Richard II


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Enter Duke of York and the Duchess


DUCHESS OF YORK

My lord, you told me you would tell the rest,

When weeping made you break the story off,

Of our two cousins' coming into London.


YORK

Where did I leave?
stop (n.) 2 pause, hesitation, breaking off


DUCHESS OF YORK

                         At that sad stop, my lord,
sad (adj.) 3 downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy

Where rude misgoverned hands from windows' tops
misgoverned (adj.) unruly, unrestrained
rude (adj.) 1 violent, harsh, unkind
windows' tops (n.) topmost windows, upper windows

Threw dust and rubbish on King Richard's head.


YORK

Then, as I said, the Duke, great Bolingbroke,

Mounted upon a hot and fiery steed

Which his aspiring rider seemed to know,

With slow but stately pace kept on his course,
pace (n.) 1 way of walking, gait

Whilst all tongues cried ‘ God save thee, Bolingbroke!’

You would have thought the very windows spake,

So many greedy looks of young and old

Through casements darted their desiring eyes
casement (n.) 1 window [on hinges and able to be opened]

Upon his visage, and that all the walls
visage (n.) 1 face, countenance See Topics: Frequency count

With painted imagery had said at once
imagery (n.) decorated cloth, painted fabric
once, at (adv.) all together, jointly, collectively

‘ Jesu preserve thee, welcome Bolingbroke,’

Whilst he, from the one side to the other turning,

Bare-headed, lower than his proud steed's neck

Bespake them thus: ‘I thank you, countrymen.'

And thus still doing, thus he passed along.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count


DUCHESS OF YORK

Alack, poor Richard! Where rode he the whilst?


YORK

As in a theatre the eyes of men,

After a well graced actor leaves the stage,
well-graced (adj.) full of pleasing qualities, well-favoured

Are idly bent on him that enters next,
idly (adv.) 3 indifferently, half-heartedly, unenthusiastically

Thinking his prattle to be tedious:

Even so, or with much more contempt, men's eyes

Did scowl on gentle Richard. No man cried ‘ God save him!’
gentle (adj.) 1 well-born, honourable, noble See Topics: Frequency count

No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home;

But dust was thrown upon his sacred head,

Which with such gentle sorrow he shook off,
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind

His face still combating with tears and smiles,
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count

The badges of his grief and patience,
badge (n.) 1 outward sign, symbol, mark

That had not God for some strong purpose steeled
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count
steel (v.) 1 turn to steel, harden

The hearts of men, they must perforce have melted,
perforce (adv.) 2 of necessity, with no choice in the matter See Topics: Frequency count

And barbarism itself have pitied him.
barbarism (n.) 3 savagery, people in the most uncivilized state

But heaven hath a hand in these events,

To whose high will we bound our calm contents.
bound (v.) 1 limit, confine, submit
content (n.) 1 pleasure, satisfaction, happiness

To Bolingbroke are we sworn subjects now,

Whose state and honour I for aye allow.
aye (adv.) always, ever, for eternity

Enter Aumerle


DUCHESS OF YORK

Here comes my son Aumerle.


YORK

                         Aumerle that was;

But that is lost for being Richard's friend;

And, madam, you must call him Rutland now.

I am in Parliament pledge for his truth
truth (n.) 1 loyalty, allegiance, faithfulness

And lasting fealty to the new-made King.
fealty (n.) [feudal obligation of obedience] duty of loyalty, allegiance, fidelity


DUCHESS OF YORK

Welcome, my son! Who are the violets now

That strew the green lap of the new-come spring?


AUMERLE

Madam, I know not, nor I greatly care not.

God knows I had as lief be none as one.
lief, had as should like just as much See Topics: Frequency count


YORK

Well, bear you well in this new spring of time,

Lest you be cropped before you come to prime.

What news from Oxford? Do these justs and triumphs hold?
hold (v.) 3 stand firm, continue, carry on
just (n.) joust, tournament
triumph (n.) 1 public festivity, pageant, display of celebration, tournament


AUMERLE

For aught I know, my lord, they do.
aught (n.) anything, [with negative word] nothing See Topics: Frequency count


YORK

You will be there, I know.


