Romeo and Juliet


Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Enter Sampson and Gregory, with swords and bucklers,

of the house of Capulet


Gregory, on my word, we'll not carry coals.
buckler (n.) small round shield See Topics: Weapons
coals, carry submit to insult, show cowardice; also: do degrading work


No. For then we should be colliers.
collier (n.) coalman, coal-vendor


I mean, an we be in choler, we'll draw.
choler (n.) anger, rage, wrath
draw (v.) 10 draw a sword


Ay, while you live, draw your neck out of collar.
collar, colour (n.) noose, hangman's halter


I strike quickly, being moved.
move (v.) 2 move to anger, provoke, exasperate


But thou art not quickly moved to strike.


A dog of the house of Montague moves me.


To move is to stir, and to be valiant is to stand.

Therefore, if thou art moved, thou runnest away.


A dog of that house shall move me to stand. I

will take the wall of any man or maid of Montague's.
wall, take the take the inside position, keep to the cleaner side of a path


That shows thee a weak slave. For the weakest

goes to the wall.


'Tis true; and therefore women, being the

weaker vessels, are ever thrust to the wall. Therefore I
vessel (n.) body, frame

will push Montague's men from the wall, and thrust his

maids to the wall.


The quarrel is between our masters and us

their men.


'Tis all one. I will show myself a tyrant. When

I have fought with the men, I will be cruel with the

maids – I will cut off their heads.


The heads of the maids?


Ay, the heads of the maids, or their maidenheads.
maidenhead (n.) 1 virginity

Take it in what sense thou wilt.


They must take it in sense that feel it.


Me they shall feel while I am able to stand: and

'tis known I am a pretty piece of flesh.


'Tis well thou art not fish; if thou hadst, thou

hadst been poor John. Draw thy tool. Here comes of
poor-John (n.) salted hake, dried fish
tool (n.) 1 weapon, sword

the house of Montagues.

Enter Abram and another Servingman


My naked weapon is out. Quarrel. I will back



How? Turn thy back and run?


Fear me not.


No, marry. I fear thee!


Let us take the law of our sides. Let them



I will frown as I pass by, and let them take it as

they list.
list (v.) 1 wish, like, please


Nay, as they dare. I will bite my thumb at them;
bite one's thumb [gesture of insult or defiance] insert the thumb nail into the mouth, making it click againt the upper teeth upon release

which is disgrace to them if they bear it.


Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?


I do bite my thumb, sir.


Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?


(aside to Gregory)

Is the law of our side, if I say

‘ Ay ’?


(aside to Sampson)



No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sir. But

I bite my thumb, sir.


Do you quarrel, sir?


Quarrel, sir? No, sir.


If you do, sir, I am for you. I serve as good

a man as you.


No better.


Well, sir.

Enter Benvolio


(aside to Sampson)

Say ‘ better.’ Here comes one

of my master's kinsmen.


Yes, better, sir.


You lie.


Draw, if you be men. Gregory, remember thy

washing blow.
washing (adj.) swashing, slashing

They fight


Part, fools!

Put up your swords. You know not what you do.

Enter Tybalt
heartless (adj.) cowardly, gutless, spiritless
hind (n.) 1 boor, fellow, rustic, peasant


What, art thou drawn among these heartless hinds?

Turn thee, Benvolio, look upon thy death.


I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword,

Or manage it to part these men with me.


What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word
drawn (adj.) 1 with sword drawn

As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee.

Have at thee, coward!

They fight

Enter three or four Citizens with clubs or partisans


Clubs, bills, and partisans! Strike! Beat them
partisan (n.) weapon with a long handle and a broad head, sometimes with a projection at the side See Topics: Weapons

down! Down with the Capulets! Down with the


Enter old Capulet in his gown, and his wife
gown (n.) 2 dressing-gown, nightgown


What noise is this? Give me my long sword, ho!


A crutch, a crutch! Why call you for a sword?

Enter old Montague and his wife


My sword, I say! Old Montague is come

And flourishes his blade in spite of me.
spite (n.) 2 malice, ill-will, hatred


Thou villain Capulet! – Hold me not. Let me go.


Thou shalt not stir one foot to seek a foe.

