrinkles this thy golden time.
But if thou live remembered not to be,
Die single and thine image dies with thee.
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free (adj.) 1 liberal, lavish, generous
Unthrifty loveliness, why dost thou spend
unthrifty (adj.) 1 prodigal, profligate, wasteful
Upon thyself thy beauty's legacy?
Nature's bequest gives nothing but doth lend,
And being frank she lends to those are free.
frank (adj.) 1 generous, liberal, bounteous
Then, beauteous niggard, why dost thou abuse
abuse (v.) 2 misuse, maltreat, treat badly, wrong
niggard (n.) miser, mean person, skinflint
The bounteous largess given thee to give?
Profitless usurer, why dost thou use
usurer (n.) money-lender, one who charges excessive interest
So great a sum of sums yet canst not live?
For having traffic with thyself alone,
traffic (n.) 1 trade, commerce, business, merchandise
Thou of thyself thy sweet self dost deceive.
deceive (v.) 1 delude, mislead, take in
Then how, when Nature calls thee to be gone,
What acceptable audit canst thou leave?
audit (n.) account, reckoning [especially: in the face of God]
Thy unused beauty must be tombed with thee,
Which used lives th' executor to be.
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Those hours that with gentle work did frame
frame (v.) 1 fashion, make, form, create
gentle (adj.) 3 refined, discriminating, sophisticated
The lovely gaze where every eye doth dwell
Will play the tyrants to the very same,
And that unfair which fairly doth excel:
fairly (adv.) 2 neatly, elegantly, handsomely, beautifully
unfair (v.) deprive of beauty, make ugly
For never resting time leads summer on
To hideous winter and confounds him there;
confound (v.) 1 destroy, overthrow, ruin
hideous (adj.) terrifying, frightful, horrifying
Sap checked with frost and lusty leaves quite gone,
check (v.) 2 restrain, stop, hold back
lusty (adj.) 1 vigorous, strong, robust, eager
Beauty o'ersnowed and bareness everywhere:
oversnow (v.) snow over, make white with snow
Then were not summer's distillation left
A liquid prisoner pent in walls of glass,
Beauty's effect with beauty were bereft,
Nor it nor no remembrance what it was.
remembrance (n.) 1 memory, bringing to mind, recollection
But flowers distilled though they with winter meet,
Leese but their show; their substance still lives sweet.
leese (v.) lose, fail to preserve
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Then let not winter's ragged hand deface
deface (v.) 2 [heraldry] efface, obliterate, blot out
ragged (adj.) 1 rough, harsh
In thee thy summer, ere thou be distilled:
Make sweet some vial; treasure thou some place
vial (n.) phial, small bottle, flask
With beauty's treasure ere it be self killed.
That use is not forbidden usury,
use (n.) 7 profit, interest, premium
Which happies those that pay the willing loan;
happy (v.) make happy, delight, content
That's for thyself to breed another thee,
Or ten times happier, be it ten for one;
Ten times thyself were happier than thou art,
If ten of thine ten times refigured thee:
refigure (v.) make a new likeness of, replicate
Then what could death do, if thou shouldst depart,
Leaving thee living in posterity?
Be not self-willed, for thou art much too fair
fair (adj.) 1 handsome, good-looking, beautiful
To be death's conquest and make worms thine heir.
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Lo, in the Orient when the gracious light
gracious (adj.) 5 showing favour, displaying benevolence
orient (n.) eastern part of the sky [where the sun rises]
Lifts up his burning head, each under eye
Doth homage to his new appearing sight,
Serving with looks his sacred majesty;
And having climbed the steep up heavenly hill,
steep-up (adj.) precipitous, virtually perpendicular, sudden
Resembling strong youth in his middle age,
Yet mortal looks adore his beauty still,
Attending on his golden pilgrimage:
attend (v.) 2 serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
But when from high-most pitch with weary car
car (n.) carriage, cart, chariot [often of the sun god]
highmost, high-most (adj.) highest, topmost
pitch (n.) 1 height [to which a bird of prey soars before swooping]
Like feeble age he reeleth from the day,
reel (v.) waver, become unsteady, turn suddenly
The eyes ('fore duteous) now converted are
From his low tract and look another way:
tract (n.) 2 course, process, track
So thou, thyself out-going in thy noon,
Unlooked on diest unless thou get a son.
get (v.) 1 beget, conceive, breed
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Music to hear, why hear'st thou music sadly?
Sweets with sweets war not, joy delights in joy:
sweet (n.) 1 sweetness, pleasure, delight
Why lov'st thou that which thou receiv'st not gladly,
Or else receiv'st with pleasure thine annoy?
annoy (n.) 1 trouble, vexation, distress
If the true concord of well tuned sounds
By unions married do offend thine ear,
They do but sweetly chide thee, who confounds
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove
confound (v.) 1 destroy, overthrow, ruin
In singleness the parts that thou should'st bear.
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
Mark how one string, sweet husband to another,
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
Strikes each in each by mutual ordering,
Resembling sire, and child, and happy mother,
Who all in one, one pleasing note do sing:
Whose speechless song being many, seeming one,
Sings this to thee: thou single wilt prove none.
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Is it for fear to wet a widow's eye
That thou consum'st thyself in single life?
Ah; if thou issueless shalt hap to die,
hap (v.) happen, take place, come to pass
issueless (adj.) childless, without an heir
The world will wail thee like a makeless wife;
makeless (adj.) mateless, husbandless
wail (v.) bewail, lament, grieve [for]
The world will be thy widow and still weep
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
That thou no form of thee hast left behind,
When every private widow well may keep,
By children's eyes, her husband's shape in mind:
Look what an unthrift in the world doth spend
look what (conj.) whatever
unthrift (n.) spendthrift, squanderer, wastrel
Shifts but his place, for still the world enjoys it:
But beauty's waste hath in the world an end,
And kept unused the user so destroys it.
No love toward others in that bosom sits
That on himself such murd'rous shame commits.
