Romeo and Juliet


Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter Friar Laurence
fearful (adj.) 1 timid, timorous, frightened, full of fear


Romeo, come forth. Come forth, thou fearful man.

Affliction is enamoured of thy parts,
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]

And thou art wedded to calamity.

Enter Romeo
doom (n.) 1 judgement, sentence, decision


Father, what news? What is the Prince's doom?

What sorrow craves acquaintance at my hand
crave (v.) 2 need, demand, require

That I yet know not?


                         Too familiar

Is my dear son with such sour company.

I bring thee tidings of the Prince's doom.


What less than doomsday is the Prince's doom?


A gentler judgement vanished from his lips:
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind

Not body's death, but body's banishment.


Ha, banishment? Be merciful, say ‘ death.’

For exile hath more terror in his look,

Much more than death. Do not say ‘ banishment.’


Hence from Verona art thou banished.

Be patient, for the world is broad and wide.


There is no world without Verona walls,

But purgatory, torture, hell itself.

Hence banished is banished from the world,

And world's exile is death. Then ‘ banished ’

Is death mistermed. Calling death ‘ banished,’

Thou cuttest my head off with a golden axe

And smilest upon the stroke that murders me.


O deadly sin! O rude unthankfulness!

Thy fault our law calls death. But the kind Prince,

Taking thy part, hath rushed aside the law,

And turned that black word ‘ death ’ to banishment.

This is dear mercy, and thou seest it not.


'Tis torture, and not mercy. Heaven is here,

Where Juliet lives. And every cat and dog

And little mouse, every unworthy thing,

Live here in heaven and may look on her.

But Romeo may not. More validity,
validity (n.) 1 value, worth, estimation

More honourable state, more courtship lives
courtship (n.) court life, courtliness; also: wooing, courting

In carrion flies than Romeo. They may seize
carrion (adj.) 2 preying on rotting flesh

On the white wonder of dear Juliet's hand

And steal immortal blessing from her lips,

Who, even in pure and vestal modesty,

Still blush, as thinking their own kisses sin.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count

This may flies do, when I from this must fly.

And sayest thou yet that exile is not death?

But Romeo may not, he is banished.

Flies may do this but I from this must fly.

They are free men. But I am banished.

Hadst thou no poison mixed, no sharp-ground knife,

No sudden mean of death, though ne'er so mean,
mean (adj.) 2 lowly, humble, poor
mean (n.) 1 means, way, method

But ‘ banished ’ to kill me – ‘ banished ’?

O Friar, the damned use that word in hell.

Howlings attends it! How hast thou the heart,
attend (v.) 4 accompany, follow closely, go with

Being a divine, a ghostly confessor,
divine (n.) 1 clergyman, priest, parson
ghostly (adj.) spiritual, holy

A sin-absolver, and my friend professed,

To mangle me with that word ‘ banished ’?


Thou fond mad man, hear me a little speak.
fond (adj.) 1 foolish, stupid, mad


O, thou wilt speak again of banishment.


I'll give thee armour to keep off that word –

Adversity's sweet milk, philosophy,

To comfort thee, though thou art banished.


Yet ‘ banished ’? Hang up philosophy!

Unless philosophy can make a Juliet,

Displant a town, reverse a prince's doom,
displant (v.) transplant, remove, displace

It helps not, it prevails not. Talk no more.


O, then I see that madmen have no ears.


How should they, when that wise men have no eyes?


Let me dispute with thee of thy estate.
dispute (v.) 1 discuss, consider, deal with [a state of affairs]
estate (n.) 1 state, situation, circumstances


Thou canst not speak of that thou dost not feel.

Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love,

An hour but married, Tybalt murdered,

Doting like me, and like me banished,

Then mightst thou speak; then mightst thou tear thy hair,

And fall upon the ground, as I do now,

Taking the measure of an unmade grave.



Arise. One knocks. Good Romeo, hide thyself.


Not I; unless the breath of heartsick groans

Mist-like infold me from the search of eyes.
infold (v.) enfold, wrap up, conceal



Hark, how they knock! – Who's there? – Romeo, arise.

Thou wilt be taken. – Stay awhile! – Stand up.

by and by (adv.) 1 immediately, straightaway, directly

Run to my study. – By and by! – God's will,

What simpleness is this! – I come, I come!
simpleness (n.) 3 idiocy, stupidity, foolishness


Who knocks so hard? Whence come you? What's your will?


Let me come in, and you shall know my errand.

I come from Lady Juliet.


                         Welcome then.

Enter Nurse


O holy Friar, O, tell me, holy Friar,

Where's my lady's lord, where's Romeo?


There on the ground, with his own tears made drunk.


O, he is even in my mistress' case,
case (n.) 1 state, plight, situation, circumstance

Just in her case! O woeful sympathy!
just (adv.) 1 exactly, precisely
sympathy (n.) 1 accord, agreement, harmony

Piteous predicament! Even so lies she,

Blubbering and weeping, weeping and blubbering.

Stand up, stand up! Stand, an you be a man.

For Juliet's sake, for her sake, rise and stand!

Why should you fall into so deep an O?
O (n.) 4 sorrowful exclamation

He rises


Nurse –


                         Ah sir! ah sir! Death's the end of all.


Spakest thou of Juliet? How is it with her?

Doth not she think me an old murderer,
old (adj.) 6 experienced, practised, skilled

Now I have stained the childhood of our joy

With blood removed but little from her own?

Where is she? and how doth she? and what says

My concealed lady to our cancelled love?
cancelled (adj.) made null and void, invalidated
concealed (adj.) 1 unrevealed, kept secret, unacknowledged


O, she says nothing, sir, but weeps and weeps,

And now falls on her bed, and then starts up,

And Tybalt calls, and then on Romeo cries,
on (prep.) 1 against

And then down falls again.


