Henry VI Part 3


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Flourish. Enter the King, Queen, Clifford, Northumberland,

and the young Prince, with drum and

trumpets


QUEEN

Welcome, my lord, to this brave town of York.
brave (adj.) 1 fine, excellent, splendid, impressive See Topics: Frequency count

Yonder's the head of that arch-enemy
arch (adj.) chief, principal, pre-eminent

That sought to be encompassed with your crown.
encompass (v.) 1 surround, encircle, enclose

Doth not the object cheer your heart, my lord?
object (n.) 1 spectacle, sight, object of attention


KING

Ay, as the rocks cheer them that fear their wrack:
wrack (v.) 1 wreck, shipwreck, lose at sea

To see this sight, it irks my very soul.

Withhold revenge, dear God! 'Tis not my fault,

Nor wittingly have I infringed my vow.
wittingly (adv.) deliberately, knowingly, intentionally


CLIFFORD

My gracious liege, this too much lenity
lenity (n.) mildness, gentleness, mercifulness

And harmful pity must be laid aside.

To whom do lions cast their gentle looks?
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind

Not to the beast that would usurp their den.

Whose hand is that the forest bear doth lick?

Not his that spoils her young before her face.
spoil (v.) 4 seize by force, carry off, take away

Who 'scapes the lurking serpent's mortal sting?
mortal (adj.) 1 fatal, deadly, lethal
scape, 'scape (v.) escape, avoid See Topics: Frequency count

Not he that sets his foot upon her back.

The smallest worm will turn, being trodden on,

And doves will peck in safeguard of their brood.
safeguard (n.) safeguarding, defence, protection

Ambitious York did level at thy crown,
level at (v.) 1 aim for, have as a target

Thou smiling while he knit his angry brows;
brow (n.) 3 eyebrow

He, but a duke, would have his son a king,

And raise his issue like a loving sire;
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant See Topics: Frequency count
raise (v.) 4 elevate in rank, advance, promote

Thou, being a king, blest with a goodly son,

Didst yield consent to disinherit him,

Which argued thee a most unloving father.
argue (v.) 1 indicate, betoken, be evidence of

Unreasonable creatures feed their young;
unreasonable (adj.) lacking the faculty of reason, irrational

And though man's face be fearful to their eyes,
fearful (adj.) 2 causing fear, awe-inspiring, terrifying, alarming

Yet, in protection of their tender ones,

Who hath not seen them, even with those wings

Which sometime they have used with fearful flight,
fearful (adj.) 1 timid, timorous, frightened, full of fear
sometime (adv.) 2 sometimes, now and then

Make war with him that climbed unto their nest,

Offering their own lives in their young's defence?

For shame, my liege, make them your precedent!

Were it not pity that this goodly boy
goodly (adj.) 2 good-looking, handsome, attractive, comely

Should lose his birthright by his father's fault,

And long hereafter say unto his child

‘What my great-grandfather and his grandsire got

My careless father fondly gave away'?
fondly (adv.) foolishly, stupidly, madly

Ah, what a shame were this! Look on the boy;

And let his manly face, which promiseth

Successful fortune, steel thy melting heart

To hold thine own and leave thine own with him.


KING

Full well hath Clifford played the orator,

Inferring arguments of mighty force.
infer (v.) 1 adduce, bring up, put forward

But, Clifford, tell me, didst thou never hear

That things ill got had ever bad success?
ill (adv.) 1 badly, adversely, unfavourably See Topics: Frequency count
success (n.) 1 result, outcome, issue

And happy always was it for that son
happy (adj.) 1 fortunate, lucky, favoured

Whose father for his hoarding went to hell?

I'll leave my son my virtuous deeds behind;

And would my father had left me no more!

For all the rest is held at such a rate
rate (n.) 5 cost, expense

As brings a thousand-fold more care to keep

Than in possession any jot of pleasure.

Ah, cousin York! Would thy best friends did know

How it doth grieve me that thy head is here!


QUEEN

My lord, cheer up your spirits; our foes are nigh,

And this soft courage makes your followers faint.
courage (n.) 1 spirit, disposition, nature
faint (v.) 1 lose courage, show fear, lose heart, take fright
soft (adj.) 3 weak, faint, soft-hearted

You promised knighthood to our forward son;
forward (adj.) 7 promising, early-maturing, precocious

Unsheathe your sword and dub him presently.
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once See Topics: Frequency count

Edward, kneel down.


