Julius Caesar

Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V

Enter Caesar, Brutus, Cassius, Casca, Decius, Metellus,

Trebonius, Cinna, Antony, Lepidus, Popilius,

Artemidorus, Publius, and the Soothsayer


(to the Soothsayer) The ides of March are come.


Ay, Caesar, but not gone.


Hail, Caesar! Read this schedule.
schedule (n.) 2 document, paper, scroll


Trebonius doth desire you to o'er-read,
over-read (v.) read over, read through

At your best leisure, this his humble suit.
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition See Topics: Frequency count


O Caesar, read mine first; for mine's a suit

That touches Caesar nearer. Read it, great Caesar.
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition See Topics: Frequency count
touch (v.) 2 refer to, treat of, deal with


What touches us ourself shall be last served.


Delay not, Caesar. Read it instantly.


What, is the fellow mad?
place (n.) 6 way, room


                         Sirrah, give place.


What, urge you your petitions in the street?

Come to the Capitol.

Caesar enters the Capitol, the rest following


I wish your enterprise today may thrive.


What enterprise, Popilius?


                         Fare you well.

He goes to speak to Caesar


What said Popilius Lena?


He wished today our enterprise might thrive.

I fear our purpose is discovered.
discover (v.) 3 expose, uncover, give away
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count


Look how he makes to Caesar: mark him.
make to (v.) move towards, go in the direction of
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count


Casca, be sudden, for we fear prevention.
prevention (n.) 1 forestalling action, preventive measure
sudden (adj.) 1 swift, rapid, prompt

Brutus, what shall be done? If this be known,

Cassius or Caesar never shall turn back,
turn back (v.) 3 go back, return alive

For I will slay myself.


                         Cassius, be constant:

Popilius Lena speaks not of our purposes;
purpose (n.) 1 intention, aim, plan See Topics: Frequency count

For look, he smiles, and Caesar doth not change.
change (v.) 4 change countenance, turn pale


Trebonius knows his time; for look you, Brutus,

He draws Mark Antony out of the way.

Exeunt Antony and Trebonius


Where is Metellus Cimber? Let him go,

And presently prefer his suit to Caesar.
prefer (v.) 1 promote, advance, recommend
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once See Topics: Frequency count
suit (n.) 1 formal request, entreaty, petition See Topics: Frequency count


He is addressed. Press near and second him.
address (v.) 1 prepare, make ready, poise to act


Casca, you are the first that rears your hand.


Are we all ready? What is now amiss

That Caesar and his senate must redress?


puissant (adj.) powerful, mighty, strong

Most high, most mighty, and most puissant Caesar,

Metellus Cimber throws before thy seat

An humble heart –
prevent (v.) 1 forestall, anticipate


                         I must prevent thee, Cimber;

These couchings, and these lowly courtesies
couching (n.) bowing, prostration, stooping
courtesy, cur'sy, curtsy (n.) 2 curtsy, bow, gesture of respect

Might fire the blood of ordinary men,

And turn pre-ordinance and first decree
pre-ordinance (n.) pre-ordained law, previously established ordinance

Into the law of children. Be not fond,
fond (adj.) 1 foolish, stupid, mad

To think that Caesar bears such rebel blood
blood (n.) 1 passion, feeling, strong emotion [especially sexual]
rebel (adj.) rebellious, uncontrollable, recalcitrant

That will be thawed from the true quality

With that which melteth fools – I mean sweet words,

Low-crooked curtsies and base spaniel fawning.
base (adj.) 2 low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rank See Topics: Frequency count
courtesy, cur'sy, curtsy (n.) 2 curtsy, bow, gesture of respect
low-crooked (adj.) low-bending, profound
spaniel (adj.) obsequious, slavish, submissive

Thy brother by decree is banished:

If thou dost bend and pray and fawn for him,

I spurn thee like a cur out of my way.
spurn (v.) 2 kick, strike, stamp [on], dash

Know, Caesar doth not wrong, nor without cause

Will he be satisfied.