                         As if that name,

Shot from the deadly level of a gun,
level (n.) 2 line of fire

Did murder her; as that name's cursed hand

Murdered her kinsman. O, tell me, Friar, tell me,

In what vile part of this anatomy
anatomy (n.) 2 body, cadaver, corpse

Doth my name lodge? Tell me, that I may sack
sack (v.) plunder, pillage, despoil

The hateful mansion.
offer (v.) 1 attempt, start, try, make a move

He offers to stab himself, and the Nurse snatches the

dagger away


                         Hold thy desperate hand.

Art thou a man? Thy form cries out thou art.

Thy tears are womanish. Thy wild acts denote

The unreasonable fury of a beast.
unreasonable (adj.) lacking the faculty of reason, irrational

Unseemly woman in a seeming man!
seeming (adj.) apparent, convincing in appearance

And ill-beseeming beast in seeming both!
ill-beseeming (adj.) unseemly, inappropriate, unbecoming

Thou hast amazed me. By my holy order,

I thought thy disposition better tempered.
disposition (n.) 2 natural temperament, normal state of mind
temper (v.) 1 blend, mix, concoct, compound

Hast thou slain Tybalt? Wilt thou slay thyself?

And slay thy lady that in thy life lives,

By doing damned hate upon thyself?

Why railest thou on thy birth, the heaven, and earth?
rail (v.) rant, rave, be abusive [about] See Topics: Frequency count

Since birth and heaven and earth, all three, do meet

In thee at once; which thou at once wouldst lose.

Fie, fie, thou shamest thy shape, thy love, thy wit,
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability See Topics: Frequency count

Which, like a usurer, aboundest in all,
usurer (n.) money-lender, one who charges excessive interest

And usest none in that true use indeed
true (adj.) 3 honourable, virtuous, sincere

Which should bedeck thy shape, thy love, thy wit.

Thy noble shape is but a form of wax,
form (n.) 1 image, likeness, shape

Digressing from the valour of a man;
digress (v.) deviate, diverge, depart

Thy dear love sworn but hollow perjury,

Killing that love which thou hast vowed to cherish;

Thy wit, that ornament to shape and love,

Misshapen in the conduct of them both,
conduct (n.) 2 guidance, direction
misshapen (adj.) gone awry, badly directed

Like powder in a skilless soldier's flask
flask (n.) powder-flask, case for carrying gunpowder
powder (n.) gunpowder

Is set afire by thine own ignorance,
afire (adj.) on fire, burning

And thou dismembered with thine own defence.
defence (n.) 3 arms, armour, means of defence
dismember (v.) blow to pieces, divide limb from limb

What, rouse thee, man! Thy Juliet is alive,

For whose dear sake thou wast but lately dead.

There art thou happy. Tybalt would kill thee,
happy (adj.) 1 fortunate, lucky, favoured

But thou slewest Tybalt. There art thou happy.

The law, that threatened death, becomes thy friend

And turns it to exile. There art thou happy.

A pack of blessings light upon thy back.

Happiness courts thee in her best array.

But, like a mishaved and sullen wench,
mishaved (adj.) badly behaved
wench (n.) girl, lass See Topics: Frequency count

Thou pouts upon thy fortune and thy love.
fortune (n.) 4 lucky chance, good luck

Take heed, take heed, for such die miserable.

Go, get thee to thy love, as was decreed.
decree (v.) arrange, decide, resolve

Ascend her chamber. Hence and comfort her.

But look thou stay not till the Watch be set,
watch (n.) 1 watchmen, officers, street patrol

For then thou canst not pass to Mantua,

Where thou shalt live till we can find a time

To blaze your marriage, reconcile your friends,
blaze, blaze forth (v.) proclaim, divulge, make known

Beg pardon of the Prince, and call thee back

With twenty hundred thousand times more joy

Than thou wentest forth in lamentation.

Go before, Nurse. Commend me to thy lady,
commend (v.) 1 convey greetings, present kind regards See Topics: Frequency count

And bid her hasten all the house to bed,

Which heavy sorrow makes them apt unto.
apt (adj.) 4 likely, inclined, prone
heavy (adj.) 2 grave, serious, weighty
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy See Topics: Frequency count

Romeo is coming.


O Lord, I could have stayed here all the night

To hear good counsel. O, what learning is! –

My lord, I'll tell my lady you will come.


Do so, and bid my sweet prepare to chide.
chide (v.), past form chid 1 scold, rebuke, reprove See Topics: Frequency count

The Nurse begins to go in and turns back again


Here, sir, a ring she bid me give you, sir.

Hie you, make haste, for it grows very late.
hie (v.) hasten, hurry, speed See Topics: Frequency count

Exit Nurse


How well my comfort is revived by this!
comfort (n.) 2 happiness, joy, cheerfulness


Go hence. Good night. And here stands all your state:
stand (v.) 1 be, appear
state (n.) 1 condition, circumstances, situation, state of affairs

Either be gone before the Watch be set,

Or by the break of day disguised from hence.

Sojourn in Mantua. I'll find out your man,
sojourn (v.) 1 pause, reside, stay for a while

And he shall signify from time to time
signify (v.) report, make known, declare

Every good hap to you that chances here.
hap (n.) 3 happening, event, occurrence

Give me thy hand. 'Tis late. Farewell. Good night.


But that a joy past joy calls out on me,

It were a grief so brief to part with thee.
brief (adv.) 2 hurriedly, rapidly, in a rush
part (v.) 1 depart [from], leave, quit



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