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For shame, deny that thou bear'st love to any
Who for thyself art so unprovident:
Grant, if thou wilt, thou art beloved of many,
But that thou none lov'st is most evident:
For thou art so possessed with murd'rous hate
That 'gainst thyself thou stick'st not to conspire,
stick (v.) 7 hesitate, linger, think twice
Seeking that beauteous roof to ruinate
ruinate (v.) reduce to ruins, bring to destruction
Which to repair should be thy chief desire:
O change thy thought, that I may change my mind!
thought (n.) 1 intention, purpose, design
Shall hate be fairer lodged than gentle love?
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind
Be, as thy presence is, gracious and kind,
gracious (adj.) 5 showing favour, displaying benevolence
presence (n.) 5 appearance, bearing, demeanour
Or to thyself at least kind-hearted prove:
Make thee another self, for love of me,
That beauty still may live in thine or thee.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
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As fast as thou shalt wane, so fast thou grow'st,
fast (adv.) 1 constantly, firmly, steadfastly
In one of thine, from that which thou departest,
And that fresh blood which youngly thou bestow'st
blood (n.) 10 vital fluid, life-giving juice
youngly (adv.) in youth, early in life
Thou mayst call thine, when thou from youth convertest.
convert (v.) change, transform, alter
Herein lives wisdom, beauty, and increase;
Without this, folly, age, and cold decay:
If all were minded so, the times should cease,
mind (v.) 5 purpose, intend, hold an opinion
time (n.) 1 (the) world, (the) age, society
And threescore year would make the world away:
make away (v.) put an end to, do away with
Let those whom Nature hath not made for store,
store (n.) 5 increasing the population, begetting children
Harsh, featureless, and rude, barrenly perish:
rude (adj.) 2 rough, wild, harsh-looking
Look whom she best endowed, she gave the more,
look whom (conj.) whomsoever
Which bounteous gift thou shouldst in bounty cherish:
bounty (n.) 1 great generosity, gracious liberality, munificence
She carved thee for her seal, and meant thereby
Thou shouldst print more, not let that copy die.
copy (n.) 3 original, master-copy
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When I do count the clock that tells the time,
And see the brave day sunk in hideous night;
brave (adj.) 1 fine, excellent, splendid, impressive
hideous (adj.) terrifying, frightful, horrifying
When I behold the violet past prime,
And sable curls all silvered o'er with white;
When lofty trees I see barren of leaves,
Which erst from heat did canopy the herd,
canopy (v.) curtain, veil, cover [as if by a canopy]
erst (adv.) 1 formerly, once, before
And Summer's green all girded up in sheaves
gird up (v.) tie round, truss up
green (n.) 1 greenery, grass, vegetation
Borne on the bier with white and bristly beard:
Then of thy beauty do I question make
question (n.) 4 debating, discussion, investigation
That thou among the wastes of time must go,
Since sweets and beauties do themselves forsake,
sweet (n.) 1 sweetness, pleasure, delight
And die as fast as they see others grow;
And nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defence
Save breed to brave him, when he takes thee hence.
brave (v.) 1 challenge, defy, confront, provoke
breed (n.) 2 children, offspring
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O that you were yourself, but, love, you are
love (n.) 2 very dear friend
No longer yours than you yourself here live:
Against this coming end you should prepare,
And your sweet semblance to some other give.
semblance (n.) 1 appearance, outward show
So should that beauty which you hold in lease
Find no determination, then you were
determination (n.) 2 ending, termination, endpoint
Yourself again after yourself's decease,
When your sweet issue your sweet form should bear.
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant
Who lets so fair a house fall to decay,
Which husbandry in honour might uphold
husbandry (n.) 1 thrift, good economy, careful management
Against the stormy gusts of winter's day
And barren rage of death's eternal cold?
O, none but unthrifts! Dear my love, you know
unthrift (n.) spendthrift, squanderer, wastrel
You had a Father, let your Son say so.
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Not from the stars do I my judgement pluck,
pluck (v.) 2 extract, snatch, pull out
And yet methinks I have astronomy,
astronomy (n.) knowledge of astrology
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me
But not to tell of good, or evil luck,
Of plagues, of dearths, or seasons' quality;
dearth (n.) 1 scarcity, shortage, lack [of food], famine
Nor can I fortune to brief minutes tell,
Pointing to each his thunder, rain, and wind,
Or say with Princes if it shall go well,
By oft predict that I in heaven find.
oft (adv.) often
predict (n.) prediction, foretelling
But from thine eyes my knowledge I derive,
And constant stars; in them I read such art
As truth and beauty shall together thrive,
If from thyself to store thou wouldst convert:
store (n.) 5 increasing the population, begetting children
Or else of thee this I prognosticate,
Thy end is Truth's and Beauty's doom and date.
date (n.) 5 limit, term, endpoint
doom (n.) 2 final destiny, deciding fate, death and destruction
end (n.) 4 death, ending [of life]
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When I consider everything that grows
Holds in perfection but a little moment,
That this huge stage presenteth nought but shows
Whereon the stars in secret influence comment;
When I perceive that men as plants increase,
Cheered and checked even by the self-same sky,
check (v.) 2 restrain, stop, hold back
cheer (v.) encourage, urge on, galvanize
Vaunt in their youthful sap, at height decrease,
vaunt (v.) 3 exult, rejoice, revel
And wear their brave state out of memory;
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent
Then the conceit of this inconstant stay
conceit (n.) 5 notion, idea, thought
stay (n.) 1 staying, remaining, continued presence
Sets you most rich in youth before my sight,
Where wasteful time debateth with decay,
debate (v.) 1 discuss, argue over, dispute about
decay (n.) 2 decline, downturn, falling off
To change your day of youth to sullied night;
sullied (adj.) tarnished, blemished, polluted
And all in war with Time for love of you,
As he takes from you, I engraft you new.
ingraft, engraft (v.) graft in, insert new growth into
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But wherefore do not you a mightier way
Make war upon this bloody tyrant, Time?