Is there no voice more worthy than my own,

To sound more sweetly in great Caesar's ear

For the repealing of my banished brother?
repealing (n.) recall, return from banishmenth


I kiss thy hand, but not in flattery, Caesar,

Desiring thee that Publius Cimber may

Have an immediate freedom of repeal.
freedom (n.) 1 concession, privilege, permission
repeal (n.) recall, return from banishment


What, Brutus?



                         Pardon, Caesar; Caesar, pardon;

As low as to thy foot doth Cassius fall,

To beg enfranchisement for Publius Cimber.
enfranchisement (n.) freedom, liberation, release


I could be well moved, if I were as you;

If I could pray to move, prayers would move me;

But I am constant as the northern star,
constant (adj.) 3 unmoving, unchanging, fixed

Of whose true-fixed and resting quality
resting (adj.) stationary, unchanging, stable
true-fixed (adj.) firmly established, immovable, unwavering

There is no fellow in the firmament.

The skies are painted with unnumbered sparks,
paint (v.) adorn, beautify, enhance
unnumbered (adj.) innumerable, countless, uncountable

They are all fire, and every one doth shine;

But there's but one in all doth hold his place.
place (n.) 2 precedence, proper place

So in the world: 'tis furnished well with men,
furnish (v.) 1 provide, supply, possess

And men are flesh and blood, and apprehensive;
apprehensive (adj.) quick-learning, perceptive, ever alert

Yet in the number I do know but one

That unassailable holds on his rank,
rank (n.) 2 position, place

Unshaked of motion; and that I am he,

Let me a little show it, even in this:

That I was constant Cimber should be banished,

And constant do remain to keep him so.
constant (adj.) 2 settled, resolved, decided


O Caesar –


                         Hence! Wilt thou lift up Olympus?


Great Caesar –
bootless (adv.) fruitlessly, uselessly, unsuccessfully, in vain


                         Doth not Brutus bootless kneel?


Speak hands for me!

They stab Caesar


Et tu, Brute? – Then fall Caesar!
et tu... and thou, Brutus? See Topics: Latin

He dies


Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead!

Run hence, proclaim, cry it about the streets.


Some to the common pulpits, and cry out,
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum

‘ Liberty, freedom, and enfranchisement!’
enfranchisement (n.) freedom, liberation, release


People and senators, be not affrighted.

Fly not; stand still; ambition's debt is paid.


Go to the pulpit, Brutus.
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum


                         And Cassius too.


Where's Publius?


Here, quite confounded with this mutiny.
confound (v.) 6 amaze, dumbfound, stun
mutiny (n.) 1 riot, civil disturbance, state of discord


Stand fast together, lest some friend of Caesar's

Should chance –


Talk not of standing. Publius, good cheer;
stand (v.) 13 make a stand [against], fight, resist

There is no harm intended to your person,

Nor to no Roman else. So tell them, Publius.


And leave us, Publius, lest that the people,

Rushing on us, should do your age some mischief.
age (n.) 2 mature years, old age


Do so; and let no man abide this deed
abide (v.) 6 pay the penalty for, suffer for, take the consequences of

But we the doers.

Enter Trebonius
amazed (adj.) dumbfounded, stunned, thunderstruck, overwhelmed


Where is Antony?


                         Fled to his house amazed.

Men, wives, and children stare, cry out, and run,

As it were doomsday.


                         Fates, we will know your pleasures.

That we shall die, we know; 'tis but the time

And drawing days out, that men stand upon.
draw out (v.) 2 extend, prolong, protract
stand upon (v.) 1 make an issue of, insist upon, bother about


Why, he that cuts off twenty years of life

Cuts off so many years of fearing death.


Grant that, and then is death a benefit:

So are we Caesar's friends, that have abridged
abridge (v.) 1 shorten, cut short

His time of fearing death. Stoop, Romans, stoop,

And let us bathe our hands in Caesar's blood

Up to the elbows, and besmear our swords:
besmear (v.) 1 smear over, bedaub

Then walk we forth, even to the market-place,

And waving our red weapons o'er our heads,

Let's all cry, ‘ Peace, freedom, and liberty!’


