Henry IV Part 1

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Alarum. Excursions. Enter the King, the Prince, Lord

John of Lancaster, Earl of Westmorland


I prithee, Harry, withdraw thyself, thou bleedest too much.

Lord John of Lancaster, go you with him.


Not I, my lord, unless I did bleed too.


I beseech your majesty, make up,
make up (v.) 1 advance to the front, move forward, press on

Lest your retirement do amaze your friends.
amaze (v.) 2 alarm, dismay, scare
retirement (n.) 1 retreat, withdrawal, falling back


I will do so. My Lord of Westmorland,

Lead him to his tent.


Come, my lord, I'll lead you to your tent.


Lead me, my lord? I do not need your help,

And God forbid a shallow scratch should drive

The Prince of Wales from such a field as this,
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

Where stained nobility lies trodden on,
stained (adj.) 2 blood-stained, discoloured with dirt

And rebels' arms triumph in massacres!


We breathe too long: come, cousin Westmorland,
breathe (v.) 2 catch breath, pause, rest

Our duty this way lies: for God's sake, come.

Exeunt Lancaster and Westmorland


By God, thou hast deceived me, Lancaster,

I did not think thee lord of such a spirit:

Before, I loved thee as a brother, John,

But now I do respect thee as my soul.


I saw him hold Lord Percy at the point
point (n.) 1 sword-point

With lustier maintenance than I did look for
lusty (adj.) 1 vigorous, strong, robust, eager

Of such an ungrown warrior.


                         O, this boy

Lends mettle to us all!
mettle, mettell (n.) 2 spirit, vigour, zest


Enter Douglas


Another king! They grow like Hydra's heads.

I am the Douglas, fatal to all those

That wear those colours on them. What art thou,
colours (n.) 3 emblems, badges

That counterfeitest the person of a king?
counterfeit (v.) 1 copy, imitate, simulate See Topics: Frequency count


The King himself, who, Douglas, grieves at heart

So many of his shadows thou hast met,
shadow (n.) 3 imitation, copy, duplicate

And not the very King. I have two boys
very (adj.) 2 true, real, genuine

Seek Percy and thyself about the field,
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

But seeing thou fallest on me so luckily

I will assay thee, and defend thyself.
assay (v.) 2 try, test the mettle of, put to the proof


I fear thou art another counterfeit,
counterfeit (n.) 2 impostor, pretender, sham

And yet, in faith, thou bearest thee like a king –

But mine I am sure thou art, whoe'er thou be,

And thus I win thee.

They fight, the King being in danger; enter

Prince of Wales


Hold up thy head, vile Scot, or thou art like

Never to hold it up again! The spirits
like (adv.) 1 likely, probable / probably See Topics: Frequency count

Of valiant Shirley, Stafford, Blunt, are in my arms.

It is the Prince of Wales that threatens thee,

Who never promiseth but he means to pay.

They fight; Douglas flees
cheerly (adv.) 2 [cry of encouragement] heartily, with a will
fare (v.) 1 get on, manage, do, cope See Topics: Frequency count

Cheerly, my lord, how fares your grace?

Sir Nicholas Gawsey hath for succour sent,

And so hath Clifton – I'll to Clifton straight.
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once See Topics: Frequency count


Stay and breathe a while.
breathe (v.) 2 catch breath, pause, rest

Thou hast redeemed thy lost opinion,
opinion (n.) 2 reputation, character, honour

And showed thou makest some tender of my life
tender (n.) 3 care, concern, solicitude

In this fair rescue thou hast brought to me.


O God, they did me too much injury

That ever said I hearkened for your death.
hearken for (v.) 1 look forward to, lie in wait for

If it were so, I might have let alone

The insulting hand of Douglas over you,
insulting (adj.) scornfully boasting, contemptuously exulting

Which would have been as speedy in your end

As all the poisonous potions in the world,

And saved the treacherous labour of your son.
save (v.) 2 prevent, avoid, avert


Make up to Clifton, I'll to Sir Nicholas Gawsey.
make up (v.) 1 advance to the front, move forward, press on


Enter Hotspur


If I mistake not, thou art Harry Monmouth.


Thou speakest as if I would deny my name.


My name is Harry Percy.


                         Why, then I see

A very valiant rebel of the name.

I am the Prince of Wales, and think not, Percy,

To share with me in glory any more.

Two stars keep not their motion in one sphere,
sphere (n.) 1 celestial globe in which a heavenly body was thought to move, orbit See Topics: Cosmos

Nor can one England brook a double reign
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with

Of Harry Percy and the Prince of Wales.


Nor shall it, Harry, for the hour is come

To end the one of us; and would to God

Thy name in arms were now as great as mine.


I'll make it greater ere I part from thee,

And all the budding honours on thy crest
crest (n.) 1 [originally the plume of feathers on a] helmet, head-piece

I'll crop to make a garland for my head.
crop (v.) 1 cut down, remove, hack off


I can no longer brook thy vanities.
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with

They fight

Enter Falstaff


Well said, Hal! To it, Hal! Nay, you shall find
said, well well done

no boy's play here, I can tell you.
boy (n.) 3 child

Enter Douglas; he fighteth with Falstaff, who falls

down as if he were dead

Exit Douglas

The Prince mortally wounds Hotspur


O Harry, thou hast robbed me of my youth!

I better brook the loss of brittle life
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with

Than those proud titles thou hast won of me.

They wound my thoughts worse than thy sword my flesh.