And fortify yourself in your decay
With means more blessed than my barren rhyme?
Now stand you on the top of happy hours,
And many maiden gardens yet unset
With virtuous wish would bear your living flowers,
Much liker than your painted counterfeit:
counterfeit (n.) 3 likeness, portrait, image
like (adj.) 1 same, similar, alike, equal
So should the lines of life that life repair,
repair (v.) 2 restore, renew, revive
Which this (Time's pencil or my pupil pen)
Neither in inward worth nor outward fair
fair (n.) 1 fair face, beauty
Can make you live yourself in eyes of men.
To give away yourself keeps yourself still,
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
And you must live drawn by your own sweet skill.
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Who will believe my verse in time to come,
If it were filled with your most high deserts?
Though yet heaven knows it is but as a tomb
Which hides your life, and shows not half your parts:
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
If I could write the beauty of your eyes,
And in fresh numbers number all your graces,
number (n.) 1 (plural) verses, lines
The age to come would say this poet lies:
Such heavenly touches ne'er touched earthly faces.
So should my papers (yellowed with their age)
Be scorned like old men of less truth than tongue,
And your true rights be termed a poet's rage
And stretched metre of an antique song.
antic, antick(e), antique (adj.) 3 old-fashioned, old-world, antiquated
song (n.) poem, set of verses, composition
stretched (adj.) 1 strained, dislocated, tortured
But were some child of yours alive that time,
You should live twice, in it and in my rhyme.
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Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
date (n.) 4 due date, agreed day [for the end of a contract]
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
sometime (adv.) 2 sometimes, now and then
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
fair (n.) 1 fair face, beauty
By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed:
untrimmed (adj.) 1 unadorned, lacking ornament
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
owe (v.) 1 own, possess, have
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
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Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion's paws,
And make the earth devour her own sweet brood;
Pluck the keen teeth from the fierce tiger's jaws,
And burn the long-lived phoenix in her blood;
Make glad and sorry seasons as thou fleet'st,
And do whate'er thou wilt, swift-footed Time,
To the wide world and all her fading sweets;
sweet (n.) 1 sweetness, pleasure, delight
But I forbid thee one most heinous crime:
O carve not with thy hours my love's fair brow,
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
Nor draw no lines there with thine antique pen;
antic, antick(e), antique (adj.) 1 fantastic, bizarre, weird
Him in thy course untainted do allow
allow (v.) 2 approve, sanction, encourage
course (n.) 2 habit, custom, practise, normal procedure
untainted (adj.) 1 unblemished, unsullied, pure
For beauty's pattern to succeeding men.
pattern (n.) 1 picture, model, specimen, example
Yet do thy worst, old Time: despite thy wrong,
My love shall in my verse ever live young.
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A woman's face with Nature's own hand painted
Hast thou, the master-mistress of my passion;
passion (n.) 5 passionate outburst, emotional passage
A woman's gentle heart, but not acquainted
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind
With shifting change, as is false women's fashion;
change (n.) 4 change of mind, changeableness, caprice
false (adj.) 2 disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful
An eye more bright than theirs, less false in rolling,
Gilding the object whereupon it gazeth;
gild (v.), past forms gilt, gilded 2 bring colour to, brighten, illuminate
A man in hue, all hues in his controlling,
hue (n.) appearance, complexion
Which steals men's eyes and women's souls amazeth.
And for a woman wert thou first created,
Till Nature as she wrought thee fell a-doting,
And by addition me of thee defeated,
defeat (v.) 3 defraud, deprive
By adding one thing to my purpose nothing.
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan
But since she pricked thee out for women's pleasure,
prick out (v.) choose, select, mark down
Mine be thy love and thy love's use their treasure.
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So is it not with me as with that Muse,
Stirred by a painted beauty to his verse,
stir (v.) 1 move, rouse, excite
Who heaven itself for ornament doth use,
And every fair with his fair doth rehearse,
fair (n.) 1 fair face, beauty
Making a couplement of proud compare
compare (n.) comparison, simile, analogy
couplement (n.) couple, pair
With Sun and Moon, with earth and sea's rich gems,
With April's first-born flowers and all things rare
rare (adj.) 2 unusual, striking, exceptional
That heaven's air in this huge rondure hems.
rondure (n.) roundness; sphere of the earth and the accompanying heavens
O let me, true in love, but truly write,
And then believe me, my love is as fair
As any mother's child, though not so bright
As those gold candles fixed in heaven's air:
Let them say more than like of hearsay well;
I will not praise that purpose not to sell.
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan
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My glass shall not persuade me I am old,
glass (n.) 1 mirror, looking-glass
So long as youth and thou are of one date,
But when in thee time's furrows I behold,
Then look I death my days should expiate.
expiate (v.) extinguish, bring to an end
look (v.) 1 expect, anticipate, hope, await the time
For all that beauty that doth cover thee
Is but the seemly raiment of my heart,
raiment (n.) clothing, clothes, dress
Which in thy breast doth live, as thine in me:
How can I then be elder than thou art?
O therefore, love, be of thyself so wary
As I, not for myself, but for thee will,
Bearing thy heart which I will keep so chary
chary (adv.) carefully, dearly, with cherishing
As tender nurse her babe from faring ill.
fare (v.) 2 go, happen, turn out
ill (adv.) 1 badly, adversely, unfavourably
Presume not on thy heart when mine is slain;
presume on (v.) take insufficiently into account, rely too readily on
Thou gav'st me thine, not to give back again.
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As an unperfect actor on the stage,
unperfect (adj.) imperfect; not word perfect, unskilled
Who with his fear is put besides his part,
Or some fierce thing replete with too much rage,
Whose strength's abundance weakens his own heart;
So I, for fear of trust, forget to say
The perfect ceremony of love's rite,
And in mine own love's strength seem to decay,
O'ercharged with burthen of mine own love's might:
overcharged (adj.) 1 overburdened, overtaxed, overwrought
O let my books be then the eloquence
book (n.) 5 writing, written composition
And dumb presagers of my speaking breast,
presager (n.) indicator, interpreter, announcer
Who plead for love, and look for recompense,
More than that tongue that more hath more expressed.