Stoop then, and wash. How many ages hence

Shall this our lofty scene be acted over,

In states unborn, and accents yet unknown!
accent (n.) 2 language, tongue


How many times shall Caesar bleed in sport,
sport (n.) 1 recreation, amusement, entertainment See Topics: Frequency count

That now on Pompey's basis lies along,
along (adv.) at full length, stretched out, prostrate
basis (n.) 2 pedestal

No worthier than the dust!
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count


                         So oft as that shall be,

So often shall the knot of us be called
knot (n.) 1 company, band, assembly

The men that gave their country liberty.


What, shall we forth?


                         Ay, every man away.

Brutus shall lead, and we will grace his heels
grace (v.) 1 favour, add merit to, do honour to

With the most boldest and best hearts of Rome.

Enter a Servant


Soft, who comes here? A friend of Antony's.



Thus, Brutus, did my master bid me kneel;

Thus did Mark Antony bid me fall down;

And, being prostrate, thus he bade me say:
bid (v.), past form bade 1 command, order, enjoin, tell

Brutus is noble, wise, valiant, and honest;
honest (adj.) 2 honourable, respectable, upright

Caesar was mighty, bold, royal, and loving:
royal (adj.) 3 generous, munificent, bountiful

Say I love Brutus, and I honour him;

Say I feared Caesar, honoured him, and loved him.

If Brutus will vouchsafe that Antony
vouchsafe (v.) 1 allow, permit, grant See Topics: Politeness

May safely come to him, and be resolved

How Caesar hath deserved to lie in death,

Mark Antony shall not love Caesar dead

So well as Brutus living; but will follow

The fortunes and affairs of noble Brutus

Thorough the hazards of this untrod state,
state (n.) 1 condition, circumstances, situation, state of affairs
untrod (adj.) unprecedented, untraversed

With all true faith. So says my master Antony.


Thy master is a wise and valiant Roman;

I never thought him worse.

Tell him, so please him come unto this place,

He shall be satisfied; and, by my honour,

Depart untouched.
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once See Topics: Frequency count


                         I'll fetch him presently.

Exit Servant


I know that we shall have him well to friend.


I wish we may: but yet have I a mind
mind (n.) 4 feeling, presentiment, misgiving

That fears him much; and my misgiving still

Falls shrewdly to the purpose.
fall (v.) 4 work out, happen, turn out
purpose (n.) 2 point at issue, matter in hand
shrewdly (adv.) 1 seriously, mightily, very much
still (adv.) 2 ever, now [as before]

Enter Antony


But here comes Antony. Welcome, Mark Antony.


O mighty Caesar! Dost thou lie so low?

Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils

Shrunk to this little measure? Fare thee well.
measure (n.) 1 extent, size, amount, quantity, mass

I know not, gentlemen, what you intend,

Who else must be let blood, who else is rank:
let blood 1 slaughter, kill, massacre
rank (adj.) 3 foul, festering, diseased

If I myself, there is no hour so fit

As Caesar's death's hour; nor no instrument

Of half that worth as those your swords, made rich

With the most noble blood of all this world.

I do beseech ye, if you bear me hard,
bear hard bear ill will towards, feel resentment against

Now, whilst your purpled hands do reek and smoke,
purpled (adj.) reddened with blood, bloodstained
reek (v.) 1 steam, smoke, give off vapour

Fulfil your pleasure. Live a thousand years,

I shall not find myself so apt to die;
apt (adj.) 1 fit, ready, prepared

No place will please me so, no mean of death,
mean (n.) 1 means, way, method

As here by Caesar, and by you cut off,

The choice and master spirits of this age.
choice (adj.) 1 chosen, specially worthy, excellent


O Antony, beg not your death of us.