Enter Prince Escalus, with his train


Rebellious subjects, enemies to peace,

Profaners of this neighbour-stained steel, –

Will they not hear? What, ho – you men, you beasts,

That quench the fire of your pernicious rage

With purple fountains issuing from your veins!
purple (adj.) bright-red, blood-coloured, bloody

On pain of torture, from those bloody hands

Throw your mistempered weapons to the ground
mistempered (adj.) 2 tempered for wickedness, made with evil intent

And hear the sentence of your moved prince.
moved (adj.) 2 aroused, provoked, exasperated

Three civil brawls, bred of an airy word

By thee, old Capulet, and Montague,

Have thrice disturbed the quiet of our streets

And made Verona's ancient citizens
ancient, aunchient (adj.) 4 aged, very old, venerable

Cast by their grave-beseeming ornaments
cast by (v.) throw aside, put to one side
grave-beseeming (adj.) suitably dignified, sober-looking
ornament (n.) 2 (plural) robes, garments, attire

To wield old partisans, in hands as old,

Cankered with peace, to part your cankered hate.
cankered (adj.) 3 malignant, malicious, bad-tempered
cankered (adj.) 1 rusted, corroded, tarnished

If ever you disturb our streets again,

Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.

For this time all the rest depart away.

You, Capulet, shall go along with me;

And, Montague, come you this afternoon,

To know our farther pleasure in this case,

To old Free-town, our common judgement-place.

Once more, on pain of death, all men depart.

Exeunt all but Montague, his wife, and Benvolio


Who set this ancient quarrel new abroach?
abroach (adv.) afoot, astir, in motion
ancient, aunchient (adj.) 1 long-established, long-standing

Speak, nephew, were you by when it began?


Here were the servants of your adversary,

And yours, close fighting ere I did approach.
close (adv.) 5 close together

I drew to part them. In the instant came

The fiery Tybalt, with his sword prepared;

Which, as he breathed defiance to my ears,
breathe (v.) 1 speak, utter, talk

He swung about his head and cut the winds,

Who nothing hurt withal, hissed him in scorn.

While we were interchanging thrusts and blows,

Came more and more, and fought on part and part,
part (n.) 2 side, camp, party

Till the Prince came, who parted either part.


O where is Romeo? Saw you him today?

Right glad I am he was not at this fray.


Madam, an hour before the worshipped sun

Peered forth the golden window of the East,

A troubled mind drive me to walk abroad;

Where, underneath the grove of sycamore

That westward rooteth from this city side,
root (v.) 2 grow, be established, flourish

So early walking did I see your son.

Towards him I made. But he was ware of me
ware (adj.) 1 aware, conscious, sensible

And stole into the covert of the wood.
covert (n.) shelter, hiding-place, concealed spot

I, measuring his affections by my own,
affection (n.) 1 fancy, inclination, desire

Which then most sought where most might not be found,

Being one to many by my weary self,

Pursued my humour, not pursuing his,
humour (n.) 2 fancy, whim, inclination, caprice

And gladly shunned who gladly fled from me.


Many a morning hath he there been seen

With tears augmenting the fresh morning's dew,

Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs.

But all so soon as the all-cheering sun
all-cheering (adj.) invigorating everything

Should in the farthest East begin to draw

The shady curtains from Aurora's bed,

Away from light steals home my heavy son
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy See Topics: Frequency count

And private in his chamber pens himself,

Shuts up his windows, locks fair daylight out

And makes himself an artificial night.

Black and portentous must this humour prove,
humour (n.) 2 fancy, whim, inclination, caprice

Unless good counsel may the cause remove.


My noble uncle, do you know the cause?


I neither know it nor can learn of him.


Have you importuned him by any means?
importune (v.) 1 urge, press


Both by myself and many other friends.

But he, his own affections' counsellor,
affection (n.) 2 emotion, feeling

Is to himself – I will not say how true –

But to himself so secret and so close,

So far from sounding and discovery,
sounding (n.) 2 sounding out, gauging depth, investigation

As is the bud bit with an envious worm
envious (adj.) malicious, spiteful, vindictive, full of enmity See Topics: Frequency count

Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air

Or dedicate his beauty to the sun.

Could we but learn from whence his sorrows grow,

We would as willingly give cure as know.

Enter Romeo


See, where he comes. So please you step aside.

I'll know his grievance, or be much denied.
deny (v.) 1 refuse, rebuff, reject
grievance (n.) 2 cause of annoyance, painful constraint, source of sorrow


I would thou wert so happy by thy stay

To hear true shrift. Come, madam, let's away.
shrift (n.) 1 confession

Exeunt Montague and wife


Good morrow, cousin.
morrow (n.) morning See Topics: Frequency count


                         Is the day so young?


But new struck nine.
new (adv.) 1 newly, freshly, recently, just
sad (adj.) 3 downcast, distressed, mournful, gloomy


                         Ay me! sad hours seem long.

Was that my father that went hence so fast?


It was. What sadness lengthens Romeo's hours?


Not having that which having makes them short.


In love?


Out –


Of love?


Out of her favour where I am in love.


Alas that love, so gentle in his view,
gentle (adj.) 6 soft, tender, kind

Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof!
proof (n.) 2 experience, actual practice, tried knowledge
tyrannous (adj.) cruel, pitiless, oppressive


Alas that love, whose view is muffled, still
muffled (adj.) blindfolded, covered up
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count

Should without eyes see pathways to his will!