But thoughts, the slaves of life, and life, time's fool,

And time, that takes survey of all the world,

Must have a stop. O, I could prophesy,

But that the earthy and cold hand of death

Lies on my tongue. No, Percy, thou art dust,

And food for –

He dies
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent


For worms, brave Percy. Fare thee well, great heart!

Ill-weaved ambition, how much art thou shrunk.
ill-weaved (adj.) poorly woven

When that this body did contain a spirit,

A kingdom for it was too small a bound.
bound (n.) 1 limit, boundary, confine, barrier

But now two paces of the vilest earth

Is room enough. This earth that bears thee dead

Bears not alive so stout a gentleman.
stout (adj.) 1 brave, valiant, resolute

If thou wert sensible of courtesy
sensible (adj.) 1 sensitive, responsive, capable of feeling

I should not make so dear a show of zeal,
dear (adj.) 6 heartfelt, earnest, zealous
show (n.) 1 appearance, exhibition, display

But let my favours hide thy mangled face,
favour (n.) 6 token worn as a mark of identity or friendship

And even in thy behalf I'll thank myself

For doing these fair rites of tenderness.

Adieu, and take thy praise with thee to heaven!

Thy ignominy sleep with thee in the grave,

But not remembered in thy epitaph.
remember (v.) 3 commemorate, acknowledge, reward, recognize

He spieth Falstaff on the ground

What, old acquaintance, could not all this flesh

Keep in a little life? Poor Jack, farewell!

I could have better spared a better man.

O, I should have a heavy miss of thee

If I were much in love with vanity.
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy See Topics: Frequency count

Death hath not struck so fat a deer today,

Though many dearer, in this bloody fray.

Embowelled will I see thee by and by,
embowel (v.) disembowel

Till then in blood by noble Percy lie.


Falstaff riseth up
embowel (v.) disembowel


Embowelled? If thou embowel me today, I'll

give you leave to powder me and eat me too tomorrow.
powder (v.) season with salt, pickle

'Sblood, 'twas time to counterfeit, or that hot termagant
counterfeit (v.) 2 pretend, feign, make believe See Topics: Frequency count
termagant (adj.) savage, violent, turbulent

Scot had paid me, scot and lot too. Counterfeit? I lie,
pay (v.) 3 kill, settle with, discharge
scot and lot [type of local taxation] in full, thoroughly

I am no counterfeit. To die is to be a counterfeit, for he
counterfeit (n.) 1 false imitation, spurious image

is but the counterfeit of a man who hath not the life of

a man. But to counterfeit dying, when a man thereby
counterfeit (v.) 1 copy, imitate, simulate See Topics: Frequency count

liveth, is to be no counterfeit, but the true and perfect
counterfeit (n.) 1 false imitation, spurious image

image of life indeed. The better part of valour is discretion,

in the which better part I have saved my life.

Zounds, I am afraid of this gunpowder Percy, though he

be dead. How if he should counterfeit too and rise? By
counterfeit (v.) 2 pretend, feign, make believe See Topics: Frequency count

my faith, I am afraid he would prove the better counterfeit.

Therefore I'll make him sure, yea, and I'll swear I

killed him. Why may not he rise as well as I? Nothing

confutes me but eyes, and nobody sees me. Therefore,
confute (v.) 2 disprove, contradict, rebut

sirrah (stabbing him), with a new wound in your thigh,

come you along with me.

He takes up Hotspur on his back

Enter Prince and John of Lancaster


Come, brother John, full bravely hast thou fleshed
brave (adj.) 1 fine, excellent, splendid, impressive See Topics: Frequency count
flesh (v.) 1 [of a sword] use for the first time in battle

Thy maiden sword.


                         But soft, whom have we here?

Did you not tell me this fat man was dead?


I did, I saw him dead,

Breathless and bleeding on the ground. Art thou alive?

Or is it fantasy that plays upon our eyesight?

I prithee speak, we will not trust our eyes

Without our ears. Thou art not what thou seemest.


No, that's certain, I am not a double-man. But
double-man (n.) apparition, wraith, spectre

if I be not Jack Falstaff, then am I a Jack. There is
Jack (n.) 1 Jack-in-office, ill-mannered fellow, lout, knave


He throws the body down

If your father will do me any honour, so. If not, let him

kill the next Percy himself. I look to be either earl or

duke, I can assure you.


Why, Percy I killed myself, and saw thee



Didst thou? Lord, Lord, how this world is

given to lying! I grant you I was down, and out of

breath, and so was he, but we rose both at an instant,

and fought a long hour by Shrewsbury clock. If I may

be believed, so. If not, let them that should reward

valour bear the sin upon their own heads. I'll take it

upon my death, I gave him this wound in the thigh. If

the man were alive, and would deny it, zounds, I would

make him eat a piece of my sword.


This is the strangest tale that ever I heard.


This is the strangest fellow, brother John.

Come, bring your luggage nobly on your back.

(aside to Falstaff) For my part, if a lie may do thee grace,
grace (n.) 1 honour, favour, recognition, respect

I'll gild it with the happiest terms I have.
gild (v.), past forms gilt, gilded 2 bring colour to, brighten, illuminate
happy (adj.) 2 opportune, appropriate, propitious, favourable

A retreat is sounded
day (n.) 1 day of battle, contest

The trumpet sounds retreat, the day is ours.

Come, brother, let us to the highest of the field,

To see what friends are living, who are dead.
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

Exeunt Prince of Wales and Lancaster


I'll follow, as they say, for reward. He that

rewards me, God reward him! If I do grow great, I'll

grow less, for I'll purge, and leave sack, and live
purge (v.) 5 repent, atone

cleanly as a nobleman should do.

Exit, bearing off the body

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