Though now we must appear bloody and cruel,

As by our hands and this our present act

You see we do, yet see you but our hands

And this the bleeding business they have done.
bleeding (adj.) 1 bloody, blood-soaked, bloodstained

Our hearts you see not; they are pitiful;
pitiful (adj.) compassionate, merciful, tender

And pity to the general wrong of Rome –

As fire drives out fire, so pity, pity –

Hath done this deed on Caesar. For your part,

To you our swords have leaden points, Mark Antony;
leaden (adj.) 2 heavy, dull, spiritless

Our arms in strength of malice, and our hearts

Of brothers' temper, do receive you in
temper (n.) 1 frame of mind, temperament, disposition

With all kind love, good thoughts, and reverence.


Your voice shall be as strong as any man's

In the disposing of new dignities.
dignity (n.) 2 official position, high office, rule


Only be patient till we have appeased

The multitude, beside themselves with fear,

And then we will deliver you the cause
deliver (v.) 1 report [to], communicate [to], tell, describe

Why I, that did love Caesar when I struck him,

Have thus proceeded.


                         I doubt not of your wisdom.

Let each man render me his bloody hand.

First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you;

Next, Caius Cassius, do I take your hand;

Now, Decius Brutus, yours; now yours, Metellus;

Yours, Cinna; and, my valiant Casca, yours;

Though last, not least in love, yours, good Trebonius.

Gentlemen all – alas, what shall I say?

My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
credit (n.) 1 credibility, believing, belief

That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
conceit (v.) conceive an idea [of], think, imagine

Either a coward, or a flatterer.

That I did love thee, Caesar, O, 'tis true!

If then thy spirit look upon us now,

Shall it not grieve thee dearer than thy death,
dear (adv.) 2 sorely, keenly, bitterly

To see thy Antony making his peace,

Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,

Most noble, in the presence of thy corse?
corse (n.) corpse, dead body See Topics: Frequency count

Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,

Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,

It would become me better than to close
become (v.) 1 be fitting, befit, be appropriate to See Topics: Frequency count
close (v.) 1 agree, come to terms, compromise

In terms of friendship with thine enemies.

Pardon me, Julius! Here wast thou bayed, brave hart;
bay (v.) 1 bring to bay, drive to a last stand
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent

Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand,

Signed in thy spoil, and crimsoned in thy lethe.
lethe (n.) death, oblivion, life-blood
sign (v.) 1 mark distinctively, bear a signature
spoil (n.) 3 slaughter, destruction, ruination

O world, thou wast the forest to this hart;

And this indeed, O world, the heart of thee.

How like a deer, strucken by many princes,

Dost thou here lie!


Mark Antony –


                         Pardon me, Caius Cassius;

The enemies of Caesar shall say this;

Then, in a friend, it is cold modesty.
cold (adj.) 6 calm, cool, deliberate
modesty (n.) 1 moderation, restraint, discipline


I blame you not for praising Caesar so;

But what compact mean you to have with us?
compact (n.) agreement, contract, covenant

Will you be pricked in number of our friends,
prick down, prick (v.) mark (down), put on a list, record in writing

Or shall we on, and not depend on you?


Therefore I took your hands, but was indeed

Swayed from the point by looking down on Caesar.

Friends am I with you all, and love you all,

Upon this hope, that you shall give me reasons

Why, and wherein, Caesar was dangerous.


Or else were this a savage spectacle.

Our reasons are so full of good regard,
regard (n.) 2 consideration, respect, factor

That were you, Antony, the son of Caesar,

You should be satisfied.


                         That's all I seek,

And am moreover suitor that I may

Produce his body to the market-place,

And in the pulpit, as becomes a friend,
become (v.) 1 be fitting, befit, be appropriate to See Topics: Frequency count
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum

Speak in the order of his funeral.
order (n.) 1 arrangement, disposition, direction


You shall, Mark Antony.


                         Brutus, a word with you.

(aside to Brutus) You know not what you do; do not consent

That Antony speak in his funeral.