O learn to read what silent love hath writ:
To hear with eyes belongs to love's fine wit.
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
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Mine eye hath played the painter and hath steeled
steel (v.) 3 engrave, inscribe, make a permanent image of
Thy beauty's form in table of my heart;
table (n.) 2 tablet, surface, paintbook
My body is the frame wherein 'tis held,
frame (n.) 1 framework, structure, construction
And perspective it is best painter's art.
For through the painter must you see his skill,
To find where your true image pictured lies,
Which in my bosom's shop is hanging still,
That hath his windows glazed with thine eyes.
Now see what good turns eyes for eyes have done:
Mine eyes have drawn thy shape, and thine for me
Are windows to my breast, where-through the Sun
where-through (adv.) through which
Delights to peep, to gaze therein on thee.
Yet eyes this cunning want to grace their art;
cunning (n.) 1 skill, ability, expertise
want (v.) 4 require, demand, need
They draw but what they see, know not the heart.
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Let those who are in favour with their stars
Of public honour and proud titles boast,
Whilst I, whom fortune of such triumph bars,
Unlooked for joy in that I honour most.
Great princes' favourites their fair leaves spread
But as the marigold at the sun's eye,
And in themselves their pride lies buried,
For at a frown they in their glory die.
The painful warrior famoused for worth,
famous (v.) make famous, become celebrated
painful (adj.) 1 painstaking, diligent, laborious
After a thousand victories once foiled,
foil (v.) 1 defeat, overcome; throw [in wrestling]
Is from the book of honour razed forth,
raze forth (v.) erase, delete, remove
And all the rest forgot for which he toiled:
Then happy I that love and am beloved
Where I may not remove, nor be removed.
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Lord of my love, to whom in vassalage
vassalage (n.) 2 servitude, subjection, total allegiance
Thy merit hath my duty strongly knit,
To thee I send this written ambassage
embassage, ambassage (n.) message, errand, business, mission
To witness duty, not to show my wit:
wit (n.) 2 mental sharpness, acumen, quickness, ingenuity
witness (v.) 1 bear witness to, attest, testify to
witness (v.) 2 be a sign of, foreshadow, betoken
Duty so great, which wit so poor as mine
May make seem bare, in wanting words to show it;
But that I hope some good conceit of thine
conceit (n.) 5 notion, idea, thought
In thy soul's thought (all naked) will bestow it:
Till whatsoever star that guides my moving
Points on me graciously with fair aspect,
aspect (n.) 4 [astrology] influential phase, direction of alignment
And puts apparel on my tattered loving,
apparel (n.) clothes, clothing, dress
tattered (adj.) 2 torn, ragged
To show me worthy of thy sweet respect:
Then may I dare to boast how I do love thee,
Till then not show my head where thou mayst prove me.
prove (v.) 1 test, try out, make trial [of]
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Weary with toil, I haste me to my bed,
The dear repose for limbs with travel tired,
travail, travel (n.) 2 journeying, travel [often overlapping with sense 1]
travail, travel (n.) 1 labour, effort, exertion [often overlapping with sense 2]
But then begins a journey in my head
To work my mind, when body's work's expired.
work (v.), past form wrought 11 activate, galvanize, make work
For then my thoughts (from far where I abide)
abide (v.) 5 live, dwell, reside
Intend a zealous pilgrimage to thee,
intend (v.) 5 be determined to make, plan to take
zealous (adj.) earnest, fervent, ardent
And keep my drooping eyelids open wide,
Looking on darkness which the blind do see,
Save that my soul's imaginary sight
save that (conj.) except (that), were it not that
Presents thy shadow to my sightless view,
Which like a jewel (hung in ghastly night)
ghastly (adj.) 2 terrifying, terrible, deathly
Makes black night beauteous, and her old face new.
Lo, thus by day my limbs, by night my mind,
For thee, and for myself, no quiet find.
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How can I then return in happy plight
plight (n.) 1 good shape, health, fit condition
That am debarred the benefit of rest?
When day's oppression is not eased by night,
But day by night and night by day oppressed?
And each (though enemies to either's reign)
Do in consent shake hands to torture me,
The one by toil, the other to complain
How far I toil, still farther off from thee.
I tell the day to please them thou art bright,
And dost him grace when clouds do blot the heaven:
So flatter I the swart-complexioned night,
swart-complexioned (adj.) dark-faced, black-looking
When sparkling stars twire not thou gild'st th' even.
even (n.) 1 evening
gild (v.), past forms gilt, gilded 2 bring colour to, brighten, illuminate
twire (v.) twinkle, peep out, shine out
But day doth daily draw my sorrows longer,
draw (v.) 7 draw out, extend, prolong
And night doth nightly make grief's length seem stronger.
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When, in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
beweep (v.) 1 weep over, wet with tears
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
bootless (adj.) useless, worthless, fruitless, unavailing
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
art (n.) 2 accomplishment, achievement, skill
scope (n.) 3 opportunity, liberty, free course of action
With what I most enjoy contented least;
enjoy (v.) 3 possess with delight, take pleasure [in], savour
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state
haply (adv.) perhaps, maybe, by chance, with luck
(Like to the lark at break of day arising)
From sullen earth sings hymns at heaven's gate;
sullen (adj.) 2 dull, drab, sombre
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.
change (v.) 1 exchange, trade
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When to the sessions of sweet silent thought
session, sessions (n.) judicial assembly, trial, court
I summon up remembrance of things past,
remembrance (n.) 1 memory, bringing to mind, recollection
I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought,
And with old woes new wail my dear times' waste:
Then can I drown an eye (unused to flow)
For precious friends hid in death's dateless night,
dateless (adj.) everlasting, eternal, endless
And weep afresh love's long-since cancelled woe,
cancelled (adj.) made null and void, invalidated
And moan th' expense of many a vanished sight:
expense (n.) 3 loss, using up, expending
Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,
foregone (adj.) previous, prior, earlier
grievance (n.) 1 distress, suffering, pain
moan (n.) 1 grief, lamentation, sorrow, complaint
And heavily from woe to woe tell o'er
heavily (adv.) sorrowfully, sadly, gloomily
sad (adj.) 3 downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
The sad account of fore-bemoaned moan,
fore-bemoaned (adj.) previously lamented
Which I new pay, as if not paid before.