AUMERLE

If God prevent not, I purpose so.
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count


YORK

What seal is that that hangs without thy bosom?

Yea, lookest thou pale? Let me see the writing.


AUMERLE

My lord, 'tis nothing.


YORK

                         No matter, then, who see it.

I will be satisfied. Let me see the writing.


AUMERLE

I do beseech your grace to pardon me.

It is a matter of small consequence

Which for some reasons I would not have seen.


YORK

Which for some reasons, sir, I mean to see.

I fear – I fear!


DUCHESS OF YORK

                         What should you fear?

'Tis nothing but some bond that he is entered into

For gay apparel 'gainst the triumph day.
apparel (n.) clothes, clothing, dress See Topics: Frequency count


YORK

Bound to himself? What doth he with a bond

That he is bound to? Wife, thou art a fool.

Boy, let me see the writing.


AUMERLE

I do beseech you, pardon me. I may not show it.


YORK

I will be satisfied. Let me see it, I say.

He plucks it out of his bosom, and reads it

Treason! Foul treason! Villain! Traitor! Slave!


DUCHESS OF YORK

What is the matter, my lord?


YORK

Ho, who is within there? Saddle my horse.

God for his mercy! What treachery is here!


DUCHESS OF YORK

Why, what is it, my lord?


YORK

Give me my boots, I say. Saddle my horse.

Now, by mine honour, by my life, by my troth,

I will appeach the villain.
appeach (v.) denounce, inform against, impeach


DUCHESS OF YORK

What is the matter?


YORK

                         Peace, foolish woman.


DUCHESS OF YORK

I will not peace. What is the matter, Aumerle?


AUMERLE

Good mother, be content. It is no more
content (adj.) 3 satisfied, calm, easy in mind

Than my poor life must answer.
answer (v.) 3 satisfy, discharge, requite


DUCHESS OF YORK

                         Thy life answer?


YORK

Bring me my boots. I will unto the King.

His man enters with his boots
amaze (v.) 1 confuse, perplex, bewilder


DUCHESS OF YORK

Strike him, Aumerle! Poor boy, thou art amazed.

(To York's man)

Hence, villain! Never more come in my sight!


YORK

Give me my boots, I say!

York's man gives him the boots and goes out


DUCHESS OF YORK

Why, York, what wilt thou do?

Wilt thou not hide the trespass of thine own?

Have we more sons? Or are we like to have?
like (adv.) 1 likely, probable / probably See Topics: Frequency count

Is not my teeming-date drunk up with time?
teeming-date (n.) child-bearing age

And wilt thou pluck my fair son from mine age?

And rob me of a happy mother's name?

Is he not like thee? Is he not thine own?


YORK

Thou fond, mad woman,
fond (adj.) 1 foolish, stupid, mad

Wilt thou conceal this dark conspiracy?

A dozen of them here have ta'en the Sacrament

And interchangeably set down their hands
interchangeably (adv.) in turn, in exchange, reciprocally

To kill the King at Oxford.


DUCHESS OF YORK

                         He shall be none.

We'll keep him here. Then what is that to him?


YORK

Away, fond woman. Were he twenty times my son
fond (adj.) 1 foolish, stupid, mad

I would appeach him.
appeach (v.) denounce, inform against, impeach


DUCHESS OF YORK

Hadst thou groaned for him as I have done

Thou wouldst be more pitiful.

But now I know thy mind. Thou dost suspect

That I have been disloyal to thy bed,

And that he is a bastard, not thy son.

Sweet York, sweet husband, be not of that mind.

He is as like thee as a man may be;

Not like to me, or any of my kin,

And yet I love him.


YORK

                         Make way, unruly woman.

Exit


DUCHESS OF YORK

After, Aumerle. Mount thee upon his horse.

Spur, post, and get before him to the King,
post (v.) 1 hasten, speed, ride fast

And beg thy pardon ere he do accuse thee.

I'll not be long behind – though I be old,

I doubt not but to ride as fast as York;

And never will I rise up from the ground

Till Bolingbroke have pardoned thee. Away, be gone!

Exeunt

 
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