Know you how much the people may be moved

By that which he will utter?


(aside to Cassius)

                          By your pardon:

I will myself into the pulpit first,
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum

And show the reason of our Caesar's death.

What Antony shall speak, I will protest
protest (v.) 1 make protestation, avow, affirm, proclaim

He speaks by leave and by permission;

And that we are contented Caesar shall

Have all true rites and lawful ceremonies,
true (adj.) 6 legitimate, rightful, honourable

It shall advantage more than do us wrong.
advantage (v.) 1 benefit, help, aid


(aside to Brutus)
fall (v.) 4 work out, happen, turn out

I know not what may fall; I like it not.


Mark Antony, here take you Caesar's body.

You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,

But speak all good you can devise of Caesar,

And say you do't by our permission;

Else shall you not have any hand at all

About his funeral. And you shall speak

In the same pulpit whereto I am going,
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum

After my speech is ended.


                         Be it so;

I do desire no more.


Prepare the body, then, and follow us.


Antony remains


O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,

That I am meek and gentle with these butchers.
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind

Thou art the ruins of the noblest man

That ever lived in the tide of times.
tide (n.) 2 course, stream, passage
time (n.) 5 past time, history

Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!

Over thy wounds now do I prophesy –

Which like dumb mouths do ope their ruby lips,
ope (v.) open See Topics: Frequency count

To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue –

A curse shall light upon the limbs of men;

Domestic fury and fierce civil strife
domestic (adj.) 1 internal, to do with home affairs, local

Shall cumber all the parts of Italy;
cumber (v.) distress, trouble, burden

Blood and destruction shall be so in use
use (n.) 1 usual practice, habit, custom

And dreadful objects so familiar,

That mothers shall but smile when they behold

Their infants quartered with the hands of war,
quarter (v.) 2 cut to pieces, hack, mutilate

All pity choked with custom of fell deeds;
custom (n.) 1 habit, usual practice, customary usage
fell (adj.) 1 cruel, fierce, savage

And Caesar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
range (v.) 1 wander freely, roam, rove

With Ate by his side, come hot from hell,

Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice
confine (n.) 1 territory, region, domain

Cry havoc and let slip the dogs of war,
havoc (n.) [in fighting and hunting: calling for] total slaughter, general devastation
slip, let let go, allow to leave, unleash

That this foul deed shall smell above the earth

With carrion men, groaning for burial.
carrion (adj.) 3 lean as carrion, skeleton-like; or: putrefying

Enter Octavius's Servant

You serve Octavius Caesar, do you not?


I do, Mark Antony.


Caesar did write for him to come to Rome.


He did receive his letters, and is coming,

And bid me say to you by word of mouth –

O Caesar!


Thy heart is big; get thee apart and weep.
big (adj.) 1 pregnant [with], swollen

Passion, I see, is catching, for mine eyes,
passion (n.) 3 suffering, torment, deep grief

Seeing those beads of sorrow stand in thine,
bead (n.) 2 drop of liquid, tear-drop

Began to water. Is thy master coming?


He lies tonight within seven leagues of Rome.
lie (v.) 1 live, dwell, reside, lodge


Post back with speed, and tell him what hath chanced.
chance (v.) 1 happen [to], transpire, come about
post (v.) 1 hasten, speed, ride fast

Here is a mourning Rome, a dangerous Rome,

No Rome of safety for Octavius yet.

Hie hence, and tell him so. Yet stay awhile;
hie (v.) hasten, hurry, speed See Topics: Frequency count

Thou shalt not back till I have borne this corse
corse (n.) corpse, dead body See Topics: Frequency count

Into the market-place; there shall I try,
try (v.) 1 prove, ascertain, find out

In my oration, how the people take

The cruel issue of these bloody men;
issue (n.) 4 action, deed, proceeding

According to the which, thou shalt discourse
discourse (v.) 2 relate, talk about, recount

To young Octavius of the state of things.

Lend me your hand.


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