But if the while I think on thee, dear friend,
All losses are restored, and sorrows end.
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Thy bosom is endeared with all hearts,
bosom (n.) 1 heart, inner person
endeared (adj.) 2 made more precious, increased in value
Which I by lacking have supposed dead,
And there reigns Love and all Love's loving parts,
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
And all those friends which I thought buried.
How many a holy and obsequious tear
obsequious (adj.) 1 dutiful [without suggesting servility]; appropriate after a death
Hath dear religious love stol'n from mine eye,
religious (adj.) 1 devout, conscientious, scrupulous
As interest of the dead, which now appear,
But things removed that hidden in thee lie.
Thou art the grave where buried love doth live,
Hung with the trophies of my lovers gone,
Who all their parts of me to thee did give;
That due of many now is thine alone.
Their images I loved, I view in thee,
And thou (all they) hast all the all of me.
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If thou survive my well-contented day,
When that churl Death my bones with dust shall cover,
churl (n.) 2 villain, contemptible fellow
And shalt by fortune once more re-survey
These poor rude lines of thy deceased lover,
rude (adj.) 7 amateurish, inexpert, lacking polish
Compare them with the bett'ring of the time,
And though they be outstripped by every pen,
Reserve them for my love, not for their rhyme,
reserve (v.) preserve, retain, keep
Exceeded by the height of happier men.
Oh then vouchsafe me but this loving thought:
Had my friend's Muse grown with this growing age,
A dearer birth than this his love had brought
bring (v.) 5 bring forth, give birth to
dear (adj.) 3 of great worth, valuable, precious
To march in ranks of better equipage:
equipage (n.) 1 equipment, fitted-out condition
But since he died and poets better prove,
Theirs for their style I'll read, his for his love.
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Full many a glorious morning have I seen
Flatter the mountain-tops with sovereign eye,
Kissing with golden face the meadows green,
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchymy:
alchemy, alchymy (n.) wondrous transformation, miraculous transmutation
Anon permit the basest clouds to ride
anon (adv.) 1 soon, shortly, presently
base (adj.) 1 dishonourable, low, unworthy
With ugly rack on his celestial face,
rack (n.) 2 [of clouds] driven accumulation, billowing movement
And from the forlorn world his visage hide,
visage (n.) 1 face, countenance
Stealing unseen to west with this disgrace:
disgrace (n.) 2 disfigurement, marring
Even so my Sun one early morn did shine
morn (n.) morning, dawn
With all triumphant splendour on my brow;
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]
But out, alack, he was but one hour mine;
out (adv.) 6 at an end, finished
The region cloud hath masked him from me now.
region (adj.) in the sky, of the air
Yet him for this, my love no whit disdaineth;
Suns of the world may stain, when heaven's sun staineth.
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Why didst thou promise such a beauteous day,
And make me travel forth without my cloak,
travail, travel (v.) 2 travel, journey [often overlapping with sense 1]
To let base clouds o'ertake me in my way,
base (adj.) 1 dishonourable, low, unworthy
Hiding thy brav'ry in their rotten smoke?
bravery (n.) 2 splendour, fine display, ostentation
smoke (n.) mist, fog, vapours
'Tis not enough that through the cloud thou break,
To dry the rain on my storm-beaten face
For no man well of such a salve can speak
salve (n.) healing ointment
That heals the wound and cures not the disgrace:
Nor can thy shame give physic to my grief;
grief (n.) 2 pain, torment, distress
physic (n.) 1 medicine, healing, treatment
Though thou repent, yet I have still the loss:
Th' offender's sorrow lends but weak relief
To him that bears the strong offence's cross.
cross (n.) 1 trial, affliction, trouble
Ah, but those tears are pearl which thy love sheeds,
And they are rich, and ransom all ill deeds.
ill (adj.) 2 evil, wicked, immoral
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No more be grieved at that which thou hast done:
Roses have thorns, and silver fountains mud;
Clouds and eclipses stain both Moon and Sun,
stain (v.) 3 obscure, hide, blot out
And loathsome canker lives in sweetest bud.
canker (n./adj.) 1 grub that destroys plant buds and leaves, cankerworm, parasite
All men make faults, and even I in this,
Authorizing thy trespass with compare,
compare (n.) comparison, simile, analogy
Myself corrupting, salving thy amiss,
amiss (n.) 2 fault, offence, misdeed
salve (v.) 1 heal, remedy, make good
Excusing thy sins more than thy sins are:
For to thy sensual fault I bring in sense,
Thy adverse party is thy advocate,
And 'gainst myself a lawful plea commence:
Such civil war is in my love and hate
That I an accessary needs must be
To that sweet thief which sourly robs from me.
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Let me confess that we two must be twain,
confess (v.) 1 acknowledge, recognize, admit
twain (adj.) separated, not united, estranged
Although our undivided loves are one:
So shall those blots that do with me remain,
blot (n.) stain, disgrace, blemish
Without thy help, by me be borne alone.
In our two loves there is but one respect,
respect (n.) 1 consideration, factor, circumstance
Though in our lives a separable spite,
separable (adj.) which causes separation, with divisive power
spite (n.) 1 annoyance, vexation, irritation
Which though it alter not love's sole effect,
sole (adj.) 1 unique, unrivalled, singular
Yet doth it steal sweet hours from love's delight.