KING

Edward Plantagenet, arise a knight;

And learn this lesson: draw thy sword in right.
right (n.) 2 justice, rightfulness, justification


PRINCE

My gracious father, by your kingly leave,

I'll draw it as apparent to the crown,
apparent (n.) heir-apparent, closest in line

And in that quarrel use it to the death.


CLIFFORD

Why, that is spoken like a toward prince.
toward (adj.) 2 promising, bold, future

Enter a Messenger


MESSENGER

Royal commanders, be in readiness;

For with a band of thirty thousand men

Comes Warwick, backing of the Duke of York;
backing (n.) backing up, being in support

And in the towns, as they do march along,

Proclaims him king, and many fly to him.

Darraign your battle, for they are at hand.
battle (n.) 1 army, fighting force, battalion
darraign (v.) array, set in order, prepare


CLIFFORD

I would your highness would depart the field;
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

The Queen hath best success when you are absent.
success (n.) 1 result, outcome, issue


QUEEN

Ay, good my lord, and leave us to our fortune.


KING

Why, that's my fortune too; therefore I'll stay.


NORTHUMBERLAND

Be it with resolution then to fight.


PRINCE

My royal father, cheer these noble lords,
cheer (v.) encourage, urge on, galvanize

And hearten those that fight in your defence;

Unsheathe your sword, good father; cry ‘ Saint George!’

March. Enter Edward, Warwick, Richard, George,

Norfolk, Montague, and soldiers


EDWARD

Now, perjured Henry, wilt thou kneel for grace,

And set thy diadem upon my head;
diadem (n.) crown, sovereign power

Or bide the mortal fortune of the field?
bide (v.) 2 face, await, undergo
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count
fortune (n.) 3 chance, fate, [one's ] lot
mortal (adj.) 1 fatal, deadly, lethal


QUEEN

Go, rate thy minions, proud insulting boy!
minion (n.) 1 darling, favourite, select one
rate (v.) 1 berate, reproach, rebuke, scold

Becomes it thee to be thus bold in terms
become (v.) 1 be fitting, befit, be appropriate to See Topics: Frequency count
term (n.) 1 word, expression, utterance

Before thy sovereign and thy lawful king?


EDWARD

I am his king, and he should bow his knee.

I was adopted heir by his consent;

Since when, his oath is broke; for, as I hear,

You, that are king, though he do wear the crown,

Have caused him by new act of parliament

To blot out me, and put his own son in.
blot out (v.) cross out, erase, obliterate


CLIFFORD

And reason too;
reason (n.) 3 reasonable view, sensible judgement, right opinion

Who should succeed the father but the son?


RICHARD

Are you there, butcher? O, I cannot speak!


CLIFFORD

Ay, crook-back, here I stand to answer thee,

Or any he the proudest of thy sort.
he (n.) man, person
sort (n.) 2 pack, crowd, gang


RICHARD

'Twas you that killed young Rutland, was it not?


CLIFFORD

Ay, and old York, and yet not satisfied.


RICHARD

For God's sake, lords, give signal to the fight.


WARWICK

What sayst thou, Henry? Wilt thou yield the crown?


QUEEN

Why, how now, long-tongued Warwick! Dare you speak?
long-tongued (adj.) chattering, prattling

When you and I met at Saint Albans last,

Your legs did better service than your hands.


WARWICK

Then 'twas my turn to fly, and now 'tis thine.


CLIFFORD

You said so much before, and yet you fled.


WARWICK

'Twas not your valour, Clifford, drove me thence.


NORTHUMBERLAND

No, nor your manhood that durst make you stay.


RICHARD

Northumberland, I hold thee reverently.
hold (v.) 10 consider, regard, esteem, value [as]
reverently (adv.) with profound respect, in great esteem

Break off the parley; for scarce I can refrain
refrain (v.) restrain, hold back, keep under control

The execution of my big-swollen heart
execution (n.) 2 exercising, putting into operation

Upon that Clifford, that cruel child-killer.


CLIFFORD

I slew thy father; callest thou him a child?


RICHARD

Ay, like a dastard and a treacherous coward,
dastard (n.) coward, sissy, runaway, traitor

As thou didst kill our tender brother Rutland;

But ere sun set I'll make thee curse the deed.