Where shall we dine? O me, what fray was here?

Yet tell me not, for I have heard it all.

Here's much to-do with hate, but more with love.

Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate,
brawling (adj.) clamorous, noisy, tumultuous

O anything, of nothing first create!

O heavy lightness, serious vanity,
heavy (adj.) 2 grave, serious, weighty
heavy (adj.) 1 sorrowful, sad, gloomy See Topics: Frequency count
O (int.) 1 vocalization used before a direct address [to a person, thing, concept, etc]
vanity (n.) 1 worthlessness, futility, unprofitable way of life

Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms,
well-seeming (adj.) attractively looking, presenting a plausible appearance

Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health,

Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!

This love feel I, that feel no love in this.

Dost thou not laugh?


                         No, coz, I rather weep.


Good heart, at what?
heart (n.) 5 [term of endearment] dear friend


                         At thy good heart's oppression.


Why, such is love's transgression.

Griefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast,

Which thou wilt propagate, to have it pressed

With more of thine. This love that thou hast shown

Doth add more grief to too much of mine own.

Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs;

Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes;
purge (v.) 1 cleanse, purify, get rid of impurities [in]

Being vexed, a sea nourished with lovers' tears.

What is it else? A madness most discreet,
discreet (adj.) discerning, judicious, prudent

A choking gall and a preserving sweet.
gall (n.) 2 bitterness, spitefulness, vindictiveness
sweet (n.) 1 sweetness, pleasure, delight

Farewell, my coz.
soft (adv.) 1 [used as a command] not so fast, wait a moment See Topics: Attention signals


                         Soft! I will go along.

An if you leave me so, you do me wrong.


Tut, I have lost myself. I am not here.

This is not Romeo, he's some other where.


Tell me in sadness, who is that you love.
sadness, in / in good in earnest, seriously


What, shall I groan and tell thee?


                         Groan! Why, no.

But sadly tell me who.
sadly (adv.) 1 seriously, gravely, solemnly


Bid a sick man in sadness make his will.

Ah, word ill urged to one that is so ill!
ill (adj.) 4 sick, indisposed, unwell
ill (adv.) 1 badly, adversely, unfavourably See Topics: Frequency count

In sadness, cousin, I do love a woman.


I aimed so near when I supposed you loved.


A right good markman! And she's fair I love.
markman (n.) marksman


A right fair mark, fair coz, is soonest hit.


Well, in that hit you miss. She'll not be hit
hit (n.) shot, stroke

With Cupid's arrow. She hath Dian's wit,
wit (n.) 1 intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability See Topics: Frequency count

And, in strong proof of chastity well armed,
proof (n.) 1 tested strength, proven power of resistance, impenetrability

From love's weak childish bow she lives uncharmed.

She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
stay (v.) 14 put up with, endure, abide
term (n.) 1 word, expression, utterance

Nor bide th' encounter of assailing eyes,
assailing (adj.) wooing, loving, amorous
bide (v.) 1 endure, suffer, undergo

Nor ope her lap to saint-seducing gold.
ope (v.) open See Topics: Frequency count

O, she is rich in beauty; only poor

That, when she dies, with beauty dies her store.


Then she hath sworn that she will still live chaste?
chaste (adj.) 1 celibate, single, unmarried
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually See Topics: Frequency count


She hath; and in that sparing makes huge waste.
sparing (n.) economy, thrift, saving

For beauty, starved with her severity,
starve (v.) 2 bring to death, kill off

Cuts beauty off from all posterity.

She is too fair, too wise, wisely too fair,

To merit bliss by making me despair.

She hath forsworn to love; and in that vow
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forswore 2 abandon, renounce, reject, give up See Topics: Frequency count

Do I live dead that live to tell it now.


Be ruled by me – forget to think of her.


O, teach me how I should forget to think!


By giving liberty unto thine eyes.

Examine other beauties.


                         'Tis the way

To call hers, exquisite, in question more.
question (n.) 3 consideration, contention

These happy masks that kiss fair ladies' brows,
brow (n.) 4 forehead [often plural, referring to the two prominences of the forehead]

Being black, put us in mind they hide the fair.

He that is strucken blind cannot forget

The precious treasure of his eyesight lost.

Show me a mistress that is passing fair,
passing (adv.) very, exceedingly, extremely

What doth her beauty serve but as a note

Where I may read who passed that passing fair?
pass (v.) 1 surpass, go beyond, outdo

Farewell. Thou canst not teach me to forget.


I'll pay that doctrine, or else die in debt.
doctrine (n.) 2 precept, lesson


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