I may not evermore acknowledge thee,
Lest my bewailed guilt should do thee shame,
Nor thou with public kindness honour me,
Unless thou take that honour from thy name:
But do not so; I love thee in such sort
sort (n.) 3 way, manner
As, thou being mine, mine is thy good report.
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As a decrepit father takes delight
To see his active child do deeds of youth,
So I, made lame by Fortune's dearest spite,
dear (adj.) 1 dire, grievous, hard
spite (n.) 2 malice, ill-will, hatred
Take all my comfort of thy worth and truth.
For whether beauty, birth, or wealth, or wit,
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
Or any of these all, or all, or more,
Entitled in thy parts, do crowned sit,
entitle, intitle (v.) have a rightful claim [to]
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
I make my love engrafted to this store:
ingrafted, engrafted (adj.) 2 closely fastened, firmly fixed
So then I am not lame, poor, nor despised,
Whilst that this shadow doth such substance give,
That I in thy abundance am sufficed,
suffice (v.) 1 satisfy, nourish, provide for
And by a part of all thy glory live.
Look what is best, that best I wish in thee:
This wish I have, then ten times happy me!
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How can my Muse want subject to invent,
invent (v.) create, compose, write creatively
want (v.) 1 lack, need, be without
While thou dost breathe that pour'st into my verse
Thine own sweet argument, too excellent
argument (n.) 1 subject of conversation, subject-matter, topic
For every vulgar paper to rehearse?
paper (n.) 1 piece of writing, composition
rehearse (v.) 1 relate, recount, give an account of
vulgar (adj.) 5 familiar, ordinary, everyday
Oh give thyself the thanks if aught in me
aught (n.) anything, [with negative word] nothing
Worthy perusal stand against thy sight;
For who's so dumb that cannot write to thee,
When thou thyself dost give invention light?
invention (n.) 1 inventiveness, imagination, creative faculty
Be thou the tenth Muse, ten times more in worth
Than those old nine which rhymers invocate,
rhymer (n.) [disparaging] versifier, rhymester
And he that calls on thee, let him bring forth
Eternal numbers to outlive long date.
eternal (adj.) immortal, everlasting
number (n.) 1 (plural) verses, lines
If my slight Muse do please these curious days,
curious (adj.) 5 particular, difficult to satisfy, hard to please
slight (adj.) 1 worthless, insignificant, good-for-nothing
The pain be mine, but thine shall be the praise.
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Oh how thy worth with manners may I sing,
When thou art all the better part of me?
What can mine own praise to mine own self bring?
And what is't but mine own when I praise thee?
Even for this, let us divided live,
And our dear love lose name of single one,
That by this separation I may give
That due to thee which thou deserv'st alone.
Oh absence, what a torment wouldst thou prove,
Were it not thy sour leisure gave sweet leave
To entertain the time with thoughts of love,
entertain (v.) 13 while away, pass away
Which time and thoughts so sweetly doth deceive,
And that thou teachest how to make one twain,
By praising him here who doth hence remain.
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Take all my loves, my love, yea, take them all;
What hast thou then more than thou hadst before?
No love, my love, that thou mayst true love call;
All mine was thine before thou hadst this more:
Then if for my love, thou my love receivest,
I cannot blame thee, for my love thou usest;
But yet be blamed, if thou thyself deceivest
By wilful taste of what thyself refusest.
I do forgive thy robb'ry, gentle thief,
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind
Although thou steal thee all my poverty:
And yet love knows it is a greater grief
grief (n.) 2 pain, torment, distress
To bear love's wrong than hate's known injury.
Lascivious grace, in whom all ill well shows,
ill (n.) 1 wrong, injury, harm, evil
Kill me with spites; yet we must not be foes.
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Those petty wrongs that liberty commits,
liberty (n.) 1 unrestrained act, improper licence, reckless freedom
pretty (adj.) 6 childish, trifling, naive
When I am sometime absent from thy heart,
sometime (adv.) 2 sometimes, now and then
Thy beauty and thy years full well befits,
For still temptation follows where thou art.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
Gentle thou art, and therefore to be won,
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind
Beauteous thou art, therefore to be assailed;
assail (v.) 2 approach with offers of love, woo with vigour, attempt to seduce
And when a woman woos, what woman's son
Will sourly leave her till he have prevailed?
prevail (v.) 2 succeed in seduction, have one's way [in a sexual encounter]
Ay me, but yet thou mightst my seat forbear,
forbear (v.) 2 leave alone, avoid, stay away [from]
And chide thy beauty and thy straying youth,
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove
Who lead thee in their riot even there
riot (n.) 2 dissipation, debauchery, wantonness
Where thou art forced to break a two-fold truth:
truth (n.) 1 loyalty, allegiance, faithfulness
Hers by thy beauty tempting her to thee,
Thine by thy beauty being false to me.
false (adj.) 2 disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful
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That thou hast her it is not all my grief,
grief (n.) 2 pain, torment, distress
And yet it may be said I loved her dearly;
That she hath thee is of my wailing chief,
A loss in love that touches me more nearly.
touch (v.) 3 affect, move, stir
Loving offenders, thus I will excuse ye:
Thou dost love her, because thou know'st I love her,
And for my sake even so doth she abuse me,
abuse (v.) 2 misuse, maltreat, treat badly, wrong
Suff'ring my friend for my sake to approve her.
approve (v.) 4 commend, praise, show to be worthy
suffer (v.) 1 allow, permit, let
If I lose thee, my loss is my love's gain,
And losing her, my friend hath found that loss;
Both find each other, and I lose both twain,
And both for my sake lay on me this cross:
cross (n.) 1 trial, affliction, trouble
But here's the joy: my friend and I are one;
Sweet flattery, then she loves but me alone.
flattery (n.) pleasing plausibility, gratifying deception, self-delusion
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When most I wink then do mine eyes best see,
wink (v.) 1 shut one's eyes
For all the day they view things unrespected;
unrespected (adj.) of little value, lacking real interest
But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,
And darkly bright are bright in dark directed.
