Richard III


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Enter one Citizen at one door, and another at the

other


FIRST CITIZEN

Good morrow, neighbour. Whither away so fast?
morrow (n.) morning See Topics: Frequency count


SECOND CITIZEN

I promise you, I scarcely know myself.
promise (v.) 1 assure, declare [to], tell plainly

Hear you the news abroad?


FIRST CITIZEN

                         Yes, that the King is dead.


SECOND CITIZEN

Ill news, by'r Lady – seldom comes the better.
ill (adj.) 1 bad, adverse, unfavourable See Topics: Frequency count

I fear, I fear 'twill prove a giddy world.
giddy (adj.) 4 mad, crazy, insane

Enter another Citizen


THIRD CITIZEN

Neighbours, God speed!


FIRST CITIZEN

                         Give you good morrow, sir.


THIRD CITIZEN

Doth the news hold of good King Edward's death?


SECOND CITIZEN

Ay, sir, it is too true. God help the while!


THIRD CITIZEN

Then, masters, look to see a troublous world.
troublous (adj.) troubled, disturbed, confused


FIRST CITIZEN

No, no! By God's good grace his son shall reign.


THIRD CITIZEN

Woe to that land that's governed by a child!


SECOND CITIZEN

In him there is a hope of government,

Which, in his nonage, council under him,
nonage (n.) minority, period of legal infancy

And, in his full and ripened years, himself,

No doubt shall then, and till then, govern well.


FIRST CITIZEN

So stood the state when Henry the Sixth

Was crowned in Paris but at nine months old.


THIRD CITIZEN

Stood the state so? No, no, good friends, God wot!
wot (v.) 1 learn, know, be told See Topics: Frequency count

For then this land was famously enriched
famously (adv.) gloriously, with renown

With politic grave counsel; then the King
politic (adj.) 1 prudent, cautious, discreet, shrewd

Had virtuous uncles to protect his grace.


FIRST CITIZEN

Why, so hath this, both by his father and mother.


THIRD CITIZEN

Better it were they all came by his father,

Or by his father there were none at all;

For emulation who shall now be nearest
emulation (n.) 1 ambitious rivalry, contention, conflict
near (adj.) 1 close to the throne [in order of succession], near relation

Will touch us all too near, if God prevent not.
near (adv.) 1 closely, intimately, seriously
touch (v.) 8 wound, hurt, injure

O, full of danger is the Duke of Gloucester,

And the Queen's sons and brothers haught and proud;
haught (adj.) haughty, arrogant, high-and-mighty

And were they to be ruled, and not to rule,

This sickly land might solace as before.
solace (v.) 1 take comfort, be happy, cheer [oneself]


FIRST CITIZEN

Come, come, we fear the worst. All shall be well.


THIRD CITIZEN

When clouds are seen, wise men put on their cloaks;

When great leaves fall, the winter is at hand;

When the sun sets, who doth not look for night?

Untimely storms makes men expect a dearth.
untimely (adj.) premature, coming before its time

All may be well; but if God sort it so,
sort (v.) 2 choose, find, arrange

'Tis more than we deserve or I expect.


SECOND CITIZEN

Truly, the hearts of men are full of fear;

You cannot reason almost with a man
reason (v.) 1 talk, speak, converse

That looks not heavily and full of dread.
heavily (adv.) sorrowfully, sadly, gloomily


THIRD CITIZEN

Before the days of change, still is it so.

By a divine instinct men's minds mistrust

Ensuing danger; as by proof we see
proof (n.) 2 experience, actual practice, tried knowledge

The water swell before a boisterous storm.
boisterous (adj.) 2 tumultuous, violent, tempestuous

But leave it all to God. Whither away?


SECOND CITIZEN

Marry, we were sent for to the justices.


THIRD CITIZEN

And so was I. I'll bear you company.

Exeunt

 
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