KING

Have done with words, my lords, and hear me speak.


QUEEN

Defy them then, or else hold close thy lips.


KING

I prithee give no limits to my tongue;

I am a king and privileged to speak.


CLIFFORD

My liege, the wound that bred this meeting here

Cannot be cured by words; therefore be still.
still (adj.) 1 silent, quiet


RICHARD

Then, executioner, unsheathe thy sword.

By Him that made us all, I am resolved
resolved (adj.) 2 convinced, satisfied, assured

That Clifford's manhood lies upon his tongue.


EDWARD

Say, Henry, shall I have my right or no?

A thousand men have broke their fasts today,

That ne'er shall dine unless thou yield the crown.


WARWICK

If thou deny, their blood upon thy head;
deny (v.) 3 disallow, forbid, refuse permission [for]

For York in justice puts his armour on.


PRINCE

If that be right which Warwick says is right,

There is no wrong, but everything is right.


RICHARD

Whoever got thee, there thy mother stands;
get (v.) 1 beget, conceive, breed

For, well I wot, thou hast thy mother's tongue.
wot (v.) 1 learn, know, be told See Topics: Frequency count


QUEEN

But thou art neither like thy sire nor dam;
dam (n.) mother See Topics: Family
sire (n.) father

But like a foul misshapen stigmatic,
stigmatic (n.) misshapen individual, person marked by physical deformity

Marked by the destinies to be avoided,
mark (v.) 2 destine, brand, designate

As venom toads or lizards' dreadful stings.
venom (adj.) venomous, poisonous, spiteful


RICHARD

Iron of Naples hid with English gilt,

Whose father bears the title of a king –

As if a channel should be called the sea –
channel (n.) 2 open drain, gutter

Shamest thou not, knowing whence thou art extraught,
extraught (adj.) descended, derived, extracted

To let thy tongue detect thy base-born heart?
base-born (adj.) of low birth, lowborn, plebeian
detect (v.) 2 reveal, betray, show


EDWARD

A wisp of straw were worth a thousand crowns

To make this shameless callet know herself.
callet, callot (n.) 1 slut, drab, harlot

Helen of Greece was fairer far than thou,

Although thy husband may be Menelaus;

And ne'er was Agamemnon's brother wronged

By that false woman, as this king by thee.
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious See Topics: Frequency count

His father revelled in the heart of France,
revel (v.) make merry, riot, hold a party

And tamed the King, and made the Dauphin stoop;

And had he matched according to his state,
match (v.) 1 join in marriage, make a match
state (n.) 2 status, rank, position

He might have kept that glory to this day.

But when he took a beggar to his bed

And graced thy poor sire with his bridal day,
grace (v.) 1 favour, add merit to, do honour to
sire (n.) father

Even then that sunshine brewed a shower for him

That washed his father's fortunes forth of France,

And heaped sedition on his crown at home.

For what hath broached this tumult but thy pride?
broach (v.) 1 start, bring out, open up

Hadst thou been meek, our title still had slept;
still (adv.) 2 ever, now [as before]
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

And we, in pity for the gentle King,

Had slipped our claim until another age.
slip (v.) 4 leave unasserted, pass over


GEORGE

But when we saw our sunshine made thy spring,

And that thy summer bred us no increase,
increase (n.) 1 produce, growth, yield, crop

We set the axe to thy usurping root;

And though the edge hath something hit ourselves,
something (adv.) 2 a little, to some extent

Yet know thou, since we have begun to strike,

We'll never leave till we have hewn thee down,
leave (v.) 1 cease, stop, give up

Or bathed thy growing with our heated bloods.


EDWARD

And in this resolution I defy thee;

Not willing any longer conference,
conference (n.) 1 conversation, talk, discourse

Since thou deniest the gentle King to speak.
deny (v.) 3 disallow, forbid, refuse permission [for]
gentle (adj.) 1 well-born, honourable, noble See Topics: Frequency count

Sound trumpets! Let our bloody colours wave!
colours (n.) 1 battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners See Topics: Frequency count

And either victory, or else a grave.


QUEEN

Stay, Edward.


EDWARD

No, wrangling woman, we'll no longer stay:
wrangling (adj.) quarrelsome, disputatious, argumentative

These words will cost ten thousand lives this day.
word (n.) 6 (plural) angry exchanges, altercations, recriminations

Exeunt

 
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