Then thou whose shadow shadows doth make bright,
shadow (n.) 6 shade, seclusion, place of retirement
shadow (n.) 4 illusion, unreal image, delusion
How would thy shadow's form form happy show
form (n.) 10 substance, essence, true meaning
shadow (n.) 4 illusion, unreal image, delusion
To the clear day with thy much clearer light,
When to unseeing eyes thy shade shines so?
shade (n.) 1 shadow, unreal image, unsubstantial semblance
How would (I say) mine eyes be blessed made
By looking on thee in the living day,
When in dead night thy fair imperfect shade
shade (n.) 1 shadow, unreal image, unsubstantial semblance
Through heavy sleep on sightless eyes doth stay?
All days are nights to see till I see thee,
And nights bright days when dreams do show thee me.
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If the dull substance of my flesh were thought,
dull (adj.) 1 dead, lifeless, sluggish, inactive
Injurious distance should not stop my way,
injurious (adj.) 1 causing injury, harmful, offending, unjust
stop (v.) 1 block, hinder, impede, obstruct
For then despite of space I would be brought
From limits far remote where thou dost stay.
limit (n.) 3 delimited territory, precinct, bounded region
No matter then although my foot did stand
Upon the farthest earth removed from thee,
For nimble thought can jump both sea and land,
As soon as think the place where he would be.
But ah, thought kills me that I am not thought
To leap large lengths of miles when thou art gone,
But that so much of earth and water wrought
I must attend time's leisure with my moan,
attend (v.) 2 serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
moan (n.) 1 grief, lamentation, sorrow, complaint
Receiving nought by elements so slow,
But heavy tears, badges of either's woe.
badge (n.) 1 outward sign, symbol, mark
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy
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The other two, slight air and purging fire,
slight (adj.) 2 light, insubstantial, lacking solidity
Are both with thee, wherever I abide;
The first my thought, the other my desire,
These present absent with swift motion slide.
For when these quicker elements are gone
quick (adj.) 1 living, vital, full of life
In tender embassy of love to thee,
embassy (n.) 1 message [especially via an ambassador]
My life, being made of four, with two alone
Sinks down to death, oppressed with melancholy,
Until life's composition be recured
composition (n.) 1 constitution, make-up, state [of mind and body]
recure (v.) heal, make whole, restore to health
By those swift messengers returned from thee,
Who even but now come back again, assured
Of thy fair health, recounting it to me.
fair (adj.) 11 healthy, sound, fit
This told, I joy, but then no longer glad,
joy (v.) 1 feel joy, be happy, rejoice
I send them back again and straight grow sad.
sad (adj.) 1 serious, grave, solemn
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once
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Mine eye and heart are at a mortal war,
How to divide the conquest of thy sight;
Mine eye my heart thy picture's sight would bar,
My heart mine eye the freedom of that right.
My heart doth plead that thou in him dost lie
(A closet never pierced with crystal eyes)
closet (n.) 3 enclosure surrounding the heart, pericardium
But the defendant doth that plea deny,
And says in him thy fair appearance lies.
To 'cide this title is impannelled
impannel, empannel (v.) enrol, oblige to appear in a court
A quest of thoughts, all tenants to the heart,
quest (n.) 2 jury, body of persons appointed to hold an inquiry
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement
And by their verdict is determined
determine (v.) 2 resolve, decide, settle [on]
The clear eye's moiety and the dear heart's part:
moiety (n.) 1 share, portion, part
As thus: mine eye's due is thy outward part,
And my heart's right thy inward love of heart.
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Betwixt mine eye and heart a league is took,
And each doth good turns now unto the other:
When that mine eye is famished for a look,
Or heart in love with sighs himself doth smother,
With my love's picture then my eye doth feast
And to the painted banquet bids my heart:
Another time mine eye is my heart's guest,
And in his thoughts of love doth share a part.
share (v.) take, receive, have [as one's share]
So either by thy picture or my love,
Thyself away art present still with me,
For thou not farther than my thoughts canst move,
And I am still with them, and they with thee;
Or, if they sleep, thy picture in my sight
Awakes my heart to heart's and eye's delight.
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How careful was I when I took my way,
Each trifle under truest bars to thrust,
bar (n.) 2 lock, barrier, barricade
true (adj.) 5 reliable, trustworthy, dependable
That to my use it might unused stay
stay (v.) 4 remain, continue, endure
From hands of falsehood, in sure wards of trust!
ward (n.) 2 guard, protection, defence
But thou, to whom my jewels trifles are,
Most worthy comfort, now my greatest grief,
Thou best of dearest and mine only care,
care (n.) 2 responsibility, duty, matter of concern
Art left the prey of every vulgar thief.
Thee have I not locked up in any chest,
Save where thou art not, though I feel thou art,
Within the gentle closure of my breast,
closure (n.) 1 enclosure, bound, limit
gentle (adj.) 4 peaceful, calm, free from violence
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind
From whence at pleasure thou mayst come and part;
And even thence thou wilt be stol'n, I fear,
For truth proves thievish for a prize so dear.
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Against that time (if ever that time come)
against, 'gainst (prep.) 6 in preparation for, in anticipation of
When I shall see thee frown on my defects,
Whenas thy love hath cast his utmost sum,
Called to that audit by advised respects;
advised, avised (adj.) 3 judicious, wise, prudent
audit (n.) account, reckoning [especially: in the face of God]
respect (n.) 1 consideration, factor, circumstance
Against that time when thou shalt strangely pass,
strangely (adv.) 1 like a stranger, distantly, in an unfriendly manner
And scarcely greet me with that sun thine eye,
When love converted from the thing it was
convert (v.) change, transform, alter
Shall reasons find of settled gravity;
gravity (n.) 1 respectability, authority, dignified position
settled (adj.) 1 calm, steadfast, composed
Against that time do I ensconce me here
ensconce, insconce (v.) 2 secure, establish oneself firmly
Within the knowledge of mine own desart,
desert, desart (n.) 2 worth, merit, deserving
And this my hand against myself uprear
uprear (v.) upraise, lift up
To guard the lawful reasons on thy part:
guard (v.) 1 safeguard, protect, justify
To leave poor me thou hast the strength of laws,
Since why to love I can allege no cause.
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How heavy do I journey on the way,
heavy (adj.) 4 weary, exhausted, worn out
When what I seek (my weary travel's end)
Doth teach that ease and that repose to say
Thus far the miles are measured from thy friend.
The beast that bears me, tired with my woe,
Plods dully on, to bear that weight in me,
As if by some instinct the wretch did know
His rider loved not speed being made from thee:
The bloody spur cannot provoke him on
That sometimes anger thrusts into his hide,
Which heavily he answers with a groan,
More sharp to me than spurring to his side;
For that same groan doth put this in my mind:
My grief lies onward and my joy behind.
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Thus can my love excuse the slow offence
Of my dull bearer, when from thee I speed:
speed (v.) 6 travel speedily, make a hasty expedition
From where thou art why should I haste me thence?
Till I return, of posting is no need.
posting (n.) haste, speed, rush
O, what excuse will my poor beast then find,
When swift extremity can seem but slow?
Then should I spur, though mounted on the wind;
In winged speed no motion shall I know:
Then can no horse with my desire keep pace;
Therefore desire (of perfect'st love being made)
Shall neigh, no dull flesh in his fiery race,
But love, for love, thus shall excuse my jade;
jade (n.) 1 worn-out horse, hack, worthless nag
Since from thee going he went wilful slow,
wilful (adv.) wilfully, deliberately
Towards thee I'll run, and give him leave to go.
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So am I as the rich, whose blessed key
Can bring him to his sweet up-locked treasure,
up-locked (adj.) locked-up, hidden safely away
The which he will not ev'ry hour survey,
For blunting the fine point of seldom pleasure.
seldom (adj.) rare, infrequent, uncommon
Therefore are feasts so solemn and so rare,
rare (adj.) 4 infrequent, uncommon, few in number
Since, seldom coming in the long year set,
Like stones of worth they thinly placed are,
Or captain jewels in the carcanet.
captain (adj.) principal, pre-eminent, chief
carcanet (n.) jewelled necklace
So is the time that keeps you as my chest,
Or as the wardrobe which the robe doth hide,
To make some special instant special blest,
By new unfolding his imprisoned pride.
Blessed are you whose worthiness gives scope,
Being had, to triumph, being lacked, to hope.
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What is your substance, whereof are you made,
That millions of strange shadows on you tend?
shadow (n.) 5 spirit, phantom, spectre, ghost
strange (adj.) 6 of another person, not one's own
tend on / upon (v.) serve, follow, wait upon, escort
Since every one hath, every one, one shade,
shade (n.) 1 shadow, unreal image, unsubstantial semblance
And you but one, can every shadow lend.
Describe Adonis, and the counterfeit
counterfeit (n.) 3 likeness, portrait, image
Is poorly imitated after you;
On Helen's cheek all art of beauty set,
And you in Grecian tires are painted new:
tire (n.) 1 head-dress, ornament for the head, raiment
Speak of the spring and foizon of the year,
foison, foizon (n.) 1 [pron: 'foyzn] abundance, plenty, profusion
The one doth shadow of your beauty show,
shadow (n.) 2 reflection, reflected image
The other as your bounty doth appear,
bounty (n.) 1 great generosity, gracious liberality, munificence
And you in every blessed shape we know.
In all external grace you have some part,
But you like none, none you, for constant heart.
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Oh how much more doth beauty beauteous seem
By that sweet ornament which truth doth give!
The rose looks fair, but fairer we it deem
For that sweet odour which doth in it live.
The canker-blooms have full as deep a dye
canker-bloom (n.) blossom of the wild rose
As the perfumed tincture of the roses,
tincture (n.) 1 tinge, hint, flavour
Hang on such thorns, and play as wantonly,
wantonly (adv.) playfully, frolicsomely, unrestrainedly
When summer's breath their masked buds discloses:
disclose (v.) 2 open up, unfold, unclose
But, for their virtue only is their show,
They live unwooed, and unrespected fade,
Die to themselves. Sweet roses do not so;
Of their sweet deaths are sweetest odours made:
And so of you, beauteous and lovely youth,
When that shall vade, my verse distils your truth.
vade (v.) fade, pass away, disappear
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Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme,
But you shall shine more bright in these contents
Than unswept stone, besmeared with sluttish time.
When wasteful war shall statues overturn,
wasteful (adj.) 1 destructive, devastating, ruinous
And broils root out the work of masonry,
broil (n.) 1 turmoil, confused fighting, battle
Nor Mars his sword nor war's quick fire shall burn
The living record of your memory.
'Gainst death and all-oblivious enmity
all-oblivious forgetting everything
Shall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room,
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
Even in the eyes of all posterity
That wear this world out to the ending doom.
So, till the judgement that yourself arise,
judgement (n.) 7 judgement day
You live in this, and dwell in lover's eyes.
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Sweet love, renew thy force; be it not said
Thy edge should blunter be than appetite,
appetite (n.) 2 sexual desire, passion
Which but today by feeding is allayed,
Tomorrow sharpened in his former might.
So, love, be thou; although today thou fill
Thy hungry eyes, even till they wink with fulness,
wink (v.) 1 shut one's eyes
Tomorrow see again, and do not kill
The spirit of love with a perpetual dulness.
dullness, dulness (n.) lethargy, sluggishness, inactivity
Let this sad interim like the ocean be
interim (n.) interval, break, interlude
sad (adj.) 3 downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy
Which parts the shore, where two contracted new
Come daily to the banks, that when they see
bank (n.) 1 coast, shore
Return of love, more blest may be the view.
Else call it winter, which being full of care,
Makes summer's welcome thrice more wished, more rare.
rare (adj.) 1 marvellous, splendid, excellent
wish (v.) 1 hope, desire